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[EADTU-EU Summit 2018] Internationalisation of HE extended by a Virtual Erasmus Programme: The “EADTU Mobility Matrix”

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Internationalisation of HE extended by a Virtual Erasmus Programme: The “EADTU Mobility Matrix” by George Ubachs (EADTU)

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[EADTU-EU Summit 2018] Internationalisation of HE extended by a Virtual Erasmus Programme: The “EADTU Mobility Matrix”

  1. 1. Internationalisation of HE extended by a Virtual Erasmus Programme The “EADTU Mobility Matrix” EADTU-EU Summit 17-04-2018 George Ubachs Managing Director EADTU George Ubachs 1
  2. 2. What does international networked education bring to HE? Through collaboration, HEIs can offer their students: • high-quality courses with a broader range of content • international course offers with extended expertise • international learning experience • more flexible programmes 2
  3. 3. General Model Exchange curricula and courses Individual exchange mobility Networked curricula and courses Networked mobility Integrated curricula and courses Structured or embedded mobility International Learning Objectives International Learning Outcomes
  4. 4. 4
  5. 5. NetCu Handbook When involved in the design of a new networked curriculum the following aspects need consideration and agreement Design of the contents Shared technological platform Co-production of contents Language of the learning contents Management aspects (division of roles) Language of the learning environment Administrative aspects Accreditation procedure Financial aspects Mobility of students and professors Complementarity of content Use of interactive tools for students and profs. Community QA process Technological infrastructure Involvement of stakeholders http://www.networkedcurricula.eu/
  6. 6. Virtual mobility within networked curricula Create proximity and involvement of potentially all by • New media, social software, virtual spaces, wiki-like software; • Increased accessibility, interactivity, flexibility, personalisation, • Synchronous and asynchronous solutions; • Multi-campus education; What is Virtual mobility? “Virtual Mobility stands for a set of ICT supported activities, organized at institutional level, that realize or facilitate international, collaborative experiences in a context of teaching and/or learning” (Erasmus + programme guide) VM vs. DE: university-university contracts Pre-assessed quality and coherent to home university offerings
  7. 7. The concept of Virtual Mobility offers International experience • Virtual mobility offers all students the possibility of sampling a course from another university in another European country in order to learn or to construct new content in an international setting and to develop intercultural skills. Academic enrichment • Students will have the opportunity to open a window on a different academic content and approach, comparative view, a different culture, and to meet students from different countries through virtual forums and meeting rooms. 7
  8. 8. Impact of VE Personal Competencies: • obtain additional skills for international on-line cooperation anticipating on the new working environment of international cooperation, communication, exchange of expertise and management • Contribute to international experience: interact with students and staff of other cultures and in other languages • Digital literacy: learn to work with latest educational multi media • Enrol to several universities of interest • Specialise and individualise student study portfolios • More control of study programme by flexible solutions 8
  9. 9. Impact of VE Institutional • Academic cooperation models between universities: share staff and expertise • Sharing courses offers time for research and expertise building • Academic enrichment by sharing course programs: extend academic offerings by more than 1 university • New forms of university cooperation between traditional and Open universities: new and more flexible experience of learning • Increased flexibilisation and accessibility, attracting new target groups 9
  10. 10. Impact of VE Policy level: contributing to the EU-policy lines • Opening up mobility for potentially all students (non- discriminating) • Contributing to a more transparent offer of programs with increased quality by course catalogue • Not limited in time of studying: Internships combined with Virtual Mobility or replaced by Virtual Internships • Time and cost-effective mobility extending current mobility schemes or new target groups • “Green mobility” 10
  11. 11. Virtual Exchange by EPICS; building a new mobility scheme in line with the current Erasmus Programma In the current Erasmus Programme there are four key documents that are essential to any exchange: 1. The Course Catalogue 2. Student Application Form 3. Learning Agreement 4. Transcript of Records 5. Institutional agreement (VE additional document) http://epics-ve.eu/ 11
  12. 12. Terms and conditions for Virtual Exchange The Institutional Agreement lists the courses the institutions have agreed to accept from another institution as part of their Virtual Exchange mobility scheme. Specific terms and conditions referred to in the Virtual Exchange institutional agreement are listed in 11 paragraphs: §1 The modules are at least 5 ECTS credits. §2 Full recognition of the module guaranteed §3 International collaboration will be integral part §4 Both institutions as well as the student will sign a Learning Agreement. §5 The examination of the module will take place in the country in which the home institution of the Virtual Exchange student is based. 12
