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Earth observation for sustainable water

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The EIP Water Action Group RESEWAM-O aims to develop agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change activities using
Earth Observation Remote Sensing techniques and
Water Management solutions in order to enhance socio-economical and environmental values in water sensitive areas.

Published in: Environment
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Earth observation for sustainable water

  1. 1. Earth Observation in Support of a Sustainable Water Sector RESEWAM-O Action Group Ernesto Lopez-Baeza Ernesto.Lopez@uv.es University of Valencia, Spain
  2. 2. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 • Our innovation • (1) Earth Observation in Support of a Sustainable Water Sector • Identify and recover water-stressed agricultural areas • (Smart) Precision Agriculture • Water engineering: water treatment plants  agricultural fields irrigation • (2) Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) • Capacity Building • World Water Day 2016 Contents
  3. 3. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 RESEWAM-O • well defined Innovation Opportunity service • envisaging the provision of a versatile methodology • -in principle applicable in all sensitive areas in the world- • integrating • knowledge, diagnostic and monitoring capacity of remote sensing • optimum engineering solutions • efficient financial tools the problem (water scarcity) and the solution (water resources connections, treatment plants, preserving freshwater supplies for urban uses that will be connected through a feasibility plan) are approached together within the same vision. RESEWAM-O - REmote SEnsing for WAter Management Optimization (AG132)
  4. 4. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 RESEWAM-O EIP Water Action Group aims to develop agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change activities using • Earth Observation Remote Sensing techniques and • Water Management solutions in order to enhance socio-economical and environmental values in water sensitive areas. Through a multidisciplinary • scientific, • industrial and • administration composition RESEWAM-O studies negative climate impacts in water-deficit lands to reactivate them and generate income. RESEWAM-O puts together administration, agricultural farmers/cooperatives and companies suppliers of water services to develop services and products helping various economic sectors adapting to climate change, especially focusing on energy and water utilities
  5. 5. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 RESEWAM-O’s main goal is to create an innovative methodology for water resources re-distribution by combining • remote sensing diagnosing tools, • economic feasibility studies, • engineer knowledge and • policy decisions to correctly manage all water resources, mainly waste water, and recover life in unprofitable areas. REMOTE SENSING SOILS/ VEGETATION MODELLING & CLIMATE PROJECTIONS WATER ENGINEERING ECONOMIC ANALYSIS WATER QUALITY AREAS OF INTEREST ENV. IMPACT ANALYSIS 3 21 4
  6. 6. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 10 February 2016 RESEWAM-O’s main goal is The envisaged end product is a robust integrated software toolbox for • water scarcity detection, • diagnosis and assessment, • optimum solution completion, and • feasibility plan for water re-distribution, in principle applicable in any water-scarce area of the world.
  7. 7. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 09 February 2016 RESEWAM-O’s Structure Viability Cost/Benefit Knowledge Base Soils & Vegetation • CEBAS-CSIC • EEAD-CSIC • IVIA Modeling & Climate Projections • FIC • KIT Remote Sensing • GMV • UVEG Business Plan / Economic Analysis • UVEG Water Engineering • INDEFA Water Quality • LEQUIA • Uni.Bologne Env. Impact LCA • IAT
  8. 8. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 09 February 2016 2011 2012 2013 Average 2011-2012-2013
  9. 9. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 09 February 2016 Hot Spots Segura River Basin identification of water stressed areas distribution of reclaimed water
  10. 10. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 09 February 2016
  11. 11. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 09 February 2016 11 • (Smart) Precision Agriculture • role of soil moisture • ET as E + T (separately!) in irrigated agriculture • optimising irrigation • water consumption • relation of crop production to water use • efficiency and productivity in agricultural usage of water, which frees up availability of water for other sectors such as municipal and industrial uses • Drought Monitoring and Forecasting Our innovation (1): Earth Observation in Support of a Sustainable Water Sector Use of Reclaimed Water
  12. 12. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 09 February 2016 12 Water (and carbon) footprints Our innovation (1): Earth Observation in Support of a Sustainable Water Sector
