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Olaf Zawacki-Richter - Research trends in ODDE

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Olaf Zawacki-Richter - Research trends in ODDE

  1. 1. Research Trends in ODDE Prof. Dr. Olaf Zawacki-Richter EADTU Conference (Athens), Greece October 19, 2022
  2. 2. Seite 2 28.11.2022
  3. 3. Seite 3 28.11.2022 Research Track at EADTU Conferences ‒ Today two sessions chaired by Cengiz Hakan Aydin, and Victoria Marin from 4:30 to 6:30 pm ‒ Thursday four sessions chaired by Olaf Zawacki- Richter, Victoria Marin, and Berrin Cefa Sari ‒ 13 presentations in the Research Track
  4. 4. Seite 4 28.11.2022 ‒ Journal of the Online Learning Consortium (OLC), USA ‒ Chief Editor Prof Peter Shea ‒ SCOPUS citescore 5.7 ‒ Ranking in top 10 % of all journals in Education ‒ Top 3 % of all open access journals in Education
  5. 5. Seite 5 28.11.2022  International Reserach Centre founded at University of Oldenburg (Germany) in 2018  Network of 20 Professors, 5 Post-Doctoral Researchers and 7 doctoral students from 12 countries  Research into Open and Distance Learning, Educational Technology, and International Education Center for Open Education Research (COER) https://uol.de/coer
  6. 6. Seite 6 28.11.2022 Center for Open Education Research (COER) Oldenburg, October 2018 Prof. Patricia Slagter v. Tyron
  7. 7. Seite 7 28.11.2022 ‒ U of Heidelberg, Hamburg, Duisburg-Essen, Oldenburg, Fürth (Germany) Prof. Michael Kerres Prof. Kerstin Mayrberger Prof. Marco Kalz Prof. Olaf Zawacki-Richter COER Members Prof. Svenja Bedenlier
  8. 8. Seite 8 28.11.2022 ‒Anadolu U and METU (Turkey) ‒UOC (Spain), East Carolina U (USA), Athabasca U (Canada) ‒Athabasca U & Royal Roads U (Canada), Melbourne (Australia) Dr. Aras Bozkurt Prof. Adnan Qayyum Prof. Hakan Aydin Prof. Yasar Kondaki Prof. Albert Sangra Prof. George Veletsianos Prof. Dianne Conrad Prof. Som Naidu Prof. Slagter v. Tyron
  9. 9. Seite 9 28.11.2022 ‒ Beijing U, OU China (China), U Lancaster (UK, Korea) ‒Korea/Japan, U of South Africa (South Africa) ‒5 Post-Doc Researchers (2 in Oldenburg) ‒7 Ph.D. Students (in Oldenburg) Prof. Junhong Xiao Prof. Jingjing Zhang Prof. Jennifer Roberts Prof. Paul Prinsloo Prof. Kyungmee Lee Prof. Insung Jung
  10. 10. Seite 10 28.11.2022 COER Research Projects ‒ Prospects for the Future of Learning – Artificial Intelligence Applications in Higher Education ‒ Strategic scenarios for AI applications in HE ‒ Funded by Volkswagen Foundation, Germany (2021 – 2024) Dr. John Bay ODeL Conference 2022 Anadolu University
  11. 11. Seite 11 28.11.2022 COER Research Projects Marin, V., Peters, L., & Zawacki-Richter, O. (Eds.). (2022). (Open) Educational Resources around the World—An International Comparison. EdTech Books. https://edtechbooks.org/oer_around_the_world OPEN ACCESS ‒ Distributed Digital Learning Architectures (EduArc) ‒ Funded by BMBF (2018-2021)
