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NOVELOG - New cooperative business models and guidance for sustainable city logistics

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EGVIA - ERTRAC 1st European Conference Results from Road Transport Research in H2020 projects
29 November 2017 to 30 November 2017
Brussels

Published in: Automotive
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NOVELOG - New cooperative business models and guidance for sustainable city logistics

  1. 1. 05/12/2017 1 05/12/2017 1 This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 636626” New cooperative business models and guidance for sustainable city logistics Georgia Aifandopoulou NOVELOG Project Coordinator CERTH/HIT
  2. 2. 05/12/2017 2 NOVELOG Tools for guiding SULP development & implementation Substantiate a SULP methodologySUMP ---- Integrated Planning ProcessPILOTS --- UFT Knowledge generationDATA collection --- Multi-stakeholders EngagementNON RESPONSIBILITY - NOVELOG Objectives
  3. 3. 05/12/2017 3 8 Research and academic institutes 9 Regional/City authorities 4 Local development agencies 2 Transport operators & supply chain owners 1 Consulting companies 3 Association/Networks institutions NOVELOG’S identity
  4. 4. 05/12/2017 4 NOVELOG cases: 7 Cooperative Pilots & 5 Case Studies Measures and type of cooperation required: 1. Home deliveries & E-commerce system serving for small shops: LSPs, S&R 2. ITS for UFT monitoring and Planning: LSPs, IP,PA 3. Urban consolidation centres & Transhipment facilities: LSPs, IP,PA 4. Micro consolidation - Lockers introduction: LSPs, S&R 5. Multimodality for urban freight :LSPs, IP,PA 6. Micro distribution with Cargo bikes for B2B and B2C: LSPs 7. Electric vehicles diffusion in business zero energy city blocks : LSPs & PA Supply Chain LSP,s Shipper/receiver (S/R), Public agency (PA) Infrastructure provider (IP),
  5. 5. 05/12/2017 505/12/2017 5 • DATA COLLECTION & KNOWLEDGE GENERATION FRAMEWORK FOR UFT • 4 TOOLS FOR DECISION SUPPORT & INTEGRATED UFT PLANNING • Quantified positive impact of the implemented measures (7) in 12 cities – CO2 reduction – Cost effectiveness improvement – Load factor increase • Multi-stakeholders platforms for City logistics planning set up operated in 11 cities • Definition of “best” business model for each cooperative city logistic measure • Sustainable Urban Logistics development guidance process • City typology for UFT supporting transferability & easy decision making NOVELOG RESULTS
  6. 6. 05/12/2017 6 Today view ……Data for UFT measures feasibility • Surveys – pilots implementations – regulations
  7. 7. 05/12/2017 7 Tomorrow view…..Data for innovative measures adoption & actors cooperation • More Bundling, Intermodality & Microdistribution in urban areas
  8. 8. 05/12/2017 8 Data Collection Framework Pillar 1 Profile of major supply chains served in the urban area under study Pillar 2 • Mapping of urban freight and service trips activity Pillar 3 Organizational and legal framework Pillar 4 Procedural and technological methods and innovations
  9. 9. 05/12/2017 9 SULP planning Determine your potential for a successful SULP Define the developmen t process and scope of plan Analyze the mobility situation and develop scenarios Develop a common vision Set priorities and measurable targets Develop effective package of measures Phase I: Prepare wellPhase II: Rational and transparent goal setting 1.1.City’s UFT Self assessment (Profile of major supply chains, Mapping UFT activities, basic Inf factors, significant CC) 1.2Review resources (tools,data,legal framework) 1.3Define basic timeline 1.4.Identification of UFT key stakeholders 2.1. Look beyond boundaries  [Objectives & Expected Impacts, Key stakeholder’s involvement, Communication & consensus building tools development] 2.2. Plan participation 2.3. Agree management plan (NOVELOG’s Management plan) 3.1. Analyse UFT problems & opportunities Understanding of present and future UFT 3.2 Develop Future UFT scenarios 4.1.Common vision development (Strategic planning for Long term sustainability) 4.2.Communication of NOVELOG outcomes 5.1.SULP’s objectives 5.2. SMART Targets (NOVELOG Multi stakeholder Platform) 3,3. Evaluation of UFT plans 6.1.: Identify effective measures (NOVELOG Toolkit for the identification of effective measures) 6.2. Learn from other’s experience (Toolkit &12 NOVELOG pilots/case studies outcomes recorded) 6.3. Consider value for money (Business models & Guidance Strategy) NOVELOG’s SULP’s Guidance process
