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Wearables & Smart Homes

Presentation on Wearables and Smart Homes that I gave in March 2018. Internet of Things. Includes IoT security best practice resources

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Wearables & Smart Homes

  1. 1. Internet  of  Things  (IoT) Wearables  &  Smart  Homes March  2018 Duncan  Purves 2  Insight @purvesd
  2. 2. Wearables
  3. 3. Wearables  – Technology  &  Personal  Data Apple  Watch  Series  3   § GPS  and  GLONASS § Bluetooth  4.2 § WiFi  (802.11  b/g/n  2.4 GHz) § LTE  (Option) § Barometric  altimeter,  Heart  rate  sensor § Accelerometer  and  Gyroscope,  Light Credit:  Apple Wearables  open  an  entirely  new  avenue  for  data  collection Ø People  need  be  mindful  of  how  they  share  this  data
  4. 4. Fitness  tracker  data  'reveal  locations  of  military   bases  and  personnel' A  portion  of  the  Strava  Labs  heat  map  from  Kandahar  Airfield  in  Afghanistan Credit:  Strava  labs   § In  November  2017,  Strava  released  a  a  data  visualisation  map  that  shows  all  the   activity  tracked  by  users  of  its  app,  which  allows  people  to  record  their  exercise  and   share  it  with  others § “Twitter  users  have  identified  locations  including  a  suspected  CIA  base  in  Somalia,  a   Patriot  missile  defense  system  site  in  Yemen  and  US  special  operations  bases  in  the   Sahel  region  of  Africa.” § February  2018,  Strava  make  it  easier  to  Opt-­Out  (Toggle)  of  it’s  Heat  Maps  feature
  5. 5. Smart  Glasses Google  Glass  Enterprise  Edition Microsoft  HoloLens Vuzix  Blade Amazon  Alexa  Enabled Magic  Leap  One:  Creator  Edition
  6. 6. Smart  Glasses  that  look  normal  -­ Intel  Vaunt § Less  than  50  grams § Small  heads-­up style  display in  your  peripheral  vision § Very  low-­powered  laser  (VCSEL)  shines  a  red,  monochrome  image  approx.  400  x   150  pixels  onto  a  holographic  reflector  on  the  glasses’  right  lens § Image is  then  reflected  into  the  back  of  your  eyeball,  directly  onto  the  retina § Red  text  and  icons  down  in  the  lower  right  of  your  visual  field § works  equally  well  on  prescription  glasses  as  it  does  on  non-­prescription  lenses § Bluetooth with  either  an  Android phone  or  an  iPhone   Intel  will  launch  an  “early  access  program”  for  developers  later  this  year
  7. 7. Smart  Clothes Levi's  Commuter  Trucker  Jacket  -­ Google’s  Project  Jacquard Left-­hand  cuff,  which  works  as  a  touchpad  to  communicate  with  the  phone
  8. 8. Smart  Clothes  Example  -­ Hexoskin  Smart  Shirts Have  been  trialed  with  Dubai  Police  and  a  Department  of  Homeland  Security  to   transmit  vital  signs  data  back  to  a  Control  Centre
  9. 9. Smart  Clothes  Example  -­ Skinn Skiin  – “ships  Summer  2018”
  10. 10. Body  Armour  utilising  Conductive  Yarns     VOLT  smart  yarns  enable  impact  sensors  to  be  fitted  to  police  body   armor  to  wirelessly  transmit  vital  information  back  to  headquarters Credit:  Supreme  Corporation
  11. 11. Wearables  -­ Healthcare Diabetes  – Blood  Sugar  Level  Monitoring § A  small  sensor  automatically  measures  glucose  in  the interstitial  fluid § Sensor  continuously  stores  (up  to  8  hours  of  data)  glucose  readings  day  and   night § Reader  can  capture  (NFC)  the  data  from  sensor  when  it  is  placed  between   1cm  to  4cm  from  sensor Source:  Abbott  Diabetes  Care,  FreeStyle  Libre
  12. 12. Wearables  Technology  – New  Developments § Print  circuits  on  flexible,  stretchable  substrates  using  silver   nanowires § Developed  by  North  Carolina  State  University
  13. 13. Wearables  Technology  – New  Developments § Customisable,  fabric-­like  power  source  – supercapacitor § Works  like  a  fast-­charging  battery § Structure  and  shape  can  be  changed  after  it  is  manufactured § Can  be  cut,  folded  or  stretched  without  losing  its  function § Developed  by  Nanyang  Technological  University § YouTube:
