03132013 how russia views america

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03132013 how russia views america

  1. 1. March 12, 2013 Ivan Kurilla Professor of Volgograd State University, RussiaVisiting Fellow at the Institute of European, Russian and Eurasian Studies Elliot School of International Affairs, George Washington University
  2. 2. During that period most of the Russian stereotypesabout the United States were formed
  3. 3.  Jean-Jacques Rousseau – idea of Noble savage Russian poets of the XVIII century:  Vasilii Trediakovski,  Alexandr Sumarokov,  Nikolai Karamzin
  4. 4. Pavel Svin’in,Russiandiplomat,journalist andpainter
  5. 5. Pavel Svin’in
  6. 6.  James Fenimore Cooper George Catlin
  7. 7.  Alexander Radishchev, ode “Liberty” (1783) Decembrists revolt (1825)
  8. 8.  Railroads, steamships, telegraph, revolvers…  Steamship orders in the US  Moscow-St.Petersburg railroad  Samuel Colt, Hiram Berdan and other weapon producers  Samuel Morse Russian engineers is the USA:  Mel’nikov, Kraft, Shants, Gorlov…
  9. 9.  The Russian contracts became the first major foreign recognition of US ability to provide technological leadership and assistance. The USA acquired the new reason to believe in its leading world role and destiny  (after “City upon a hill” in the 17th Century and  invention of democracy in the 18th) Americans at around 1830-40s started to believe in its special mechanical skills and inventiveness as a new token of their choosiness
  10. 10. Harriet Beecher StoweUncle Toms Cabin
  11. 11. Dmitry Kachenovsky and Andrew Dickson White
  12. 12.  Armed neutrality (1780) Crimean war (1853-1856) Civil War and visit of Russian fleets (1863) First World War (1917) Second World War (1941-1945) War on Terror (2001)
  13. 13. America as a model orAmerica as a threat
  14. 14. Depended on Russia’s home agenda:America as a model (examples): Nicholas I modernization (1830-40s) Alexander II Great Reforms (1861-1881) Bolshevik reforms and industrialization (1920-30s) Nikita Khrushchev reforms (late 1950s-early 1960s) Leonid Brezhnev in early 1970s Mikhail Gorbachev Perestroika (late 1980s) Boris Yeltsyn (1990s) reforms Dmitrii Medvedev “modernization” effort (2009-11)
  15. 15. Depended on Russia’s home agenda:America as a threat (examples): Alexander III counter-reforms (1880s) USSR in the late 1940s – early 1950s (post-war stabilization) Leonid Brezhnev “stagnation” (late 1970s) Vladimir Putin’s “stabilization” (after 2011)
  16. 16.  If Russia will continue its reformation, - the attitude to the United States of America will become better If the stabilization project will overcome, - the attitude will remain low. However, Russia needs to reform…

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