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PROSPECT - PROactive Safety for PEdestrians and CyclisTs


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EGVIA - ERTRAC 1st European Conference Results from Road Transport Research in H2020 projects
29 November 2017 to 30 November 2017

Published in: Automotive
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PROSPECT - PROactive Safety for PEdestrians and CyclisTs

  1. 1. Advancing active safety towards the protection of Vulnerable Road Users: The project PROSPECT (PROactive Safety for PEdestrians and CyclisTs) Brussels, 29/11/2017 Ilona CIESLIK, Applus IDIADA
  2. 2. • Project Overview • Timeline • Research Activities • Research Results • Impact & Next Steps • Dissemination Agenda
  3. 3. Background • Accidents involving pedestrians and cyclists are a pending issue: they account for 30% of road fatalities globally. • First generation of Autonomous Emergency Braking Systems that avoid and mitigate VRU accidents are in the market. • Euro NCAP roadmaps: • AEB-Pedestrian systems in 2016. • AEB-Cyclist systems in 2018. • More complex scenarios in 2020. 3 Source: Robert Bosch, 2015
  4. 4. Objective PROSPECT aims to significantly improve the effectiveness of active VRU safety systems compared to those currently on the market by: (1) expanding scope of scenarios addressed by the systems and (2) improving overall system performance based on sensors fusion and VRU modeling. The emphasis is on two groups with large shares of fatalities: cyclists and pedestrians. 4
  5. 5. PROSPECT PROactive Safety for Pedestrians and CyclisTs EC Call H2020 Two Stages, MG 3.4 2014 “Traffic safety analysis and integrated approach towards the safety of Vulnerable Road Users” Type of action Project budget EU Funding Project Start-End Research & Innovation € 6.931.978 € 6.931.978 1st of May 2015 Partners from 9 EU countries § Vehicle manufacturers: Audi, BMW, Volvo, TME, Daimler § Tier-1 suppliers: Bosch, Continental § SMEs: 4activeSystems § Research centres & Test labs: Applus IDIADA, BASt, VTI, TNO, IFSTTAR § Academia: Univ. of Nottingham, Univ. of Budapest, Univ. of Amsterdam, Chalmers. Project Overview
  6. 6. Methodology Traffic accidents study Use cases & demonstrators specification Advanced VRU sensing & modelling Actuation & control strategies Sensor fusion & integration Test protocol & validation 1 2 3 4 5 6 The PROSPECT project technical approach
  7. 7. Timeline 7 Project Plan 05/2015 05/2016 Project Start - Kick off meeting at IDIADA, Spain MS3 (WP2/3) -PROSPECT system specification -Project external workshop 03/2018 European OEMs: Audi, BMW, DAIMLER, TME, VCC - further work on the next generation AEB-VRU ~ 202-2025today MS2 (WP2) - Draft version of accident analysis and user needs - Project internal workshop with all partners involved MS4 (WP2/4/5/6/) -First prototypes of all system components: 3 demo cars, Audi simulator, dummies 09/2015 MS1 (WP8) -Public webpage online, project server available New Research Direction in Active Safety (AEB), testing and HMI Addressed Euro NCAP more complex scenarios coming in 2020-2024 07/2015 05/2017 Completion - PROSPECT evaluation phase & benefit estimation - Demos presentation at final event. 10/2018 MS5 (WP6) -PROSPECT demonstrators available
  8. 8. Research Activity 1- Study of relevant VRU scenarios 1 Better understanding of relevant VRU scenarios • Macro statistical and in-depth accident analyses: • National statistics from specific countries • Detailed understanding from GIDAS (DE) & IGLAD (CZ, ES, FR, IT, FR and SE) • CARE analysis for weighting to EU level • Definition of traffic conditions and user expectations: • Naturalistic urban observations with large number of VRUs. • Hotspots monitoring in different EU cities. 8
  9. 9. Research Activity 2 - AEB Specification Macro statistical accident research Representative parameters to derive use cases 9 Car-to-VRU Use Cases: • Crossing scenarios • Longitudinal scenarios • Turning scenarios Simulation of different sensor types Visualization of PROSPECT use case Gesture analysis and description: • Ask for yielding, reprimand, give the way, cyclist turn indication, thanks.
