THINKBIKE WORKSHOPS
WASHINGTON, DC
Philosophy and measures for increasing
bikeability
Cor van der Klaauw,
senior advisor o...
Royal cycling
2maandag 15 november 2010
Mainstream bicycling
How to achieve
3
?
3maandag 15 november 2010
Benefits for society
 Sustainability
 Accessibility
 Health
 Liveability
 Economics
4
4maandag 15 november 2010
Of course: sustainability
 No CO2-emission (Reduction in the Netherlands: 2.4 million tons)
 Efficient
 Reduction of gl...
Accessibility
Consequences in urban areas:
 More efficient use of transport infrastructure
 Better traffic flow in all D...
Health
Cyclists versus non-cyclists
 Increase of life expectancy by 3 years
 Age healthier (10 years)
 Decrease of dise...
Liveability
 Cycling brings more joy and happiness in everybody's life
 No traffic noise
 No fine particles and Nitro-o...
Economics
 Reduction of commuting costs
 Less need to build expensive parking lots
 More efficient transport
 Sustaina...
Netherlands: bicycling paradise10
10maandag 15 november 2010
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
Joy Fear Anger Sadness Aversion
Car
Bicycle
Public Transport
Emotions linked to way of tran...
0%
5%
10%
15%
20%
25%
30%
the
N
etherlandsD
enm
ark
G
erm
any
Austria
Sw
itzerland
Belgium
Sw
eden
Italy
France
G
reatBrit...
0
0,20
0,40
0,60
0,80
1,00
1,20
the
N
etherlandsD
enm
ark
G
erm
any
Sw
eden
Finland
Belgium
Italy
England
Austria
France
S...
Source: RWS/AVV 2005 /MON 2005
0
1,75
3,50
5,25
7,00
0-12 12-16 16-18 18-20 20-25 25-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 60-65 65-75 >75 ...
Source: RWS/AVV 2005 /MON 2005
0
0,50
1,00
1,50
2,00
Age 0-12 12-16 16-18 18-20 20-25 25-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 60-65 65-75 ...
16
16maandag 15 november 2010
•0
•200
•400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005
Bicyclekmpppy
0
...
Trip mode
•0%
•10%
•20%
•30%
•40%
•50%
•60%
•70%
•80%
•90%
•100%
•Commutertravel
•Businesstrips
•Services/personal
•care
•...
19
19maandag 15 november 2010
 Joy! Freedom, flexibility,
being outside
 It’s very convenient
 Relaxing
 Safe (Perceived safety)
 Cheap
 Health be...
time
21
Cost-benefit-ratio
+
_
0
Bristol 10 years
Davis, CA 40 years
Munich, Basel
Portland, OR 15 years
Washington, DC 15...
22
22maandag 15 november 2010
Washington NL
Cycling part of everyone’s transport options √ √√
Guidelines fit for promoting mainstream cycling √ √√
Abili...
24
Marketing of cycling in Washington is very good!
24maandag 15 november 2010
Road categorization
Mixed traffic, reduce speed differences
Bicycle infrastructure
Make bike infrastructure recognizable (...
Main highways
Distributor roads
Access roads
26
Three road categories
26maandag 15 november 2010
No biking on highways
Distributor roads
Access roads
27
Bicycle traffic facilities
27maandag 15 november 2010
28
Cyclepath along highway
28maandag 15 november 2010
29
Separation: designated bike lane
29maandag 15 november 2010
Smooth surfaces
Minimum stops
Protection against weather (wind)
30
Separate bike lanes
30maandag 15 november 2010
 Cyclists protected by parked cars and road design – no dooring
31
A perfect example of separation
31maandag 15 november ...
32
Recognizable infrastructure (color)
32maandag 15 november 2010
33
33maandag 15 november 2010
34
34maandag 15 november 2010
35
35maandag 15 november 2010
36
36maandag 15 november 2010
37
37maandag 15 november 2010
38
Contraflow cycling
38maandag 15 november 2010
39
Not everything is OK
39maandag 15 november 2010
40
Bicycle markings
40maandag 15 november 2010
41
Bike box and bike traffic lights
41maandag 15 november 2010
Speed bumps
25 mph-zones
Home zones “woonerf”(10 mph)
42
Mixed traffic - less cars
42maandag 15 november 2010
Speed bump
43
43maandag 15 november 2010
Cycle route
Car stays behind bicycle
44
Bicycle street
44maandag 15 november 2010
45
Shortcuts for cyclists
45maandag 15 november 2010
Philosophy by Dutch enforcement:
Car drivers
should take full responsibility for driving a car which
may cause death or in...
