European Economic and Social CommitteeEuropean Year on Mental Health –Better work, better quality of life                Y...
Mental Health Europe (MHE)Is an European non-governmental organisation committed to: •   The promotion of positive mental ...
MHE’s areas of work•   Mental Health Promotion;•   Prevention of Mental Health Problems;•   Mental Health and Social Polic...
Mental Health Matters• Stigma is still very present;• Persons with severe mental health problems are among the  most exclu...
Mental Health and Poverty• Social disadvantage and deprivation can trigger mental illness;• Vicious circle: poverty increa...
The De-Institutionalisation ProcessPsychiatric hospitals as institutions – long-term stay on short-                       ...
The De-Institutionalisation Process              Residential vs. community care• In 19 European countries, support in inst...
The De-Institutionalisation Process         De-Institutionalisation strategies in Europe• Only 16 European countries repor...
Implementation of the UN CRPD                        Guardianship• 25 European countries have guardianship regimes that  i...
Implementation of the UN CRPD                     Involuntary treatment• Involuntary admission and treatment is common in ...
European Year on Mental Health?    The European Year on Mental Health would be beneficial:• Because it affects every Europ...
For further information                 Yves BrandMental Health Europe – Santé Mentale Europe   Boulevard Clovis 7, B-1000...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

European Year on Mental Health – Better work, better quality of life

678 views

Published on

Presentation by Yves Brand, Policy Officer Mental Health Europe on the occasion of the EESC SOC hearing on the European Year of Mental Health – Better Work, Better Quality of Life in Brussels on 30 October 2012

Published in: News & Politics
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
678
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
46
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

European Year on Mental Health – Better work, better quality of life

  1. 1. European Economic and Social CommitteeEuropean Year on Mental Health –Better work, better quality of life Yves Brand, Policy Officer Mental Health Europe
  2. 2. Mental Health Europe (MHE)Is an European non-governmental organisation committed to: • The promotion of positive mental health and well-being; • The prevention of mental distress; • The improvement of care; • Advocate for social inclusion; • Protect the human rights of people with mental health problems, their families and carers.
  3. 3. MHE’s areas of work• Mental Health Promotion;• Prevention of Mental Health Problems;• Mental Health and Social Policy;• Mental Health, Human Rights and Disability.
  4. 4. Mental Health Matters• Stigma is still very present;• Persons with severe mental health problems are among the most excluded of all groups;• Mental health is a vast area;• Good mental health and well-being is a precondition for economic growth and development within the EU.
  5. 5. Mental Health and Poverty• Social disadvantage and deprivation can trigger mental illness;• Vicious circle: poverty increases the chances of mental health problems, while people with mental health problems are more likely to suffer from poverty;• In Britain, research has shown that deprivation increase the risk of mental health problems;• Research in Denmark indicates that the rate of suicide attempts in the group of people with a low income is higher than in the other groups;• Evidence shows that depression occurs 1.5 to 2 times more often among low-income groups.
  6. 6. The De-Institutionalisation ProcessPsychiatric hospitals as institutions – long-term stay on short- stay beds • 19% of patients in “public specialized psychiatric hospitals” in France were hospitalized for 1 to 5 years, and 23% were hospitalized for over 5 years; • In Malta, 43% of patients stayed for 5 years or longer in psychiatric hospitals; • In Bulgaria, approximately 30% of the patients lived in psychiatric hospitals for more than 3 years; • Belgium had over 13.000 long-stay psychiatric beds in psychiatric hospitals.
  7. 7. The De-Institutionalisation Process Residential vs. community care• In 19 European countries, support in institutional or long-term hospital settings still prevails over support in the community;• In Croatia, around 4.000 people live in social care institutions while only 75 people use community-based organised housing;• In Moldova, only 17 places are available in sheltered housing against 1.925 beds in long-stay psychiatric hospitals and 1.688 places in social care institutions.
  8. 8. The De-Institutionalisation Process De-Institutionalisation strategies in Europe• Only 16 European countries report current mental health strategies identifying De-Institutionalisation as an objective;• Belgium started a major reform of mental health care in 2011. It aims to reduce the number of psychiatric beds by 10%;• In Finland, the national plan for mental health and substance abuse foresees a 30% reduction of psychiatric hospital beds by 2015;• Moldova has a national programme on mental health for 2012-2016 aiming to reduce the number of places in psychiatric hospitals.
  9. 9. Implementation of the UN CRPD Guardianship• 25 European countries have guardianship regimes that implement plenary substitute decision-making;• Forced admission into institutions or hospitals often happens along with the incapacitation of the person;• Seven European countries are currently introducing or planning to introduce new, more evolved guardianship legislation.
  10. 10. Implementation of the UN CRPD Involuntary treatment• Involuntary admission and treatment is common in institutions and none of the EU countries prohibits it;• Forced treatment is not only limited to hospitals and institutions;• In France, a new law on involuntary treatment entered into force in 2011, which allows psychiatric care to be imposed outside of the hospital without consent .
  11. 11. European Year on Mental Health? The European Year on Mental Health would be beneficial:• Because it affects every European citizen;• To raise awareness on mental health issues;• To support research and projects;• To improve cooperation with other sectors;• Because it is a precondition for economic growth;• To ensure concrete actions and outcomes of the CRPD.
  12. 12. For further information Yves BrandMental Health Europe – Santé Mentale Europe Boulevard Clovis 7, B-1000, Brussels Tel. +32 2 280 04 68 Fax +32 2 280 16 04 E-mail: yves.brand@mhe-sme.org www.mhe-sme.org

×