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MOOCs and the european experience

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MOOCs and the European Experience

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MOOCs and the european experience

  1. 1. MOOCs and the European Experience Darco Jansen
  2. 2. EADTU • Europe's leading institutional association in online, open and flexible higher education, and is at the heart of the modernisation agenda of European universities. • EADTU is a key-partner of the European Commission for lifelong open and flexible learning in distance higher education
  3. 3. EADTU members 11 : Number of Open and distance teaching universities 14 Associations or consortia of conventional universities 2 Single university membership for associations in development 2 Associated members European coverage: 71%
  4. 4. Services open to all HEIs • EMPOWER • E-xcellence • OpenupEd
  5. 5. OpenupEd OpenupEd is an open, non-profit partnership on MOOCs OpenupEd aims to contribute to opening up education to the benefit of learners and the wider society while reflecting values such as equity, quality and diversity. Offering over 292 MOOCs in 14 different languages. Another 60 MOOCs will follow shortly With > 100 with an option to do a formal exam (ECTS credits). Darco Jansen
  6. 6. The OpenupEd quality label: benchmarks for MOOCs Published in INNOQUAL Volume 2, No 3, 2014 and Special Issue on Quality in Massive Open Online Courses By Jon Rosewell & Darco Jansen Used by OpenupEd partners. For example UNED • C. Rodrigo, T. Read, M. Santamaria and A. Sánchez-Elvira (2014) "OpenupEdLabel for MOOCs Quality Assurance: UNED COMA Initial Self-Evaluation" Proceedings of V Congreso Internacional sobre Calidad y Accesibilidad en la Formación Virtual (CAFVIR 2014) L. Bengoechea, R. Hernández, J.R. Hilera (Eds.) Universidad Galileo (Guatemala), pp. 551 - 555 ISBN: 978-9929-40-497-7 • Read T. and Rodrigo C. (2014) “Toward a quality model for UNED MOOCs” eLearningPapers 2014 ISSN: 1887-1542 Vol. 37, Pages: 43-50
  7. 7. MOOC movement dominated by the US • MOOCs: predominantly US -where it all started as of 2011 and expanded massively -and which houses major providers Coursera, edX, Udacity • Response in Europe … -some universities joined US initiatives, others started themselves -country/language-based platforms: FutureLearn (UK), MiríadaX, UNEDcoma (Spain), Iversity (Germany), FUN (France), OpenMOOC, EMMA-platform, MOODle as MOOC plaform • Governmental involvement: e.g. Opening up Slovenia, FUN, …
  8. 8. MOOCs collaboration in Europe • EU launch (Sept 2013): Opening up Education. • Two major goals • Innovate teaching and learning for all through ICT • Reshape / modernize EU education through OER (for all educational sectors and levels) • EU-funded projects on MOOCs (from 2014…)
  9. 9. Name Learners Courses Partners Interface Languages Courses languages Country Coursera 10,63 Millions 886 116 Arab, Chinese, German, English, French, Spanish, German, Russian, Turkish English, Chinese, Spanish, Portuguese, French, Russian, Turkish, Italian, Ukranian, German, Vietnamese, Hebrew, Japanese, Arabic, Greek, Persian, Macedonian, Czech, Dutch USA edX unknown 381 61 English English, Chinese, Spanish USA Future Learn 1 Million 46 45 English English UK iversity unknown 43 7 English, Dutch English, Dutch, Russian, Italian Germany Miríada X 1,42 Million 10 73 Spanish, Portuguese Spanish, Portuguese Spain Udacity unknown 54 14 English English USA OpenupEd unknown 292 13 English English, Italian, Russian, Spanish, French, Arab, Portuguese, Dutch, Irish Europe FUN unknown 82 31 English, French French, English France
  10. 10. Investors Continue to Back MOOC Providers • Funding Received: $85 Million • In 4 Rounds from 8 Investors • Funding Rounds (4) • $20M Nov 24, 2013 GSV Capital, Learn Capital • $43M Jul 10, 2013 Learn Capital, International Finance Corporation, GSV Capital, Laureate Education, Inc., Yuri Milner, World Bank • $6M Jul 17, 2012 New Enterprise Associates, Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers • $16M Apr 18, 2012 Kleiner Perkins Caufield & Byers, New Enterprise Associates • Funding Received: $55 Million • In 3 Rounds from 10 Investors • Funding Rounds (3) • $35M Sep 24, 2014 Recruit Holdings, George Zachary, Peter Levine, CRV, Andreessen Horowitz, Cox Enterprises, Valor Capital Group, Bertelsmann AG, Drive Capital • $15M Oct 25, 2012 Steve Blank, CRV, Andreessen Horowitz • $5M Jan 1, 2012 CRV • Funding Received: $48 Million • In 4 Rounds from 15 Investors • Funding Rounds (4) • $32M May 8, 2014 MHS Capital, Insight Venture Partners, Norwest Venture Partners - NVP • $12M Dec 7, 2012 Lightbank, Insight Venture Partners, MHS Capital, Learn Capital • $3M Oct 12, 2011 Lightbank, 500 Startups, MHS Capital • $1M Aug 31, 2010 Larry Braitman, Naval Ravikant, Signia Venture Partners, Jeremy Stoppelman, MHS Capital, Keith Rabois, Joshua Stylman, 500 Startups, Russ Fradin, Paul Martino, Benjamin Ling
  11. 11. Verified Certificate /Signature Track • Estimated revenues in 2014: $8-12 million • Coursera shares with universities 6-15% of the total revenue, and 20% of gross profits on its courses. Headhunting Specializations Capstone Project Employee Training Course Sponsorships