  14. 14. Wearables  Technology  – New  Developments § Flexible lithium battery for wearable electronics § Shaped like a spine § Design enables remarkable flexibility, high energy density § Stable voltage no matter how it is flexed or twisted § Developed by Columbia Engineering § YouTube:
  15. 15. Wearables  – Healthcare  Developments   Source:  Edema  ApS § A  wearable,  washable  stocking § Monitors  and  measures  changes  in  leg  volume  for  patients  suffering  from  edema  (fluid   accumulation  or  swelling)  of  the  lower  limbs § Allows  for  more  intensive  monitoring  for  stages  of  the  disease  and  provides  better   opportunities  for  early  and  timely  medical  intervention
  16. 16. Wearables  -­ Healthcare  Developments   § Optic  fibers  can  be  manufactured  directly  into  textiles  as  thread  to  make  the  emitters   and  detectors  for  a  heart-­rate  sensor § By  sending  light  through  the  tissue  and  measuring  the  light  intensity  that  changes   with  the  pulse  as  it  returns  to  the  detector,  you  can  determine  the  heart  rate § Or  to  monitor  skin  circulation  to  prevent  bed  sores § Able  to  withstand  a  disinfection  wash  cycle Source:  Empa
  17. 17. Wearables  – Healthcare  Developments A  rubber  power  plant: § Flexible  material  that  generates  electricity  when  stressed § Could  be  used  as  a  sensor,  integrated  into  clothing  o § Or  even  implanted  in  the  human  body,  for  instance,  to  power  a  pacemaker § Developed  by  Researchers  from  Empa
  18. 18. Wearables  – Healthcare  Developments Ohio  State  University  is  working  on  integrating  antennas  and  circuits   into  clothing  for  the  future  of  healthcare  monitoring  and  treatment  
  19. 19. Wearables  – Healthcare  Developments § Stretchable,  polymer  circuitry  with  integrated  touch-­sensors  to  detect  the   delicate  footprint  of  an  artificial  ladybug § Two  inch  square  of  material  containing  more  than  6,000  individual  signal-­ processing  devices  that  act  like  synthetic  nerve  endings § Encapsulated  in  a  waterproof  protective  layer § Method  to  mass  produce  this  new  class  of  flexible,  stretchable  electronics § Developed  by  Stanford  University Image  credit:  L.A.  Cicero
  20. 20. Wearables  – Healthcare  Developments § Nanomesh  skin  sensor  can  be  worn  on  the  skin  continuously  for  a  week  without  causing  inflammation § Sensor  can  measure  temperature,  pressure,  myoelectricity  (the  electrical  properties  of  muscle)and   Electrocardiogram  recording § Flexible  skin  display  is  about  1  millimeter  thick § Can  show  the  moving  waveform  of  an  electrocardiogram  recorded  by  a  breathable,  on-­skin  electrode   sensor § Combined  with  a  wireless  communication  module,  this  integrated  biomedical  sensor  system  can   transmit  biometric  data  to  the  Cloud § Developed  by  a  collaboration  between  researchers  at  the  University  of  Tokyo's  Graduate  School  of   Engineering  and  Dai  Nippon  Printing
  21. 21. Smart  Homes
  22. 22. My  Smart  Home  -­ 3  Years  ago  my  boiler  broke I  decided  to  replace  it  with  a  boiler  controlled  by  the Honeywell  ‘Smart’  Evohome system With  wireless  (868MHz)  connected  thermostats § After  2  weeks  I  got  bored  playing  with  the  Smartphone  app  and   disconnected  the  Honeywell  Hub § It  was  a  standalone  system  – did  not  interoperate  with  any  other   appliance/device  in  my  home § I  did  not  like  that  all  my  usage  data  was  was  being  sent  to  Honeywell  
  23. 23. My  Smart  Home  – 3  Years  on I  still  have  the  same  Honeywell  Evohome  System Do  I  upgrade? Tempting But  which  System  do  I  choose?
