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Open Access 
From study to academic 
research support: the 
emerging role of the 
librarian 
Niamh Brennan 
Trinity Colleg...
Trinity College Dublin, 
Ireland
Trinity College Dublin 
Research themes: Creative Technologies; 
Smart & Sustainable Cities
“Higher education operates in the 
global arena and this is the 
context in which academic 
outputs, standards and quality...
“It is clear that as the nature of research within our 
institutions changes, so must the role of the 
library in supporti...
“...As research activities evolve, research support must 
evolve with it. There has been much debate within libraries 
as ...
Task Force on Librarians’ Competencies in Support 
of E-Research and Scholarly Communication 
1. Scholarly publishing serv...
a) Increase in jobs with ‘scholarly communication’ in the title 
b) Differences in title, emphasis and content between 
Eu...
Landmark
METHODOLOGY
35 positions: 24 in North America, 11 in Europe & UK
35 positions: 24 in North America, 11 in Europe & UK
University of Cambridge: Head of Scholarly Communication 
Oxford University: Deputy to Bodleian Librarian
‘The Value of 
Libraries for 
Research & 
Researchers’ 
– RLUK/RIN 2011 
http://www.rin.ac.uk/system/files/atta 
chments/v...
‘The Value of 
Libraries for 
Research & 
Researchers’ 
– RLUK/RIN 2011 
http://www.rin.ac.uk/system/files/atta 
chments/v...
RAE: ‘Research Assessment Exercise [UK]; REF: Research Excellence Framework 
- i.e. ‘Research Information Management Syste...
World University Rankings
Research Reporting
TCD Research Support System 
Brief/Context 
“A coherent information policy for College to address 
the needs of management...
Putting the users at the heart of the service...
CURRENT RESEARCH INFORMATION SYSTEM 
- CV-driven 
- Fully integrated with complementary systems 
- initial population from...
Bibliographic records: 
- Started with our institutional Citation Report from ISI 
- Now: APIs available from Web of Scien...
Personal URL/Research Webpage
Live feed on to School webpages
- Fully integrated with Research Support System 
- Added value to information in both systems 
• Research publications 
• ...
Repository with Added Value 
Link to Researcher’s Profile
Research Support System with Fulltext Links
RIAN: Ireland’s Open Access Research Portal 
http://rian.ie
Browse Ireland’s OA (Green!) publicly-funded 
research by author, title, 
funder, institution, publication type, 
keyword....
DART-Europe: Digital Access to 
Research Theses Europe 
http://www.dart-europe.eu
TCD Integrated Research Information Systems 
Institutional 
Repository 
Library 
Human 
Resources 
Physical 
Resources 
Fi...
TCD Integrated Research Information Systems 
Library 
Computing Services (MIS) 
Research & Innovation Services 
Office of ...
Research Strategy
Understanding our Research Outputs
Performance-based university funding 
for Ireland’s Higher Education Authority 
Key Performance Indicators 
(University-se...
‘Assessing Europe’s 
University-Based 
Research’ 
– European Commission Expert 
Group on Assessment of 
University-based R...
RISS CASE STUDY: Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute 
Team effort: The Library Contribution 
External review of Bioscien...
RISS CASE STUDY: Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute
RISS Case Study: Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute 
Data Sources & Resources 
TCD Integrated Research Systems = CRIS ...
Now developing... 
Further, deeper, better, more streamlined, 
more automated on demand research 
evaluation 
Inclusion ...
New Research 
Output Types 
Included in the 
CRIS (Research 
Support System) & 
Incorporated into 
TARA
Task Force on Librarians’ Competencies in Support 
of E-Research and Scholarly Communication 
1. Scholarly publishing serv...
In 2012, Research Libraries UK (RLUK) surveyed 23 of their 
member institutions in efforts to map the needs of 
the changi...
The Key is 
Collaboration
“The game has changed. So must we.” 
-Charles Henry & Brad Wheeler, 
Educause Review 47 (2), March/April 2012* 
- to suppo...
Open Access Niamh Brennan 
Trinity College Library 
Phone: +353 1 896 1646 
Email: niamh.brennan@tcd.ie
From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian, Niamh Brennan
From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian, Niamh Brennan
From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian, Niamh Brennan
From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian, Niamh Brennan
From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian, Niamh Brennan
From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian, Niamh Brennan
From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian, Niamh Brennan
From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian, Niamh Brennan
From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian, Niamh Brennan
From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian, Niamh Brennan
From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian, Niamh Brennan
From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian, Niamh Brennan
From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian, Niamh Brennan
From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian, Niamh Brennan
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From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian, Niamh Brennan

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Niamh Brennan, Programme Manager Research Informatics, Trinity College Library Dublin.

The General Assembly (GA) is EIFL’s annual knowledge sharing and networking event for library professionals in developing and transition countries.

Each year EIFL brings together national coordinators from over 40 countries to debate the latest developments in electronic content delivery, to discover emerging issues of significance to libraries, and to share achievements from library consortia over the last year.

