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Strengthening Social Europe through the Horizontal Social Clause Jonathan Zeitlin (U of Amsterdam) Eric Marlier (CEPS/INST...
The HSC as a mechanism for  strengthening Social Europe <ul><li>The HSC requires the EU (& MS) to take account of its soci...
Mainstreaming, monitoring &  Social Impact Assessment (SIA) <ul><li>Effective implementation of the HSC thus requires EU &...
Social Impact Assessment  as a horizontal policy tool <ul><li>SIA involves shifts in existing policy processes and culture...
Europe 2020:  Towards a more social EU? <ul><li>Europe 2020 Strategy as a potential step towards a better & more mutually ...
Europe 2020: Towards a more social EU?(2) <ul><li>‘ Promoting social inclusion & combating poverty’ as one of 10 Integrate...
Social ambiguities of Europe 2020 <ul><li>Awkward fit between governance architecture of Europe 2020 & EU social policy co...
Social ambiguities of Europe 2020 (2) <ul><li>EU monitoring framework for Europe 2020 focused on narrow set of GL-related ...
Strengthening EU economic governance:  at the expense of Social Europe? <ul><li>Mutually reinforcing policy architecture o...
The HSC and the new architecture of  EU socio-economic goverance <ul><li>Overall architecture of EU socio-economic governa...
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Strengthening Social Europe through the Horizontal Social Clause

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Presentation by Jonathan Zeitlin (University of Amsterdam) and Eric Marlier (CEPS/INSTEAD) during the public hearing on Strengthening EU cohesion and EU social policy coordination through the new horizontal social clause in Article 9 TFEU on 13.04.2011

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Strengthening Social Europe through the Horizontal Social Clause

  1. 1. Strengthening Social Europe through the Horizontal Social Clause Jonathan Zeitlin (U of Amsterdam) Eric Marlier (CEPS/INSTEAD)
  2. 2. The HSC as a mechanism for strengthening Social Europe <ul><li>The HSC requires the EU (& MS) to take account of its social objectives in all policies </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a potentially powerful mechanism for obliging the EU (& MS) to mainstream social objectives across other policy areas and monitor/assess their social impact </li></ul><ul><li>Europe 2020 & strengthening of EU economic governance as a test case? </li></ul>
  3. 3. Mainstreaming, monitoring & Social Impact Assessment (SIA) <ul><li>Effective implementation of the HSC thus requires EU & MS to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Systematically mainstream EU’s social objectives into all policy areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Comprehensively monitor EU & national performance against commonly agreed social indicators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carry out ex ante and ex post SIA of all relevant policies </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Social Impact Assessment as a horizontal policy tool <ul><li>SIA involves shifts in existing policy processes and culture at both EU & MS levels </li></ul><ul><li>Requires developing new knowledge & skills, retraining of officials, stakeholder involvement </li></ul><ul><li>European Commission should systematically strengthen role of social evaluation in its Impact Assessment System </li></ul><ul><li>Social Protection Ctee (SPC) and Commission should promote & monitor use of SIA by MS </li></ul>
  5. 5. Europe 2020: Towards a more social EU? <ul><li>Europe 2020 Strategy as a potential step towards a better & more mutually reinforcing balance between EU’s economic, social, employment, & environmental objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Inclusive, as well as smart & sustainable growth as overarching strategic objectives </li></ul><ul><li>Headline social inclusion/poverty targets & European Platform Against Poverty flagship can be used to enhance visibility of social objectives </li></ul>
  6. 6. Europe 2020: Towards a more social EU?(2) <ul><li>‘ Promoting social inclusion & combating poverty’ as one of 10 Integrated Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Closer linkage between EU social inclusion objectives & structural/cohesion funds </li></ul><ul><li>MS to report in NRPs on implementation of new Strategy, esp. headline targets, including synergies between them and measures for stakeholder involvement </li></ul>
  7. 7. Social ambiguities of Europe 2020 <ul><li>Awkward fit between governance architecture of Europe 2020 & EU social policy coordination (OMC) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Headline target focused on poverty/exclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social inclusion guideline (GL) subsumes other EU common objectives (pensions, health care) into combating poverty/exclusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social inclusion inserted in Employment GLs </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Social ambiguities of Europe 2020 (2) <ul><li>EU monitoring framework for Europe 2020 focused on narrow set of GL-related indicators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>EMCO-SPC Joint Assessment Framework valuable, but focused on social inclusion, not full set of common social objectives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commission Annual Growth Survey fails to integrate social messages of Joint Employment Report </li></ul><ul><li>MS draft NRPs fail to set poverty reduction targets commensurate with EU headline commitment </li></ul><ul><li>No National Strategy Reports on Social Protection/Inclusion </li></ul><ul><li>No Joint Report on Social Protection/Inclusion – only SPC assessment of social dimension of Europe 2020 </li></ul>
  9. 9. Strengthening EU economic governance: at the expense of Social Europe? <ul><li>Mutually reinforcing policy architecture of Europe 2020 unbalanced by recent measures to strengthen EU economic governance </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced macro-economic surveillance, excessive imbalances procedure, Euro Plus Pact all focus on labor market liberalization & fiscal sustainability of social protection systems without reference to EU’s adequacy & inclusion objectives </li></ul><ul><li>No social impact assessment of proposed policies at EU or national level </li></ul>
  10. 10. The HSC and the new architecture of EU socio-economic goverance <ul><li>Overall architecture of EU socio-economic governance should be the broad field for application of the Horizontal Social Clause </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of monitoring and assessing social impact of Europe 2020 and new EU economic governance arrangements </li></ul><ul><li>Key role for the EESC through its opinions in ensuring the implementation of the HSC </li></ul>

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