The Good, Bad and the Ugly of
CONABIO and BIOTICA: Mexico’s
Biodiversity Database

Robert W. Jones
Facultad de Ciencias Na...
CONABIO
Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la
Biodiversidad
National Comission for the Knowledge and Use of
B...
What is CONABIO?
•

An Inter-institutional commission to coordinate and
promote actions related to the knowledge and Use o...
Funds for CONABIO
• 60-70% of the budget comes from federal
funds (Fideicomiso)
• Remaining from external sources, includi...
Publications
On-Line Book from CONABIO:
Jerzy Rzedowski 1978. Vegetación de México

•

http://www.biodiversidad.gob.mx/publicaciones/li...
Sistema Nacional de Información sobre
la Biodiversidad - SNIB
• System that integrates:
– Data bases – Information concern...
Principal Mexican Collections Captured
in SNIB
Principal International Collections
Captured in SNIB
These results were generated through:
• A total of 85 grant programs (call for grants)
for capture and updating of data ba...
Data capture:
BIOTICA Biodiversity software
• With an approved grant, the software is given
with for use on one designated...
Right Clic
GIS
Verification of Data is “Rigorous”
• Full time, experienced
data checkersprogramers.
• CONABIO reference
library is fairly...
Products online:
Geographic Information Programs
• Database access (.xml, .xls, .txt)
• Basic data: Longitud and Latitude,...
Products: Lots of nice maps.
Products: Nice graphs
Scientific Publications by CONABIO
• Geoinformation available on the internet
http://www.conabio.gob.mx/informacion/gis/
From data of projects of potential distributions of sp
not actual data points
Potential Distribution
Potential Distribution of
Diamondback rattlesnake
Plants:
Potential Distribution of
Hampea nutricia Fryxell (Malvaceae)
Toequest for specific data bases
• Free to all who request data:
• Simple request to:
servext@conabio.gob.mx
“Dear CONABIO...
Data base comes back as:
• Access file
Data Restrictions
• Project leaders have up to 5 years to use
their data before it becomes public.
A few words about
Mexican Collection Permits:
Yearly process
• Restricted to taxonomic groups that one
chooses to collect
• Related to scientific “projects” requiring
project reports ...
Para 2012
• Easiest way to get permission to collect is
through a Mexican contact who has a
collection permit that allows for a “car...
Thank you
Jones ecn2013 the_goodbadugly conabio
Jones ecn2013 the_goodbadugly conabio
Jones ecn2013 the_goodbadugly conabio
Jones ecn2013 the_goodbadugly conabio
Jones ecn2013 the_goodbadugly conabio
Jones ecn2013 the_goodbadugly conabio
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Jones ecn2013 the_goodbadugly conabio

  1. 1. The Good, Bad and the Ugly of CONABIO and BIOTICA: Mexico’s Biodiversity Database Robert W. Jones Facultad de Ciencias Naturales Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro Querétaro, México
  2. 2. CONABIO Comisión Nacional para el Conocimiento y Uso de la Biodiversidad National Comission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity • Established during 1992, three months before the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) or “Rio Summit” • Official decree followed a meeting of experts in biodiversity and the then president of México, Carlos Salinas de Gortari, officially adopted on the 16th of March 1992
  3. 3. What is CONABIO? • An Inter-institutional commission to coordinate and promote actions related to the knowledge and Use of Biodiversity in Mexico. • Headed by the president of the Republic, and Secretariat (Ministry) of: – SEMARNAT – Environment and Natural Resources – – – – – – – – – SAGARPA – Agriculture, Rural Development, Fisheries and Nutrition SEDESOL – Desarrollo Social SE – Economy SEP – Public Education SENER – Energy SHCP- Finance and Public Credit SER – Foreign Relations SS - Health SECTUR – Tourism
  4. 4. Funds for CONABIO • 60-70% of the budget comes from federal funds (Fideicomiso) • Remaining from external sources, including international sources. • Funds are deposited in a private trust: “Fondo para la Biodiversidad”
  5. 5. Publications
  6. 6. On-Line Book from CONABIO: Jerzy Rzedowski 1978. Vegetación de México • http://www.biodiversidad.gob.mx/publicaciones/librosDig/pdf/VegetacionMx_Cont.pdf /
  7. 7. Sistema Nacional de Información sobre la Biodiversidad - SNIB • System that integrates: – Data bases – Information concerning 5 million specimens in Mexican and international collections – Geographic information – 180,000 images – Cartographic, infrastructural and socioeconoomic information
  8. 8. Principal Mexican Collections Captured in SNIB
  9. 9. Principal International Collections Captured in SNIB
  10. 10. These results were generated through: • A total of 85 grant programs (call for grants) for capture and updating of data bases and biological inventories in the last 20 years • Also, other studies of basic ecology and genetics have been supported; charasmatic species primarily. • Also, grants for determination of potential distribution of species.
  11. 11. Data capture: BIOTICA Biodiversity software • With an approved grant, the software is given with for use on one designated computer • A week long course is offered in Mexico City to learn how to use the program. • Basic product of the grant is the database information that is sent to CONABIO. • All data is thoroughly checked and several revisions are always required.
  12. 12. Right Clic
  13. 13. GIS
  14. 14. Verification of Data is “Rigorous” • Full time, experienced data checkersprogramers. • CONABIO reference library is fairly extensive, and what they don’t have for a particular project they will often buy. • Result: Data base with high confidence, but lots of work to finally finish the project.
  15. 15. Products online: Geographic Information Programs • Database access (.xml, .xls, .txt) • Basic data: Longitud and Latitude, altitud, year of collection, collector, state, locality, other retlated data (hosplant etc). • From the portal of geodata of CONABIO, one can download vector data (shape files, .kml) • Geodata is free to download. • Range from 1/50,000 (local scale) up to 1/1 millon (national scale).
  16. 16. Products: Lots of nice maps.
  17. 17. Products: Nice graphs
  18. 18. Scientific Publications by CONABIO
  19. 19. • Geoinformation available on the internet http://www.conabio.gob.mx/informacion/gis/
  20. 20. From data of projects of potential distributions of sp not actual data points
  21. 21. Potential Distribution
  22. 22. Potential Distribution of Diamondback rattlesnake
  23. 23. Plants: Potential Distribution of Hampea nutricia Fryxell (Malvaceae)
  24. 24. Toequest for specific data bases • Free to all who request data: • Simple request to: servext@conabio.gob.mx “Dear CONABIO, I am conducting research on species of Aphodius (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) of North America …”
  25. 25. Data base comes back as: • Access file
  26. 26. Data Restrictions • Project leaders have up to 5 years to use their data before it becomes public.
  27. 27. A few words about Mexican Collection Permits: Yearly process
  28. 28. • Restricted to taxonomic groups that one chooses to collect • Related to scientific “projects” requiring project reports every year.
  29. 29. Para 2012
  30. 30. • Easiest way to get permission to collect is through a Mexican contact who has a collection permit that allows for a “carta de aval” (letter of endorsement).
  31. 31. Thank you

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