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EMPOWER E-Assessment week: Academic dishonesty: challenges & solutions

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Academic dishonesty: challenges & solutions by José Janssen (OUNL)

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EMPOWER E-Assessment week: Academic dishonesty: challenges & solutions

  1. 1. Project Number: 688520 – TESLA – H2020-ICT-2015/H2020-ICT-2015 Agreement Number: 688520 ACADEMIC DISHONESTY: CHALLENGES & SOLUTIONS José Janssen June 26th 2018
  2. 2. 1 Challenges 1. How to investigate 2. How to prevent - detect 3. How to remediate
  3. 3. 2 1. Investigate Method / accuracy Definition / comparison ?
  4. 4. 3 Poll
  5. 5. 4 Solution Method • Designing temptations (Kanat-Maymon, Benjamin, Stavsky, Shoshani & Roth, 2015). Classifications • work in progress (McClung & Schneider, 2015) • adapt to own needs/purposes (example below)?
  6. 6. 5 Effectiveness Right mix 2. Prevent / Detect
  7. 7. 6 Solution Technology 1. Secure environments (e-proctoring, browser lock..) 2. Identity verification (authentication) 3. Authorship verification 4. … Educational design: 1. Institutional level: code of honour, academic skills training 2. Course level: clarify misconduct (e.g. collaboration) / discuss and promote academic integrity 3. Assessment level: “fair and meaningful”, task design 4. Assessor skills (Rogerson, 2017)
  8. 8. 7 Task design: tips & tricks Adapt tasks to include/address actual topics Protocol: declaration of own work Include mandatory components (articles, personal interview) Recent references only Annotated bibliography (summary, location, relevance)
  9. 9. 8 TESLA Authorship verification • Face recognition • Voice recognition • Keystroke dynamics (typing style) Identity verification • Plagiarism detection • Forensic analysis (writing style)
  10. 10. 9
  11. 11. 10 Academic dishonesty Contract cheating Impersonation Plagiarism • Face recognition • Voice recognition • Keystroke dynamics • Forensic analysis • Plagiarism detection software
  12. 12. 11 3. Remediate Various degrees of seriousness Proof vs. suspicion Sanction vs. educate
  13. 13. 12 Solution Combine behavioural (punishment) and developmental sanctions. Developmental activities: help raise students awareness, writing a journal, develop ethical decision-making (capacity to resolve dilemmas). Clarify Engage in dialogue Adapt penalties
  14. 14. 13 Solution Rogerson, A. M. (2017). Detecting contract cheating in essay and report submissions: process, patterns, clues and conversations. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 13(1), 10
  15. 15. 14http://tesla-project.eu Image: 'Question Finger 1' http://www.flickr.com/photos/146303603@N04/32373605563 Found on flickrcc.net
  16. 16. 15 BIBLIOGRAPHY • Baron, J., & Crooks, S. M. (2005). Academic integrity in web based distance education. TechTrends, 49(2), 40–45. • Grijalva, T. C., Nowell, C., & Kerkvliet, J. (2006). Academic honesty and online courses. College Student Journal, 40(1). • Jones, D. L. R. (2011). Academic dishonesty: are more students cheating? Business Communication Quarterly, 74(2), 141–150. • Jurdi, R., Hage, H.S. & Chow, H.P.H. (2012). What behaviours do students consider academically dishonest? Findings from a survey of Canadian undergraduate students. Soc Psychol Educ (2012) 15, 1-23.. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11218-011-9166-y • Kanat-Maymon, Y., Benjamin, M., Stavsky, A., Shoshani, A., & Roth, G. (2015). The role of basic need fulfilment in academic dishonesty: A self-determination theory perspective. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 43, 1–9. http://doi.org/10.1016/J.CEDPSYCH.2015.08.002 • McClung, E. L., & Schneider, J. K. (2015). A Concept Synthesis of Academically Dishonest Behaviors. Journal of Academic Ethics, 13(1), 1– 11. http://doi.org/10.1007/s10805-014-9222-2 • Rogerson, A. M. (2017). Detecting contract cheating in essay and report submissions: process, patterns, clues and conversations. International Journal for Educational Integrity, 13(1), 10. http://doi.org/10.1007/s40979-017-0021-6 • Stephens, J. M. (2015). Creating Cultures of Integrity: A Multi-level Intervention Model for Promoting Academic Honesty. In T. A. Bretag (Ed.), Handbook of Academic Integrity (pp. 1–10). Singapore: Springer Singapore. http://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-287-079-7_13-1 • de Volder, M., Moerkerke, G., & de Roode, F. (2007). Een 5D strategie tegen werkstukfraude. Heerlen.

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