Four stages of learning soccer

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Talking points from the Newfoundland Labrador Soccer Associations Grassroots Workshop a few years back.

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Four stages of learning soccer

  1. 1. Coaching WithSmall-Sided games Larry Paul Four Stages of Learning Prepared for the Newfoundland Labrador Soccer 1 Association
  2. 2. Coaching WithSmall-Sided games Introduction When using small-sided games think of four different stages of learning. 2
  3. 3. Coaching WithSmall-Sided games Introduction Each stage offers different challenges and opportunities. Players will move through these stages at different speeds. 3
  4. 4. Stage One OrientationLearn the Game by Playing the Game The first stage is the orientation or warm up. Take as little time as possible to get the game going. No lectures. 4
  5. 5. Stage One OrientationLearn the Game by Playing the Game What do you need to know to start a game? 1. Teams. 2. The field. 3. The goals. 4. Any special rules. 5
  6. 6. Stage One OrientationLearn the Game by Playing the Game Now, let them go and observe how they interact. With the game and each other. Don’t “coach” the players. Instead “coach” the game. 6
  7. 7. Stage One OrientationLearn the Game by Playing the Game The bottom line is, you can’t fix the player’s if they are playing in a broken form. Fix the game, then fix the players. 7
  8. 8. Stage One OrientationLearn the Game by Playing the Game Coach the field. The Goldielocks rule. This field is too big. This field is too small. This field is just right. 8
  9. 9. Stage One OrientationLearn the Game by Playing the Game It’s only on a “just right” field that the game is going to work. Experience will teach you what size is best. 9
  10. 10. Stage One OrientationLearn the Game by Playing the Game Bigger fields benefit attackers and make for slower games. Smaller fields benefit defenders and and make for faster games. 10
  11. 11. Stage One OrientationLearn the Game by Playing the Game Coach the goals. Change the size. Change the number. Change the position. Change the type. 11
  12. 12. Stage One OrientationLearn the Game by Playing the Game Coach the teams. Evaluate the balance. Are they set up for what you want? 12
  13. 13. Stage One OrientationLearn the Game by Playing the Game Coach the rules. How are they affecting the lesson? Do they add or distract? Change the resistance. 13
  14. 14. Stage Two StructureInsight and Communication Look for the biggest problem inside the game. Focus on the team that’s struggling. By comparison, their opponents are doing well. 14
  15. 15. Stage Two StructureInsight and Communication Do the player’s understand the objective of the game? Do they have a plan? Are they working together? 15
  16. 16. Stage Two StructureInsight and Communication After you address their biggest problem see if it changes the balance of power. 16
  17. 17. Stage ThreeRefine, Increase Resistance Technique and Speed of Play Fine tune an already well played game. Increase the level of difficulty and demands. Introduce new problems and solutions. 17
  18. 18. Stage FourAnswers Have Been Internalized A Permanent Change in Behavior The player’s response to the problem has been internalized. The solution is transferred to different games. “Learning is a permanent change in behavior.” 18
  19. 19. The End Thank you. 19

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