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Housing & Encampment Areas - A summary of the main conclusions of four CAHROM thematic reports on Roma housing

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Presentation by Michael Guet, Council of Europe, on the occasion of the EESC conference on 'Better Roma inclusion through civil society initiatives: focus on education, employment, housing and antidiscrimination' (Brussels, 7 November 2014).

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Housing & Encampment Areas - A summary of the main conclusions of four CAHROM thematic reports on Roma housing

  1. 1. Housing & Encampment Areas A summary of the main conclusions of four CAHROM thematic reports on Roma housing
  2. 2. CAHROM thematic reports 1/2 • CAHROM (2012)8 Thematic report on social housing for Roma  “the FYR Macedonia”(requesting)  Bosnia and Herzegovina (partner)  Croatia (partner)  Spain (partner) • CAHROM (2013)6 Thematic report on encampment areas and other issues relating to Travellers  Belgium (requesting)  France (partner)  Switzerland (partner)  United-Kingdom (partner) CAHROM thematic reports on housing and encampment areas
  3. 3. CAHROM thematic reports on housing and encampment areas CAHROM thematic reports 2/2 •CAHROM (2013)18 Thematic report on social housing for Roma and legalisation of Roma settlements and houses  Albania (requesting)  Bosnia and Herzegovina (partner)  “the FYR Macedonia” (partner) • CAHROM (2014)4 Thematic report on legalisation of Roma informal settlements, rehousing solutions and alternative measures to evictions  Serbia (requesting)  Greece (partner – not part of the thematic visit)  Slovak Republic (partner)  Spain (partner)
  4. 4. CAHROM thematic reports on housing and encampment areas Issues addressed (sedentary Roma) • Access to social housing and criteria • Availability, affordability & quality of housing • Access to property • Security of tenure • Definition of temporary housing • Legalization of illegal buildings/settlements • Financial means for re-/construction • Re-housing programmes • Conditions & alternatives to forced evictions • Segregation (voluntary or de facto)
  5. 5. CAHROM thematic reports on housing and encampment areas Issues addressed (Travellers) • Recognition of the caravan as a house • Sufficient provision of halting sites • Configuration and localisation of halting sites • Criteria for accessing halting sites • Infrastructure for both short or long stays • Land property • Charges and/or fees for halting areas • Administrative attachment to a municipality • Relationship with the neighbourhood
  6. 6. CAHROM thematic reports on housing and encampment areas Standards, case-law and definitions • UN Habitat Agenda def. “adequate housing” • UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights definition of “forced eviction” • Definition of “security of tenure” by AI • CM Recommendations (2005)4 & (2004)14 • Strasbourg Declaration • EU Council Rec. and conclusions; • EP Resolutions • ESC decisions (FR, GR, IT) • ECtHR case law (Yordanova vs. Bulgaria) • UNDP, FRA, WB, Roma Decade, ERRC, PRAXIS, AI etc. studies and reports
  7. 7. Albania  Online registration and statistical database Support from UNDP, Switzerland, UN Needs assessment of social housing National Reception Centres for immediate transitory shelter in case of evictions
  8. 8. CAHROM thematic reports on housing and encampment areas Bosnia and Herzegovina  Political and financial priority given to Roma housing  Involvement of local authorities (data, budget…) Participatory mechanism for the selection of Roma beneficiaries of social housing programmes Involvement of Roma in the design, implementation and monitoring of actions Database on Roma housing Assistance from SIDA, Hilfswerk-Austria and CEB
  9. 9. Croatia CAHROM thematic reports on housing and encampment areas  Legal aid for housing  Urbanisation and improvement of living standards (PHARE Phase II)  Cross-border co-operation
  10. 10. Greece CAHROM thematic reports on housing and encampment areas  Priority given to Roma housing  Housing loans programme for Roma  Construction of integrated settlements  Housing rehabilitation
  11. 11. Serbia  Efforts from Belgrade Municipality to provide social housing and alternative shelter after evictions  Several solutions proposed (social housing, village houses, access to property)  Financial assistance from UNOPS  Mapping of Roma settlements  Dweller-driven Upgrading of Roma settlements project (Voivodina)  By-law to solve legalisation of informal settlements not covered by general law (tbc)
  12. 12. Slovak Republic  Mapping of Roma settlements (Atlas)  Publication of a methodological manual for local authorities (procedures and model construction project)  Building Act on dwellings built without respecting construction rules and of dwelling built without proper land ownership (tbc, pending adoption)
  13. 13. Spain  Radical action to destroy slams  Political will to eradicate slums  Combination of local/regional/state/EU funds  Quality of its housing action plan  Housing and infrastructures rehabilitation  Re-housing projects (Madrid, Malaga, Segovia, Aviles…)  Involvement of Roma in the needs assessment, design, implementation & monitoring of actions  Surveys on and mapping of Roma housing  Gender desegregated data
  14. 14. CAHROM thematic reports on housing and encampment areas « The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia » Law for legalisation of settlements Micro-credits for Roma housing/property docs Legal aid for housing Financial assistance for legalisation 10% quota for Roma in social housing units Joint implementation of housing projects with Roma/non Roma NGOs Support from UN-Habitat & CEB Role of ZELS acging as a bridge between minsitries and local authorities UNDHP programme to access housing
  15. 15. Belgium  Recognition of the caravans as dwellings (Brussel-Capital and Flanders)  100% financing of permanent residential sites (Flanders)  Strategic Plan for Travellers’ integration (Flanders)  Statistical data about number of Travellers (Flanders)  Network of towns hosting Travellers (Wallony)  Empowerment and integration through training, awareness, mediation & education (Wallony)  Mediators (Wallony)/neighbourhood stewards (Flanders)  Culture-based adapted configuration of temporary and long-term sites cf. entrance and cellular layout (Flanders)  In-site service of social workers (Flanders)  Belgian Council of Roma, Sinti and Travellers
  16. 16. France  French legislation providing encampment sites in municipalities with over 5,000 inhabitants  Practical handbook for Travellers with info about encampment areas, hospitals, schools, associations, etc.  Fleet insurance policy  Validation of skills/experienced for Travellers without a diploma  National Consultative commission for Travellers  Possibility for distance learning (CNED)  Large-capacity short-stay sites (for Evangelical meetings of up to 200 caravans)  governmental financial contribution for the construction of site amounting to 70% of total costsbefore tax
  17. 17. Switzerland • Stopping sites (long-stay) and stop-over sites (short-stay) adapted to the needs • Federal law on encouragement of culture of Swisse Travellers • Recognition of Swiss Travellers/Yenish as a national minority • Foundation set up to provide grants to Swiss Travellers
  18. 18. United Kingdom  Legislation relevant to caravan sites and mobile homes  Assessment of Gypsies and Travellers’ needs guaranteed by Law (Housing Act)  Specific planning policy for Travelle sites (England)  Guidelines on dealing with illegal and unauthorised encampments (England)  Inter-ministerial group on tackling inequalities experienced by Gypsies & Travellers
  19. 19. THANK YOU! Michaël Guet with contributions from Victoria Berrocal and Sébastien Serve

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