  10. 10. October 2016: 1st Year 10 Deliverable No. Title Date D3.1 The addressed VRU scenarios within PROSPECT and associated test catalogue 01-may-16 D3.2 Specification of the PROSPECT demonstrators 01-may-16 D2.1 Accident Analysis, Naturalistic Driving Studies and Project Implications 01-nov-16 D2.2 Specification of User Needs and Functional Requirements 01-nov-16 D7.4 Test protocol as a proposal for consumer testing 01-nov-16 • List of project deliverables • List of project publications International Cycling Safety Conference 2016, Bologna, Italy “Car-to-cyclist accidents from the Drivers Point Of View.” International Cycling Safety Conference 2016, Bologna, Italy “Understanding the cues and characteristics that indicate and affect a cyclist’s future path: A focus group study conducted in the UK and Netherlands.” DASIP2016 “Hardware Acceleration Of Maximum-Likelihood Angle Estimation For Automotive MIMO Radars”.
  11. 11. Research Activity 3 - Advanced VRU sensing (radar & video systems) 11 Radar-based obstacle detection: • Higher field of view • High resolution RADAR with µ-Doppler • The further development towards safety features: • VRU classification capabilities needed. • More accurate position /tracking to select the best mitigation /avoidance strategy. Obstacle detection with radar systems: a) Generation of µ-Doppler signatures for feature analysis Video-based obstacle detection: • The stixel world & Box detection methods • Advanced machine learning techniques Semantic stixel representation – the image is segmented into drivable road, sky, and vertical "sticks" (Schneider, 2016)
  12. 12. Research Activity 4 - Advanced system control strategies • Automatic intervention is made transparent and understandable for the driver. • Transition between driver warning & automated vehicle action are carefully designed: • Accident avoidance by combined steering and/or braking. • High dynamic actuators and torque vectoring by braking. • Challenge: estimation of the criticality in the road scene. 1212 Road participant sand situation analysis with intervention strategy
  13. 13. 5 Demonstrators Research Activity 5 - Integration in demonstrators • Demonstrators implementing Use Cases: • Driving simulator. • Realistic pedestrian and cyclist dummies including platform propulsion system. 13 • Sensor fusion – overcoming challenges: • Fusion between same /different sensors. • Calibration, overlapping, sensor limitation. • Definition of interfaces and property qualities. • Analytical comparison different fusion algorithms
  14. 14. 14 • List of project deliverables • List of project publications The ESV conference 2017, Detroit, US: - “Car-to-cyclist crashes in Europe and derivation of use cases as basis for test scenarios of next generation advanced driver assistance systems – results from PROSPECT.” - “Advancing active safety towards the projection of vulnerable road users: the PROSPECT project.” “Naturalistic observation to investigate conflicts between drivers and VRUs in the PROSPECT project.” - “Next-generation Active Safety and Testing: The Horizon 2020 Project PROSPECT.” The Road Safety and Simulation conference, The Hague, The Netherlands, October 2017 “Exploring the relationship between false alarms and driver acceptance of a pedestrian alert system during simulated driving.” The IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Conference, USA “Using Road Topology to Improve Cyclist Path Prediction. ” October 2016: 2nd Year
  15. 15. Research Activity 6 - Testing and Validation • Testing in realistic traffic scenarios: • Real world scenarios to be reproduced in controlled environments. • Testing in driving simulator & warning with driver distraction • User acceptance tests: • Influence of false warnings and incorrect system interventions. • Predictive model of acceptance. • Test methodology, procedures & tools to be proposed to Euro NCAP: • Unjustified system interventions. • Intervention performance tests considering evasive actions. 15 3,5m 0,25m 50m Non dimensioned object are symmetric 3m 2m 5,5m 2m R=8m 8m 11m 16m 9m R=8m 13m 4m 3m 2m 150m 3/3m 0,5m 4m A F B D C E 1m G H 16m
  16. 16. Research results & examples • Tangible & not tangible results: • The generation of state-of-the-art knowledge but as well technical innovations.