  12. 12. Seite 12 28.11.2022 Consulting & Evaluation Kyungmee Lee & Olaf Zawacki-Richter (Turin, July 2022) https://www.itcilo.org/s ites/default/files/inline- files/Evaluation%20R eport%202021%20ED ITED%20FINAL.pdf
  13. 13. Seite 13 28.11.2022 Elements of Open Education ‒ "open education (…) refers to a set of educational practices, in which the notion of access is complex and has broadened over time, from the initial understanding of it relating only to university entrance. Such efforts are supported by a variety of media, learning materials, assessments, tools, and systems to provide flexible learning opportunities." (COER Group, 2020) ‒ Elements of Open Education: ‒ Open and distance learning (ODE) ‒ Open education practice (OEP) and scholarship ‒ Open Educational Resources (OER) Istanbul, 13.09.2019
  14. 14. Seite 14 28.11.2022 COER Group. (2020). Elements of Open Education: An Invitation to Future Research. International Review of Research in Open and Distributed Learning, 21(3), 319–334. https://doi.org/10.19173/irrodl.v21i3.4659
  15. 15. Seite 15 28.11.2022 3M-Framework Research Areas in ODDE Zawacki-Richter, O., & Bozkurt, A. (2022). Research Trends in Open, Distance, and Digital Education. In O. Zawacki-Richter & I. Jung (Eds.), Handbook of Open, Distance and Digital Education (pp. 1–23). Springer Nature Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-0351-9_12-1
  16. 16. Seite 16 28.11.2022 Zawacki-Richter, O., & Anderson, T. (Eds.). (2014). Online distance education—Towards a research agenda. Athabasca University Press. http://www.aupress.ca/index.php/boo ks/120233 OPEN ACCESS
  17. 17. Seite 17 28.11.2022 Research Trends ODDE 1980 – 2030
  18. 18. Seite 18 28.11.2022 Learning better with digital media?  sdfdsf ‒ The history of educational technology is a series of recurring hopes and disappointed expectations. ‒ Critical voices…
  19. 19. Seite 19 28.11.2022 Tamim, R. M., Bernard, R. M., Borokhovski, E., Abrami, P. C., & Schmid, R. F. (2011). What Forty Years of Research Says About the Impact of Technology on Learning: A Second-Order Meta-Analysis and Validation Study. Review of Educational Research, 81(1), 4–28. ‒ Meta-Analysis of the effects of “new“ media on learning o TV, Radio, video-conferencing, o Multimedia, CBT, WBT, virtual worlds... ‒ Consistent results over the last >40 years (Tamim et al., 2011) Kulik, J. A., Kulik, C.-L. C., & Cohen, P. A. (1980). Effectiveness of Computer-based College Teaching: A Meta-analysis of Findings. Review of Educational Research, 50(4), 525–544.
  20. 20. Seite 20 28.11.2022 ‒ Positive, personal teacher-student relationships have the highest effects ‒ Learning is a social process N=3.990.028 N=355.325 N=22.554 Hattie, J. (2009). Visible learning: a synthesis of over 800 meta-analyses relating to achievement. London, New York: Routledge.
