NARRATIVE STRUCTURETRISTAN TODOROVEvents in a story have a causal relationship with one event leading to an other in apattern of cause and effect. The very notion of ‘cause and effect’ implies a change in astate of affairs. For Todorov, the primary function of narrative is to solve a problem. Itis this that forms the basis of Todorov’s theory of narrative. His model begins with astate of equilibrium, a condition in which everything is in a state of order. This state ofequilibrium is disrupted either by a force of some kind or through the actions of anindividual. The narrative progresses to a restoration of equilibrium, or order.Todorov breaks the narrative process down into five stages• A state of equilibrium at the outset• A disruption of the equilibrium by some action• A recognition that there has been a disruption• An attempt to repair the disruption• A reinstatement of the initial equilibrium.TODOROV APPLIED TO BATMANA state of equilibrium at the outsetA disruption of the equilibrium by someactionA recognition that there has been adisruptionAn attempt to repair the disruptionA reinstatement of the initial equilibrium.