  17. 17. Research results & examples - demo-vehicles • Demonstrator Vehicle II • High-resolution stereo camera system for 75° coverage • Fusion with additional short-range RADAR sensor • Automatic steering and braking • Use cases: cyclists and pedestrians, crossing and longitudinal where car can have high speed and early detection needed. a) Calibrated and synchronized stereo camera and lidar system. b) Sensor setup consisting of one front facing stereo camera (~60m, 75° ) and two side- oriented cameras covering a horizontal FOV of roughly 210°. c) The addressed use cases
  18. 18. Research results & examples - Mobile driving simulator • Mobile driving simulator: • To present and evaluate the results of PROSPECT in a realistic setting applying a real car as a mock-up. • To demonstrate the circumstances of car-to-cyclist-accidents (the hypotheses). • Better understanding of possible reasons why car drivers fail to handle such situations. Audi Mobile driving simulator presentation during PROSPECT technical meeting at BASt.
  19. 19. 19 • Dummies with additional degrees-of-freedom allow intention detection Research results & examples - test tools and targets a) Pedestrian dummy full stop and rotating head towards approaching car b) Pedaling cyclist dummy with rotating wheels.
  20. 20. 20 • Test results, methodologies and assessment protocols for Euro NCAP AEB VRU systems: • IDIADA, TNO and BAST are members of Euro NCAP Working Group on active safety. • For PROSPECT important will be the Euro NCAP roadmap for 2020 - 2024 which will include requirements for e.g. steering intervention & cross-junction AEB systems that need to address VRU Research results & examples - Protocols for Euro NCAP
  21. 21. 21 Expected impact
  22. 22. 4 Validation • PROSPECT's goal: development of novel active safety features to prevent accidents with VRU. • Accident analysis and PROSPECT use cases enable the development of improved VRU sensing technologies and vehicle control strategies. • Prototypes currently in development will be tested in the first half of 2018. • Test methodologies (test scenarios and tools) will be delivered to Euro NCAP. • Methodology for benefit analysis: • Improvement for traffic safety in terms of saved lives or serious injuries. • Assessment of the combined effect of active and passive safety measures (integrated safety). • Final demonstration to the public during the final PROSPECT event in October 2018. Conclusions & Next steps
  23. 23. Dissemination activities: Conferences May – November 2017 29 Oct – 2 Nov 2017 11-12 May 2017 5-8 June 2017 11-14 June 2017 4-6 September 2017 21-22 September 2016 8-13 October 2017 17-19 October 2017 10 Oct 2017 EUCAR Programme Board Meeting 21 Sep 2017 6-8 September 2016 23 reception-conference/ 14-16 Nov 2017
  24. 24. 7th International Cycling Safety Conference & PROSPECT final event 24
  25. 25. 25 Acknowledgements This project has received funding from the European Commission’s Innovation and Networks Executive Agency, under the frame of Horizon 2020 programme, with grant agreement nº 634149 9 EU countries 17 partners 5 car manufacturers 3 suppliers 5 research centres 4 universities
  26. 26. Thank you Andrés Aparicio Laura Sanz Ilona Cieslik Applus+ IDIADA Tel. +34 977 166 717 Fax + 34 977 166 036 • Visit our website Laura Sanz R&D Engineer Advanced Driver Assistance Systems Andrés Aparicio Product Manager Advanced Driver Assistance Systems Ilona Cieslik R&D Project Engineer Advanced Driver Assistance Systems