Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Increasing the impact of     journal articles                       James Bisset          Academic Liaison Librarian      ...
Session outline• Importance of getting your research read• Individual citations• Where to publish  – High ranking: journal...
Quick survey…•   WoK/WoS             •   JIF•   JCR                 •   Eigenfactor•   SciVerse Scopus     •   SCImagoJR• ...
Importance of getting your research read
Getting your research read• Making research visible• Why?  – Establishing research profile  – Research Evaluation Framewor...
(2008) Taylor and Francis LibSite Newsletter, issue 9. p. 2
(2008) Taylor and Francis LibSite Newsletter, issue 9. p. 3
Things to consider•   Impact does not always = excellence•   Citation cultures vary across disciplines•   Publication cult...
Individual citations
Citations to individual papers• Links between papers that have something in  common• Tool to make connections• Building on...
Web of Science• 1955 Eugene Garfield - the idea of creating a  citation index for science to… “eliminate the uncritical ci...
Web of Science• 1955 Eugene Garfield - the idea of measuring  the “impact” of journal articles using citations• 1960s Scie...
Science subjectsSocial-science subjects                   (2008) Taylor and Francis LibSite Newsletter, issue 9. p. 5
SciVerse Scopus• Launched in 2004 by Elsevier• Serious competition to Web of Science• Main emphasis on science initially b...
Google Scholar• Data for broader range of documents e.g.  books, reports• Contributes to higher number of citations• More ...
Publishers•   List of references•   Can pull citation data from other providers•   Some link to references and cited works...
Things you can do•   Count citations•   Link to other related articles•   Set up citation alerts•   Search for cited refer...
Activity• Use Web of Science to try a citation search for  an article and look at the citation report• Look for the same a...
Measuring & monitoring citations• Counting citations – WoS, Scopus, JStor, SD,  publishers and GS• Linked references – WoS...
Individual citations – author metrics
Citation metrics• h-index (Hirsch, 2005)  – An author’s number of articles (h) that have received at    least h citations ...
Author: Smith, JHas written and published 9 articles (a-i), whichhave been cited as follows: a:3, b:6, c:6, d:2, e:13, f:3...
Author: Smith, JHas written and published 9 articles (a-i), whichhave been cited as follows: a:3, b:6, c:6, d:2, e:13, f:3...
Author: Smith, JHas written and published 9 articles (a-i), whichhave been cited as follows: a:3, b:6, c:6, d:2, e:13, f:3...
Author: Smith, JHas written and published 9 articles (a-i), whichhave been cited as follows: a:3, b:6, c:6, d:2, e:13, f:3...
Author: Smith, JHas written and published 9 articles (a-i), whichhave been cited as follows: a:3, b:6, c:6, d:2, e:13, f:3...
Author: Smith, JHas written and published 9 articles (a-i), whichhave been cited as follows: a:3, b:6, c:6, d:2, e:13, f:3...
Publish or Perish software• Anne-Wil Harzing (2006) current version: 3.8.1 (Oct  2012)• Aimed at individual researchers• A...
Google Scholar Citations• Aimed at individual researchers• To keep track of citations to their papers• Free to register yo...
Where to publish - Journal metrics
Journal impact – JCR• Uses citations to measure impact of a journal,  mainly for science and social science subjects• Impa...
Impact factor                Citations in 2011 (in journals indexed                in Web of Knowledge) to all articlesJou...
Activity• Look up a journal or subject area on Journal  Citation Reports via Web of Knowledge
Journal impact – Eigenfactor•   Uses WoS data•   Get scores based on broader algorithms•   Uses variety of document types•...
Journal impact – SCImagoJR• Uses data from SCOPUS• Average number of weighted citations  received in given SJR year by doc...
Activity• Use Eigenfactor or SCImago to look at  different types of ranking available for a  journal and compare with its ...
Where to publish - Open Access
Open Access Publishing• Open Access movement  – making publicly funded (and other) research freely    available  – brief o...
Open Access Publishing• Journals  – Open Access Journal = free at point of access but    usually charge author a fee (Arti...
Open Access Publishing• Harvesters  – OAIster (http://library.dur.ac.uk/search)  – DRIVER (http://search.driver.research- ...