  10. 10. 05/12/2017 10 Tools 4 UCT Toolkit Evalua tion Guida nce Assess Guide Focus Facilitate interaction & consensus among stakeholders regarding the current & future state of their UFT environment Understand All UFT measures are not applicable to all cities: assess the applicability of certain UFT measures to certain types of cities Assess the impact of a wide spectrum of UFT measures in real- life environments Guide implementers of UFT measures on the most appropriate business models for their successful introduction & sustainable operation NOVELOG Tools for assisting UFT planning
  11. 11. 05/12/2017 11 NOVELOG Tools 12 NOVELOG cities 4 NOVELOG tools
  12. 12. 05/12/2017 1205/12/2017 12 • Factors Influencing the development 1. Economy & demographics – GDP per city inhabitant – Fuel cost – Urban population share (% of total regional population) – City's population share of over 65 years old – Household size – Retail establishment size – Taxation cost – Tourism (visitors) – Fleet maintenance 2. Ecology & social responsibility – Demand for environmentally-friendly products – Demand for ethical sourcing – Demand for local sourcing – Demand for reduced waste 3. Logistics solutions – Green delivery solutions – Collaborative delivery solutions – New business models 4. New technologies – Internet of Things (IoT) – Big data & advanced analytics – Driverless delivery vehicles 5. Consumer requirements – Same day (or next hour) delivery – Knowledge of what happens to the e-data they provide – Information about products & their social & environmental impact Definition of the UFT environment dimensions City UFT Characteristics (CCs) 1.Vehicle size/type 2.Number of deliveries/ collections 3.Quantity of goods delivered/collected 4.Time of day of delivery/pick up 5.Time to carry out deliveries/collections 6.Loading/unloading activities 7.Journey length 8.Journey speed 9.Empty running 10.Environment-friendly distribution 11.Loading unloading on street space management 12.Loading activities: docking / rendez- vous with the truck supplier / load of the boat / load factor 13.Delivering activities: round trip delay
  13. 13. 05/12/2017 13 1 2 UCT Line 1 Which are the factors influencing UFT (now and in the future)? How will my UFT look in the future? UCT Line 2 If I want to influence a specific CC today and in the future, on which InFs should I focus? Experts Stakeholders Understanding Cities Tool outcome InFs = Influencing Factors CCs = City Characteristics Description and purpose of the tool
  14. 14. 05/12/2017 14 present 1: Not important at all 2: Of little importance 3: Of average importance 4: Very important 5: Extremely important 2020 2030 Highlights: Supply chain stakeholders vs Public Authorities – Which are the most influencing factors today & in the future? Economy & demographics Ecology & social responsibility Logistics solutions New technologies Consumer requirements Supply Chain Stakeholders Public Authorities Consumer requirements Ecology & social responsibility
  15. 15. 05/12/2017 15 City’s UFT identity & VISION Main factors influencing the city’s UFT (in order of significance) Today 1. Consumer requirements for same day (or next hour) delivery 2. Green delivery solutions 3. Fuel cost 4. Internet of Things 5. Consumer requirement for knowing what happens to the digital data they provide 2020 1. Consumer requirements for same day (or next hour) delivery 2. Internet of Things 3. Fuel cost 4. Consumer requirement for knowing what happens to the digital data they provide 5. Green delivery solutions 2030 1. Consumer requirements for Information about products & their social/ environmental impact 2. Internet of Things 3. Green delivery solutions 4. Consumer requirement for knowing what happens to the digital data they provide 5. Green delivery solutions Turin, Italy The city’s main UFT characteristics 1. Number of deliveries per establishment per week 2. Time to carry out deliveries (mins) 3. Average size of goods delivered per drop 4. Share of trips undertaken by environmental- friendly means (EVs, cargo- bikes) 5. Empty running 6. Average round trip length (kms) Today 6-10 5-10 ½ pallet n/a <20% 31-40 2020 ± 5% ± 5% ± 5% +5-15% ± 5% +5-15% 2030 ± 5% ± 5% ± 5% >15% ± 5%
  16. 16. 05/12/2017 16 What is the current state of the NOVELOG cities UFT environment (city examples)? Empty running 20-30% - Copenhagen <20% - Turin, Venice Number of deliveries per establishment per week 6-10 - Barcelona, LBBD, Turin 16-40 - Copenhagen Share of deliveries between 07:00-10:00 61-80% - Copenhagen 21-40% - LBBD, Turin 41-60% - Venice Average size of goods delivered per drop 1 pallet - Barcelona < ½ pallet - Copenhagen ½ pallet - Turin Average vehicle dwell time-minutes per delivery 11-20 min- LBBD 5-10min – Pisa, Turin
