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Alison Heritage, ICCROM

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Global challenge for Heritage Science

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Alison Heritage, ICCROM

  1. 1. Global Challenges for Heritage Science Alison Heritage International Workshop, From cross-disciplinary research to heritage science, Florence, 2018 October 18th
  2. 2. Heritage can be defined as the objects, cultures and contemporary activities which define full range of our inherited traditions, ideas, memory, monuments – who we are. It is not about the past but about contemporary activities and meanings. It embraces both the arts and the sciences. It incorporates nature and culture. It includes the past and the present and prepares for the future. At a deeper level cultural heritage is a key to understanding how each culture has its own principles of knowledge organisation, interpretation and expression. How we see the world differently, our principles of truth, our theory and practice of society. Webber Ndoro, Director-General of ICCROM Cultural Heritage
  3. 3. Heritage science today Archaeometry Archaeology Natural sciences Art history Architecture Life sciences Formal sciences Applied sciences Social sciences Heritage Studies Technical art history Anthropology Promoting understanding, care and sustainable use of heritage
  4. 4. …tomorrow? Promoting understanding, care and sustainable use of heritage ?
  5. 5. …tomorrow? Promoting understanding, care and sustainable use of heritage knowledge
  6. 6. A global perspective ICCROM Member States
  7. 7. Global inequalities the global north-south divide
  8. 8. The global north and south
  9. 9. Inequality and vulnerability future planetary prospects
  10. 10. The big challenge
  11. 11. The role of culture At a deeper level cultural heritage is a key to understanding how each culture has its own principles of knowledge organisation, interpretation and expression. How we see the world differently, our principles of truth, our theory and practice of society. Cultural heritage is knowledge
  12. 12. What are the goals for science?
  13. 13. Current science paradigms Responsible Science Research Grand Societal Challenges
  14. 14. How is science supposed to achieve its goals?
  15. 15. Global collaboration Open knowledge systems Open Science
  16. 16. Open Science Open access Open data Open collaboration Open Education Open Research Infrastructures New concept for intellectual property Science with and for Society
  17. 17. Literature metadata – bibliometricsWhat are the trending topics in research ?How is language and terminology evolving? Heritage Science Literature scan: 8000 Articles in over 1000 publication sources Produced by + 4400 institutions in 118 Countries
  18. 18. Which countries contribute to the heritage science literature? Research outputs
  19. 19. Inequalities in knowledge generation Academic publishing worldwide Data from: Ojanpera, S., et al., 2017. Engagement in the knowledge economy: Regional patterns of content creation with a focus on Sub-Saharan Africa.
  20. 20. Research collaboration Which are the active networks of collaboration?
  21. 21. Research collaboration Which are the active networks of collaboration? connection to context ?
  22. 22. Global knowledge systems
  23. 23. Inequalities in the knowledge economy
  24. 24. Inequalities in the knowledge economy
  25. 25. will digital technologies close the gap? Democratization of Knowledge
  26. 26. The digital divide
  27. 27. The other north-south divide Research Practice
  28. 28. 3 key words Relevance Rigor Impact&
  29. 29. Different types of impact Academic impact Non academic impact enhance understanding advance scientific method, theory and application economic and societal contribution benefits to individuals, organisations and/or nations
  30. 30. How do we know if our research has impact? Academic impact Non academic impact Citations Research assessment Grants Awards Career advancement
  31. 31. Academic impact Non academic impact Citations Research assessment Grants Awards Career advancement How do we know if our research has impact?
  32. 32. Academic impact Non academic impact Citations Research assessment Grants Awards Career advancement How do we know if our research has impact? Measuring the socio economic impact of science is really difficult because its effects are complex, indirect, and non-linear, and take place over long periods of time
  33. 33. Research impact http://www.ifm.eng.cam.ac.uk/research/grant-writers-handbook/research-impact/
  34. 34. #1 Rule for making a difference involve the people you want to benefit
  35. 35. Going back to our literature scan… Who is involved in these networks?
  36. 36. The role of Higher Education Institutes
  37. 37. The role of Higher Education Institutes
  38. 38. Who takes part? Participation of custodial institutions in research
  39. 39. The research process
  40. 40. The research process
  41. 41. Research Impact Pathway
  42. 42. participation
  43. 43. Levels of inclusivity in research Adapted from IAP2’s Public Participation Spectrum, http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/www.iap2.org/resource/resmgr/Core_Values/WEB_1510_IAP2_Core_Value_Awa.pdf Inform Consult CollaborateInvolve Provide information to stakeholders Stakeholders provide information Stakeholders work as equal collaborators Stakeholder’s viewpoint is taken into account Increasing level of influence
  44. 44. Enabling participation What are the impediments and enablers to collaboration? Lack of sufficient time for relationship building Change current attitudes & culture in research Lack of funding opportunities Incentives & favourable evaluation criteria More face-to-face knowledge exchange Training to build greater research preparedness
  45. 45. Just a question of semantics? words are important end user co-creator from to
  46. 46. Global vision from North-centric perspective
  47. 47. …to multi-centric and multi-vocal
  48. 48. Thank you Alison Heritage ICCROM Email: ah@iccrom.org

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