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From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian, Niamh Brennan

  1. 1. Open Access From study to academic research support: the emerging role of the librarian Niamh Brennan Trinity College Library Dublin EIFL Global Assembly, Wednesday, November 12th 2014
  2. 2. Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
  3. 3. Trinity College Dublin Research themes: Creative Technologies; Smart & Sustainable Cities
  4. 4. “Higher education operates in the global arena and this is the context in which academic outputs, standards and quality are benchmarked and referenced”. – HEA Landscape document 2012
  5. 5. “It is clear that as the nature of research within our institutions changes, so must the role of the library in supporting research. The increasingly competitive research environment demands greater collaboration (across disciplines, institutional, and national boundaries) and generates greater quantities of data than ever before. In addition, funders are placing increased emphasis on the demonstration of the impact of research outputs and engendering wide dissemination of research findings...” - ARL, New Roles for New Times:Transforming Liaison Roles in Research Libraries, August 2013. http://www.arl.org/storage/documents/publications/NRNT-Liaison-Roles-final.pdf
  6. 6. “...As research activities evolve, research support must evolve with it. There has been much debate within libraries as to what form this evolution will take—but little consensus in terms of the part to be played by the library in general or the role of library staff members in particular.” - ARL, New Roles for New Times:Transforming Liaison Roles in Research Libraries, August 2013. http://www.arl.org/storage/documents/publications/NRNT-Liaison-Roles-final.pdf
  7. 7. Task Force on Librarians’ Competencies in Support of E-Research and Scholarly Communication 1. Scholarly publishing services Providing publishing services via local or hosted digital publishing platforms for journals, books, conference proceedings, working papers and other works of original scholarship from faculty and students. Working with digital repository and other professionals to provide for storage, description, access and preservation of this content. 2. Copyright and Open Access advocacy and outreach Providing consultation and education to faculty and students on copyright and open access policies, services and resources. Marketing and promoting open access license and publishing alternatives to commercial publishing equivalents. 3. Scholarly resource assessment Providing expertise, consultation and outreach to the campus community around scholarly resource assessment and metrics, from traditional bibliometrics to emerging altmetrics.
  8. 8. a) Increase in jobs with ‘scholarly communication’ in the title b) Differences in title, emphasis and content between Europe and North America. E.g. North America is more sharply focused on copyright wjereas European ones hae a broader remit.
  9. 9. Landmark
  10. 10. METHODOLOGY
  11. 11. 35 positions: 24 in North America, 11 in Europe & UK
  12. 12. 35 positions: 24 in North America, 11 in Europe & UK
  13. 13. University of Cambridge: Head of Scholarly Communication Oxford University: Deputy to Bodleian Librarian
  14. 14. ‘The Value of Libraries for Research & Researchers’ – RLUK/RIN 2011 http://www.rin.ac.uk/system/files/atta chments/value_of_libraries_for_scre en_1.pdf
  15. 15. ‘The Value of Libraries for Research & Researchers’ – RLUK/RIN 2011 http://www.rin.ac.uk/system/files/atta chments/value_of_libraries_for_scre en_1.pdf
  16. 16. RAE: ‘Research Assessment Exercise [UK]; REF: Research Excellence Framework - i.e. ‘Research Information Management Systems’ / CRIS
  17. 17. World University Rankings
  18. 18. Research Reporting
  19. 19. TCD Research Support System Brief/Context “A coherent information policy for College to address the needs of management, the Library, e-learning, electronic publications and records management will be developed with a view to having an integrated view of information systems across the whole of College.” “A research database will be part of an integrated management system to help monitor our progress in research and scholarship and to help manage their support.” -TCD Strategic Plan, Chapter 5: Strategy to Realise our Vision of Trinity, Action 18, p26
  20. 20. Putting the users at the heart of the service...
  21. 21. CURRENT RESEARCH INFORMATION SYSTEM - CV-driven - Fully integrated with complementary systems - initial population from Human Resources records - updated & enhanced ‘live’ by researcher, - mediated input on-demand (Library-based service)
  22. 22. Bibliographic records: - Started with our institutional Citation Report from ISI - Now: APIs available from Web of Science, PubMed, Others - Specifically requested by researchers
  23. 23. Personal URL/Research Webpage
  24. 24. Live feed on to School webpages
  25. 25. - Fully integrated with Research Support System - Added value to information in both systems • Research publications • Etheses • Epublishing/Grey Literature • Images http://www.tara.tcd.ie
  26. 26. Repository with Added Value Link to Researcher’s Profile
  27. 27. Research Support System with Fulltext Links
  28. 28. RIAN: Ireland’s Open Access Research Portal http://rian.ie
  29. 29. Browse Ireland’s OA (Green!) publicly-funded research by author, title, funder, institution, publication type, keyword...
  30. 30. DART-Europe: Digital Access to Research Theses Europe http://www.dart-europe.eu
  31. 31. TCD Integrated Research Information Systems Institutional Repository Library Human Resources Physical Resources Financials Student Administration Research Support System • Bibliographic metadata (inc. APIs) • Research Expertise • Project tracking Web server Web Services FTP server DMZ DMZ External Bodies • The web / •Search engines etc. • OAI harvesters External Bodies • The web / •Search engines etc. • OAI harvesters External Bodies • Thesis Print-Shop External Bodies • Thesis Print-Shop EExxteterrnnaal lB Booddieiess Omeka OJS