47
Education
47maandag 15 november 2010
48
Signposting
48maandag 15 november 2010
49
Make it convenient .. Parking
49maandag 15 november 2010
50
Make it convenient .. Bike-transit integration
50maandag 15 november 2010
51
Bike-transit integration
51maandag 15 november 2010
Cycling, a world to conquer
52
52maandag 15 november 2010
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Opening session Thinkbike

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Dutch and local bike experts, planners, advocates, engineers and business people came together in the COG Board Room during the opening session to discuss how Washington, D.C. can become more bike-friendly.

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Opening session Thinkbike

  1. 1. THINKBIKE WORKSHOPS WASHINGTON, DC Philosophy and measures for increasing bikeability Cor van der Klaauw, senior advisor of the province of Groningen member of the Dutch Bike Council 1maandag 15 november 2010
  2. 2. Royal cycling 2maandag 15 november 2010
  3. 3. Mainstream bicycling How to achieve 3 ? 3maandag 15 november 2010
  4. 4. Benefits for society  Sustainability  Accessibility  Health  Liveability  Economics 4 4maandag 15 november 2010
  5. 5. Of course: sustainability  No CO2-emission (Reduction in the Netherlands: 2.4 million tons)  Efficient  Reduction of global footprint  Alleviates global warming 5 5maandag 15 november 2010
  6. 6. Accessibility Consequences in urban areas:  More efficient use of transport infrastructure  Better traffic flow in all Dutch towns  Easier access to towns, business areas etc.  Shorter travel times (the bike is the fastest means of transport in town)  Less congestion  Efficient parking (8 bicycles for 1 car) 6 6maandag 15 november 2010
  7. 7. Health Cyclists versus non-cyclists  Increase of life expectancy by 3 years  Age healthier (10 years)  Decrease of diseases (e.g. obesity, heart and coronary diseases, Alzheimer)  Less overweight children and more physically fit  Independent and self-confident youth  Reduction of healthcare costs  Work absenteeism reduction (10-15%) 7 7maandag 15 november 2010
  8. 8. Liveability  Cycling brings more joy and happiness in everybody's life  No traffic noise  No fine particles and Nitro-oxides  Social integration within town 8 8maandag 15 november 2010
  9. 9. Economics  Reduction of commuting costs  Less need to build expensive parking lots  More efficient transport  Sustainable economic growth  Increase of sales in shops  Reduction of 10-15% in work absenteeism  Every mile by car costs $ 0.40  Every mile by bike gains $ 0.19 9 9maandag 15 november 2010
  10. 10. Netherlands: bicycling paradise10 10maandag 15 november 2010
  11. 11. 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Joy Fear Anger Sadness Aversion Car Bicycle Public Transport Emotions linked to way of transport 11maandag 15 november 2010
  12. 12. 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% the N etherlandsD enm ark G erm any Austria Sw itzerland Belgium Sw eden Italy France G reatBritain 2% 5%5% 7% 8% 9%9% 10% 19% 27% 12 Bicycling in European countries 12maandag 15 november 2010
  13. 13. 0 0,20 0,40 0,60 0,80 1,00 1,20 the N etherlandsD enm ark G erm any Sw eden Finland Belgium Italy England Austria France Spain 0,18 0,34 0,400,40 0,45 0,50 0,63 0,67 0,77 0,83 1,11 13 Number of cycles per inhabitant 13maandag 15 november 2010
  14. 14. Source: RWS/AVV 2005 /MON 2005 0 1,75 3,50 5,25 7,00 0-12 12-16 16-18 18-20 20-25 25-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 60-65 65-75 >75 Avg Dailycovereddistance(km) Women Men 14 Average daily distance by gender 14maandag 15 november 2010
  15. 15. Source: RWS/AVV 2005 /MON 2005 0 0,50 1,00 1,50 2,00 Age 0-12 12-16 16-18 18-20 20-25 25-30 30-40 40-50 50-60 60-65 65-75 >75 Avg Dailynr.oftrips Women Men 15 Average daily number of trips by gender 15maandag 15 november 2010
  16. 16. 16 16maandag 15 november 2010
  17. 17. •0 •200 •400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1800 1950 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 Bicyclekmpppy 0 10 20 30 40 50 Cyclefatalitiesperbillionbicyclekm Bicycle use safety 1950 –1975: - Suburbanization - Car use - Transport policy 1975 - now: - Suburbanization - Car use + Transport policy + Sustainability & Health 17 17maandag 15 november 2010
