Varying sentence structure


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Varying sentence structure

  1. 1. Varying Sentence StructureReferences© 2001 by Ruth Luman
  2. 2. Adding Variety to Sentence StructureTo make your writing more interesting,you should try to vary your sentences interms of length and structure. You canmake some of your sentences long andothers short. Read the two paragraphson the next page.
  3. 3. Two ParagraphsRead the paragraphs below. Choose theparagraph that is more effective.I love living in the city. I have a wonderful view of theentire city. I have an apartment. I can see the GoldenGate Bridge. I can see many cargo ships pass under thebridge each day. I like the restaurants in San Francisco. Ican find wonderful food from just about every country. Idon’t like the traffic in the city.I love living in the city of San Francisco. I have awonderful view of the entire city from my apartmentwindow. In addition, I can see the Golden Gate Bridgeunder which many cargo ships pass each day. I also likeSan Francisco because I can find wonderful restaurantswith food from just about every country; however, I don’tlike the traffic in the city.
  4. 4. How do you vary sentence structure?You will want to use a variety ofsentence structures in your writing.There are three types of sentences wewill study in this lesson:- Simple Sentence- Compound Sentence- Complex Sentence
  5. 5. The Simple SentenceA simple sentence has one independentclause (one subject and a verb):I live in San Francisco.SubjectVerb
  6. 6. Compound SentenceA compound sentence contains twoindependent clauses that are joinedtogether.She works in the city, but she lives in the suburbs.IndependentClauseIndependentClause
  7. 7. Compound SentenceYou can make a compound sentenceby joining two logically relatedindependent clauses by using…- a semicolon- a coordinating conjunction- a transition
  8. 8. Using a SemicolonIndependent Clause ; Independent ClauseI love living in the city ; there are so many things to do.IndependentClauseIndependentClause
  9. 9. Using a Coordinating ConjunctionIndependent Clause ,coordinating conjunction Independent ClauseHe couldn’t watch the show , so he decided totape it.IndependentClauseIndependentClause
  10. 10. Coordinating ConjunctionsLogical Relationship CoordinatingConjunctionAddition AndContrast But, yetChoice Or, norCause ForResult So
  11. 11. FANBOYS For  F And  A Nor  N But  B Or  O Yet  Y So  SAnother way to remember these is…
  12. 12. CAUTION!Do NOT use a comma every time you usethe words and, or, but, nor, for, so, yet.Use a comma only when the coordinatingconjunction joins two independent clauses.IndependentClauseNo comma- not anindependent clauseThe necklace was beautiful but expensive.Simple Sentence
  13. 13. Using a TransitionIndependent Clause ; transition , Independent ClauseI love San Francisco ; however, I hate the traffic.IndependentClauseIndependentClause
  14. 14. John cannot set up his typewriterbecause the wall has no outlet.Complex SentencesA complex sentence contains at least oneindependent clause and one dependentclause.Independent ClauseDependent ClauseSubordinatingConjunction
  15. 15. Example- Complex SentenceA complex sentence contains at least oneindependent clause and one dependentclause.She will go to school in the cityuntil she finds a job.Independent ClauseDependent ClauseSubordinatingConjunction
  16. 16. When I first moved to the city,I was afraid to drive the steep and narrow streets.Complex SentencesUse a comma after a dependent clause if itbegins the sentence.SubordinatingConjunctionIndependentClauseUse a comma ifthe dependentclause is the firstpart of thesentence.
  17. 17. Relationship TransitionAddition MoreoverFurthermoreIn additionbesidesReinforcement/Emphasis IndeedIn factContrast However On the contraryIn contrast On the other handResult or Effect Consequently AccordinglyThus HenceTherefore As a result
  18. 18. Reinforcement/Emphasis IndeedIn factExemplification For exampleFor instanceIn particularExemplification For exampleFor instanceIn particularTime Meanwhile (at the same time)Subsequently (after)Thereafter (after)Relationship Transition
  19. 19. References PowerPoint Presentation by Ruth Luman:Modesto Junior College. This project incorporates portions of copyrightedworks. These items are included under the fairuse exemption of the U.S. Copyright Law andhave been prepared according to the educationalfair use guidelines. They are restricted fromfurther use.