копия Essay Writing.Ppt111

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копия Essay Writing.Ppt111

  1. 1. Part C. Writing
  2. 2. ESSAY <ul><li>For and against essay </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Opinion essay </li></ul>
  3. 3. PlANNING THE ESSAY <ul><li>STEP 1: READ THE ESSAY TOPIC </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 2: IDENTIFY THE TASK </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 3: WRITE YOUR THESIS STATEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 4: MAKE NOTES ABOUT YOUR GENERAL IDEAS </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 5: EXPAND YOUR NOTES TO INCLUDE SPECIFIC DETAILS </li></ul>
  4. 4. STEP 1: READ THE ESSAY TOPIC <ul><li>A lot of people nowadays prefer screen versions to books; only few of us still keep up the traditions of reading. Which way of Literature acquisition do you find more satisfying? </li></ul>
  5. 5. STEP 2: IDENTIFY THE TASK <ul><li>to state a preference </li></ul><ul><li>The instructions suggest you give reasons and specific details to support your answer. </li></ul>
  6. 6. STEP 3: WRITE YOUR THESIS STATEMENT <ul><li>Thesis statement: Reading books is best for me. </li></ul><ul><li>The thesis statement is a one-sentence summary of your ideas about the topic. </li></ul>
  7. 7. STEP 4: MAKE NOTES ABOUT YOUR GENERAL IDEAS
  8. 8. Venn Diagram
  9. 10. STEP 5: EXPAND YOUR NOTES TO INCLUDE SPECIFIC DETAILS
  10. 12. WRITING THE ESSAY <ul><li>STEP 6: WRITE THE INTRODUCTION </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 7: WRITE THE TOPIC SENTENCE FOR </li></ul><ul><li>EACH PARAGRAPH </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 8: WRITE THE BODY OF THE ESSAY </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 9: WRITE THE CONCLUSION </li></ul>
  11. 13. STEP 6: WRITE THE INTRODUCTION <ul><li>Hook </li></ul><ul><li>General information on the topic (no details) </li></ul><ul><li>Thesis (one-sentence statement) </li></ul>
  12. 14. STEP 7: WRITE THE TOPIC SENTENCE FOR EACH PARAGRAPH <ul><li>A topic sentence tells the reader what a paragraph will be about. </li></ul><ul><li>Physical training is good for you . Physical activity improves blood circulation. The brain needs oxygen to function. You will be more alert in class. </li></ul>
  13. 15. STEP 8: WRITE THE BODY OF THE ESSAY <ul><li>Give supporting details </li></ul><ul><li>Use semantic variety (linkers, synonyms) </li></ul><ul><li>Use syntactic variety (parallel structures, </li></ul><ul><li>sentences of various type, length, and voice) </li></ul>
  14. 16. STEP 9: WRITE THE CONCLUSION <ul><li>It should NOT introduce any new ideas. It may make the reader think more deeply about the topic. The conclusion can do one or more of the following: </li></ul><ul><li>a) restate the thesis statement in different words (paraphrase) </li></ul><ul><li>b) restate the topic sentences from the body paragraphs (summarize the supporting points) </li></ul><ul><li>c) state your opinion or preference </li></ul><ul><li>d) make a recommendation </li></ul><ul><li>e) give a solution </li></ul><ul><li>f) draw a conclusion </li></ul>
  15. 17. REVISING THE ESSAY <ul><li>STEP 10: CHECK THE CONTENT </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 11: CHECK THE CLARITY </li></ul><ul><li>STEP 12: CHECK THE PUNCTUATION AND SPELLING </li></ul>
  16. 18. Time Management: <ul><li>Planning – 5 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Writing - 20 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Checking - 5 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Copying – 10 minutes </li></ul><ul><li>Use your time wisely. </li></ul>

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