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م.19- مبادرة #تواصل_تطوير - الصيغ النموذجية لعقود المقاولات والتشييد

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م.19- مبادرة #تواصل_تطوير - الصيغ النموذجية لعقود المقاولات والتشييد

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م.19
الزملاء الأفاضل
نرحب بحضراتكم مع
مبادرة #تواصل_تطوير
المحاضرة التاسعة عشرة من المبادرة مع
المهندس / محمد ماجد
مدير التحكم في إدارة البرامج والمشاريع
خبير ادارة العقود وتحليل التاخير والمطالبات
بعنوان
" الصيغ النموذجية لعقود المقاولات والتشييد"
التاسعة مساء بتوقيت مكة المكرمة السبت 13يونيو2020
وذلك عبر تطبيق زووم
https://us02web.zoom.us/meeting/register/tZUsce2srTwvHNEDEgGNplqcw6MbXpsl2vP9
علما ان هناك بث مباشر للمحاضرة على القنوات الخاصة بجمعية المهندسين المصريين

ونأمل أن نوفق في تقديم ما ينفع المهندس ومهمة الهندسة في عالمنا العربي
والله الموفق

للتواصل مع إدارة المبادرة عبر قناة تيليجرام
الرابط
https://t.me/EEAKSA

ومتابعة المبادرة والبث المباشر عبر نوافذنا المختلفة

رابط اللينكدان والمكتبة الالكترونية
www.linkedin.com/company/eeaksa-egyptian-engineers-association/
رابط قناة تويتر
https://twitter.com/eeaksa

رابط قناة الفيسبوك
https://www.facebook.com/EEAKSA

رابط قناة اليوتيوب
https://www.youtube.com/user/EEAchannal

رابط التسجيل العام للمحاضرات
https://forms.gle/vVmw7L187tiATRPw9

م.19
الزملاء الأفاضل
نرحب بحضراتكم مع
مبادرة #تواصل_تطوير
المحاضرة التاسعة عشرة من المبادرة مع
المهندس / محمد ماجد
مدير التحكم في إدارة البرامج والمشاريع
خبير ادارة العقود وتحليل التاخير والمطالبات
بعنوان
" الصيغ النموذجية لعقود المقاولات والتشييد"
التاسعة مساء بتوقيت مكة المكرمة السبت 13يونيو2020
وذلك عبر تطبيق زووم
https://us02web.zoom.us/meeting/register/tZUsce2srTwvHNEDEgGNplqcw6MbXpsl2vP9
علما ان هناك بث مباشر للمحاضرة على القنوات الخاصة بجمعية المهندسين المصريين

ونأمل أن نوفق في تقديم ما ينفع المهندس ومهمة الهندسة في عالمنا العربي
والله الموفق

للتواصل مع إدارة المبادرة عبر قناة تيليجرام
الرابط
https://t.me/EEAKSA

ومتابعة المبادرة والبث المباشر عبر نوافذنا المختلفة

رابط اللينكدان والمكتبة الالكترونية
www.linkedin.com/company/eeaksa-egyptian-engineers-association/
رابط قناة تويتر
https://twitter.com/eeaksa

رابط قناة الفيسبوك
https://www.facebook.com/EEAKSA

رابط قناة اليوتيوب
https://www.youtube.com/user/EEAchannal

رابط التسجيل العام للمحاضرات
https://forms.gle/vVmw7L187tiATRPw9

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م.19- مبادرة #تواصل_تطوير - الصيغ النموذجية لعقود المقاولات والتشييد

