COLLEGE NAME :- BHARTI VIDHYAPEETH YASHWANTRAO
CHAVAN LAW COLLEGE, MALKAPUR KARAD.
STUDENT NAME :- DHANASHREE EKANATH NERLEKAR
CLASS :- NLC 4
ROLL NO :- 5415
SUBJECT NAME :- JURISPRUDENCE
TOPIC NAME :- THE CONCEPT OF 'DHARMA’ IN INDIA
TEACHER NAME :- MS KHAIRNAR SIR
During the ancient period, hindus use word Dharma in place of
Law. The principal aim of dharma is to regulate human behaviour
in its cosmic and human context. Dharma is a vital idea with
different implications in indian religion, like Hinduism, Buddhism,
Jainism, sikhism and others. Dharma assumed a major part in
forming Indian law.
• Dharma has been derived from the vedic concept of Rita which means
the straight line. And the Rita refers to the law of nature.
• Dharma in sanskrit means to support,hold up, or bear.
• In ancient time people believed in karma which define their Dharma.
And that’s why Yudhishtir from Mahabharat known as Dharmaraj.
• It is a concept which helps for the upliftment of living being.
Therefore, which ensures the welfare of living being’s Is called the
CONCEPT OF DHARMA
• For majority of Hindus, law is a branch of Dharma. The concept
of Dharma is very abstract and is untranslatable literally into
English. One of the frequently cited meaning of Dharma is ‘duty’
Hindu jurisprudence accords that Dharma is duty- either religious
duties or social, legal and spiritual duties, in various contexts.
• Righteousness is a moralistic interpretation of the term, whereas
in purely legal terminology, Dharma is associated with the
concept of justice.
ORIGIN OF DHARMA
• Dharma is believed to be originated from the ancient Hindu
• Dharma is a Sanskrit word which simply is a path of righteousness.
• Dharma Was founded as the solution to the eternal problems of
humans, originating from natural human instincts.
• The original Dharma was created from God. All other sects were
• Shruti :- Rig Ved
(what is heard). Sam ved
(what is Remembered) :-. Dharmashastra – Manu , Brihaspati
Yagnavalkaya and Narad
Dharmasutra – Gautam, Baudhayana,
Vashistha , Vishnu and Harita
Purana :- Bhagavata Purana, vishnu Purana, Nardiya
(post vedic text). Purana, Vamana Purana, Matsya Purana,Agni
NATURE OF DHARMA
• In contrast to different schools of jurisprudence, hindu
jurisprudence gives more accentuation to obligations over
rights.this is on the grounds that Dharma, in its different
undertones, recommends a definite obligation of each individual.
Dharma is multi-layered. It contains laws and customs directing a
wide scope of subject.
DHARMA IN CONTEMPORARY PERSPECTIVE
• Former vice-chancellor of National Law school India University
Bengluru and eminent constitutional expert R venkata Rao, agreed “
The inscription of the supreme court is ‘ Yato dharma tato jaya’ means
where there is dharma there is victory. It is taken from the Bhagvad
• Dharma finds its place even in contemporary landmark cases.
• 1. National Legal services Authority v Union of India and others,2014
• 2. Ayodhya Dispute
• 3. Sabarimala case
• 4. S.P Mittal v Union of India and ors 1982
• Dharma and law as seen above may appear to be
interestingly,yet the philosophy behind them is same.
Everywhere , law is piece of Dharma without disharmony and
they establish single incorporated entirely. ‘ Dharma’ is one of
the numerous wellspring of present day law and is moulding
• Thank you