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Gilberto Corbellini, CNR


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Heritage Science at the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche

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Gilberto Corbellini, CNR

  1. 1. Heritage Science at Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche Gilberto Corbellini Head of Social Sciences and Humanities, Cultural Heritage Dept. (DSU)
  2. 2. Heritage Science at CNR: a timeline 2 From 1967 to present day
  3. 3. DSU: stakeholders, strategic areas 3 IndustryState Academia Science and technology of knowledge History, philosophy and law Historical -Cultural Heritage Economy, society and institutions 4 strategic areas3 main stakeholders
  4. 4. DSU in figures: scientific network 4 19 institutes 10/11 institutes Current situation Reorganization of the DSU scientific network End of the process
  6. 6. INTERDISCIPLINARITY 6 In the field of Heritage Science, it is essential to enable cross-fertilization and capacity building between researchers in the humanities and experimental scientists/technologists Scientific research and technological innovation are crucial to explain/interpret, diagnose, care, manage and disseminate archaeological, museological, historical and artistic heritage However the study of Cultural Heritage hard sciences without humanities are blind and humanities without hard sciences are empty
  7. 7. 7 The ideas and methods of science and technology should creatively interact with humanitiesstimulate to the growth and enhancement of knowledge and intellectual interpretation of tangible and intangible cultural heritage, in order to promote its study, protection, conservation and valorization, both here and now, and for future generations Interdisciplinarity Statistic from WoS Different disciplines involved in research papers under the topic HS (Sept. 2018)
  9. 9. “The main aim of the SA is to integrate different approaches, methodologies, resources and expertise of the research communities operating in Heritage Science, in order to improve the scientific knowledge and the programmatic, planning and innovative capacities of the CNR in this area. This SA includes multiple ERC’s areas of research: SH2, SH3, SH5, SH6, PE1, PE2, PE3, PE4, PE5, PE6, PE7, PE8, PE10.The SA frames specific Project Areas (PA) that correspond to four priorities identified in the Strategic Research Agenda on Cultural Heritage Research (JPI CH) 9 "Historical-cultural heritage” Strategic area
  10. 10. Strategic Area Historical-Cultural Heritage ❖ Developing a reflective societies (Identity, Perception, Values, Ethics) ❖ Connecting people with heritage (ICT, Use, Sustainability, Security) ❖ Creating knowledge (methods, measure, damage, risks) ❖ Safeguarding cultural heritage resources (conservation, adaptation and mitigation) ❖ Knowledge and understanding of material and immaterial cultural heritage 10 ❖ Management, enhancement and use of cultural heritage ❖ Research Infrastructures (IR) for Heritage Science and Digital Humanities (E-RIHS, CLARIN ,DARIAH) ❖ Diagnosis, intervention and care of cultural heritage
  11. 11. Reorganizing CNR-DSU Cultural Heritage Institutes Establishment of a CNR Institute of Heritage Science 11
  12. 12. “ According to the strategic guidelines, the DSU has launched a reorganization of its scientific network dealing with Cultural Heritage, with the aim of creating a new institute of Heritage Science, by merging and transforming the 4 currently dedicated to CH research: the Institute of Heritage Science will have a highly inter-disciplinary and multi-disciplinary character and will embrace most of the research and innovation sectors within the HS. The Institute should constitute a benchmark for the HS national community and a relevant node of the CNR scientific network that work in the field of Heritage Science. 12
  13. 13. The reorganization of the existing CNR CH - Institutes 13 IBAM ICVBC ISMA ITABC
  14. 14. ISPC: Institute of Heritage Science Vision, Mission, Values 14
  15. 15. ISPC: Institute for Heritage Science 15 Vision Values Mission
  16. 16. “Scientific research, technological innovation and humanistic studies are the basis of the best strategies for investigating and conserving cultural heritage, and for promoting intellectual understanding, social sharing and economic value of material and immaterial heritage. 16 Vision
  17. 17. “The ideas and methods of science and technology should contribute, in cooperation with humanities and social sciences, to the growth and enhancement of knowledge and intellectual interpretation of tangible and intangible cultural heritage, in order to promote its study, protection, conservation and valorization, both here and now, and for future generations 17 Mission
  18. 18. “Scientific method /critical thinking Collaboration, Inclusiveness and attractiveness Professionalism Innovation Transparency and Respect Originality Dissemination of research product 18 Values
  19. 19. ISPC Thematic Areas Institute for Heritage Science lines of research 19
  20. 20. 20 ● Sciences of antiquity (archeology, philology and history) ● Survey, modeling, digital technologies for the territory, architecture and archeology ● Chemical and physical sciences and technologies; technologies for characterization, definition of the conservation status and the monitoring; methodologies, nanotechnologies and innovative materials for the conservation of cultural heritage ● Earth Science; geological and geophysical techniques for the characterization, definition of hazard and conservation of cultural heritage ● Biological sciences: biotechnologies and methods for conservation ● Architectural and engineering sciences applied to the analysis, conservation and regeneration of architectural heritage ● Design and museum technologies ● Technologies for the analysis, development and sustainable management of territorial resources and cultural landscape ● Digital Heritage, Virtual Museums, Gaming, Digital Libraries
  21. 21. 21 The Department of Humanities, Social Sciences and Cultural Heritage intends to make available its expertise throughout the CNR, distributing itself as a connective tissue or a support matrix to understand the dimensions of values, regulations, political-economic, property, psychological, etc. within which research activities are carried out or the interventions carried out to provide knowledge and technology to institutions that face emergencies or to change the management of services. We think of the emergencies that for some years have been chronic conditions for Italy, such as the seismic and hydrogeological risks that are causing environmental devastation with consequences on the social and economic fabric of vast regions of the country.