  1. 1. ‫والتش‬ ‫المقاوالت‬ ‫لعقود‬ ‫النموذجية‬ ‫الصيغ‬‫ييد‬ ‫النموذجية‬ ‫الصيغ‬ ‫من‬ ‫ثالثة‬ ‫في‬ ‫التشييد‬ ‫لعقد‬ ‫العامة‬ ‫الشروط‬ ‫بين‬ ‫مقارنة‬ FIDIC, NEC & JCT
  2. 2. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom ‫المحاضرة‬‫على‬ ‫تحتوي‬: -4‫عقود‬ ‫إدارة‬ ‫أسس‬ ‫في‬ ‫الخمسين‬ ‫األسئلة‬ ‫من‬‫التشييد‬. -‫التشييد‬ ‫لعقود‬ ‫النموذجية‬ ‫الصيغ‬ ‫من‬ ‫ثالثة‬ ‫بين‬ ‫مقارنة‬(‫ثمانية‬ ‫في‬ ‫محاور‬)‫أمريكي‬ ‫رابع‬ ‫نموذج‬ ‫عن‬ ‫فكرة‬ ‫مع‬. -2‫البريطانية‬ ‫القضائية‬ ‫السوابق‬ ‫من‬. -‫من‬ ‫ومعلومات‬ ‫والمخططات‬ ‫االحصائيات‬ ‫بعض‬AACE-RP. ‫عامة‬ ‫فكرة‬
  3. 3. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom 2-‫القانونية‬ ‫األنظمة‬ ‫أنواع‬ ‫هي‬ ‫ما‬Legal systems‫العالم؟‬ ‫في‬ ‫الرئيسية‬ ‫مدني‬ ‫قانون‬ ‫إلى‬ ‫تنقسم‬ ‫العالم‬ ‫في‬ ‫القانونية‬ ‫األنظمة‬Civil law‫ومصر‬ ‫فرنسا‬ ‫مثل‬..‫القانون‬ ‫يقوم‬ ‫حيث‬ ‫مكتوبة‬ ‫قوانين‬ ‫مواد‬ ‫على‬Codified written statutes، ‫عام‬ ‫وقانون‬Common law‫وأمريكا‬ ‫بريطانيا‬ ‫مثل‬..‫أحك‬ ‫في‬ ‫القضائية‬ ‫السلطة‬ ‫فيه‬ ‫تستند‬‫إلى‬ ‫امها‬ ‫السابقة‬ ‫القضايا‬Case law‫القضائية‬ ‫السوابق‬ ‫بمبدأ‬ ‫يسمى‬ ‫فيما‬Judicial precedent (Doctrine of stare decisis)، ‫يسمى‬ ‫فيما‬ ‫البرلمان‬ ‫يقره‬ ‫ما‬ ‫أما‬Acts‫منها‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫فقط‬ ‫يكون‬ ‫ملزم‬Mandatory‫مخالفته‬ ‫على‬ ‫االتفاق‬ ‫يمكن‬ ‫ال‬Violate ‫ال‬ ‫القانون‬ ‫في‬ ‫يسمونه‬ ‫ما‬ ‫يشبه‬ ‫وهذا‬ ،‫ملزم‬ ‫غير‬ ‫والبعض‬‫مدني‬ ‫مكملة‬ ‫وأخرى‬ ‫آمرة‬ ‫قواعد‬..
  4. 4. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom 14-‫الدولية؟‬ ‫التجارة‬ ‫أسس‬ ‫أهم‬ ‫هي‬ ‫وما‬ ‫دوليا‬ ‫العقد‬ ‫يكون‬ ‫متى‬ ‫روما‬ ‫معهد‬ ‫قواعد‬ ‫به‬ ‫أتت‬ ‫الذي‬ ‫المعيار‬UNIDROIT‫المتعاقدة‬ ‫الشركات‬ ‫عمل‬ ‫محل‬ ‫أو‬ ‫عنوان‬ ‫هو‬Place of business or habitual residence of the parties، ‫سنة‬ ‫الهاى‬ ‫اتفاقية‬ ‫بموجب‬ ‫وضع‬ ‫الذى‬ ‫الدولى‬ ‫للبيع‬ ‫الموحد‬ ‫القانون‬ ‫نص‬ ‫وبالمثل‬1964‫يرتبط‬ ‫ال‬ ‫الدولى‬ ‫البيع‬ ‫أن‬ ‫وإن‬ ‫واحدة‬ ‫جنسية‬ ‫من‬ ‫والمشترى‬ ‫البائع‬ ‫من‬ ‫كل‬ ‫كان‬ ‫ولو‬ ً‫ا‬‫دولي‬ ‫البيع‬ ‫يعد‬ ‫قد‬ ‫إذ‬ ‫المتعاقدين‬ ‫جنسية‬ ‫باختالف‬‫باختالف‬ ‫العبرة‬ ‫ما‬ ‫المتعاقدة‬ ‫األطراف‬ ‫أعمال‬ ‫مراكز‬Registered office‫العادية‬ ‫إقامتهم‬ ‫محال‬ ‫أو‬Different states، ‫نموذجية‬ ‫صيغة‬ ‫شكل‬ ‫العقد‬ ‫عادة‬ ‫ويتخذ‬Standard form‫من‬ ‫كان‬ ‫وان‬ ‫للعقد‬ ‫النموذجى‬ ‫الشكل‬ ‫فإن‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫على‬ ‫وبناء‬ ‫مستلزماته‬ ‫من‬ ‫ليس‬ ‫أنه‬ ‫إال‬ ‫الدولى‬ ‫العقد‬ ‫خصائص‬..
  5. 5. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom ‫حكومية‬ ‫هيئات‬ ‫منها‬ ‫الدولية‬ ‫التجارة‬ ‫قانون‬ ‫بتوحيد‬ ‫الهيئات‬ ‫من‬ ‫العديد‬ ‫اهتمت‬ ‫وقد‬‫ا‬ ‫التجارة‬ ‫قانون‬ ‫لجنة‬ ‫مثل‬‫التابعة‬ ‫لدولية‬ ‫باسم‬ ‫تعرف‬ ‫والتى‬ ‫فيينا‬ ‫ومقرها‬ ‫المتحدة‬ ‫لألمم‬UNCITRAL، ‫باسم‬ ‫والمعروف‬ ‫روما‬ ‫فى‬ ‫الخاص‬ ‫القانون‬ ‫لتوحيد‬ ‫الدولى‬ ‫والمعهد‬UNIDROIT.. ‫هيئات‬ ‫وأيضا‬‫التج‬ ‫غرفة‬ ‫وأهمهم‬ ‫المتخصصين‬ ‫من‬ ‫الشخصية‬ ‫بصفاتهم‬ ‫فيها‬ ‫يشتركون‬ ‫أعضاء‬ ‫من‬ ‫تتكون‬‫الدولية‬ ‫ارة‬ ‫بباريس‬ICC..