Activity• Use JULIET to find your funder or one in your  subject area• Look at subject or institutional repository or  har...
Optimising ‘Citability’ –thinking about your title      and abstract
Optimizing your “citability”• Construct a clear, descriptive title• Reiterate key phrases in the abstract• Improve ranking...
Australias Forgotten VictimsEver since the British colonists in Australia became aware of thedisappearance of the indigeno...
Genocide and Holocaust           Consciousness in AustraliaEver since the British colonists in Australia became aware of t...
Conclusions• Different resources give different results for author  and publication impact• Need to understand what is bei...
ReferencesHirsch, J.E. (2005) An index to quantify an individual’s scientific research   output. PNAS. 102(46): 16569-1657...
Evaluation    Please fill in the evaluation form – your       comments are greatly appreciated!For more information contac...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Increasing impact of journal articles (web version)

1,460 views

Published on

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

Increasing impact of journal articles (web version)

  1. 1. Increasing the impact of journal articles James Bisset Academic Liaison Librarian (Research Support)
  2. 2. Session outline• Importance of getting your research read• Individual citations• Where to publish – High ranking: journal citation reports – Improving your citation count: Open Access and repositories• Optimising “citability”
  3. 3. Quick survey…• WoK/WoS • JIF• JCR • Eigenfactor• SciVerse Scopus • SCImagoJR• PoP software • SNIP• JULIET • h – index
  4. 4. Importance of getting your research read
  5. 5. Getting your research read• Making research visible• Why? – Establishing research profile – Research Evaluation Framework• How? – Reputable publishing routes – New routes – Networks
  6. 6. (2008) Taylor and Francis LibSite Newsletter, issue 9. p. 2
  7. 7. (2008) Taylor and Francis LibSite Newsletter, issue 9. p. 3
  8. 8. Things to consider• Impact does not always = excellence• Citation cultures vary across disciplines• Publication cultures vary too• Research careers have different stages
  9. 9. Individual citations
  10. 10. Citations to individual papers• Links between papers that have something in common• Tool to make connections• Building on or challenging research• Help make a judgement about impact an article has made• Sum of citations useful indication of impact of an author
  11. 11. Web of Science• 1955 Eugene Garfield - the idea of creating a citation index for science to… “eliminate the uncritical citation of fraudulent, incomplete or obsolete data by making it possible for the conscientious scholar to be aware of criticisms of earlier papers.” Garfield, E (1955) ‘Citation Indexes for Science’ Science, New Series, Vol. 122, No. 3159, pp. 108-111
  12. 12. Web of Science• 1955 Eugene Garfield - the idea of measuring the “impact” of journal articles using citations• 1960s Science Citation Index developed to highlight “formal, explicit linkages between papers that have particular points in common” – (now part of Thomson Reuters WoS)• 1975 Journal Citation Reports – uses WoS data to rank journals within subject categories
  13. 13. Science subjectsSocial-science subjects (2008) Taylor and Francis LibSite Newsletter, issue 9. p. 5
  14. 14. SciVerse Scopus• Launched in 2004 by Elsevier• Serious competition to Web of Science• Main emphasis on science initially but broader now• Currently indexes 18,700 ‘active’ journals plus conference proceedings• No access via Durham as we have WoK
  15. 15. Google Scholar• Data for broader range of documents e.g. books, reports• Contributes to higher number of citations• More useful for recent documents• Useful for subjects not covered by WoS• Trace developments/versions of same paper
  16. 16. Publishers• List of references• Can pull citation data from other providers• Some link to references and cited works• Alerts depend on citation in another journal published by same publisher
  17. 17. Things you can do• Count citations• Link to other related articles• Set up citation alerts• Search for cited references• See citation reports for journals and authors• Citation mapping • Web of Science DEMO
  18. 18. Activity• Use Web of Science to try a citation search for an article and look at the citation report• Look for the same article in Google Scholar. How do the number of citations vary using Google Scholar?
