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EENA2019: Track2 session6 AML Fiona Lee& Soonil Nagarkar

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In 3 years, Advanced Mobile Location has brought considerable improvements to public safety. In this panel, experts will discuss the latest updates and the future improvements of the technology.

Chair: Christoph Kautz, Deputy Head, Unit Galileo and EGNOS – Applications, security, international cooperation, European Commission

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EENA2019: Track2 session6 AML Fiona Lee& Soonil Nagarkar

  1. 1. Confidential + ProprietaryConfidential + Proprietary Android Emergency Location Service 2019 Update
  2. 2. Confidential + Proprietary Deployed Testing/Planning to deploy Status today Currently deployed in 18 countries (600+ million people, 1.3M calls per day) via partnerships with: ● Governments ● Mobile network operators ● Public safety infrastructure vendors Deployed Testing/partially deployed
  3. 3. Confidential + Proprietary Android Emergency Location Service Supplemental service that quickly sends enhanced location from an Android handset to emergency services when the user contacts 112. ● Seamless, global solution ○ Supported in ~99% of Android devices with Google Play Services (Android OS 4.0/ICS and up). ○ Regular over-the-air updates. ● Handset Initiated & Handset Derived Location ○ ELS only activates when user contacts 112 ○ Location calculated on-device -- location is fused multiple sources: cell, GPS, wi-fi, device sensors. ● Free ○ Free for all ELS partners.
  4. 4. Confidential + Proprietary Emergency Location Data Flow ELS ENDPOINT (set up + managed by ELS Partner) PSAP911 Emergency call initiated by Android device ELS location computed on device and sent directly to Endpoint as Data SMS or HTTPS message per AML standard Endpoint is set up and managed by ELS Partner, who is responsible for making ELS location available to Emergency Services (push or pull). Partner specifies ELS configuration parameters. Ideally 1 Endpoint per country. AML - Advanced Mobile Location, open standard for sending emergency location (supported by Android ELS) ELS Endpoint: a SMSC or HTTPS server maintained by partner that can receive ELS emergency location data ELS Partner: carrier/MNO, government or public safety vendor that meets ELS partner requirements PSAP (Public Safety Answering Point): call center & dispatch control for emergency services
  5. 5. Confidential + Proprietary What makes ELS different? ● No PII stored by Google ○ ELS only activates when user contacts 112 ○ No location data stored on Google servers ● Standards-based ○ Uses Data SMS and HTTPS, standard protocols and technologies ○ Easy to integrate with emergency services infrastructure. ● Robust & Highly Configurable ○ Drills deep for location fix to get the best location for duration of the emergency call. ○ Location always sent with accuracy radius. ○ Multiple configuration options -- emergency numbers, location reporting intervals, battery threshold, etc
  6. 6. Confidential + ProprietaryConfidential + Proprietary New Capabilities Since EENA’s 2018 Conference
  7. 7. Confidential + Proprietary User opt-out feature ● Android OS 9 (Pie): Settings > Security & Location > Location > Advanced > Emergency Location Service ● Fewer clicks in future OS releases Source: Android 9 (Pie) on Pixel 2
  8. 8. Confidential + Proprietary Text-to-112/911 or any other emergency number ● ELS has supported text-to-112 since May 2018 ○ Activated in 5 countries in Europe, 7 globally ● Important to work with CPE/CAD vendor to make sure system can properly receive texts to 112
  9. 9. Confidential + Proprietary Data SMS Inbox for ELS Manager app Mock emergency call triggers sending emergency location to a custom ELS Endpoint112
  10. 10. Confidential + Proprietary Z-axis: works on all ELS-enabled handsets for HTTS today ● Output = WGS84 reference ellipsoid model (like GPS) ● Uses all sensors in the device but doesn’t require: ○ HW modifications or barometer in handset ○ A proprietary solution ○ Licensing spectrum or any reference network 1.57 meters 67% (1-sigma) 4.8 meters 80%
  11. 11. Confidential + Proprietary ELS Test: Indoor Location @ Parallel Room B on ELS Manager app
  12. 12. Confidential + Proprietary Resources ● Web site: crisisresponse.google/els ● Google blog posts: ○ Expanding ELS to the US, 9/19/2018 ○ Helping Emergency Services Find You When You Need it Most, 7/25/2016 ● Team email: android-emergency-location@google.com

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