  21. 21. Seite 21 28.11.2022 Opportunities for teaching and learning with digital media open and flexible organization independent of time and space more self-directed and collaborative with international experts and peers individual and personalized with diverse digital learning content (OER!) preparing for a digital society and labour market
  22. 22. Seite 22 28.11.2022 Content Analysis of Research Trends in ODE  Journal: Distance Education, since 1980, SSCI  515 articles from 1980-2014  Textmining with Leximancer  Results are depicted in concept maps based on relative locations of concepts in the text that form a thematic region. Zawacki-Richter, O., & Naidu, S. (2016). Mapping research trends from 35 years of publications in the journal Distance Education. Distance Education, 37(3). http://doi.org/10.1080/01587919.2016.1185079 OPEN ACCESS
  23. 23. Seite 23 28.11.2022 23 1980-2014 (N=515) Overall scope of the journal  Articles on distance and open education in the context of higher education and academic learning  Two major themes "students" and "learning" are connected via "interaction”. EDUCATION INTERACTION LEARNING STUDENT RESEARCH
  24. 24. Seite 24 28.11.2022 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 Alternating waves of research trends Zawacki-Richter, O., & Bozkurt, A. (2022). Research Trends in Open, Distance, and Digital Education. In O. Zawacki-Richter & I. Jung (Eds.), Handbook of Open, Distance and Digital Education (pp. 1–23). Springer Nature Singapore. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-19-0351-9_12-1
  25. 25. Seite 25 28.11.2022 AI in Education (AIEd)
  26. 26. Seite 26 28.11.2022 Zawacki-Richter, O., Marín, V. I., Bond, M., & Gouverneur, F. (2019). Systematic review of research on artificial intelligence applications in higher education – where are the educators? International Journal of Educational Technology in Higher Education, 16. AIEd Systematic Review (2019, 2022)
  27. 27. Seite 27 28.11.2022 Zawacki-Richter, O., Kerres, M., Bedenlier, S., Bond, M., & Buntins, K. (Eds.). (2020). Systematic reviews in educational research: Methodology, perspectives and application. Springer. http://link.springer.com/10.1007/978- 3-658-27602-7 OPEN ACCESS
  28. 28. Seite 28 28.11.2022 ‒ 2010–10/2018: 146 included studies ‒ Update 11/2018–2021: 428 included Studies (Report for the German Parliament, Office for Technology Assessment) ‒ Only 14% of studies led by educators AIEd Systematic Review (2022 update) Number of included articles per year
  29. 29. Seite 29 28.11.2022 Herodotou, C., Hlosta, M., Boroowa, A., Rienties, B., Zdrahal, Z., & Mangafa, C. (2019). Empowering online teachers through predictive learning analytics. British Journal of Educational Technology, 50(6), 3064–3079. Profiling and prediction…
  30. 30. Seite 30 28.11.2022 Liu TT, Wang JX, Yang B, & Wang X. (2021). Facial expression recognition method with multi-label distribution learning for non-verbal behavior understanding in the classroom. Infrared Physics & Technology, 112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.infrared. 2020.103594 Classroom bahaviour management systems
  31. 31. Seite 31 28.11.2022 Automated Essay Scoring (Gierl et al., 2014)  AES for large-scale assessment  Medical Council of Canada Qualifying Examination  5.540 students took the test in 2013  100 raters needed 4 days (~3.000 hrs) to score the items  Supervised machine learning classification  ~98 % agreement between AI and human raters  3.5 hrs to prepare the data, and 10 sec to score 2013 examination Gierl, M. J., Latifi, S., Lai, H., Boulais, A., & Champlain, A. (2014). Automated essay scoring and the future of educational assessment in medical education. Medical Education, 48(10), 950–962.
  32. 32. Seite 32 28.11.2022 Summary / Conclusion ‒ Heritage of ODE to build upon, to inform evidence-based practice ‒ Majority of research on the micro level of learning & teaching ‒ More research needed on the meso and macro levels, e.g. ‒ National and institutional infrastructures (e. g. for OER) ‒ Policies for implementing & integrating innovations ‒ esp. for AIEd as a high risk technology
  33. 33. Seite 33 28.11.2022 One last thing… ‒ OPEN ACCESS ‒ Springer’s Major Reference Series ‒ 80 chapters, >120 authors, 25 countries ‒ 72 chapters already available in the living online edition Zawacki-Richter, O., & Jung, I. (Eds.). (2022). Handbook of Open, Distance, and Digital Education. Springer. https://link.springer.com/referencework/10.1007/978-981-19-0351-9
  34. 34. Seite 34 28.11.2022 Thanks for your attention! Prof. Dr. Olaf Zawacki-Richter Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg Fakultät für Bildungs- und Sozialwissenschaften Center for Open Education Research (COER) olaf.zawacki.richter@uni.oldenburg.de @Zawacki_Richter http://www.uni-oldenburg.de/COER/

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