  6. 6. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom 15-‫الهندسية‬ ‫للعقود‬ ‫النموذجية‬ ‫الصيغ‬ ‫أشهر‬ ‫هي‬ ‫ما‬Standard form‫؟‬ ‫الهندسية‬ ‫للعقود‬ ‫النموذجية‬ ‫الصيغ‬ ‫من‬ ‫العديد‬ ‫يوجد‬‫الفيديك‬ ‫نماذج‬ ‫هي‬ ‫األوسط‬ ‫الشرق‬ ‫في‬ ‫وأشهرها‬FIDIC forms ‫التشييد‬ ‫عقود‬ ‫في‬ ‫األحمر‬ ‫الكتاب‬ ‫وأشهرها‬Construction‫كميات‬ ‫عقد‬ ‫وهو‬Re-measured‫فقط‬ ‫تنفيذ‬ ‫مقاولة‬ ‫يكون‬ ‫المالك‬ ‫طريق‬ ‫عن‬ ‫والتصميم‬Employer‫كانت‬ ‫إصداراته‬ ‫وآخر‬‫ديسمبر‬ ‫في‬2017 ‫مقطوعية‬ ‫عقد‬ ‫وهو‬ ‫األصفر‬ ‫الكتاب‬ ‫من‬ ‫لكل‬ ‫أيضا‬ ‫تحديث‬ ‫مع‬LS‫لألعمال‬‫وتنفيذ‬ ‫تصميم‬ ‫الكهروميكانيكية‬Design- Build،‫والفضي‬EPC‫إصدار‬ ‫منذ‬ ‫البنود‬ ‫ترقيم‬ ‫في‬ ‫موحدة‬ ‫الثالثية‬ ‫المجموعة‬ ‫وهذه‬1999‫مجموعة‬ ‫عليها‬ ‫ويطلق‬ ‫قزح‬ ‫قوس‬Rainbow suite، ‫التشغ‬ ‫يشمل‬ ‫لما‬ ‫والذهبي‬ ‫الصغيرة‬ ‫للعقود‬ ‫المختصر‬ ‫واألخضر‬ ‫االستشاري‬ ‫لعقد‬ ‫األبيض‬ ‫الكتاب‬ ‫وأيضا‬‫يل‬DBO ‫وخالفه‬ ‫الباطن‬ ‫لمقاولي‬ ‫ونموذج‬ ‫الممول‬ ‫للبنك‬ ‫والوردي‬.. ‫المشهورة‬ ‫الصيغ‬ ‫من‬ ‫أيضا‬ ‫أنه‬ ‫كما‬‫بريطانيا‬ ‫في‬JCT‫بعده‬ ‫ويأتي‬NEC‫الحكومية‬ ‫للمشاريع‬..
  7. 7. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom National Construction Contracts and Law Report 2018 National Building Specification, UK
  8. 8. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom
  9. 9. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom Major Differences between (FIDIC-JCT-NEC)
  10. 10. Comparison Items FIDIC-JCT-NEC Differences: 1- Structure and Drafting 2- Pricing and Scope 3- Admin. and Instructions 4- Quality and Inspection 5- Payment Process 6- Programme 7- Claim and Variation 8- Dispute Resolution _________________ • American example (AIA 2017) ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom
  11. 11. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom 1- Structure and Drafting General conditions in 21 Clauses with Sub-Clauses, then the Particular conditions which consists of Contract data and Special provisions. Many clauses are incorporate by reference to the main ones of procedures such as Variation. FIDIC uses Shall and May. FIDIC “Agreement” including recitals, articles, contract particulars, and attestation. Then the “Conditions” in 9 Sections, and finally “Schedules”. Most of the clauses incorporate other related ones by reference. JCT uses Shall and May. JCT “Core Clauses”, a dispute resolution option W and secondary options X-Y. Finally, the cost components and contract data. Z clause for amendment. Written using straightforward/ simple English. NEC uses Does and May. NEC
  12. 12. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom NEC New Engineering Contracts (NEC) came to the fore by (ICE) in the 1990’s alongside two UK Government Reports being Commissioned: First by Sir Michael Latham (Constructing the Team) in 1994, and thereafter by Sir John Egan (Rethinking Construction) in 1998. FIDIC In 1913, a number of consulting engineers met in a fair which led to the formal constitution of FIDIC, Fédération Internationale des Ingénieurs Conseils, or later, the International Federation of Consulting Engineers. JCT In 1931, the Joint Contracts Tribunal (JCT) was formed by the Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA).
  13. 13. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom 2- Pricing and Scope The Red book is Re-measure & design by Employer, while yellow book is LS & design-build. There are also suites for BOT, consultancy & dredging. FIDIC The price can be LS or Measurement based on bill of quantity “BOQ” or Cost reimbursement according to the standard form used. JCT The same options of LS, BOQ, and Cost-reimbursable are there with adding Options C & D - Target cost where parties share pain and gain. NEC The scope is defined as “Works” described in the