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Dhanshree Nerlekar jurisprudence ..pptx

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Dhanshree Nerlekar jurisprudence ..pptx

  1. 1. WEL-COME COLLEGE NAME :- BHARTI VIDHYAPEETH YASHWANTRAO CHAVAN LAW COLLEGE, MALKAPUR KARAD. STUDENT NAME :- DHANASHREE EKANATH NERLEKAR CLASS :- NLC 4 ROLL NO :- 5415 SUBJECT NAME :- JURISPRUDENCE TOPIC NAME :- THE CONCEPT OF 'DHARMA’ IN INDIA TEACHER NAME :- MS KHAIRNAR SIR
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION During the ancient period, hindus use word Dharma in place of Law. The principal aim of dharma is to regulate human behaviour in its cosmic and human context. Dharma is a vital idea with different implications in indian religion, like Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, sikhism and others. Dharma assumed a major part in forming Indian law.
  3. 3. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND • Dharma has been derived from the vedic concept of Rita which means the straight line. And the Rita refers to the law of nature. • Dharma in sanskrit means to support,hold up, or bear. • In ancient time people believed in karma which define their Dharma. And that’s why Yudhishtir from Mahabharat known as Dharmaraj. • It is a concept which helps for the upliftment of living being. Therefore, which ensures the welfare of living being’s Is called the dharma.
  4. 4. CONCEPT OF DHARMA • For majority of Hindus, law is a branch of Dharma. The concept of Dharma is very abstract and is untranslatable literally into English. One of the frequently cited meaning of Dharma is ‘duty’ Hindu jurisprudence accords that Dharma is duty- either religious duties or social, legal and spiritual duties, in various contexts. • Righteousness is a moralistic interpretation of the term, whereas in purely legal terminology, Dharma is associated with the concept of justice.
  5. 5. ORIGIN OF DHARMA • Dharma is believed to be originated from the ancient Hindu scriptures,Vedas,and texts. • Dharma is a Sanskrit word which simply is a path of righteousness. • Dharma Was founded as the solution to the eternal problems of humans, originating from natural human instincts. • The original Dharma was created from God. All other sects were created later.
  6. 6. SOURCES OF DHARMA Dharma Shruti Smriti Purana
  7. 7. • Shruti :- Rig Ved (what is heard). Sam ved Artharva ved Yajur ved Smriti (what is Remembered) :-. Dharmashastra – Manu , Brihaspati Yagnavalkaya and Narad Dharmasutra – Gautam, Baudhayana, Vashistha , Vishnu and Harita Purana :- Bhagavata Purana, vishnu Purana, Nardiya (post vedic text). Purana, Vamana Purana, Matsya Purana,Agni Purana
  8. 8. NATURE OF DHARMA • In contrast to different schools of jurisprudence, hindu jurisprudence gives more accentuation to obligations over rights.this is on the grounds that Dharma, in its different undertones, recommends a definite obligation of each individual. Dharma is multi-layered. It contains laws and customs directing a wide scope of subject.
  9. 9. DHARMA IN CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVE • Former vice-chancellor of National Law school India University Bengluru and eminent constitutional expert R venkata Rao, agreed “ The inscription of the supreme court is ‘ Yato dharma tato jaya’ means where there is dharma there is victory. It is taken from the Bhagvad Gita. • Dharma finds its place even in contemporary landmark cases. • 1. National Legal services Authority v Union of India and others,2014 • 2. Ayodhya Dispute • 3. Sabarimala case • 4. S.P Mittal v Union of India and ors 1982
  10. 10. CONCLUSION • Dharma and law as seen above may appear to be interestingly,yet the philosophy behind them is same. Everywhere , law is piece of Dharma without disharmony and they establish single incorporated entirely. ‘ Dharma’ is one of the numerous wellspring of present day law and is moulding society. • Thank you

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