  24. 24. Voice  “the  next  great  interface”  +  Battle  of  the   Home  Hubs Orwellian  nightmare:  "they"  are  always  listening Google   Home Apple   Homepod Amazon  Echo  Plus  +  Echo  Show
  25. 25. Google  Home  – ’Works  with  Nest’  &  Chromecast Google  Home  voice  commands  interact  with  services  through  Google  Assistant ‘Works  with  Nest’  utilises  Nest’s  Weave network  application  layer  communications  protocol Ø Enable  asynchronous,  symmetric,  device-­to-­device,  device-­to-­mobile and  device-­to-­cloud communications  for  control  path  and  data  path  messaging Ø Works  over  Thread,  WiFi  &  Cellular
  26. 26. Amazon  Smart  Home  – Amazon  Echo § Echo devices  use  voice service  Alexa  to control  and  check  the  status  of  3rd party  cloud-­connected  devices  using  the  Smart  Home  Skill  API § Echo  Plus  has  built  in  ZigBee  Smart  Home  Hub­the-­smart-­home-­skill-­api.html
  27. 27. Apple  Smart  Home  – HomePod Hub § Uses  voice service  Siri  to control  and  check  the  status  of  3rd party   cloud-­connected  devices  using  Apple’s  HomeKit platform
  28. 28. IoT  Security Should  you  be  worried?
  29. 29. It's  official:  Hearts  can  be  hacked § The  FDA  confirmed  that  St.  Jude  Medical's  implantable  cardiac  devices  have   vulnerabilities  that  could  allow  a  hacker  to  access  a  device § Once  in,  they  could  deplete  the  battery  or  administer  incorrect  pacing  or   shocks Images  Source:   St.  Jude   Medical  part  of  Abbott
  30. 30. Denial  of  Service
  31. 31. Ransomware
  32. 32. Privacy  -­ The  House  that  Spied  on  Me Dec  2017,  Kashmir  Hill  converted  her  apartment  in  Sans  Francisco  into  Smart   Home § She  connected  her  lights,  coffee  maker,  baby  monitor,  kid’s  toys,  vacuum,   TV,  toothbrush,  photo  frame,  security  camera,  air  quality  sensors,  and  bed § A  Raspberry  Pi  based  router  was  used  to  to  monitor  the  devices  monitoring   her­house-­that-­spied-­on-­me-­1822429852­FPW54   Credit:  Gizmodo
  33. 33. The  House  that  Spied  on  Me­house-­that-­spied-­on-­me-­1822429852­FPW54   “The fantasy of the smart home is that it will save us time and effort” “All of the anxiety you currently feel about being tracked online is going to move into your living room” “When you buy a smart device, it doesn’t just belong to you;; you share custody with the company that made it” “It also means that those companies can change the product you bought after you buy it” Credit:  Gizmodo
  34. 34. So  who  are  developing  IoT  Security Best  Practice  Principles  &  Guidelines? § National  Institute  of  Standards  and  Technology (NIST) § IoT  Security  Foundation  (IoT  SF) § GSM  Association  (GSMA) § Industrial  Internet  Consortium  (IIC) § Open  Web  Application  Security  Project  (OWASP) § U.S.  Department  of  Homeland  Security § Broadband  Internet  Technical  Advisory  Group  (BITAG) § Online  Trust  Alliance  (OTA)  -­ IoT  Trustworthy  Working  Group § U.S.  Department  of  Health  and  Human  Services,  Food  and  Drug   Administration § Cloud  Security  Alliance § UK  National  Cyber  Security  Centre  
  35. 35. IoT  Security  Foundation Principles  &  Best  Practice  Guides
  36. 36. 7th March,  2018  -­ UK’s  Department  of  Digital,  Culture,  Media  and  Sport  (DCMS)  announced  the  publication  of  its  Security   by  Design  report  containing  a  proposed  Code  of  Practice  for  Consumer  IoT  products Code  of  Practice Stakeholders: § Device  Manufacturer § IoT  Service  Providers § Mobile  Application  Developers § Retailers:   1. No  default  passwords 2. Implement  a  vulnerability  disclosure  policy 3. Keep  software  updated 4. Securely  store  credentials  and  security-­sensitive  data 5. Communicate  securely 6. Minimise  exposed  attack  surfaces 7. Ensure  software  integrity 8. Ensure  that  personal  data  is  protected 9. Make  systems  resilient  to  outages 10. Monitor  system  telemetry  data 11. Make  it  easy  for  consumers  to  delete  personal  data 12. Make  installation  and  maintenance  of  devices  easy 13. Validate  input  data
  37. 37. Internet  of  Things Thames  Valley  Community  &  Meetup If  you  would  like  to  learn  more  about  the  Internet  of  Things   and  network  with  people  from  the  IoT  Eco  System Join  the  Community  &  Meetup­of-­Things-­Thames-­Valley/