specification, drawings, and schedules/ BOQ. The sum of works to be stated in the Letter of tender and accepted in the Letter of acceptance as Accepted Contract Amount. Also, the provisional sum is allowed in Sub-Clause 13.4. The scope is defined as “Works”, described under “Recitals” in the “Agreement” after defining the parties. The contract sum is specified under article 2 in the agreement. Also, the provisional sum is allowed in contract documents clause 3.16 and to be valued as per clause 5.2(3). Scope and site information are defined in clauses 11.2(16)&(18) which are described in contract data part 1 provided by the client. Where the activity schedule in Option C is only for pricing and it does not represent Scope or Site Information as stated in clause 55.2.
  14. 14. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom FIDIC Form Selection
  15. 15. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom NEC4 Engineering and Construction Contract (ECC) • Option A: Priced contract with activity schedule • Option B: Priced contract with bill of quantities • Option C: Target contract with activity schedule • Option D: Target contract with bill of quantities • Option E: Cost reimbursable contract …………
  16. 16. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom JCT 2016 Traditional or conventional: Measurement • Standard Building Contract With Approximate Quantities (SBC/AQ) • Measured Term Contract (MTC) Traditional or conventional: Cost reimbursement or cost plus • Prime Cost Building Contract (PCC) Design and build • Major Project Construction Contract (MP) • Design and Build Contract (DB) …………..
  17. 17. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom 3- Admin. and Instructions The Employer appoints an Engineer who administers the contract (3.1). The Engineer may issue instructions necessary for the Works or Variation. FIDIC The Employer assigns an Architect/ Contract Administrator to administer the contract (3.5). CA may issue Instructions or Variation. JCT The Client assigns a Project Manager “PM” to administer the contract (clause 14). PM may give instructions or notify Compensation Events. NEC Notices and other communications shall be in writing (1.3). Instructions are allowed orally in case of emergency (1.7.5) or otherwise than in writing (3.12) but these shall be confirmed in writing. Verbal instructions are not mentioned but all communications to be in a form which can be read, copied and recorded (13.1).
  18. 18. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom Administration Role Costain Ltd v Bechtel Ltd (2005) Mr Justice Jackson emphasized that the CA is obliged to act impartially: “it was the project management consortium's duty to act impartially as between employer and contractor otherwise it is a breach of its duty”.
  19. 19. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom 4- Quality and Inspection The Engineer is responsible for supervision (Inspection (7.3)), appoints representative and delegates (3.3 & 3.4). FIDIC The Employer appoints a clerk of works to act as an inspector under the CA directions (3.4). JCT The Client assigns a Supervisor to do tests and inspections or notify the contractor of defects in order to correct them. NEC
