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WHAT IS HISTORY
E. Kent Rogers
IN PAIRS, DISCUSS THESE TOPICS:
WHAT IS HISTORY?
OFFER A DEFINITION FOR THE SUBJECT WE CALL
“HISTORY”.
WHAT DO OTHERS SAY?
• a branch of knowledge that records
and explains past events –Merriam-
Webster
• the study of or a re...
WHY DO WE STUDY HISTORY?
• To know more about the roots of our current culture.
Why is this important?
• To learn about th...
WHY IS HISTORY IMPORTANT?
In sum, we study history
to learn about who we
are—both our past and
our present.
WHO INVESTIGATES HISTORY
Archaeologists
WHO INVESTIGATES HISTORY?
Anthropologists
WHO INVESTIGATES HISTORY
Oral Historians
WHO INVESTIGATES HISTORY?
Chemists
WHO INVESTIGATES HISTORY?
Linguists
HISTORY IS A MYSTERY TO BE
SOLVED
• Finding out about history is a lot like
trying to solve a mystery…
• You must look for...
SOURCES
•Scholars call anything that gives us a clue about
history “Sources.”
•Sources fall into two major categories
•Pri...
•Can you guess what is meant by
primary source?
PRIMARY SOURCES
A primary source is a document or
physical object which was written or
created during the time under study...
PRIMARY SOURCES
What are some examples of primary
sources?
PRIMARY SOURCES
•First-hand accounts of events
PRIMARY SOURCES
•Artifacts
an object made by a
human being, typically an
item of cultural or
historical interest.
PRIMARY SOURCES
•Historical documents
PRIMARY SOURCES
•Memoirs
PRIMARY SOURCES
•Oral histories
PRIMARY SOURCES
•Newsprint
MORE EXAMPLES OF PRIMARY
SOURCES
•Diaries
•Poetry
•Personal Interviews
•Government Documents
•Autobiographies
•Peer-review...
SECONDARY SOURCES
What do you think is meant by
Secondary Source?
A secondary source interprets and
analyzes primary sourc...
WHAT ARE INCLUDED AS
SECONDARY SOURCES?
• Textbooks
• Encyclopedias
• Magazine or
news articles
dealing with
issues from t...
WHICH KIND OF SOURCE DO YOU
THINK WE’LL BE LOOKING AT?
Secondary!
What is History?
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What is History?

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Introduction to History for middle school through early high school

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What is History?

  1. 1. WHAT IS HISTORY E. Kent Rogers
  2. 2. IN PAIRS, DISCUSS THESE TOPICS:
  3. 3. WHAT IS HISTORY? OFFER A DEFINITION FOR THE SUBJECT WE CALL “HISTORY”.
  4. 4. WHAT DO OTHERS SAY? • a branch of knowledge that records and explains past events –Merriam- Webster • the study of or a record of past events considered together, especially events of a particular period, country, or subject – Cambridge Dictionaries Online
  5. 5. WHY DO WE STUDY HISTORY? • To know more about the roots of our current culture. Why is this important? • To learn about the mistakes of those who have gone before us. Why is this important? • To learn about human nature in general by looking at trends that repeat through history. Why is this important? • To learn historical facts. Why is this important? • To learn about how different factors shape society e.g. religion, greed, the intersection of different cultures, technology, etc. Why is this important?
  6. 6. WHY IS HISTORY IMPORTANT? In sum, we study history to learn about who we are—both our past and our present.
  7. 7. WHO INVESTIGATES HISTORY Archaeologists
  8. 8. WHO INVESTIGATES HISTORY? Anthropologists
  9. 9. WHO INVESTIGATES HISTORY Oral Historians
  10. 10. WHO INVESTIGATES HISTORY? Chemists
  11. 11. WHO INVESTIGATES HISTORY? Linguists
  12. 12. HISTORY IS A MYSTERY TO BE SOLVED • Finding out about history is a lot like trying to solve a mystery… • You must look for clues. • You must interpret those clues • You must bring all the clues together to shed light on each other. • You must reinterpret each clue every time you find a new clue. • You must then try fill in the gaps and come to an educated conclusion.
  13. 13. SOURCES •Scholars call anything that gives us a clue about history “Sources.” •Sources fall into two major categories •Primary Sources, and, you guessed it, •Secondary Sources.
  14. 14. •Can you guess what is meant by primary source?
  15. 15. PRIMARY SOURCES A primary source is a document or physical object which was written or created during the time under study. These sources were present during an experience or time period and offer an inside view of a particular event.
  16. 16. PRIMARY SOURCES What are some examples of primary sources?
  17. 17. PRIMARY SOURCES •First-hand accounts of events
  18. 18. PRIMARY SOURCES •Artifacts an object made by a human being, typically an item of cultural or historical interest.
  19. 19. PRIMARY SOURCES •Historical documents
  20. 20. PRIMARY SOURCES •Memoirs
  21. 21. PRIMARY SOURCES •Oral histories
  22. 22. PRIMARY SOURCES •Newsprint
  23. 23. MORE EXAMPLES OF PRIMARY SOURCES •Diaries •Poetry •Personal Interviews •Government Documents •Autobiographies •Peer-reviewed journal articles of new findings •Photographs •Video •Etc.
  24. 24. SECONDARY SOURCES What do you think is meant by Secondary Source? A secondary source interprets and analyzes primary sources. These sources are one or more steps removed from the event.
  25. 25. WHAT ARE INCLUDED AS SECONDARY SOURCES? • Textbooks • Encyclopedias • Magazine or news articles dealing with issues from the past
  26. 26. WHICH KIND OF SOURCE DO YOU THINK WE’LL BE LOOKING AT? Secondary!

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