  22. 22. CNR Heritage Science Network Humanities & Cultural heritage Chemistry and materials technology 22 Physics and matter Earth and environment
  23. 23. CNR Heritage Science Network Engineering, ICT, energy and transportation Bio and agri-food 23
  24. 24. Interdisciplinary research at CNR 24 ISPC: Institute of Cultural Heritage Computational methods Experimental and computational modelling for the understanding of degradation phenomena Analytical techniques Development and application of advanced analytical techniques for diagnostics, monitoring and remote sensing Advanced materials Development of advanced materials and technologies for conservation and restoration Virtual heritage Virtual heritage: integrated digital technologies for knowledge and communication of cultural heritage
  25. 25. “Surveys application of geotechnologies and sensing technologies to cultural heritage and monument conservation... 25 Remote sensing
  26. 26. Remote sensing 26 N. Masini and R. Lasaponara of CNR discovered the pyramid by analyzing images from the satellite Quickbird, which they used to penetrate the Peruvian soil.
  27. 27. In this satellite image, the white arrows show the buried pyramid and the black arrows other structures which have yet to be investigated 27
  28. 28. “Modelling for the understanding of degradation phenomena 28 Hyperspectral Imaging
  29. 29. Hyperspectral imaging 29 Macro-XRF-mapping: Scream by E. Munch Mid-FTIR hyperspectral imaging European facility C. Miliani (CNR-ISTM) R. Fontana (CNR-INO) H2020-INFRAIA-2014-2015
  30. 30. Hyperspectral imaging 30 Metal degradation (CNR-ISMN) Stone degradation (CNR-ICVBC) Metal degradation (CNR- ISMN) Natural, environmental and anthropic hazards of cultural heritage (CNR-ISAC)
  31. 31. “Mitigating the impacts of climate change and natural hazards on cultural heritage 31 Natural, environmental and anthropic hazards of cultural heritage
  32. 32. Natural, environmental and anthropic hazards of cultural heritage H2020-TWINN-2015: Twinning (Coordination and Support Action) The ProteCHt2save project contributes to an improvement of capacities of the public and private sectors to mitigate the impacts of climate change and natural hazards on cultural heritage sites, structures and artefacts. Coordinator: CNR-ISAC 32
  33. 33. 33 Functionalized geopolymers metal-alkoxides
  34. 34. Pompeii: the first Smart and Resilient Archaeological Park 34 Smart@POMPEI
  35. 35. Virtual Museums, Augmented Reality Digital Heritage Visualization and Access Platform Development Photo modelling, Laser scanning Digital Heritage acquisition Digital storytelling Digital Heritage communication 35 Virtual Heritage F. Gabellone (CNR-ISPC)
  36. 36. 36 REVEAL This case study will create an EEN which addresses historical and archeological learning within a reconstruction of the Augustus Forum in Rome, built by the first Emperor of the Roman Empire. A world- famous archaeological site, it provides a window into Imperial Roman history, connecting Rome with the entire Roman Empire. The CNR-ITABC has already created full 3D reconstructions of the Forum for the exhibition “Keys to Rome” that was held between 2014 and 2015 at the Imperial Forum Museum. This will be used as a starting point for the development of this case study that will involve users in an intriguing story relating to Imperial Rome. S. Pescarin (CNR-ISPC)
  37. 37. “IDEHA will develop a smart, highly integrated and open source cloud platform to: - connect and promote the semantic aggregation of CH Information (collections, BIM, real-time sensor data, IoT etc.) - develop innovative ICT solutions to support the access and preventive preservation of Cultural Heritage (DSS), - create multi-channel applications and services to support Tourism and foster territorial development in the Mezzogiorno macroregion; - foster the technology transfer and the cross-fertilization between Research Centers and the SMEs sector 37 IDEHA - Innovation for Data Elaboration in Heritage Areas
  38. 38. IDEHA - Innovation for Data Elaboration in Heritage Areas 38
  39. 39. THE ROLE OF CNR-DSU IN THE RIs LANDSCAPE 39 The CNR-DSU play a relevant role in different European IRs and SSH e- infrastructures such as DARIAH-ERIC and CLARIN-ERIC (both ESFRI Landmarks: reference points for the respective communities) and ERIHS, of which the CNR is Coordinator.
