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Remote Sensing for Water Management Optimisation

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RESEWAM-O at EIP Water 2016 Conference

How remote sensing can optimize and innovate water management

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Remote Sensing for Water Management Optimisation

  1. 1. Action Group RESEWAM-O “Remote Sensing for Water Management Optimisation” Ernesto Lopez-Baeza
  2. 2. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 Action Group RESEWAM- O “Remote Sensing for Water Management Optimisation” Ernesto Lopez-Baeza Ernesto.Lopez@uv.es University of Valencia, Spain Case Study Innovations That Have Been Highly Successful and Less Successful from Within EIP Water with Lessons Learnt
  3. 3. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 • Our innovation • Earth Observation in Support of a Sustainable Water Sector • Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) • Why should RESEWAM-O exist? What purpose does RESEWAM-O serve? • Is RESEWAM-O a success? Is it a “flop”?a mixture of both? Why? • How did EIP Water help or hinder RESEWAM-O’s development? • What recommendations would we give to other innovators? Lessons learnt? • Water as Business Opportunities Contributors: Edwin Loarte, Daniele Cespi, Ana Pavia, Amparo Coll, Reza Ansari, Carmen Cubillas, Francesc Hernandez Contents
  4. 4. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 4 Our innovation: Earth Observation in Support of a Sustainable Water Sector • Development & assistance/assessment in decision-making • Decision support system for authorities in water resource management http://www.equariusrisk.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Water-risk-elephant.png “If MITIGATION is about CARBON, then ADAPTATION is about WATER” (John Slater, MLA. Parliamentary Secretary for Water Supply and Allocation, Province of British Columbia)
  5. 5. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 5 Our innovation: Earth Observation in Support of a Sustainable Water Sector Identify and recover water-stressed agricultural areas
  6. 6. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 6 • soil moisture • ET as E + T (separately!) in irrigated agriculture • optimising irrigation • efficiency and productivity in agricultural usage of water, which frees up availability of water for other sectors such as municipal and industrial uses • satellite imagery can effectively be utilised to detect groundwater regions Our innovation: Earth Observation in Support of a Sustainable Water Sector (Smart) precision agriculture
  7. 7. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 7 Water (and carbon) footprints Our innovation: Earth Observation in Support of a Sustainable Water Sector
  8. 8. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 8 Drought monitoring and forecasting Ansari Amoli, A., A. Sadeghi Naeini, S. Ravan (2015): Effective use of space-based information to monitor disasters and its impacts. Lessons Learnt from Drought in Iran. http://www.un-spider.org/ Our innovation: Earth Observation in Support of a Sustainable Water Sector
  9. 9. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 9 Water quality Our innovation: Earth Observation in Support of a Sustainable Water Sector Identifying cyanobacteria blooms with ocean satellites (GEO Water Quality Group)
  10. 10. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 10 LCT Life Cycle Thinking LCA Life Cycle Assessment (environmental aspects) LCC Life Cycle Costing (economic aspects) LCM Life Cycle Management (management aspects) Standard ISO 14040 e 44 CBA, SLCA Cost Benefit Analysis, Social LCA (social & environmental aspects) Our innovation: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) “in order to consider a process or activity green it is necessary to assess the cumulative environmental impacts across the entire life cycle of the product: raw material extraction, manufacturing, use, maintenance, reuse, transportation and final fate. This is done using life cycle inventory and assessment concepts […]” C. Jiménez-Gonzàlez, D.J.C. Constable, Green Chemistry and Engineering: A Practical Design Approach, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, 2011 Which approach does it help to evaluate sustainability?
  11. 11. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 11 ISO 14040 and 14044 (2006) Goal & Scope Definition: • Determine the scope and system boundaries Life Cycle Inventory: • Data collection, modeling & analysis Impact Assessment: • Analysis of inputs/outputs using category indicators • Group, normalize, weight results Interpretation: • Draw conclusions • Checks for completeness, contribution, sensitivity analysis, consistency w/goal and scope, analysis, etc. Why LCA? Standardised and holist approach Our innovation: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
  12. 12. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 12 Carbon Footprint LCA: Vineyard case study 3 1.971 987 1 374 188 1,0 10,0 100,0 1000,0 2014 2015 Average kg CO2 eq / ha kg CO2 eq / 1000 kg of grape Verify environmental effects per hectare cultivated and/or per amount produced (by year) 11500 19167 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 kgofgrapes 2014 2015 Our innovation: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
  13. 13. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 13 Verify the environmental effects of agricultural practice: increase of the carbon fluxes as a result of the manure spreading 3 1.971 987 1 374 188 1,0 10,0 100,0 1000,0 2014 2015 Average kg CO2 eq / ha kg CO2 eq / 1000 kg of grape Carbon Footprint LCA: Vineyard case study Our innovation: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
  14. 14. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 14 30 188 257 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 / 1 kg of beef / 1000 kg of grape / 1118 km by plane kgCO2eq. 3 1.971 987 1 374 188 1,0 10,0 100,0 1000,0 2014 2015 Average kg CO2 eq / ha kg CO2 eq / 1000 kg of grape Carbon Footprint Compare results with other different scenarios LCA: Vineyard case study Our innovation: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
  15. 15. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 3 1.971 987 1 374 188 1,0 10,0 100,0 1000,0 2014 2015 Average kg CO2 eq / ha kg CO2 eq / 1000 kg of grape Carbon Footprint Quantify the average social effect associated to the CO2 eq. around 7k$ LCA: Vineyard case study Our innovation: Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) 15
  16. 16. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 16 Why Should RESEWAM-O Exist? What Purpose Does RESEWAM-O Serve? • Undoubted advantages of remote sensing • Regular revisits of use for water resource management • Area-integrated estimations http://www.cesbio.ups-tlse.fr/data_all/images/approche_integree.png
  17. 17. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 17 Why should RESEWAM-O exist? What purpose does RESEWAM-O serve? • capacity building • Ethiopia • Iran • NE Brazil (Ceará) • Colombia • China • … • …
  18. 18. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 18 Is RESEWAM-O a success? Is it a “flop”?a mixture of both? Why? http://butchbellah.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/07/half-way.jpg Remote Sensing part ✔ Water Engineering part ≈
  19. 19. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 19 How did EIP Water help or hinder RESEWAM-O’s development? Thanks, Tom; thanks, Guido, … … thanks to everyone there
  20. 20. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 20 What recommendations would we give to other innovators? Lessons learnt? the science part (University) is clear and accesible  ready? … … it depends on available personnel the engineering part has to be secured better from in situ resources (companies, collaborators)
  21. 21. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Innovator Showcase Session in Pecha Kucha Style Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 21 World Water Day 2016: Water as Business Opportunities Turning Water Problems Into Business Opportunities RESEWAM-O may generate new market opportunities with a “win-win” character: • Agricultural farmers/cooperatives • new green market of more sustainable, saleable agricultural products, developed in arid/semi-arid areas • Companies supplying water services • more freshwater available for urban demands • Public administration • revitalisation of areas out of production • new agricultural food products • reactivation of economy • economising products and better Environment protection • A NEW BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY • a small/medium enterprise (SME) to coordinate this process and mediate between the parts

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