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ALISE - Advanced Lithium Sulphur battery for xEV

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EGVIA - ERTRAC 1st European Conference Results from Road Transport Research in H2020 projects
29 November 2017 to 30 November 2017
Brussels

Published in: Automotive
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ALISE - Advanced Lithium Sulphur battery for xEV

  1. 1. This project has received funding from the [European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 666157 ALISE: Advanced Lithium Sulphur battery for xEV Christophe AUCHER (LEITAT)
  2. 2. This project has received funding from the [European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 666157 ALISE European LiS value chain H2020-NMP-GV-2014 Grant agreement n° 666157. EU contribution: 6,899,233 € Duration : June 2015 – May 2019 1. LEITAT (Coordinator) 2. AVICENNE ENERGY 3. Centro de Estudios e Investigaciones Técnicas 4. Fico Triad 5. IWS Fraunhofer 6. OXIS Energy Ltd. 7. SEAT 8. Solvionic 9. TUD Dresden University 10. VARTA Micro Battery 11. Politecnio di Torino (POLITO) 12. C-Tech Innovation 13. Daramic 14. IDNEO 15. Cranfield University 16. Williams Advanced Engineering R&D Vehicle Systems Ltd (Terminated) Vayon Group (Terminated) http://www.aliseproject.com/ November 29, 2017 ô Strictly Private and Confidential 2
  3. 3. This project has received funding from the [European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 666157 ALISE Team November 29, 2017 ô Strictly Private and Confidential 3
  4. 4. This project has received funding from the [European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 666157 November 29, 2017 ô Strictly Private and Confidential 4
  5. 5. This project has received funding from the [European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 666157 - Objective #1 – Optimized S/C cathode: >2.5 mAh/cm2, >1200 mAh/g, 80 wt% S content, 80% S utilization - Objective #2 – Safe and High Energy density LiS cell: 500 Wh/kg, 250 W/Kg (C/2), 2000 cycles - Objective #3 – Usable technology: SoC, charging and discharging model, sensoring - Objective #4 – Integration: module, 17 KWh battery pack, behaviour for PHEV targeting 100 Km electrical driving range - Objective #5 – “Greener” and Cost competitive: LCA and LCC November 29, 2017 ô Strictly Private and Confidential ALISE Objectives 5
  6. 6. This project has received funding from the [European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 666157 Objective #1 – Optimized S/C cathode >2.5 mAh/cm2 (300 Wh/kg), >1200 mAh/g (300 Wh/Kg), 80 wt%S, 80% S utilization MIL-101(Cr)_S7@rGO – (67wt% S) 13300 S/cm, 80% DoD 812 mA h g-1, 1.48 mA h cm-2, 67 wt% S , 60.7% S utilization CNF/MIL-101(Cr)_S7– (50wt% S) Electrospun fibers Metal Organic Framework Magneli phase TinO2n−1 Carbon Black FunctionalizationN2 or N2/NH3 plasma November 29, 2017 ô Strictly Private and Confidential 6
  7. 7. This project has received funding from the [European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 666157 Objective #1 – Optimized S/C cathode >2.5 mAh/cm2 (300 Wh/kg), >1200 mAh/g (300 Wh/Kg), 80 wt%S, 80% S utilization 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 0 20 40 60 80 100Capacity in mAh/g (S) Cycle number OXIS Binder at C/5 and 80%DOD CNT 1. Robust binder system developed and able to handle large volume expansion/contraction 2. Do not expect cycle life limitation from cathode being detached from the current collector 3. Cycling at 80% DOD lead to high cycle life until electrolyte is depleted 4. Surface capacity needs to be higher than 4mAh/cm² for energy density of 400Wh/Kg 5. Need good electronic transport for high sulfur utilization at high surface capacity Pouch Cell November 29, 2017 ô Strictly Private and Confidential 7
  8. 8. This project has received funding from the [European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 666157 Objective #2 – Safe and High Energy density LiS cell: 500 Wh/kg, 250 W/Kg (C/2), 2000 cycles 1. New chemistry is attempted for ALISE project, with new electrolyte and with metallic lithium for the anode without protection at module level 2. Jully 2017, thermal assessment is closing the safety tests campaign. Issues are detected for short circuit test and thermal test before 60ºC (self heating, swelling). 3. Venting, electrolyte expulsion, cell rupture and fire are observed only after 160ºC 4. >72% of the C/5 capacity at 2C (our objective is 75%) 5. Metallic lithium for pouch cell up scaling production an module level (i.e. hundreds layers for pouch cell, 82 cells per module) 6. Protected lithium for final cell at pouch cell level aiming to tackle anode electrolyte interface issue and reaching higher number of cycles 7. Cylindrical format is explored in the framework of ALISE Pouch Cell May 2017, hundreds of 300 Wh/kg, 230 Wh/L, 12.5 Ah pouch cells have been produced November 29, 2017 ô Strictly Private and Confidential 8
