BASIC FACTS:Born: 9-Sep-1878Birthplace: Cebu City, PhilippinesDied: 19-Oct-1961Location of death: Manila, PhilippinesCause of death: unspecifiedRemains: Buried, North Cemetery, Manila, PhilippinesGender: MaleRace orEthnicity: MultiracialSexualorientation: Straight
Occupation: Head of State Nationality: PhilippinesExecutive summary: 4th President of the Philippines Co-Founder of the Nacionalista Party. Editor of El Nuevo Día newspaper, from 1903. Died at Veterans Memorial Hospital in Quezon City, Manila. Mother: Juana Osmeña y SuicoSon: Sergio Osmeña Jr. (Philippine Senator) University: University of San Carlos (1892) University: San Juan de Letran College, Manila
Sergio Osmeña y Suico (9September 1878 – 19October 1961) was apolitician of ChineseFilipino who served asthe 4th President of thePhilippines from 1944 to1946.
He was Vice Presidentunder Manuel L. Quezon, androse to the presidency uponQuezons death in 1944, beingthe oldest Philippine presidentto hold office at age 65. Afounder of Nacionalista Party,he was the first Visayan tobecome President of thePhilippines.
Prior to his succession to thePresidency in 1944, Osmeña served asGovernor of Cebu from 1901–1907,Member and Speaker of the PhilippineHouse of Representatives from 1907–1922, and Senator from the 10thSenatorial District for thirteen years,in which capacity he served as SenatePresident pro tempore. In 1935, he wasnominated to be the running-mate ofSenate President Manuel L. Quezon forthe presidential election that year. Thetandem was overwhelmingly re-electedin 1941.
Osmeña is the patriarch ofthe prominent Osmeña family,which includes his son(former Senator SergioOsmeña, Jr.) and hisgrandsons (senators SergioOsmeña III and John HenryOsmeña), ex-governor LitoOsmeña and CebuCity mayor Tomas Osmeña.
Sergio Osmeña was bornin Cebu to Juana Osmeña y Suico, whowas reportedly only 14 years of agewhen she gave birth to him. Owing tothe circumstances of his birth, theidentity of his father had been aclosely guarded family secret.Though an illegitimate child – Juananever married his father – he didntallow this aspect to affect hisstanding in society. The Osmeñafamily, a rich and prominent clanof Chinese Filipino heritage
He took his elementary education inthe Colegio de San Carlos andgraduated in 1892. Osmeñacontinued his education in Manila,studying in San Juan de LetranCollege where he first metManuelL. Quezon, a classmate of his, aswell as Juan Sumulong and EmilioJacinto. He took up law atthe University of Santo Tomas andwas second place in the barexamination in 1903.
He served on the war staff ofGeneral Emilio Aguinaldo as acourier and journalist. In 1900,he founded the Cebunewspaper, El Nuevo Día whichlasted for three years. In 1904,the American colonialadministration appointed himgovernor of Cebu. Two yearslater he was elected governorof Cebu
House of Representatives While governor, he ran for election to the first Philippine Assembly of 1907 and was elected Speaker of that body. Osmeña was 29 years old and already the highest-ranking Filipino official. He and another provincial politician, Manuel L. Quezon of Tayabas, set up the Nacionalista Party as a foil to the Partido Federalista of Manila-based politicians. The two would engage in a rivalry for political dominance ever since.
SENATEOsmeña was elected to the Philippine National Assembly in 1907 and remained a member of the lower house until 1922. In 1922 he was elected to the Senate. He went to the United States as part of the OsRox Mission in 1933, to secure passage of the Hare-Hawes-Cutting Independence Bill which was superseded by the Tydings-McDuffie Act in March 1934
Together with Manuel Roxas,Pres. Sergio Osmeña went on amission to the US to ask for thePhilippines independence. Themission was called OSROX,coined from combining the firstletters of their family names.The mission was successful. ThePhilippines was granted itsindependence.
PRESIDENCY Osmeña became president of the Commonwealth on Quezons death in 1944. He returned to the Philippines the same year with General Douglas MacArthur and the liberation forces. After the war, Osmeña restored the Commonwealth government and the various executive departments. He continued the fight for Philippine independence. For the presidential election of 1946, Osmeña refused to campaign, saying that the Filipino people knew of his record of 40 years of honest and faithful service. He lost to Manuel Roxas, who won 54 percent of the vote and became president of the independent Republic of the Philippines.