  19. 19. Measuring & monitoring citations• Counting citations – WoS, Scopus, JStor, SD, publishers and GS• Linked references – WoS, Scopus, JStor, publishers• Citation alerts –WoS, Scopus, publishers & GS• Cited Reference Search – WoS, Scopus• Citation Report – WoS, Scopus• Map citations to find related material – WoS
  20. 20. Individual citations – author metrics
  21. 21. Citation metrics• h-index (Hirsch, 2005) – An author’s number of articles (h) that have received at least h citations – a researcher with an h-index of 10 has published 10 articles that have each been cited at least 10 times• g-index (Egghe, 2006) – The highest number (g) of papers that together received g2 or more citations – a researcher with a g-index of, say, 10 has published 10 papers that together have been cited at least 100 times
  22. 22. Author: Smith, JHas written and published 9 articles (a-i), whichhave been cited as follows: a:3, b:6, c:6, d:2, e:13, f:3, g:0, h:1, i:3H-index:“no. of articles (n) that have received at least ncitations”
  23. 23. Author: Smith, JHas written and published 9 articles (a-i), whichhave been cited as follows: a:3, b:6, c:6, d:2, e:13, f:3, g:0, h:1, i:3H-index: 3 (at least 3 References with 3 or more citations)“no. of articles (n) that have received at least ncitations”
  24. 24. Author: Smith, JHas written and published 9 articles (a-i), whichhave been cited as follows: a:3, b:6, c:6, d:2, e:13, f:3, g:0, h:1, i:3H-index: not 4 ( only 3 References with 4 or more citations)“no. of articles (n) that have received at least ncitations”
  25. 25. Author: Smith, JHas written and published 9 articles (a-i), whichhave been cited as follows: a:3, b:6, c:6, d:2, e:13, f:3, g:0, h:1, i:3G-index:“The highest number (g) of papers that togetherreceived g2 or more citations”
  26. 26. Author: Smith, JHas written and published 9 articles (a-i), whichhave been cited as follows: a:3, b:6, c:6, d:2, e:13, f:3, g:0, h:1, i:3G-index: 5 (5x5 =25… top 5 cited articles= 31)“The highest number (g) of papers that togetherreceived g2 or more citations”
  27. 27. Author: Smith, JHas written and published 9 articles (a-i), whichhave been cited as follows: a:3, b:6, c:6, d:2, e:13, f:3, g:0, h:1, i:3G-index: not 6 (6x6 =36… top 6 cited articles= 34)“The highest number (g) of papers that togetherreceived g2 or more citations”
  28. 28. Publish or Perish software• Anne-Wil Harzing (2006) current version: 3.8.1 (Oct 2012)• Aimed at individual researchers• Analyze their own performance using a range of metrics• Free to download• PoP Book: your guide to effective and responsible citation analysis. 2010• http://www.harzing.com/pop.htm
  29. 29. Google Scholar Citations• Aimed at individual researchers• To keep track of citations to their papers• Free to register your account and set up your profile• http://scholar.google.com/intl/en/scholar/cita tions.html
  30. 30. Where to publish - Journal metrics
  31. 31. Journal impact – JCR• Uses citations to measure impact of a journal, mainly for science and social science subjects• Impact factor = average number of citations in a year given to those papers in a journal that were published during the two preceding years• A journal that is cited once, on average, for each article published has an JIF of 1.