  13. 13. VE: Terms and conditions (continued) §6 Virtual Exchange students who wish to participate in face-to face activities will have access. §7 The examination will be done in the original language of the module or an alternative language §8 Quality Assurance §9 Maximum number of students per module §10 Fee waiver to Virtual Erasmus students. §11 Staff mobility as part of Virtual Erasmus will include a physical stay at the partner institution, incorporating a teaching task. 13
  14. 14. EADTU Mobility Matrix 11 april 2018 EADTU Mobility Matrix 14 George Ubachs Piet Henderikx EADTU
  15. 15. EADTU Mobility Matrix 11 april 2018 EADTU Mobility Matrix 15 Physical exchange mobility Virtual exchange mobility Open virtual exchange mobility Transnational online distance education Institutional agreement A bilateral institutional agreement in the case of individual mobility - A bilateral or multilateral agreement in the case of window mobility in networked programs with alternative mobility windows (network agreement) and co- owned joint programs (consortium agreement) A bilateral institutional agreement in the case of individual mobility - A bilateral or multilateral agreement in the case of window mobility in networked programs with alternative mobility windows (network agreement) and co- owned joint programs (consortium agreement) Online courses / MOOCs / virtual seminars or labs / online think tanks, etc. are retrieved from universities outside of a previous institutional agreement. However, a learning agreement is always requested Not applicable, one university organises and owns the entire transnational curriculum Learning agreement Yes, a tripartite learning agreement guarantees the rights of the student: all teaching and learning activities, interaction with staff and peers, assessments, exams, credits for recognition, transcript of records. For double and joint degrees a common diploma supplement is given. Yes, a tripartite learning agreement guarantees the rights of the student: all teaching and learning activities, interaction with staff and peers, assessments, exams, credits for recognition, transcript of records. For double and joint degrees a common diploma supplement is given. Yes, a tripartite learning agreement guarantees the rights of the student: all teaching and learning activities, interaction with staff and peers, assessments, exams, credits for recognition, transcript of records Not applicable, as there is no exchange. The university in which the student is registered delivers credits, awards, degrees, which subsequently can be recognized when the student registers at another university. Diploma supplement is given
  16. 16. EADTU Mobility Matrix 11 april 2018 EADTU Mobility Matrix 16 Physical exchange mobility Virtual exchange mobility Open virtual exchange mobility Transnational online distance education Objectives Usually a long term international academic experience (at least 15 ECTS) Immersion Personal development Language learning Intercultural competencies A short or long term international learning academic experience through online courses or other learning activities Intercultural competencies International digital communication skills A short or long term international academic experience through online courses or other learning activities Intercultural competencies International digital communication skills Large scale and flexible transnational delivery of degree programs, continuous education programs / CPD, single courses, MOOCs, etc.
  17. 17. EADTU Mobility Matrix 11 april 2018 EADTU Mobility Matrix 17 Physical exchange mobility Virtual exchange mobility Open virtual exchange mobility Transnational online distance education Unit of mobility Curriculum-based, at least 15 ECTS, except for specific activities as intensive programs, summer schools, internships, etc. Individual exchange on the basis of a course, a learning activity or a curriculum found in an open course catalogue on the internet; window mobility ( a minor, a specialization, …) according to a network agreement; Embedded mobility in joint programs in successive stages of the individual study plans of students Individual exchange on the basis of a courses or learning activities found in an open course catalogue on the internet; window mobility ( a minor, a specialization, …) found an open course catalogue; unlikely in joint programs as the approval of all partners in a consortium has to be sought No mobility Curriculum or course e.g. degree program, short (postgraduate) learning program, single courses, MOOCs Course catalogue Yes, restricted to programs/courses in the institutional, network or or consortium agreement Yes, restricted to programs/courses in the institutional, network or or consortium agreement Open course catalogues or online programs of other universities. Students orstaff can select an online course or learning activity, e.g. which is not available in the home university or which is an alternative for a f2f course to be followed by part-time Not applicable, courses are known at registration. The course catalogue contains the courses of the program. Exchange mobility can be practiced according to policies of the institution, then column 1,2,3 is applicable.