  20. 20. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom 5- Payment Process Payments are under Clause 14 Contract Price and Payment. The Contractor submits a statement then the Engineer issues Interim Payment Certificate “IPC” and the Employer makes the payment with reference to the date of the statement submission except for the final statement, it is 56 days from the FPC after the Performance Certificate. - The Engineer does the measurement and valuation pursuant to Clause 12. FIDIC The payment process is managed under section 4. The payment cycle is monthly, and the due dates are referred to the later of interim valuation date or receipt of the interim payment application. These dates are for payment notice, payless notice, final payment, and the final date for payment following UK Acts. - The valuation shall be done by QS, and CA issues the payment certificate stating the calculation basis (4.9). JCT The payment process (section 5) is mainly based on defining the assessment dates to determine the due dates for application for payment, assessment/ correction, final assessment, and payment. PM decides the first one then the recurring would be based on the interval stipulated. - For Option C, the contractor is reimbursed for the PWDD which equals to “Defined Costs” plus fee minus any “Disallowed Costs”. NEC
  21. 21. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom Payment in FIDIC Within 56 days after issue of “Performance Certificate” 4.11.2 Contractor submits Final Statement or “Partially Agreed Final Statement” and the 14.12 discharge
  22. 22. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom JCT & NEC NEC: Assessment Date UK Construction ACT 96/2009: Scheme for Construction Contracts (England and Wales) Regulations 1998 (Amendment – 2011)
  23. 23. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom Grove Developments Ltd v Balfour Beatty Regional Construction Ltd 2016 The parties' contract was a JCT standard design and build contract amended by a series of amendments. The parties amended that by agreeing a schedule of 23 valuation and payment dates covering the period from September 2013 to July 2015. The contract specified a completion date of 22 July 2015. The works were not completed by that date. In August 2015 the contractor issued an application for a further interim payment. The developer asserted that the contractor had no further entitlement to interim payments. The issues were whether the contractor was able to recover interim payments after the contractual completion date under the Housing Grants, Construction and Regeneration Act 1996 s.109, which provided that a party was entitled to interim payments for "any work" under a construction contract, and the Scheme for Construction Contracts. Court agreed with Grove that BB (Contractor) had no contractual right for an Interim Application for Payment. The parties had entered into a contract, and just because that contract didn’t cover all payment eventualities didn’t mean the Scheme should come into force. Interim Payments
