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IoT + open data + interactive citizens
=
smart city
Iskustva iz
Santandera i Novog Sada
Dr Srđan Krčo
Privredna komora Beo...
A few words about me
• FTN (Novi Sad)  Ericsson (Dublin) 
Ericsson (Beograd)  DunavNET (Novi Sad)
• Mobile communicatio...
About DunavNET
• Established in 2006
– HQ in Novi Sad, 40 employees
• Design of IoT and AR based solutions
– ekoNET, fleet...
FP7, CIP-PSP, H2020
• SocIoTal: Platform for creation of IoT services for citizens
• Smartie: Security in IoT, applied to ...
IOT, OPEN DATA, INTERACTIVE
CITIZENS…
INTERNET OF THINGS
IOT
HISTORIA MAGISTRA VITAE EST
IoT – why all the fuss?
The role of Čika Jova Zmaj in
development of IoT
• Podiglo se šest drugova
u Indiju, u daleku,
želja im je videt slona,
ne...
The role of Čika Jova Zmaj in
development of IoT
• I treći je spreda doš'o
svome cilju,
on je slonu opipao
samo rilju.
Čim...
ČJZ - IoT
• 7 people – sense of touch
– Sensors & actuators
• Talk, exchange information
– Communication & connectivity
• ...
The role of Čika Jova Zmaj in
development of IoT
Posle su se prepirali dugo zdravo,
koji od njih šest slepaca
ima pravo.
T...
Devices, smart things,
sensors&actuators
CONNECTED, 50 billion
Information and knowledge
Sensors&actuators
Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic
Get connected
Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic
People and processes
Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic
Diverse applications
Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic
This is where it gets really interesting!
Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic
OPEN DATA
Open data
• 21-02 Open data day
• Unleash power of (city-owned) data
Open data potential
• Fairer taxes
– to unpick complex corporate networks and highlight the
extensive use of tax havens
• ...
Open data potential
• Fighting pollution
– Data can be an indispensable campaigning and
reporting tool to fight back again...
Each PA should…
• Visualize available data
• Share everything
• Not just downloadable files – APIs are
important
• Educate...
INTERACTIVE CITIZENS
Interactive citizens
• Citizens, SMEs
– prosumers of e-government ecosystem, not just
users
• Running a city as a joint ef...
Open & Collaborative Innovation Model
All participating Innovation
Ecosystem (citizens,
businesses, R&D, PAs) /
Service pr...
Open and collaborative government
we-Government
• Public
administration
stakeholders
(citizens, local
businesses and
compa...
Towards open public administration for
sustainable development
• design, production and delivery of public
services
More o...
SMARTSANTANDER
Isplati se ulagati…
20.000 IoT devices
SMARTSANTANDER
EKOBUS
Belgrade
SmartSantander Highlights
15 partners
36 months 2010–2013
Budget 8.6 M€ ...
SmartSantander duality
Smart city services
+
IoT experimentation
Streetlight
Parking sensor: Sensor node
with one transceiver (Digimesh)
Repeater: Sensor node with two
transceivers (Digim...
SmartSantander architecture
Copyright: SmartSantander project, FP7-ICT-2009-5 257992, All Rights Reserved.
Development phases
Phase 1
November 2011
2.000 IoT devices
Mainly WSN nodes and
GWs
Basic experimentation
support
Transpor...
City-scale deployment
• Massive generation of information
– 139,370 environmental monitoring observations per day
– 8,365 ...
Services
Participatory Sensing Scenario
Augmented Reality Scenario
Irrigation Scenario
Smart Metering Scenario
Public Tran...
Traffic Scenario– Limited Parking Management
KPI Observed Results
Efficiency of the use of parking spaces Improved  (usin...
Environment Scenario (1/2)– Monitoring of Pollutants
KPI Observed Results
Coverage Area Improved (using information provi...
Environment Scenario (2/2)– Noise Measurement
KPI Observed Results
Availability of a city noise map Achieved  (using info...
Participatory Sensing Scenario
KPI Observed Results
Number of application downloads Increased  (using information provide...
Santander City Brain
• An open and transparent space where all of
Santander’s citizens can share ideas and
projects that w...
SMART NOVI SAD
I mi konja za trku imamo…
Počeloje u Pančevu- EKOBUS
l e k o m Se r b ia
Operator’s
network
Ericsson Serbia
M2M Platform
Client
Application
(Web/And...
mojNS – mobilna aplikacija za prijavljivanje
komunalnih pohvala i problema
mojNS
Radi ali.. App radi ali je pitanje da li neko
postupa po podnetim zahtevima.. Moj
zahtev stoji vec nedelju dana, sa ...
ekoNET and citizens’ observatories
• Air quality parameters
– CO, CO2, PM, NO, NO2, SO2, Ozone
• Deployment planned in Mar...
ekoNET
mTicketing in Novi Sad
mTicketing in Novi Sad
Javni servisi u cloud-u
• Pristup registrima
• Prijava stanara
• Open data API
• Pilot u drugoj polovini
2015-te
PA services in the cloud
City OpenData Node
OpenDataAPI
WS
WebService
Municipality Services
City A
Third Party Services
WS...
Citizen engagement
• 9 workshops held (Novi Sad) with the local community
– 120 people attending
• 45 in the age group 30-...
Novi Sad use cases
Building Council
and Janitor
Children and elderly
monitoring application
EPIC: Novi Sad City
SCENARIO_S...
Uses cases
Santander
• Enabling Santander
– Events Service
– Parking Lots
– Accessible Routes
– Enabled Information System...
Happy and cheerful or…?
• City “mood meter”
– Soon to be deployed in the city of Novi Sad
FP7 SOCIOTAL - http://www.sociot...
Lift supervisor
• Idea came out of co-creation workshops
• Monitor usage of lifts
– Preventive maintenance
SocIoTal trials
• To be run in Novi Sad and Santander
– Other cities welcome to join
• Platform to be launched at senZatio...
Ove godine
IoT week – jun 2015, Porto, Portugal
10. senZations’15 – IoT letnja škola,
septembar 2015, Beograd
Connected smart cities network
IoT and smart cities
IoT and smart cities
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IoT and smart cities