  18. 18. EADTU Mobility Matrix 11 april 2018 EADTU Mobility Matrix 18 Physical exchange mobility Virtual exchange mobility Open virtual exchange mobility Transnational online distance education Definition Physical mobility as individual (Erasmus) exchange, window mobility in networked programs and individual study programs with mobility paths in joint programs Exchange by mobility online, following similar rules as physical (Erasmus) exchange, window mobility in networked programs and individual study programs with mobility paths in joint programs or courses Exchange by mobility online, same rules as standard virtual exchange mobility, but outside of a previous institutional agreement. Courses are found on open course catalogues / programs of other universities. Transnational online distance education delivers programs or courses in another country which is different from the country of the provider. There is no exchange mobility, except when foreseen by the program. Balance blended / online mobility Online learning activities can support physical exchange In the course of a study career, both physical and virtual mobility can take place Virtual exchange can be supported by physical introduction days/week, wrap-up days/week at the end of the program/course, depending of the design or the course or the program, e.g. in the case of virtual seminars/labs, networked or joint programs Online course(s) at a host university can include some face to face activities Transnational online distance education programs can be blended, e.g. by introduction weeks, lab sessions, thesis weeks, summer or winter schools, etc. This is certainly the case in doctoral programs.
  19. 19. EADTU Mobility Matrix 11 april 2018 EADTU Mobility Matrix 19 Physical exchange mobility Virtual exchange mobility Open virtual exchange mobility Transnational online distance education Short term mobility Short term mobility only possible through intensive programs, summer and winter schools, etc. Short term mobility on the course level is possible: e.g. an online course, a virtual seminar, a virtual lab, learning games, a MOOC, a project, a think tank, a virtual internship…. Short term mobility on the course level is possible: e.g. an online course, a virtual seminar, a virtual lab, learning games, a MOOC, a project, a think tank, a virtual internship…. No mobility Networked curricula In networked curricula: students within the network can choose alternative windows for complementary or specialized course packages (minors, research and thesis work,…) In networked curricula: students within the network can choose alternative blended/online windows with complementary or specialized course packages (minors, research and thesis work,…) As there is no institutional agreement, there is no networked curriculum. Nevertheless, a student can choose an online mobility window at another university complementary or specialized course packages (minors, research and thesis work,…) Networked transnational online programs can contain mobility windows, organised in a university network, then columns 1,2,3 Joint curricula In joint programs: an intensive international experience with integration of staff and students in successive stages of the curriculum and related mobility within the consortium In joint programs: an intensive international experience with integration of staff and students in successive stages of the curriculum and related mobility within the consortium Not applicable Joint transnational online programs can be jointly organised by a consortium of universities with successive stages.
  20. 20. EADTU Mobility Matrix 11 april 2018 EADTU Mobility Matrix 20 Physical exchange mobility Virtual exchange mobility Open virtual exchange mobility Transnational online distance education Accountability Institutional agreements and tripartite learning agreements guarantee the institutional commitment for taking a number of students (after selection) and guarantee the rights of the student Institutional agreement and tripartite learning agreement guarantee the institutional commitment for taking a number of students (after selection) and guarantee the rights of the student No institutional agreement, therefore universities don’t guarantee to take a student (it depends on number of places available and on academic criteria). Tripartite learning agreement guarantees the rights of the student Student has to check accreditation and recognition of credits for a course or a program for subsequent valorisation in other universities or by employer Institutional decision level Rector Rector At least dean for window mobility Staff level or dean for single courses, depending on local procedures Not applicable
  21. 21. EADTU Mobility Matrix 11 april 2018 EADTU Mobility Matrix 21 Physical exchange mobility Virtual exchange mobility Open virtual exchange mobility Transnational online distance education Registration In two universities for individual exchange and networked or window mobility- In two or more universities when the student successively follows parts of the program (joint programs) In principle, the student can register for exchange at more than one university as he can follow exchange courses at different universities without moving to another place. All depending on policies and decisions at the home curriculum In two universities for following a single course or a minor or specialization. Unlikely that a university allows for a completely free or open program In the institution, which owns the program