  12. 12. http://hechingerreport.org/californias-multi-million-dollar-online- education-flop-is-another-blow-for-moocs/
  13. 13. Behind the surface Is the US indeed leading the MOOC movement? What are the reasons to be involved in MOOCs (or decide not to invest in MOOCs)? What are the difference between US and Europe? Can explain these differences?
  14. 14. Gaebel, M., Kupriyanova, V., Morais, R. & Colucci, E. (2014). E-learning in European Higher Education Institutions: Results of a mapping survey conducted in October-December 2013. http://www.eua.be/Libraries/Publication/e-learning_survey.sflb.ashx Allen, I.E. and Seaman. J. (2015). Grade Change: Tracking Online Education in the United States. Babson Survey Research Group and Quahog Research Group. http://www.onlinelearningsurvey.com/reports/gradelevel.pdf
  15. 15. Jansen, D. & Schuwer, R. (2015). Institutional MOOC strategies in Europe Status report based on a mapping survey conducted in October - December 2014. EADTU – HOME project http://www.eadtu.eu/docum ents/Publications/OEenM/In stitutional_MOOC_strategies _in_Europe.pdf
  16. 16. MOOC offering • In the US the number of institutions having a MOOC or planning to introduce them has decreased from 14,3% (2013) to 13,6% (2014) • In Europe it has increased from about 58% in EUA study (2013) to 71,7% (2014) in EADTU/HOME study. Darco Jansen EUA statement : “interest in MOOCs has far from peaked in Europe” is simply true
  17. 17. http://www.openeducationeuropa.eu/nl/european_scoreboard_moocs
  18. 18. Biases in the surveys • The US surveys (US 2013 and US 2014) are biased to the large institutions • The EAU study is biased in favour of institutions involved in e- learning. • The EU-2014 study (EADTU/HOME) is biased to those institutions interested in MOOCs.
  19. 19. http://openeducationeuropa.eu/sites/default/files/images/scoreboard/Scoreboard_April_2015.png
  20. 20. Biases in the surveys (2) • Every institution can decide by themselves if they are providing MOOCs • They decide themselves what’s a MOOC !!!
  21. 21. Source: SURF 2014 Open Education Trend Report.
  22. 22. Definition MOOCs • Proposal by EU-funded MOOCs projects: MOOCs are online courses designed for large numbers of participants, that can be accessed by anyone anywhere as long as they have an internet connection, are open to everyone without entry qualifications, and offer a full/complete course experience online for free • Recently validated by survey “Institutional MOOC strategies in Europe” • Wikipedia: A massive open online course (MOOC) is an online course aimed at unlimited participation and open access via the web. In addition to traditional course materials such as videos, readings, and problem sets, MOOCs provide interactive user forums that help build a community for students, professors, and teaching assistants
  23. 23. http://www.openuped.eu/images/docs/Definition_Massive_Open_Online_Courses.pdf
  24. 24. Reflections on MOOCs • European institution more involved in MOOCs than the US • The number of European institutions with MOOC involvement is increasing • MOOCs are perceived as a sustainable method for offering courses in Europe. • In Europe the institutions are increasingly developing a positive attitude to MOOCs and have positive experiences for the added values of MOOCs. • Most dominant objective in all studies is to increase institutional visibility and using MOOCs for reputation reasons. • In the US using MOOCs for student recruitment is seen as the most important primary objective of institutions, while in Europe it is rather to reach new students and creating flexible learning opportunities Darco Jansen
  25. 25. Institutions versus Governments A large majority (between 65% and 80%) of institutions indicates that many macro divers are relevant or highly relevant for their institution. Not seen as that important are i) new method in big business ii) reduce the costs of HE and iii) increasing shared services and unbundling. Institutions expect that their governmental involvement with MOOCs are mainly driven by a) need for (e-)skills and jobs, b) improving the quality of learning and c) globalization and internationalization.
  26. 26. http://econ.st/1yrDHlV
  27. 27. Reflection The “Porto Declaration on European MOOCs” - embracement of openness for all - a collective European response - strengthening of collaboration of universities across Europe. It is essential that a cohesive and collaborative effort is adopted in Europe to counteract the risks and to fully realise the opportunities of open and online education (including equity, inclusion, etc.)
  28. 28. Strength of diversity versus scalability Europe should use of the strengths of a decentralized model related to the support of diversity. Diversity in languages, cultures, case studies and pedagogical approaches, etc. Diversity: the art of thinking independently together. Malcolm Forbes It is difference of opinion that makes horse races. Mark Twain If we cannot end now our differences, at least we can help make the world safe for diversity. John F. Kennedy It is the long history of humankind (and animal kind, too) those who learned to collaborate and improvise most effectively have prevailed. Charles Darwin
  29. 29. Thank you!!! Darco.Jansen@eadtu.eu Coordinator Coordinator

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