Dom LaVigne                Director, Government & Public Affairs (AP/ME)                                         Methanol ...
Overview   About MI   Methanol Basics   Methanol as a   Transportation Fuel   Global Public Policy   Experiences
Methanol Basics           About MI
About MI           • Members include:             – World’s leading methanol producers;             – Distributors; and   ...
About MI:   2012 Members                       Oman                       Methanol                       Company          ...
Methanol BasicsMethanol Basics
 The simplest of all alcohols CH3OH                   A pure clean burning liquid fuel with the highest                 ...
Methanol Basics:   Physical Properties• Name: Methanol               •   Odor: Faintly sweet alcohol• Chemical Family: Ali...
Methanol Basics: Must   Knows of MethanolFlammable Burns with a clear, low heat flame   Difficult to see during daylight  ...
Methanol Basics:   Polygeneration                                             Methanol     Natural Gas                    ...
Methanol Basics:   Chemical Applications                                           11
Methanol asa Transportation Fuel
Methanol Basics: Transportation             Fuel Applications                             Direct Fueling                  ...
Methanol Basics: Transportation Fuel               Applications                      MTBE/BioMTBE                      • E...
Achieving Transportation Energy PoliciesTwo Basic Approaches                                   •       Very expensive vehi...
Gasoline: US$3.69 / gasoline  gallon equivalent (gge) Methanol Basics      M-85: $3.26 gge       E-85: 4.28 gge
Global Public Policy Initiatives Methanol Basics
U.S. Policy Drivers                •Introduced in the House by Reps. Shimkus (R-                                       IL)...
• In 1988, EPA granted Clean Air ActOCTAMIX Waiver                   waiver to Texas Methanol Company for                 ...
Global Methanol Fuel ExperienceEuropean Union                                    European fuel standards allow up to     ...
Global Methanol Fuel Experience                                  China                                                    ...
Global Methanol Fuel Experience    Asia and Middle East• Israel M15 demonstration underway•    ~100kMTA   methanol used in...
Dom LaVigneDirector of Government &   Thank you! Public Affairs (AP/ME)Methanol Institutedlavigne@methanol.orgwww.methanol...
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Dom Lavigne - Methanol Fuels: Safe, Efficient, Affordable & Mature

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Presentation by Dom Lavigne titled "Methanol Fuels: Safe, Efficient, Affordable & Mature"

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  • Another take on this with a bit more detail.
  • Dom Lavigne - Methanol Fuels: Safe, Efficient, Affordable & Mature

