<ul><li>Demographic change and its impact on the  EU  labour markets </li></ul><ul><li>(with a special focus on  New  EU M...
Outline of the presentation <ul><li>Past demographic and labour market development of CEEC </li></ul><ul><li>Current situa...
Past trends <ul><li>Demography : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NMS - delayed (but faster than in EU-15) Second Demographic Transit...
Current situation  <ul><ul><li>The population ageing is an important challenge confronting the European Union. EU-15 „olde...
TFR and life expectancy, 2009 Source of data: Eurostat
Median age 2000 and 2010 (years) Source of data:   Eurostat
Old-age dependency rate (in%) 65+/15-64  Source of data:   Eurostat
Labor market development <ul><li>Decline in the working age population ,  larger cohorts of older workers  </li></ul><ul><...
Employment rate of 55-64, 2009 Source of data: Eurostat
Response to demographic trends <ul><li>Active ageing policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pension system/ labour market </li></u...
Summary <ul><li>New Member States experience ageing of population with a considerable impact on future labour force </li><...
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Demographic change and its impact on the EU labour markets

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Presentation by Anna Ruzik-Sierdzińska (Warsaw School of Economics, Institute of Labour and Social Affairs) on the occasion of the LMO meeting of 2 Feb 2011

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Demographic change and its impact on the EU labour markets

  1. 1. <ul><li>Demographic change and its impact on the EU labour markets </li></ul><ul><li>(with a special focus on New EU MS) </li></ul><ul><li>Anna Ruzik-Sierdzińska </li></ul><ul><li>Warsaw School of Economics, </li></ul><ul><li>Institute of Labour and Social Affairs </li></ul>
  2. 2. Outline of the presentation <ul><li>Past demographic and labour market development of CEEC </li></ul><ul><li>Current situation </li></ul><ul><li>Po licy answers and future development </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul>
  3. 3. Past trends <ul><li>Demography : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NMS - delayed (but faster than in EU-15) Second Demographic Transition: changes in fertility, longevity, patterns of family formation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Longevity increase - despite the mortality crisis at the beginning of transition </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Labour market : </li></ul><ul><li>Beginning of 1990s - transition to the market economy with first unfavourable and then favourable impact on labour markets </li></ul><ul><li>Different policy reactions for the initial shock </li></ul>
  4. 4. Current situation <ul><ul><li>The population ageing is an important challenge confronting the European Union. EU-15 „older” than NMS but on average they experience positive population growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slow growth or a decrease in population caused by: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>negative natural growth and negative net migration (LT, BG, LV) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>negative natural growth not fully compensated by the migration (HU, RO, EST, D) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>positive natural growth but high negative migration (PL). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NMS - less di v ersified population , emigration and relatively small inflows of immigrants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Further l ongevity increase </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. TFR and life expectancy, 2009 Source of data: Eurostat
  6. 6. Median age 2000 and 2010 (years) Source of data: Eurostat
  7. 7. Old-age dependency rate (in%) 65+/15-64 Source of data: Eurostat
  8. 8. Labor market development <ul><li>Decline in the working age population , larger cohorts of older workers </li></ul><ul><li>Employment rate for older workers lower in CEEC </li></ul><ul><li>The gap for women between older and newer Member States is especially large. </li></ul><ul><li>Weaker trend towards part-time work than in EU-15, where an increase in part-time female employment contributed to higher employment rate </li></ul><ul><li>PL, RO – high, but decreasing share of employment in agriculture </li></ul>
  9. 9. Employment rate of 55-64, 2009 Source of data: Eurostat
  10. 10. Response to demographic trends <ul><li>Active ageing policies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pension system/ labour market </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the gradual equalisation of male and female retirement age </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>life-long learning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>working time arrangements to increa s e satisfaction with the work-life balance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health care </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voluntary activities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Discussion of possible future impact of migration </li></ul>
  11. 11. Summary <ul><li>New Member States experience ageing of population with a considerable impact on future labour force </li></ul><ul><li>Labour market activity and migration changes can have an important influence on future development of labour market </li></ul><ul><li>The Europe 2020 Strategy: „smart growth, sustainable growth, inclusive growth” in times of demographic changes </li></ul>

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