  17. 17. 05/12/2017 17 NOVELOG Tools 12 NOVELOG cities 4 NOVELOG tools
  18. 18. 05/12/2017 1805/12/2017 18 NOVELOG City Typology for UFT measures selection NOVELOG TYPOLOGY Why (Dimension) Problems (Parameter) Objectives (Parameter) Where (Dimension) City Morphology (Parameter) UFT Logistics Profiles (Parameter) Who (Dimension) UFT Markets (Parameter) Key stakeholder (Parameter) What (Dimension) Measures (Parameter) How (Dimension) Nature of Implementation (Parameter) Nature of business model NOVELOG Deliverable 4.1. “Integrated inventory of urban freight policies and measures, typologies and impacts”) pp 5 of 120
  19. 19. 05/12/2017 19 NOVELOG Toolkit :relates city typology & measures Why? (Problem & Objectives) Where? (City Morphology, UFT Logistics Profile) Who? (UFT Markets, Key Stakeholders) How? (Nature of Implementation) Toolkit’s Database
  20. 20. 05/12/2017 20 NOVELOG Tools 12 NOVELOG cities 4 NOVELOG tools
  21. 21. 05/12/2017 21 NOVELOG UFT measures impact assessment 6 types of measures proposed by CIVITAS Initiative 2015 UFT Impact Assessment of each measure: Logistics Sustainability Index (not to be confused with Logistics Performance Index (LPI) developed by the World Bank) Sustainability indicators include: • CO2 • Noise pollution • Energy consumption • Accident rate • Traffic reduction • Service level (link to LPI)
  22. 22. 05/12/2017 22 NOVELOG Tools 12 NOVELOG cities 4 NOVELOG tools
  23. 23. 05/12/2017 23 • The platforms should be «institutionalized» • Responsibility of coordination to the city • Neutral partner for arguments creation • Smal to medium Size -- high efficiency Stakeholder’s Platform Mixture for UFT decision making Stakeholder’s Category Proportion Supply Chain Stakeholders (Transport Operators, Freight Forwarders, Retail chains, Shop owners e.tc.) 25% Public Authorities (Local % National government e.tc.) 25% Other Stakeholders (Industry % Commerce Associations, Research % Academia, Consumer Associations e.tc.) 38% Experts 12%
  24. 24. 05/12/2017 2405/12/2017 24 Commonly asked questions for UFT & SULP UFT measures & Agreements Business ModelsKnowledge & Data Capacity building Methodologies NOVELOG YELLOW PAGES for UFT
  25. 25. 05/12/2017 25 The city’s main UFT characteristics Today 6-10 1 pallet 11-20 N/C N/C N/C 11-20min (N/C: no consensus ) No of deliveries/establishment/week Quantity of goods deliver/collect Avg vehicle dwell time Share of illegal on-street activities Empty running Share of trips undertaken by environmental-friendly means Management of the parking space and time for UFT activities 2020 ± 5% ± 5% ± 5% -5-15% -5-15% +5-15% ± 5% 2030 ± 5% N/C ± 5% -5-15% -5-15% >15% ± 5% Barcelona - Spain (-) (+) City’s VisionAreas of intervention Regulatory measures Ecologistic awareness Stakeholder engagement New Technologies Land use planning & Infrastructure Level of Importanc e Past experiences by cities with Barcelona’s morphology and objectives Toolkit Stakeholders involved • Public Authority (Municipality of Barcelona (Department of Mobility, Heritage, District Authority, ), Townscape (paisatge urbà), Municipal institute of ICT) • Research and academia CENIT (Center for innovation in transport) • Other supply chain stakeholders (Mercat del Ninot, Last-Mile Operator, vanaPedal, E-makers) • Freight Forwarders (DHL, TNT, SEUR) Data collection Impact Assessment results 20202 54 Consumer requirements for same day delivery Internet of Things New business models Retail establishment size GDP per city inhabitant Main factors influencing the city’s UFT (in order of significance) today 1 3 4 Understanding the city’s UFT Noise CH4 & NO2 Traffic throughput CO2 99% decrease 100% decrease 41% decrease 45% decrease not favourable favourable Micro- distribution platforms Super-block Urban transhipment centre in each super-block (public land leased to private operators) Big data & advanced analytics Demand for environmentally- friendly products (-) favourable Public sector (PU) Leader Facilitator Privatesector Leader Facilitator Cooperative BM for Public/Private benefit Nature of Business Models Delivery service 2030 2 1 3 3 2 1 Load factor 5-10% increase
  26. 26. 05/12/2017 26 • Joint NOVELOG Toolkit and report the results of your UFT measure • Use the NOVELOG Tools • Give us your experiences for enriching the UFT yellow Pages JOIN US… www.novelog.eu Thank you

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