    1. 1. Dom LaVigne Director, Government & Public Affairs (AP/ME) Methanol Institute SingaporeMethanol Fuels: Safe, Efficient,Affordable, and Mature
    2. 2. Overview About MI Methanol Basics Methanol as a Transportation Fuel Global Public Policy Experiences
    3. 3. Methanol Basics About MI
    4. 4. About MI • Members include: – World’s leading methanol producers; – Distributors; and – Technology companies. • Provides market support: – To traditional markets & derivatives; – Leads the development of new emerging markets and applications; and – Delivers safe handling tools to global distribution chain. 4
    5. 5. About MI: 2012 Members Oman Methanol Company METORRaymond James Forum 5 5October 6, 2009
    6. 6. Methanol BasicsMethanol Basics
    7. 7.  The simplest of all alcohols CH3OH  A pure clean burning liquid fuel with the highest available hydrogen to carbon ratio  A high octane blending component for gasoline  A globally marketed commodity with a distributionMethanol Basics system similar to gasoline  A fuel made from non-petroleum feedstocks, such as natural gas, coal and residue/biomass/renewable  A much less flammable fuel than gasoline  A fuel competitive with gasoline, and a biofuel competitive with ethanol
    8. 8. Methanol Basics: Physical Properties• Name: Methanol • Odor: Faintly sweet alcohol• Chemical Family: Aliphatic • Boiling Point: 148o Alcohol • Freezing Point: -144o• Synonyms: Carbinol; • LEL/UEL: 6% and 36%by volume Methyl Alcohol; Wood in air Alcohol; Wood Spirits • Vapor Density: 1.11 (@60o)• Formula: CH3OH • Vapor Pressure: 1.86 psia (@68o)• CAS #: 67-56-1 • Density: 6.63 lb per gallon• Form: Colorless Liquid • Flammable and Toxic• pH: 7.2• Solubility: 100% 8
    9. 9. Methanol Basics: Must Knows of MethanolFlammable Burns with a clear, low heat flame Difficult to see during daylight Impact confined to size of spill Biodegrades quickly Soluble in water Toxic Readily absorbed into the body 9
    10. 10. Methanol Basics: Polygeneration Methanol Natural Gas Gasoline Coal Fuels DME Synthesis Gas MTBE Biomass Methanol Olefins Chemicals Formaldehyde CO2 Acetic Acid Fuels Chemicals 10
    11. 11. Methanol Basics: Chemical Applications 11
    12. 12. Methanol asa Transportation Fuel
    13. 13. Methanol Basics: Transportation Fuel Applications Direct Fueling • Blended with gasoline (M3 – M85) • 8 million metric ton annual demand (2.6 billion gallons) • BioMethanol is 2nd Generation biofuelDimethyl Ether• Either DME or BioDME• Can be used neat or blended with propane• Low-carbon, no-sulfur, diesel replacement• Transport market is emerging with partners like Volvo and Nissan. Pilots in EU, Japan and China Biodiesel • Key ingredient in esterfication • Renewable methanol can make ultra-clean biodiesel • Roughly 15-20% of oil source by mass 13
    14. 14. Methanol Basics: Transportation Fuel Applications MTBE/BioMTBE • Extensive world markets remain for MTBE • Up to 15% MTBE content allowed in EU, compliance with Renewable Energy Directive with BioMTBE attractiveMethanol-to-Olefins• A 600,000 tonnes/year MTO project requires 1.8m tonnes/year of methanol• MTO eases burden of petroleum supply by diversifying feedstocks for light olefins Methanol-to-Gasoline • ExxonMobil MTG technology produces sulfur-free 92 Research Octane drop in gasoline • Better yields than Fischer-Tropsch fuels at lower costs 14
    15. 15. Achieving Transportation Energy PoliciesTwo Basic Approaches • Very expensive vehicle cost Change Electric Cars • Low energy density of batteries and hydrogen • High distribution system cost for electricityTechnology Fuel Cells • Very high costs for hydrogen infrastructure • Useable in existing engines/FFV’s Ethanol • Biomass limit/food vs fuel/ILUC • Wide LCA GHG emissions reduction variations Biodiesel • Better yields expected with second generation biofuels • Useable in existing engines/FFV’s Change Methanol • Cost competitive with gasoline/ethanol Fuel & Biomethanol • Biomethanol - High LCA GHG emissionFeedstock reduction /no competition with food • Useable in existing engines/FFV’s Renewable • From atmospheric CO2 and water Synthetic • Carbon-neutral status reached Methanol • Integration with renewable power 15
    16. 16. Gasoline: US$3.69 / gasoline gallon equivalent (gge) Methanol Basics M-85: $3.26 gge E-85: 4.28 gge
    17. 17. Global Public Policy Initiatives Methanol Basics
    18. 18. U.S. Policy Drivers •Introduced in the House by Reps. Shimkus (R- IL), Engel (D-NY), Bartlett (R-MD) and Israel (D- NY).Open Fuel Standard Act •Introduced in the Senate by Sens. Cantwell (D-• Requires starting in 2014, 50% WA) and Lugar (R-IN). of all new cars warranted to operate on non-petroleum fuels. •Supporters: MI, RFA, US Energy Security Council, Growth Energy, National Biodiesel• Goes up to 80% by 2016, and Board. 95% by 2017. •Detractors: Chamber of Commerce, American• Includes alcohol FFVs, and Petroleum Institute, Alliance of Automobile vehicles running on CNG, propane, plug-in battery Manufacturers. electrics, and fuel cells. 18
    19. 19. • In 1988, EPA granted Clean Air ActOCTAMIX Waiver waiver to Texas Methanol Company for OCTAMIX blend of 5% methanol andIn 2012, U.S. EPA approved 2.5% co-solvent (ethanol, butanol,two petitions for the use of pentanols)corrosion inhibitors with • Considered “substantially similar” toOCTAMIX methanol fuel gasoline and will not cause orwaiver. contribute to failure of any emission• Spirit of 21st Century control device• Baker Hughes • Recognition that low-level methanol fuel blends are allowed under U.S. law • For commercial introduction, fuel blend must be registered with EPA • Given constraints of RFS, finding a niche market may be difficult 19
    20. 20. Global Methanol Fuel ExperienceEuropean Union  European fuel standards allow up to 3% methanol in gasoline with stabilizing agents  Low concentration methanol blends Lotus Tri-fuel Exige 270E sold in Iceland, UK, Netherlands  Use of methanol in “E85 Flex Fuel Vehicles” (FFV’s) being tested  ~27 million FFV’s globally Flower of Scotland Streamliner 20
    21. 21. Global Methanol Fuel Experience China China Methanol Demand 2000 to 2011 (Source: CMAI) 25MILLIONS OF METRIC TONNES (MMT) 20 Energy Demand 15 10 5 Traditional Chemical Demand 0 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 • Methanol helps China reduce fuel price inflation and be less dependent on foreign energy • M-85 and M-100 standards went into effect on December 1, 2009. M-15 standard in final stages of review, and may be released in Q1 2013. • Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) has launched methanol fuel trials in Shaanxi and Shanxi Provinces and the municipality of Shanghai 21
    22. 22. Global Methanol Fuel Experience Asia and Middle East• Israel M15 demonstration underway• ~100kMTA methanol used in Korean fuel additive CENOX• Pakistan govt. and oil companies evaluating M15 to reduce fuel costs• Discussions with govt. on methanol fuels introduction underway in Egypt• M2-M3 trials in Iran• Australia looking at methanol, 10-year excise tax-free holiday 22
    23. 23. Dom LaVigneDirector of Government & Thank you! Public Affairs (AP/ME)Methanol Institutedlavigne@methanol.orgwww.methanol.org+65 6325 6300

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