  32. 32. TCD Integrated Research Information Systems Library Computing Services (MIS) Research & Innovation Services Office of the President Office of the Dean of Research Office of the Dean of Graduate Studies Vice Provost’s Office Dean of Students, Students Union, Graduate S.U. Communications Office Human Resources Quality Office Faculty & School Administrators Faculty Deans, Heads of Schools & Research Institutes School Directors of Research Web Design Office Consultants engaged by the University
  33. 33. Research Strategy
  34. 34. Understanding our Research Outputs
  35. 35. Performance-based university funding for Ireland’s Higher Education Authority Key Performance Indicators (University-selected) Research •% of research productive staff Library reported •Impact relative to the world Library reported •% of peer reviewed journal articles available on open access Library reported •Research funding Internationalisation (amongst other KPIs for internationalisation) % papers with international co-authorship Library reported
  36. 36. ‘Assessing Europe’s University-Based Research’ – European Commission Expert Group on Assessment of University-based Research 2010 http://arrow.dit.ie/cserrep/17/
  37. 37. RISS CASE STUDY: Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute Team effort: The Library Contribution External review of Biosciences in External review of Biosciences in TCD FFuunnddiningg P Proroppoossaal li ninppuut t TCD Additional Fund-raising Support Additional Fund-raising Support Reports & Evaluat Reports & Evaluat -ions -ions CRIS & TARA development: CRIS & TARA development: reports on Publications, Esteem, Bibliomterics; Repository used for reviewer access to key reports on Publications, Esteem, Bibliomterics; Repository used for reviewer access to key papers papers Systems support for submission of major grant proposal: CRIS auto-capture of people & publications data, reporting workflow; bibliometric & impact Systems support for submission of major grant proposal: CRIS auto-capture of people & publications data, reporting workflow; bibliometric & impact reports reports Supply of data for information/marketing purposes: on people, publications, research strengths, impact Supply of data for information/marketing purposes: on people, publications, research strengths, impact Ongoing supply of publications and bibliometric/impact data for quarterly funder reports, TARA support for funder OA Ongoing supply of publications and bibliometric/impact data for quarterly funder reports, TARA support for funder OA mandate mandate 2005-6 2009-10 2011 2012
  38. 38. RISS CASE STUDY: Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute
  39. 39. RISS Case Study: Trinity Biomedical Sciences Institute Data Sources & Resources TCD Integrated Research Systems = CRIS + Dspace + OJS + Omeka Web of Knowledge [WoS, Essential Science Indicators, InCites] Scopus Patents analysis, patent citation databases Technology transfer & industry liaison information (internal) Institutional reports Government reports International reports (OECD, World Bank, EU etc.) Media reports including scientific journal news ScienceWatch Google Analytics & Dspace statistics Emerging: Altmetrics
  40. 40. Now developing... Further, deeper, better, more streamlined, more automated on demand research evaluation Inclusion of ‘other’ research outputs Development of impact reporting for the ‘Third Mission’: societal, economic, cultural impact Better integration of research information and research outputs into the publishing workflow ePublishing and digital showcasing/dissemination Mainstreaming within the Library?
  41. 41. New Research Output Types Included in the CRIS (Research Support System) & Incorporated into TARA
  42. 42. Task Force on Librarians’ Competencies in Support of E-Research and Scholarly Communication 1. Scholarly publishing services Providing publishing services via local or hosted digital publishing platforms for journals, books, conference proceedings, working papers and other works of original scholarship from faculty and students. Working with digital repository and other professionals to provide for storage, description, access and preservation of this content. 2. Copyright and Open Access advocacy and outreach Providing consultation and education to faculty and students on copyright and open access policies, services and resources. Marketing and promoting open access license and publishing alternatives to commercial publishing equivalents. 3. Scholarly resource assessment Providing expertise, consultation and outreach to the campus community around scholarly resource assessment and metrics, from traditional bibliometrics to emerging altmetrics.
  43. 43. In 2012, Research Libraries UK (RLUK) surveyed 23 of their member institutions in efforts to map the needs of the changing scholarly landscape and to create a series of recommendations for stakeholders. The RLUK study revealed that the skills of librarians, information specialists, and liaison staff must be developed to adequately support their institutions’ researchers; subject librarians, specifically, will need to fulfill a role that has transformed from information discovery and management, collection development, and literacy training to one that emphasizes the research process in greater depth, from the curation and preservation of research data to mastering effective methods of scholarly communication and dissemination.
  44. 44. The Key is Collaboration
  45. 45. “The game has changed. So must we.” -Charles Henry & Brad Wheeler, Educause Review 47 (2), March/April 2012* - to support our researchers, our institutions and our countries - In a collaborative global environment http://www.educause.edu/EDUCAUSE+Review/EDUCAUSEReviewMagazineVolume47/TheGameHasChan ged/247701
  46. 46. Open Access Niamh Brennan Trinity College Library Phone: +353 1 896 1646 Email: niamh.brennan@tcd.ie

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