TOURISM THEORY AND PRACTICE<br />PEDAGOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY<br />HOTEL AND TOURISM MANAGEMENT<br />DUITAMA F...
WHAT IS TOURISM?<br />1. Tourism is a collection of activities, services and industries that delivers a travel experience,...
2. Mathiesonand Wall (1982) created a good working definition of tourism as "the temporary movement of people to destinati...
3. According to Macintosh and Goeldner (1986) tourism is "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the inte...
Terms of interest:<br />Excursionist: People traveling for pleasure in a period less than 24 hours (Macintosh and Goeldner...
Foreign Tourist: Any person visiting a country, other than that in which he/she usually resides, for a period of at least ...
Travel: The act of moving outside one's home community for business or pleasure but not for commuting or traveling to or f...
Visitor: Any person visiting a country other than that in which he/she has his/her usual place of residence, for any reaso...
TransportationSystems<br />The type and availability of transportation will determine travel destinations. The development...
Dimensions of Tourism<br />Attractions: Are the primary motivation for traveling. They may be a primary destination such a...
Natural Resources: Natural resources are the combination of physical features, the climate , and the natural beauty of the...
Culture: A way of life which is observed through a group of people religion, history, government and traditions.<br />
Ethnicity: To visit family and friends.<br />
X-treme Tourism: Tourism based on high adventure activities.<br />
Facilities: When tourists arrive at attractions they require facilities to provide services.<br />Lodging: Represent a var...
Infrastructure:  The basic services on which all tourism depends. These systems include water and sewer systems, communica...
Hospitality: The community's attitude which permeates every tourism location that makes the tourist feel welcome and safe....
Essential Requirements for Tourism<br />Time: as the hours for leisure increase so does the opportunity for travel. Change...
Money: the majority of travel requires discretionary income. Discretionary income is money left over after all monetary ob...
Mobility: is the access to transportation (car, bus, plane, train or ship) and the hours required to get to their destinat...
Motivation: is the reason people travel. Motivations may include seeking novelty, education, meet new people, adventure or...
SUPPLY AND DEMAND<br />Demand depends on the price of the commodity, the prices of related commodities, and consumers' inc...
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what is tourism?

  1. 1. TOURISM THEORY AND PRACTICE<br />PEDAGOGICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY<br />HOTEL AND TOURISM MANAGEMENT<br />DUITAMA FACULTY<br />ELIANA FUENTES LÓPEZ<br />TEACHER HECTOR GARCÍA<br />
  2. 2. WHAT IS TOURISM?<br />1. Tourism is a collection of activities, services and industries that delivers a travel experience, including transportation, accommodations, eating and drinking establishments, retail shops, entertainment businesses, activity facilities and other hospitality services provided for individuals or groups traveling away from home.<br />
  3. 3. 2. Mathiesonand Wall (1982) created a good working definition of tourism as "the temporary movement of people to destinations outside their normal places of work and residence, the activities undertaken during their stay in those destinations, and the facilities created to cater to their needs." <br />
  4. 4. 3. According to Macintosh and Goeldner (1986) tourism is "the sum of the phenomena and relationships arising from the interaction of tourists, business suppliers, host governments and host communities in the process of attracting and hosting these tourists and other visitors."<br />
  5. 5. Terms of interest:<br />Excursionist: People traveling for pleasure in a period less than 24 hours (Macintosh and Goeldner, 1986).<br />
  6. 6. Foreign Tourist: Any person visiting a country, other than that in which he/she usually resides, for a period of at least 24 hours (Committee of Statistical Experts of the League of Nations, 1937).<br />
  7. 7. Travel: The act of moving outside one's home community for business or pleasure but not for commuting or traveling to or from school (Macintosh and Goeldner, 1986).<br />
  8. 8. Visitor: Any person visiting a country other than that in which he/she has his/her usual place of residence, for any reason other than following an occupation remunerated from within the country visited (United Nations Conference on International Travel and Tourism, 1963).<br />
  9. 9. TransportationSystems<br />The type and availability of transportation will determine travel destinations. The development of accommodations were likewise determined by the development of transportation systems. <br />
  10. 10. Dimensions of Tourism<br />Attractions: Are the primary motivation for traveling. They may be a primary destination such as Disney World or secondary destination which are interesting places to visit on the way to your primary destination. Attractions usually focus on natural resources, culture, ethnicity or entertainment. <br />
  11. 11. Natural Resources: Natural resources are the combination of physical features, the climate , and the natural beauty of the area. The challenge to managing natural resources based tourism is to preserve the natural resource from the impact of the tourist's. <br />
  12. 12. Culture: A way of life which is observed through a group of people religion, history, government and traditions.<br />
  13. 13. Ethnicity: To visit family and friends.<br />
  14. 14. X-treme Tourism: Tourism based on high adventure activities.<br />
  15. 15. Facilities: When tourists arrive at attractions they require facilities to provide services.<br />Lodging: Represent a variety of services from campgrounds, RV parks, motels and five star resorts. <br />Food & Beverage: Not only provide basic sustenance for tourists but an important factor in the overall tourism experience.<br />
  16. 16. Infrastructure:  The basic services on which all tourism depends. These systems include water and sewer systems, communication networks, medical facilities, electricity, police and fire protection and roads<br />
  17. 17. Hospitality: The community's attitude which permeates every tourism location that makes the tourist feel welcome and safe. It is the result of the interaction between the tourist and the local population.<br />
  18. 18. Essential Requirements for Tourism<br />Time: as the hours for leisure increase so does the opportunity for travel. Changes in work days or hours, school calendars will affect how and when people can travel. The overall travel pattern has moved from a two week vacation to 6-8 three or four day mini-vacations per year.<br />
  19. 19. Money: the majority of travel requires discretionary income. Discretionary income is money left over after all monetary obligations (food, rent and taxes) have been paid.<br />
  20. 20. Mobility: is the access to transportation (car, bus, plane, train or ship) and the hours required to get to their destination<br />
  21. 21. Motivation: is the reason people travel. Motivations may include seeking novelty, education, meet new people, adventure or stress reduction.<br />
  22. 22. SUPPLY AND DEMAND<br />Demand depends on the price of the commodity, the prices of related commodities, and consumers' incomes and tastes. Supply depends not only on the price obtainable for the commodity but also on the prices of similar products, the techniques of production, and the availability and costs of inputs. <br />

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