  24. 24. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom 6- Programme The main dates under contract are: Base date, Delivery of Performance Security, Commencement Date, Date of Completion, Defects Notification Period, Performance Certificate. FIDIC The main dates under contract are: Base date, date/s of possession, completion date (Practical completion), Rectification period up to Certificate of making good. JCT The main dates under contract are: Starting date, access dates, Completion date, Defect correction period up to Defects date. NEC The Contractor shall submit an initial programme under Sub-Clause 8.3 within 28 days after the Commencement Notice (8.1) or a revised after 14 days from the Engineer Notice. The Contractor provides a master programme under clause 2.9.1.2 and the Contractor provides amendment or revision within 14 days from CA decision (2.28.1) without imposing any obligation beyond the contract. The programme (section 3: time) is in the heart of the contract as it should be revised on a regular basis. - The delay in submitting the first programme allows the PM to retain 25% of the PWDD (50.5).
  25. 25. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom 7- Claim and Variation Advance warning added in 8.4 while claims and variation are managed under Clauses 20 & 13. However, the causes that entitle to EOT are included in Sub-Clause 8.5 EOT for Completion. FIDIC The claims for time are under Relevant Events (2.29) while the claims for cost are under Relevant Matters (4.22). However, the adverse weather is included only as a relevant event, not relevant matter. JCT EW (clause 15) is a tool that parties use to notify the potential changes/ CEs. NEC The Valuation is under Sub-Clause 13.3 and the Engineer determination is under Sub-Clause 3.7 Agreement or Determination. The valuation rules depend on whether measurable work (5.6) or contractor’s designed portion (5.8), otherwise dayworks apply (5.7). Claims for cost or/and time are under compensation events (section 6). The Contractor submits quotations which comprise changes to prices and/or alterations to the accepted programme (62.2), then PM replies (62.3).
  26. 26. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom Request for Proposal 13.3.3 Contractor’s Proposal 13.2 DAAB 21.4 FIDIC Phases of Variation/ Claim Engineer’s Instruction 13.3.1 Parties’ Agreement or Engineer’s Determination 3.7 – 12.3 Arbitration 21.5-21.6 Claim 20
  27. 27. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom Relevant EventRelevant Matter JCT Types of Events 2.27 Notice by Contractor of delay to progress 2.28 Fixing Completion Date 1. If, .. on receiving a notice .. under clause 2.27: : .1 any of the events which are stated to be a cause of delay is a Relevant Event; and .2 completion of the Works or of any Section is likely to be delayed thereby beyond the relevant Completion Date, then, .. Architect/Contract Administrator shall give an extension of time by fixing such later date as the Completion Date for the Works or Section as he then estimates to be fair and reasonable. 2.29 Relevant Events Loss and Expense 4.20 to 4.24 4.22 Relevant Matters The following are the Relevant Matters: .1 Variations (..including any .. matters or instructions which under these Conditions are to be treated as a Variation); .2 Architect/Contract Administrator’s instructions: … .4 any impediment, prevention or default, whether by act or omission, by the Employer, the Architect/Contract Administrator, the Quantity Surveyor or any Employer’s Person,.. 4.23 Amounts ascertained – addition to Contract Sum
