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Jon Potter


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Jon Potter

  1. 1. Jonathan Potter OECD Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs and Local Development
  2. 2. Informal training • The role of informal training is under-recognised (SME participation about half the rate of formal training) • It responds to barriers with formal training (finding providers, aligning training with business needs etc.) • SMEs report better outcomes from informal training • Policy should recognise informal skills development through qualifications OECD Report – Skills Development and Training in SMEs 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 Co-workers Suppliers Clients PercentofSMEs Frequency of use of informal training sources by SMEs For high skilled workers For low skilled workers Source: OECD Training in SMEs Survey 2011-12 in Belgium, Canada, UK, Nez Zealand, Poland and Turkey, see OECD( 2013) Skills Development and Training in SMEs
  3. 3. The learning organisation • Learning organisations give employees discretion (planning tasks, monitoring quality, performance pay etc.) • The share of learning organisation SMEs varies by country – from around 20% (Hungary, Slovakia) to 70% (Finland, Sweden) • Learning organisation SMEs deliver more innovation; they better exploit employees skills and knowledge exchange for innovation • Policies can promote organisational change through competitive grants to OECD Report – Skills and Learning Strategies for Innovation in SMEs Source: OECD (forthcoming) Skills and Learning Strategies for Innovation in SMEs BE BG CZ DK DE EE IE GRES FR HR IT CY LV LT LU HU MT NL AT PL PT RO SI SK FI SE UK TR 203040506070 %Learningorganisations 0 20 40 60 % Product and/or process innovators R-squared = .27 % Leaning organisations by % Product and/or Process Innovators
  4. 4. The entrepreneurial school/university • Action-based teaching methods are best suited for entrepreneurship • Business plan writing is common, but students value more prototype development, visits to companies, and business idea generation • Improving entrepreneurship teaching in schools and HEIs requires teacher training, teaching resources, and top-level support • OECD/EC provide on-line guidance for schools (Entrepreneurship 360) OECD/EC web tools – HEInnovate and Entrepreneurship360 Source: OECD HEInnovate HEI leader surveys, 2012-14 in Germany, Bulgaria and Poland (number of HEIs = 20 Bulgaria, 23 Poland, 41 Germany). 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Prototype development Use of social media Self-learning exercises using multimedia Experience reports by start-ups Visits to companies Business Model Canvas exercises Case studies Business idea generation activities Business games and simulations Problem-based learning Entrepreneurs as guest speakers in classes Business plan writing Share of HEIs using the following entrepreneurship teaching methods