Does the German Transition has any effect on Jordan? P rep ared by: B at i r Ward am E n v i ron men t al R es earc her Workshop on the Germany Energy Transition and its impacts on Jordan Amman 25 September 2012
What is there to compare?Item Germany JordanGDP 37,900 5767HDI Rank 9 95Energy 33% 3%securityShare of 20% 1%Renewable
Jordan imports 96% of its national energy mix from outside sources This translates to around 20% of GDP and puts a heavy burden on the public budget which is already constrained by running costs and subsidies.
Energy (in)security In 2011 about 80% of electricity generated in Jordan was based on natural gas imports from Egypt. The Arab Spring was an Energy Winter for Jordan. Explosions cut-off Natural gas. Jordan switched to imported fuel at an additional cost of 2.2 million USD per day.
The equation is very clear for any political decision maker. Jordan is in dire need of indigenous energy supply. Should you go to renewable or nuclear energy or oil shale? Jordan is currently looking at having 10% of its energy mix generated from renewable sources by the year 2020 and 6% from nuclear.
Uneven approach Nuclear energy: strong political support, an independent commission with high budget and quick procurement/regulatory actions. Renewable: no political will, weak decision-making process, neglect for private sector, long regulatory process, and very minor budget.
Renewable energy Sale Directive 2012 First text: a cap of 25% of feed-in of renewable energy from private and commercial/industrial sources into national grid. WHY? The second modified text removed cap from private entities but maintained the cap on commercial/industrial. Not an investment-friendly regulation.
Impact on the solar vs nuclear debate The German case of a gradual phase- out of the nuclear energy and strategic shifting into sustainable alternative was widely cited by legislators, politicians, activists, journalists, and researchers who oppose the Jordanian nuclear programme.
In an internal memo submitted by theenergy committee in the JordanianParliament, the committee cited theGerman experience as a major reason forshowing how the world is moving awayfrom nuclear energy into moresustainable alternatives.
EDAMA, the most prominent NGO working in energy policy, technology and advocacy fields in Jordan jointly organised with HbF in 2011 a seminar in which Mycle Sneider, a prominent German expert showed to a large and enthusiastic audience how Germany has articulated its path towards full transition to renewables.
The main political party in Jordan, theIslamic Action Front, also cited theGerman example in its numerousstatements against the Jordanian nuclearprogramme and in favor of the renewableenergy agenda.
What can Germany provide? Long Term Vision. Energy diversification. Support for Renewable energy. Phase out of nuclear energy. Political Will. State of the art technology Democracy, transparency, disclosure and debate Sustainable Transport
Germany as a “neutral” partner The German government has always kept a “low-profile” approach towards influencing internal policies in Jordan, and thus has not raised the issue of renewable vs. nuclear debate to the Jordanian government. German NGOs have been more active in pursuing a pro-renewable approach with their development partners in Jordan and have succeeded in raising awareness at the community and society levels
The German model of transition to renewables is the most effective tool the Jordanian activists can use to convince their government of the economic and environmental feasibility of such a transition. More exchange of knowledge, experiences and even direct influence should be accelerated to facilitate the energy transition process in Jordan.