DEACTIVATION OF COLLECTIONS
AT THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF
NATURAL HISTORY
David G. Furth & Floyd W. Shockley
Department Entomo...
SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION – CASTLE
Private Funds
(Trust)
33%
Federal
Appropriations
67%
NATIONAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY
~65%

~9%

~25%
COLLECTION STATISTICS
35 million specimens
• 132,354 drawers
• 33,000 jars or vials
• 23,000 slides
• 5,200 cabinets

27.8...
Nancy Adams (1958-2005)
DEACTIVATION

• No loans
• Visits OK, but visitors must pull & take specimens

• Primary types will be processed, when pos...
Orders with Deactivated Families
USNM Collection = 61 Orders

15/18 orders
entirely deactivated
Accumulation of Family Deactivations over Time
USNM Collection = 1435 families
USNM Deactivated Families List
Acarina
Trombiculidae
Blattodea
Blaberidae
Blattidae
Blattellidae
Polyphagidae
Coleoptera
A...
Total collections transactions
(acquisitions, disposals,
incoming and outgoing
loans) relative to number of
staff handling...
Transactions of Deactivated Groups
10/1/2005 – 10/29/2013
219 transactions; 181,774 specimens
Staffing Declines – By Position
2005 – 2013
Staffing Declines – By Year
2005 – 2013
Agency

Positions

Current

Ideal

Minimum

SI

Research
Entomologist

8

18

11

USDA

Research
Entomologist

15

34

27
...
Staffing Declines – Trends by Position
2005 – 2013
CONS
WORST CASE SCENARIOS:
• Rotating deactivations:
even other entire orders on annual basis
• No Loans, even primary typ...
PROS
• We have arguably the best entomological collections
storage system in the world that is very secure
• We are govern...
Furth ecn 2013
Furth ecn 2013
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Furth ecn 2013