  28. 28. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom NEC Flowchart of Compensation Events
  29. 29. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom 8- Dispute Resolution Clause 21 Dispute and Arbitration. Normally the dispute starts from 3.7 or referred to DAAB directly. If no agreement under 3.7.1 the Engineer makes notice of determination 3.7.2. In case of dissatisfaction 3.7.5, parties obtain DAAB’s Decision 21.4, finally Amicable settlement 21.5 and Arbitration (ICC) 21.6. FIDIC Section 9 is settlement of disputes starting with mediation in case of not resolved by negotiation then adjudication and after that arbitration in accordance with the JCT 2016 edition of the Construction Industry Model Arbitration Rules (CIMAR) applying UK Arbitration Act 1996. JCT There are three W options to comply with the international use. Whereas, options W1 and W2 refer to adjudication but W2 applies The UK Housing Grants, Construction and Regeneration Act 1996 while option W3 uses the dispute avoidance board and finally tribunal/ arbitration. NEC
  30. 30. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom 21.5 Amicable Settlement Where a NOD has been given under Sub-Clause 21.4 [Obtaining DAAB’s Decision], both Parties shall attempt to settle the Dispute amicably before the commencement of arbitration. However, unless both Parties agree otherwise, arbitration may be commenced on or after the twenty-eighth (28th) day after the day on which this NOD was given, even if no attempt at amicable settlement has been made. FIDIC: Optional Amicable Settlement DAAB DecisionEngineer Determination Arbitration
  31. 31. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom NEC Adjudication Option W1 vs DAB W3 JCT & NEC Adjudication (W2) Dispute Avoidance Board (W3) - JCT starts with Mediation but NEC refers disputes first to the Senior Representatives. - A party issues a notice of adjudication (Adjudicator acts impartially) for any issue not agreed to refer this dispute to adjudicator, and finally tribunal which can be arbitration. - A party doesn’t refer to the tribunal unless it has been referred to the Adjudicator, via a notification to be given within 4 weeks of the Adjudicator’s decision, otherwise it becomes final and binding. - The DAB assists the parties in resolving disputes before they become disputes. - The DAB acts impartially. - The DAB visits the Site and inspects the work, reviews all potential disputes without the need to be formally referred. - A party doesn’t refer to the tribunal unless it has been referred to the DAB within four weeks from the DAB’s recommendation.
  32. 32. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom The American example (AIA 2017) There is no standard form of construction agreement in the United States but the A-201 General Conditions and other forms published by the American Institute of Architects (AIA) are probably the most widely used in local government projects and private construction. Federal construction projects are generally governed by the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR), a book containing numerous clauses mandated on various types of jobs. There are other well-known suites of contract forms which are published by ConsensusDocs, the Engineers Joint Contract Documents Committee (EJCDC)/ ASCE and the Design Build Institute of America (DBIA).