  13. 13. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 09 February 2016 13 Our innovation (1): Earth Observation in Support of a Sustainable Water Sector • Development & assistance/assessment in decision-making • Decision support system for authorities in water resource management http://www.equariusrisk.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/01/Water-risk-elephant.png “If MITIGATION is about CARBON, then ADAPTATION is about WATER” (John Slater, MLA. Parliamentary Secretary for Water Supply and Allocation, Province of British Columbia)
  14. 14. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 09 February 2016 14 LCT Life Cycle Thinking LCA Life Cycle Assessment (environmental aspects) LCC Life Cycle Costing (economic aspects) LCM Life Cycle Management (management aspects) Standard ISO 14040 e 44 CBA, SLCA Cost Benefit Analysis, Social LCA (social & environmental aspects) Our innovation (2): Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) “in order to consider a green process or activity, it is necessary to assess the cumulative environmental impacts across the entire life cycle of the product: • raw material extraction • manufacturing • use • maintenance • reuse • transportation and • final fate This is done by using life cycle inventory and assessment concepts […]” C. Jiménez-Gonzàlez, D.J.C. Constable, Green Chemistry and Engineering: A Practical Design Approach, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, 2011 Which approach does it help to evaluate sustainability?
  15. 15. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 09 February 2016 15 ISO 14040 and 14044 (2006) Why LCA? Standardised and holistic approach Our innovation (2): Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
  16. 16. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 09 February 2016 17 1,971 994 5 376 191 1.0 10.0 100.0 1000.0 2014 2015 Average kg CO2 eq / ha kg CO2 eq / 1000 kg of grape 16 Carbon Footprint LCA: Vineyard case study Verify environmental effects per hectare cultivated and/or per amount produced (by year) 11500 19167 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 kgofgrapes 2014 2015 Our innovation (2): Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
  17. 17. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 09 February 2016 17 1,971 994 5 376 191 1.0 10.0 100.0 1000.0 2014 2015 Average kg CO2 eq / ha kg CO2 eq / 1000 kg of grape 17 Verify the environmental effects of agricultural practice: • increase of the carbon fluxes as a result of manure spreading Carbon Footprint LCA: Vineyard case study Our innovation (2): Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
  18. 18. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 09 February 2016 17 1,971 994 5 376 191 1.0 10.0 100.0 1000.0 2014 2015 Average kg CO2 eq / ha kg CO2 eq / 1000 kg of grape 18 30 191 257 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 / 1 kg of beef / 1000 kg of grape / 1118 km by plane kgCO2eq. Carbon Footprint Compare results with other different scenarios LCA: Vineyard case study Our innovation (2): Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)
  19. 19. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 09 February 2016 17 1,971 994 5 376 191 1.0 10.0 100.0 1000.0 2014 2015 Average kg CO2 eq / ha kg CO2 eq / 1000 kg of grape Carbon Footprint Quantify the average social effect associated to the environmental loads: US Environmental Protection Agengy (EPA) has estimated an average social effect of 37$ per ton of CO2 released. LCA: Vineyard case study Our innovation (2): Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) 19http://www.viewsoftheworld.net/wp- content/uploads/2010/11/CarbonEmissionMap_2009.jpg
  20. 20. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 09 February 2016 20 Capacity Building • capacity building • Ethiopia • Iran • NE Brazil (Ceará) • Colombia • China • … • …
  21. 21. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 09 February 2016 21 World Water Day 2016: Water as Business Opportunities Turning Water Problems Into Business Opportunities RESEWAM-O may generate new market opportunities • Agricultural farmers/cooperatives • new green market of more sustainable, saleable agricultural products, developed in arid/semi-arid areas • Companies supplying water services • more freshwater available for urban demands • Public administration • revitalisation of areas out of production • new agricultural food products • reactivation of economy • economising products and better Environment protection • A NEW BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY • a small/medium enterprise (SME) to coordinate this process and mediate between the parts
  22. 22. 2016 EIP Water Conference How is Water Innovation Succeeding in Europe? Side Meeting on Water Reuse - Status and Contribution to the EU Initiative Leeurwarden, The Netherlands, 09 February 2016 thank you for your attention

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