  1. 1. DEACTIVATION OF COLLECTIONS AT THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY David G. Furth & Floyd W. Shockley Department Entomology
  2. 2. SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION – CASTLE
  3. 3. Private Funds (Trust) 33% Federal Appropriations 67%
  4. 4. NATIONAL MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY
  5. 5. ~65% ~9% ~25%
  6. 6. COLLECTION STATISTICS 35 million specimens • 132,354 drawers • 33,000 jars or vials • 23,000 slides • 5,200 cabinets 27.8% of NMNH 25.5% of SI
  7. 7. Nancy Adams (1958-2005)
  8. 8. DEACTIVATION • No loans • Visits OK, but visitors must pull & take specimens • Primary types will be processed, when possible • Will process returned loans & donations
  9. 9. Orders with Deactivated Families USNM Collection = 61 Orders 15/18 orders entirely deactivated
  10. 10. Accumulation of Family Deactivations over Time USNM Collection = 1435 families
  11. 11. USNM Deactivated Families List Acarina Trombiculidae Blattodea Blaberidae Blattidae Blattellidae Polyphagidae Coleoptera Acanthocnemidae Agyrtidae Anobiidae Anthicidae Aphodiinae Brachypsectridae Cantharidae Caridae Cerophytidae Chaetosomatidae Chelonariidae Clambidae Cneoglossidae Cupedidae Dascillidae Derodontidae Diphyllostomatidae Drilidae Eucinetidae Eulichadidae Geotrupidae Glaresidae Heteroceridae Histeridae Jacobsoniidae Lampyridae Leiodidae Lucanidae Lycidae Lymexylidae Meloidae Melyridae Micromalthidae Niponiidae Nosodendridae Oedemeridae Omalisidae Omethidae Passalidae Phengodidae Phloiophilidae Phycosecidae Plastoceridae Pleocomidae Prionoceridae Prostomidae Ptiliidae Ptilodactylidae Pyrochroidae Rhinorhipidae Rhipiceridae Scarabaeidae Scarabaeinae Scydmaenidae Sphaeritidae Staphylinidae Synteliidae Telegeusidae Trogidae Trogossitidae Dermaptera Apachyidae Carcinophoridae Chelisochidae Forficulidae Labiduridae Labiidae Pigidicranidae Diptera Chironomidae Limoniidae Tipulidae Embioptera Anisembiidae Clothodidae Embiidae Oligotomidae Teratembiidae Grylloblattodea Grylloblattidae Isoptera Hodotermitidae Kalotermitidae Mastotermitidae Rhinotermitidae Termitidae Termopsidae Mantodea Acanthopidae Amorphoscelidae Amorphoscelidae Chaeteessidae Empusidae Eremiaphilidae Hymenopodidae Iridopterygidae Liturgusidae Mantidae Mantoididae Sibyllidae Tarachodidae Thespidae Toxoderidae Mantophasmatodea Austrophasmatidae Orthoptera Acrididae Cylindrachetidae Eumastacidae Gryllacrididae Gryllidae Gryllotalpidae Lathiceridae Lentulidae Ommexechidae Pamphagidae Pauliniidae Pneumoridae Proscopiidae Pyrgomorphidae Romaleidae Tanaoceridae Tetrigidae Tettigoniidae Tridactylidae Tristiridae Phasmatodea Agathemeridae Anisacanthidae Aschiphasmatidae Bacillidae Diapheromeridae Heteronemiidae Heteronemiidae Heteropterygidae Phasmatidae Phasmatidae Phylliidae Prisopodidae Pseudophasmatidae Pseudophasmatidae Timematidae Phthiraptera Abrocomophagidae Boopiidae Echinophthiriidae Enderleinellidae Gyropidae Haematomyzidae Haematopinidae Hamophthiriidae Heptapsogasteridae Hoplopleuridae Hybophthiridae Linognathidae Menoponidae Microthoraciidae Neolinognathidae Pecaroecidae Pedicinidae Pediculidae Philopteridae Polyplacidae Pthiridae Ricinidae Trichodectidae Trimenoponidae Psocoptera Amphientomidae Amphipsocidae Archipsocidae Asiopsocidae Caeciliusidae Calopsocidae Dasydemellidae Ectopsocidae Elipsocidae Epipsocidae Hemipsocidae Lachesillidae Lepidopsocidae Liposcelididae Mesopsocidae Myopsocidae Pachytroctidae Peripsocidae Philotarsidae Pseudocaeliidae Psocidae Psoquillidae Psyllipsocidae Stenopsocidae Trichopsocidae Trogiidae Siphonaptera Ancistropsyllidae Ceratophyllidae Chimaeropsyllidae Coptopsyllidae Ctenophthalmidae Hystrichopsyllidae Ischnopsyllidae Leptopsyllidae Malacopsyllidae Pulicidae Pygiopsyllidae Rhopalopsyllidae Stephanocircidae Vermipsyllidae Xiphiopsyllidae Strepsiptera Stylopidae Thysanoptera Adiheterothripidae Aeolothripidae Fauriellidae Heterothripidae Macrothripidae Merothripidae Phlaeothripidae Thripidae Zoraptera Zorotypidae
  12. 12. Total collections transactions (acquisitions, disposals, incoming and outgoing loans) relative to number of staff handling those transactions Transactions (AVERAGE ANNUAL) INCOMING: 861 (5,700,000) Acquisitions: 175 (370,000) Loan Returns: 387 (114,000) Loans: 299 (5,200,000) OUTGOING: 471 (77,000) Loans: 342 (57,000) Loan Returns: 129 (19,000) TOTAL: 1,332 (5,777,000)
  13. 13. Transactions of Deactivated Groups 10/1/2005 – 10/29/2013 219 transactions; 181,774 specimens
  14. 14. Staffing Declines – By Position 2005 – 2013
  15. 15. Staffing Declines – By Year 2005 – 2013
  16. 16. Agency Positions Current Ideal Minimum SI Research Entomologist 8 18 11 USDA Research Entomologist 15 34 27 WRBU Research Entomologist 0 2 2 23 54 40 Totals Agency Positions Current Ideal Minimum SI Support Staff 9 20 16 USDA Support Staff 7 16 13 WRBU Support Staff 1 2 2 Totals 17 38 31 Grand Totals 40 92 71
  17. 17. Staffing Declines – Trends by Position 2005 – 2013
  18. 18. CONS WORST CASE SCENARIOS: • Rotating deactivations: even other entire orders on annual basis • No Loans, even primary types • No visits
  19. 19. PROS • We have arguably the best entomological collections storage system in the world that is very secure • We are government and thus not subject to some of the disasters of private museums HOW CAN YOU HELP? Please talk to us and we’ll tell you

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