Quality internships


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Presentation by Marianna Georgallis (European Youth Forum) on the occasion of the EESC Labour Market Observatory conference held on 3 December 2013 in Thessaloniki, Greece

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Quality internships

  1. 1. QualityInternships EuropeanYouth Forum Marianna Georgallis
  2. 2. Internships: the basics • Valuablestepping stone into the world of work • OECD estimatesthatwork-experience – increases a graduates likelihood of finding a job immediately upon graduation by 44% – lessens the probability of over-qualification by 15% – and reduces the occurrence of skills mismatch by 26% • Expansion of internships in recent years • However, quality not necessarily ensured due to widespread absence of regulatory frameworks • Usefulness and value of experience undermined
  3. 3. Internships: the facts • Recent Commission studyidentifiedthatmostsuccesfulinternships are thosewhichtake place withinformaleducation – More robust assurance of educational content and skillsdevelopment • But ‘open marketinternships’ are increasinglywidespread • 2011 EuropeanYouth Forum survey‘InternsRevealed’: majority of internshipscarried out outsideformaleducation • Correlateswithfindings of recentEurobarometer
  4. 4. Internships: the facts • Almost half of Europe’s youth have completed an internship • 35% of internsnot provided with a written contract • Only one third of internships are paid – 58% of interns report that payment is not sufficient to cover basic living costs: • The majority of EU citizens with an internship experience are not offered an employment contract when they finish their most recent traineeship • Gender differences: – Men are 7 percentage points more likely than women to have had a contract during their most internship – Considerably more men are offered an employment contract at the end of their internship than women (31% versus 24%).
  5. 5. A Cause for Concern • Absence of adequate remuneration – Restricts internship experience to specific group of young people that have financial support – Excludes further those already at disadvantaged socioeconomic position to enter labour market – NEETs • Lack of employment opportunity following internship – Points to lack of skills development/learning objectives of internship – Indicates widespread use of internships by employers as cheaper/free labour force
  6. 6. EuropeanQuality Charter on Internships and Apprenticeships • Charter as a response to suchstatistics and to absence of qualityframeworks on European and on national levels • Developed in cooperationwith – youth organisations – European Trade Union Confederation – MEPs • Supported by 30 MEPs and around 60 organisations includinglatestsignatory Microsoft • Outlines the basic minimum criteriathatinternship providers must ensure
  7. 7. EuropeanQuality Charter on Internships and Apprenticeships • Educational objectives – Contract – Supervisor – Mid-term evaluation and final evaluation • Rights – Access to social security systems – The right to information – transparency in advertising • Remuneration – Reimbursement of costs of internship for those within education – Remuneration for internships outside education which is no less than national minimum wage or 60% median income (EU poverty line) – Ensuring this is intergral in ensuring that internships are accessible to all young people regardless of socio-economic background
  8. 8. Whatnow? • Needfor astrongQuality Framework for Traineeshipsfrom the European Commission to beagreed to by Member States and effectivelyimplemented on the national level • All providers of internships to commit to quality standards and apply a clear code of conduct • Internshipproviders to adopta system of certification to ensure recognition of knowledge and skillsacquiredthroughinternships • Youth Forum work:workingcloselywith businesses to ensure providers of internshipsunderstandwhatquality standards are, and commit to them.
  9. 9. Thankyou! Marianna Georgallis marianna.georgallis@youthforum.org