  9. 9. This project has received funding from the [European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 666157 Objective #3 – Usable technology: SoC, charging and discharging model, sensoring Challenges 1. Coin cell results cannot be extrapolated to pouch cell 2. Cell manufacturing must to be advanced enough (TRL4-6) and built from advanced materials (TRL6) 3. Lithium Sulphur charge and discharge profile curves are changing within: • The intensity of current applied • The temperature • The number of cycles (aging) Work on going on real breakthrough to make the cells usable for electrical car 1. Algorithmic to traduce the chemical behavior to electronic control (SoC for charge and discharge) 2. Hardware and software development dedicated specifically to Lithium Sulphur technology (CMC, BMS) 3. Innovative printed sensor to track deformation and cell temperature November 29, 2017 ô Strictly Private and Confidential 9
  10. 10. This project has received funding from the [European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 666157 Objective #4 – Integration module, 17 KWh battery pack, behaviour for PHEV targeting 100 Km electrical driving range The results November 2017, first module for PHEV is built with 82 Lithium Sulphur cells (41s2p) 1. Highly challenging to make fitting the LiS technology conserving the same battery pack housing layout used for Lithium ion (volume and shape) 2. Design is achieved including cooling system and interface (mechanical and electrical) 3. 1D analysis of coolant system design is completed 4. Change at battery pack level to release more volume and to avoid any interferences Our next step 1. Module fixing – final review 2. Feedback from build of first module 3. Cooling system optimization based on more accurate data 4. To asses all safety test at module level (electrical, mechanical, thermal) and feedback associated 5. Revised manifold design November 29, 2017 ô Strictly Private and Confidential 10
  11. 11. This project has received funding from the [European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 666157 ALISE in 2017 versus commercial state of the art Adapted from Li-Ion cells employed in current EVs - Copyright 2014 Total Battery Consulting Inc. November 29, 2017 ô Strictly Private and Confidential 11
  12. 12. This project has received funding from the [European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 666157 European leading technology Free NMP and Co technology is provided x2 gravimetric energy density versus commercial lithium ion Compromised between safety and performance has to be reached New electronic control in development for usable LiS technology First LiS PHEV module manufactured Limitation in Wh/l, power and cycle versus intercalation chemistry Electrical driving test will be simulated for both PHEV and BEV ALISE impact November 29, 2017 ô Strictly Private and Confidential 12
  13. 13. This project has received funding from the [European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 666157 Indicator Units used Project reference Project objective Current achievements Target for module manufacturing (Feb 2018) Target for Pouch cell (May 2019) Nominal Capacity Ah 0.2C or lower 12.5 12.5 14 16 Nominal Capacity Ah 2C or higher 12.5 9 10 12.5 Gravimetric Energy Wh/Kg 12.5 Ah Pouch Cell 400a, 500b 300 >300 400 Volumetric Energy Wh/L 12.5 Ah Pouch Cell 440a, 550b 230 >250 440 Cycles - at 0.2C or lower, DOD 80 % BOL 80% 2000 100 300 800 ALISE achievements applied to PHEV (8.9 kWh) a Pouch cell generation used for integration at module level, using metallic lithium as anode, b Pouch cell generation built using protected anode November 29, 2017 ô Strictly Private and Confidential 13
  14. 14. This project has received funding from the [European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 666157 Many thanks November 29, 2017 ô Strictly Private and Confidential 14

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