What Joe does not point out is the shift from unstructured data to structured data. Presently, 90% of worldwide data is unstructured. However, almost all of the sources of new data which are causing the explosion are structured. (These include social networking, blogging, Twitter, and all of the Web 2.0 content, plus sources like e-readers, PDAs, smart phones, medical / dental digital imaging, online security, smart energy metering and the like.) The result is this graphic showing the relationship between structured and unstructured data going into the future:
Where a Zettabyte is 1024 Exabytes, an Exabyte is 1024 Petabytes and a Petabyte is 1024 Terabytes. A Zettabyte is therefore approximately 10 ^ 21 bytes. That's a data explosion of 44x in approximately 10 years.
Linking Open Data community project is to extend the Web with a data commons by publishing various open datasets as RDF on the Web and by setting RDF links between data items from different data sources. … By September 2011 this had grown to 31 billion RDF triples, interlinked by around 504 million RDF links.
BIM: Data Everywhere
pwcom.co.ukThinkBIM – December 2012 ThinkBIM Data everywhere! Paul Wilkinson (pwcom.co.uk)
video – mobile - telephones - ICQ - IM – email – EDMS - groupware – FTP – websites – texts - intranets – portals video-conferences number of tools – extranets – web-conferences – file-sharing (P2P) – discussion forums – homepages – wikis VOIP - podcasts - blogs – Twitter – RSS – Facebook – web communities – Apps - RFID - tags – Face-to-face Written word Telephone GPS – IoT – QR codes - mashups – Hand drawings Messengers Telegraph Telex virtual worlds – Physical Photography Fax Radio – TV Augmented reality Printing models computers – Web 3.0 – etc2 time
The coming data explosion Currently, 90% of worldwide data is unstructured. Web 2.0 content, imaging, energy data, model data, etc, etc is structured data. Source: Jeff Browning -3 OracleStorageGuy blog
The coming data explosion Total worldwide data 2009 0.8 Zettabytes (10 ^21 bytes) 0.8,000,000,000,000,000,000,000 bytes 2020 35 Zettabytes – a 44-fold increase Source: Jeff Browning - OracleStorageGuy blog4
BIM visualisation via AR and QR codes? SNOW Architects • Daqri.com mobile web app builder • iPhone, iPad, Android apps to view Microstation BIMs12
See what I mean? In real-time? Woobius Eye (in Beta) • Share camera view remotely • Mark-up and discuss in real-time • Conference call • Literally “see what I mean?”13
Private project networks? Collaboration via Twitter? Senubo (in Beta) • Social business for construction • PC and smartphone • On-site data download and data capture • Real-time reporting and status updates14
From Web 2.0 to Web 3.0 Web 1.0 = sites, pages, links (static, proprietary, non-interactive) Web 2.0 = people, participation (dynamic, interactive, connecting) Web 3.0 = machines (semantic, linked data, context)15
Semantic web "a web of data that can be processed directly and indirectly by machines” (Tim Berners-Lee) “… provides a common framework that allows data to be shared and reused across application, enterprise, and community boundaries”16
FOAF Extranet Contextualisation Blogs Evolution Shares author photos Flickr acct Paul Wilkinson ISBN Book 0-415-34859-0 ISBN title Construction Date Collaboration Publisher Technologies Reference Flickr Taylor & 1 September Wikipedia Francis 2005 article Location Abingdon DBpedia17
Linked data RDF data that links to other RDF data on the web is Linked data (Linked Open Data)18
What does this mean in construction? 1. Linked data connects and provides context to social interactions and to data about physical world we live in. 2. Building Information Modelling (BIM) will increasingly apply Linked Data principles throughout the BIM lifecycle. Finding and linking relevant, related information will become increasingly19 important.
Real-time building services (or other) data? “Internet of Things” Real-time feedback on building performance20