  18. 18. Trip mode •0% •10% •20% •30% •40% •50% •60% •70% •80% •90% •100% •Commutertravel •Businesstrips •Services/personal •care •Shopping •Education •Visit/stay •Social •recreational •Touring/hiking •Other Total Car Bicycle 18 18maandag 15 november 2010
  19. 19. 19 19maandag 15 november 2010
  20. 20.  Joy! Freedom, flexibility, being outside  It’s very convenient  Relaxing  Safe (Perceived safety)  Cheap  Health benefit  The fastest way to go about town  Easy to combine with other modes of transport [more] 20 What makes the Dutch cycle? 20maandag 15 november 2010
  21. 21. time 21 Cost-benefit-ratio + _ 0 Bristol 10 years Davis, CA 40 years Munich, Basel Portland, OR 15 years Washington, DC 15 years Investment in time ➞ Amsterdam Cost-benefit-ratio of cycling investments over time 21maandag 15 november 2010
  22. 22. 22 22maandag 15 november 2010
  23. 23. Washington NL Cycling part of everyone’s transport options √ √√ Guidelines fit for promoting mainstream cycling √ √√ Ability to bike (+cycling education) √ √√ Cycling done by all ages √ √√ Law enforcement and system to protect cyclists √ Helmet use √√ Bike safety √√ Cycling to school √√√ Political support for cycling √ √√√ Image of cycling √ √√ Image of cyclists √√ Bike integrated in transport planning √√ Bike-transit integration √ √√ Space for more biking √√  23 Washington versus the Netherlands 23maandag 15 november 2010
  24. 24. 24 Marketing of cycling in Washington is very good! 24maandag 15 november 2010
  25. 25. Road categorization Mixed traffic, reduce speed differences Bicycle infrastructure Make bike infrastructure recognizable (color!) Bicycle facilities Protect cyclists by law enforcement 25 Dutch solutions 25maandag 15 november 2010
  26. 26. Main highways Distributor roads Access roads 26 Three road categories 26maandag 15 november 2010
  27. 27. No biking on highways Distributor roads Access roads 27 Bicycle traffic facilities 27maandag 15 november 2010
  28. 28. 28 Cyclepath along highway 28maandag 15 november 2010
  29. 29. 29 Separation: designated bike lane 29maandag 15 november 2010
  30. 30. Smooth surfaces Minimum stops Protection against weather (wind) 30 Separate bike lanes 30maandag 15 november 2010
  31. 31.  Cyclists protected by parked cars and road design – no dooring 31 A perfect example of separation 31maandag 15 november 2010
  32. 32. 32 Recognizable infrastructure (color) 32maandag 15 november 2010
  33. 33. 33 33maandag 15 november 2010
  34. 34. 34 34maandag 15 november 2010
  35. 35. 35 35maandag 15 november 2010
  36. 36. 36 36maandag 15 november 2010
  37. 37. 37 37maandag 15 november 2010
  38. 38. 38 Contraflow cycling 38maandag 15 november 2010
  39. 39. 39 Not everything is OK 39maandag 15 november 2010
  40. 40. 40 Bicycle markings 40maandag 15 november 2010
  41. 41. 41 Bike box and bike traffic lights 41maandag 15 november 2010
  42. 42. Speed bumps 25 mph-zones Home zones “woonerf”(10 mph) 42 Mixed traffic - less cars 42maandag 15 november 2010
  43. 43. Speed bump 43 43maandag 15 november 2010
  44. 44. Cycle route Car stays behind bicycle 44 Bicycle street 44maandag 15 november 2010
  45. 45. 45 Shortcuts for cyclists 45maandag 15 november 2010
  46. 46. Philosophy by Dutch enforcement: Car drivers should take full responsibility for driving a car which may cause death or injury should be aware of the capricious nature of cyclists (esp. children) are always liable when an accident happens Cyclists should stick to traffic rules 46 Liability and enforcement 46maandag 15 november 2010
  47. 47. 47 Education 47maandag 15 november 2010
  48. 48. 48 Signposting 48maandag 15 november 2010
  49. 49. 49 Make it convenient .. Parking 49maandag 15 november 2010
  50. 50. 50 Make it convenient .. Bike-transit integration 50maandag 15 november 2010
  51. 51. 51 Bike-transit integration 51maandag 15 november 2010
  52. 52. Cycling, a world to conquer 52 52maandag 15 november 2010

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