  22. 22. EADTU Mobility Matrix 11 april 2018 EADTU Mobility Matrix 22 Physical exchange mobility Virtual exchange mobility Open virtual exchange mobility Transnational online distance education Main challenges Cost to the student, especially when no (Erasmus+) grants are available – mainly travel and subsistence Delivering a truly intercultural experience for students in a host university The limited number of online and even blended courses available in universities. Therefore, open virtual mobility is option to be considered. Online courses and learning activities to be found in open course catalogues and programs of other universities. Methodologies for examinations to be considered (EPICs, TESLA) Building a community by designing courses accordingly – cost of learning communities Methodologies for examinations to be considered (EPICs, Tesla) Scalability of learning communities and of e- assessment methods as well as proctored exams. Cost associated with e- assessments and proctored exams Costs to student dependent on the fees to be paid (for the entire course, including exams) Building a community by designing courses accordingly Designing and developing courses and curricula Balancing scale, quality and cost (the iron triangle)
  23. 23. EADTU Mobility Matrix 11 april 2018 EADTU Mobility Matrix 23 Physical exchange mobility Virtual exchange mobility Open virtual exchange mobility Transnational online distance education Main benefits for students A student can benefit from a long international learning experience A student can have alternative courses or learning activities by mobility agreements with other universities A student can follow a mobility window at another university. A student can benefit of the strength of a joint program with integrated mobility. The rights of the student are guaranteed as in the standard Erasmus exchange scheme (learning agreement) No barriers of place and cost when a scholarship or grant is available (e.g. Erasmus +) A student can benefit from a flexible offer of a short or long international learning experience online A student can have a alternative course or a learning activity online by mobility agreements with other universities A student can follow a mobility window online at another university. A student can benefit of the strength of a joint program with integrated mobility which is (partially) online. The rights of the student are guaranteed as in the standard Erasmus exchange scheme (learning agreement) No barriers of place and cost A student can benefit from a flexible offer of a short or long international learning experience A student can have a course or a learning activity which is not available at his own university, neither in agreed mobility schemes (outside of institutional agreements) The rights of the student are guaranteed as in the standard Erasmus exchange scheme (learning agreement) No barriers of place and cost Large scale and flexible delivery of programs and courses International online distance programs give students worldwide the opportunity to follow academic degree programs, continuous education programs/CPD or open education/MOOCs, especially those not available in their own country Online distance programs are flexible, which is especially important for students at work and part-time students
  24. 24. EADTU Mobility Matrix 11 april 2018 EADTU Mobility Matrix 24 Physical exchange mobility Virtual exchange mobility Open virtual exchange mobility Transnational online distance education Main benefits for institutions Universities offer additional opportunities for an international academic experience by an immersion in another university and culture/language Universities enrich their programs, notably in the case of networked and joint curricula Recruitment of international students for subsequent programs is facilitated Universities increase internationalization credits for funding (in some countries) Universities offer additional opportunities for an international academic and intercultural experience by online exchange and joint learning activities Universities enrich their programs, notably in the case of online components in networked and joint curricula, reducing costs to students Multi-campus solutions are very well possible Universities can easily organize online international activities, e.g. international classrooms, learning communities, projects, seminars, think tanks, etc. Recruitment of international students for subsequent programs as well as for eventual regular Erasmus exchange is facilitated Host universities and academic staff increase their academic visibility and reputation by the quality of the learning activities offered By the participation of international students in learning activities, e.g. learning communities, projects, seminars, think tanks, host universities can easily organize online international classrooms, synchonously or asynchronously Recruitment of international students for subsequent degree or continuous education programs as well as for eventual regular Erasmus exchange is facilitated Recruitment of international students by flexible, scalable and high quality online courses and programs Organising open education, e.g. MOOCs
  25. 25. CREATING A VIRTUAL ERASMUS PROGRAMME Anticipated future model of a Virtual Erasmus model: Universities give a fee waiver to the foreign students, except for study material and receive funding for their additional costs; it is based on university – university agreements. A formalised and fully mainstreamed Virtual Erasmus programme next to and supporting the physical Erasmus programme. 25
  26. 26. George Ubachs George.ubachs@eadtu.eu 26 Thank you!

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