  32. 32. Impact factor Citations in 2011 (in journals indexed in Web of Knowledge) to all articlesJournal published by Journal X in 2009 & 2010X’s 2011 impact = factor Number of articles (deemed to be citable by Web of Knowledge) that were published in Journal X in 2009 & 2010 Web of Knowledge
  33. 33. Activity• Look up a journal or subject area on Journal Citation Reports via Web of Knowledge
  34. 34. Journal impact – Eigenfactor• Uses WoS data• Get scores based on broader algorithms• Uses variety of document types• Visualisations – interactive browser useful for publishing in another disciplines Eigenfactor
  35. 35. Journal impact – SCImagoJR• Uses data from SCOPUS• Average number of weighted citations received in given SJR year by documents published in preceding three years.• Ranking weights article cited in high ranking journal rather than treating all citations the same• SNIP – source normalized impact per paper ScimagoJR
  36. 36. Activity• Use Eigenfactor or SCImago to look at different types of ranking available for a journal and compare with its impact factor in Web of Knowledge
  37. 37. Where to publish - Open Access
  38. 38. Open Access Publishing• Open Access movement – making publicly funded (and other) research freely available – brief overview of OA and recent changes http://www.slideshare.net/bissetjm/oa-work-in- progress-pdf – Research Councils and other funders’ mandates, see JULIET
  39. 39. Open Access Publishing• Journals – Open Access Journal = free at point of access but usually charge author a fee (Article Processing Charge) – DOAJ, Journal Info• Repositories – General listing: OpenDOAR – Subject: arXiv – Institutional: Durham Research Online (DRO) – See RoMEO, find out if a publisher allows deposit
  40. 40. Open Access Publishing• Harvesters – OAIster (http://library.dur.ac.uk/search) – DRIVER (http://search.driver.research- infrastructures.eu/ ) – ROAR (http://roar.eprints.org/content.html ) – Google Scholar – not just OA material
  41. 41. Activity• Use JULIET to find your funder or one in your subject area• Look at subject or institutional repository or harvester for relevant research articles
  42. 42. Optimising ‘Citability’ –thinking about your title and abstract
  43. 43. Optimizing your “citability”• Construct a clear, descriptive title• Reiterate key phrases in the abstract• Improve ranking in databases and search engines• Human decision-making• Easier to find = more likely to be read = more likely to be cited• Downloads beginning to count as impact (eg PLoS) Wiley Blackwell guidelines http://authorservices.wiley.com/bauthor/seo.asp
  44. 44. Australias Forgotten VictimsEver since the British colonists in Australia became aware of thedisappearance of the indigenous peoples in the 1830s, they havecontrived to excuse themselves by pointing to the effects of disease anddisplacement. Many colonists called for the extermination of Aborigineswhen they impeded settlement by offering resistance, yet there was nowidespread public acknowledgement of this as a policy until the later1960s, when a critical school of historians began serious investigations offrontier violence. Their efforts received official endorsement in the 1990s,but profound cultural barriers prevent the development of a generalawareness of this. Conservative and right-wing figures continue to playdown the gravity of what transpired. These two aspects of Australianpublic memory are central to the political humanisation of the country.
  45. 45. Genocide and Holocaust Consciousness in AustraliaEver since the British colonists in Australia became aware of thedisappearance of the indigenous peoples in the 1830s, they have contrivedto excuse themselves by pointing to the effects of disease anddisplacement. Yet although genocide was not a term used in the nineteenthcentury, extermination was, and many colonists called for the exterminationof Aborigines when they impeded settlement by offeringresistance. Consciousness of genocide was suppressed during the twentiethcentury until the later 1960s, when a critical school of historians beganserious investigations of frontier violence. Their efforts received officialendorsement in the 1990s, but profound cultural barriers prevent thedevelopment of a general genocide consciousness. One of theseis Holocaust consciousness, which is used by conservative and right-wingfigures to play down the gravity of what transpired in Australia. These twoaspects of Australian public memory are central to the politicalhumanisation of the country.
  46. 46. Conclusions• Different resources give different results for author and publication impact• Need to understand what is being measured• Citations can be an indicator of article or author impact• Journal rankings give an idea of which journals are cited most frequently• Open Access increases reach of research• Need to consider what will attract readers
  47. 47. ReferencesHirsch, J.E. (2005) An index to quantify an individual’s scientific research output. PNAS. 102(46): 16569-16572 (original h-index paper)Smeyers, P & Burbules, N.C. (2011) How to improve your impact factor: questioning the quantification of academic quality. Journal of Philosophy of Education. 45(1): 1-17Van Noorden, R. (2010) A profusion of measures. Nature. 465: 864-866 (has a handy “field guide to metrics”) . Part of a Nature special issue at www.nature.com/metricswww.journalmetrics.com (2010) The evolution of journal assessment. (compares SCIMagoJR, AI, SNIP and JIF metrics in table at the end)
  48. 48. Evaluation Please fill in the evaluation form – your comments are greatly appreciated!For more information contact James Bisset – James.bisset@durham.ac.uk

×