  40. 40. DARIAH - Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities 40 Operation Start According to ESFRI the ERIC should become operational in 2019. The Italian node will be established as JRU by 2018 and at the same time will activate its services 2019 Italian node Network establishment and in-kind collection. In 2017, DARIAH-IT's headquarters were set at CNR-OVI 2014 Construction phase intense negotiations between both the Central Hub and the national nodes aimed at at establishing a legal entity and launch services to the user community 2014-18 Preparation phase directed towards developing the RI as a fully-fledged organisation 2008-11 ESFRI Roadmap entry2006
  41. 41. “DARIAH-it will strengthen the country system, with a view to developing a knowledge economy based on social sciences and humanities and cultural heritage and on the intensive use of the most advanced ICT methodologies and technologies 41 PON DARIAH: Developing nAtional and Regional Infrastructural nodes of dAriaH in ITaly
  42. 42. DARIAH - Digital Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities 42 National Roadmap 2019 ● Key Enabling Technologies Development ● Training, education e technological transfer ● Producing of digital tools to support heritage science ● Providing high value contents to cultural/creative industries PMI Data-center in Italy (PON DARIAH-it) 7 ● 4 big data centers (back-bone) ● 3 medium to small data centers (support) Italian network partners 22 ● CNR institutes ● Universities ● Public and private research centers
  43. 43. PON DARIAH 43 Catania storage, computing, services Roma computing, storage, networking Lecce computing, storage, networking, services Firenze storage, computing Pisa services Napoli computing, storage, networking, services Matera High speed networking, 5G
  44. 44. European Research Infrastructure on Heritage Science - ERIHS 44 Operation start frontier research results, services to scientific community, outreach, continuous upgrade of instrumentation and methods, political and financial support for long-term operation 2025 Construction phase construction and deployment of organisation and legal entity, recruitment, IPR & innovation policies, operation and upgrade plan, secure funding for operation 2021-25 Transition phase2019-21 Preparation phase business & construction plan, political and financial support secured, data policy & data management, cost book plan, legal entity identification 2017-20 Roadmap entry2016 CNR(coord.) ENEA,INFN Technical Coordinator Italian delegates in the SAB (MIUR, MIBAC, MISE) Director Director Director Director Italian National Coordinator
  45. 45. 45 European Research Infrastructure on Heritage Science - ERIHS National Roadmap 2019 ● 4 Platforms (FIXLAB - Large-medium scale analytical facilities, MOLAB - Mobile laboratories for non invasive diagnostic, DIGILAB – Digital Infrastructure, ARCHLAB – dati scientifici, report analitici, report di restauro, documenti) ● High added-value services based on ICT and cutting edge methodologies and techniques for Cultural Heritage interpretation, preservation, restoration and communication ● multi-disciplinary & cross disciplinary research: promote innovation & tecnology transfer for tourism, cultural heritage and e creative industries Countries that joined the Preparatory Phase 16 ● 20 project partners Italian network partners 33 ● CNR: 18 institutes / nodes ● ENEA: 7 institutes / nodes ● INFN: 8 institutes / nodes
  47. 47. “SHINE will strength capacity and innovation in large-scale instrumentation, non-invasive portable technologies and data science. 47 PON E-RIHS: SHINE: StrengtHening the Italian Node of E-RIHS
  48. 48. PON RIs SHINE StrengtHening the Italian Node of E-RIHS 48
  49. 49. Dissemination 49 A Multidisciplinary Journal of Science and Technology for Conservation and Awareness. Editor-in-Chief: P. Tomasin (CNR-ICMATE) E.M. Stella (CNR-ISPC) The main purpose of JCH is to publish original papers which comprise previously unpublished data and present innovative methods concerning all scientific aspects related to the knowledge of cultural heritage as well as novel interpretation and theoretical issues related to preservation.
  50. 50. Public engagement 50
  51. 51. 51 THANKS!