  33. 33. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom Standard Form of Agreement Between Owner and Contractor where the basis of payment is a Stipulated Sum ARTICLE 9 ENUMERATION OF CONTRACT DOCUMENTS § 9.1 This Agreement is comprised of the following documents: .1 AIA Document A101™–2017, Standard Form of Agreement Between Owner and Contractor .2 AIA Document A101™–2017, Exhibit A, Insurance and Bonds .3 AIA Document A201™–2017, General Conditions of the Contract for Construction .4 …..
  34. 34. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom General Conditions of the Contract for Construction - Tenderers - Sections - Clauses - Employer / Client - Architect/CA / PM - Practical Completion/ Defects date - Programme - Relevant Matter / Compensation Event - Senior Rep.s / Mediation – Adjudication/DAB – Tribunal UK Forms (JCT & NEC) - Bidders - Articles - Owner - Architect - Substantial Completion/ Final Completion - Construction Schedule - Change Order - Initial Decision - Mediation – Arbitration (AAA) AIA- Document A201
  35. 35. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom Two commonly occurring categories of scope changes on construction projects are either: changes directed by the owner, or changes identified by the contractor as a result of an action or inaction of the owner, also known as constructive changes (causes claims). An owner-directed change may ultimately become a constructive change (claim) if the contractor believes it will be impacted by the directed change. Change Order
  36. 36. ppmconference.net @Prof.Planner ArabPlanners @magedkom 45-‫العقود‬ ‫مدير‬ ‫دور‬ ‫هو‬ ‫ما‬CA‫عمله؟‬ ‫وأهمية‬ ‫المطلوبة‬ ‫والحيادية‬ ‫المناسبة‬ ‫بالطريقة‬ ‫لمهامه‬ ‫أداءه‬ ‫عند‬ ‫خاصة‬ ‫العقد‬ ‫نجاح‬ ‫في‬ ‫جدا‬ ‫هام‬ ‫دور‬ ‫له‬ ‫العقود‬ ‫مدير‬Impartial: fair and unbiased manner، ‫يرى‬ ‫كان‬ ‫حيث‬ ‫األحيان‬ ‫من‬ ‫كثير‬ ‫في‬ ‫االستشاري‬ ‫على‬ ‫الدور‬ ‫هذا‬ ‫يكون‬ ‫وقد‬‫أنه‬ ‫سابقا‬‫محكم‬ ‫شبه‬Quasi-arbitrator‫تقديراته‬ ‫ألن‬ Determination or assessment،‫وملزمة‬ ‫نهائية‬ ‫تكون‬ ‫أن‬ ‫أحيانا‬ ‫تصل‬ ‫قد‬ ‫والت‬ ‫المناسبة‬ ‫والصياغة‬ ‫المشتريات‬ ‫مرحلة‬ ‫في‬ ‫نشأته‬ ‫من‬ ‫بداية‬ ‫العقد‬ ‫حياة‬ ‫دورة‬ ‫يتابع‬ ‫أن‬ ‫العقد‬ ‫مدير‬ ‫عاتق‬ ‫على‬ ‫ويقع‬‫من‬ ‫ويتأكد‬ ‫رسية‬ ‫المعاصرة‬ ‫السجالت‬ ‫ووجود‬ ‫األطراف‬ ‫بين‬ ‫العالقة‬ ‫وإدارة‬ ‫بفاعلية‬ ‫إللتزماتهم‬ ‫األطراف‬ ‫تنفيذ‬‫والتأكد‬‫البيانات‬ ‫صحة‬ ‫من‬Validation ‫والتقارير‬ ‫والتحديثات‬ ‫التغييرات‬ ‫وتسجيل‬‫البرامج‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫استخدام‬ ‫ذلك‬ ‫في‬ ‫يساعده‬ ‫وقد‬ ‫السليم‬ ‫واإلغالق‬ ‫الدورية‬.
  37. 37. Related Lectures and Courses Course at Luqman Academy YouTube Lectures 37
  38. 38. ‫نشرته‬ ‫ما‬ ‫آخر‬ ‫حديثا‬ 38 ‫تشرح‬ ‫العقود‬ ‫إدارة‬ ‫في‬ ‫متكاملة‬ ‫دورة‬ ‫والعقود‬ ‫العطاءات‬ ‫وأنواع‬ ‫مراحل‬‫مع‬ ‫االستدالل‬‫من‬ ‫وأمثلة‬ ‫المدني‬ ‫بالقانون‬ ‫األنظمة‬ ‫وبعض‬ ‫البريطاني‬ ‫العام‬ ‫القانون‬ ‫م‬ ‫وكذلك‬ ‫واألمريكية‬ ‫والبريطانية‬ ‫العربية‬‫ع‬ ‫النموذجية‬ ‫العقود‬ ‫صيغ‬ ‫بعض‬ ‫استخدام‬.
  39. 39. Thank You Don’t Hesitate to contact…. M.Maged magedkom@gmail.com mobile : 00966-580264968

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