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Examples of smart city activities, leveraging IoT, cloud and mobile technologies.

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IoT and smart cities

  1. 1. IoT + open data + interactive citizens = smart city Iskustva iz Santandera i Novog Sada Dr Srđan Krčo Privredna komora Beograda 21/04/2015
  2. 2. A few words about me • FTN (Novi Sad)  Ericsson (Dublin)  Ericsson (Beograd)  DunavNET (Novi Sad) • Mobile communications, 3G  Ad-hoc networks and WSN  M2M  IoT • Co-founder – DunavNET – senZations (summer school on IoT) – IoT Forum
  3. 3. About DunavNET • Established in 2006 – HQ in Novi Sad, 40 employees • Design of IoT and AR based solutions – ekoNET, fleetNET, ARgenie, smart cities, m- Commerce, mobile games • Research and innovation – FP7, CIP-PSP, Horizon 2020 • IoT Forum founding member – www.iot-forum.eu
  4. 4. FP7, CIP-PSP, H2020 • SocIoTal: Platform for creation of IoT services for citizens • Smartie: Security in IoT, applied to smart cities • IoT Lab: Crowdsourced experimental environment • Citi-sense: Crowdsourced air quality monitoring • CLIPS: Public administration services in the cloud • MobiWallet: mTicketing in public transport • FINESCE: Smart energy • FI-CONTENT 2: FI content, media, networks and creativity • WeLive: Active citizens and collaborative city management • PrivacyFlag: IoT and data privacy • ENTROPY: energy efficiency and serious games
  5. 5. IOT, OPEN DATA, INTERACTIVE CITIZENS…
  6. 6. INTERNET OF THINGS
  7. 7. IOT
  8. 8. HISTORIA MAGISTRA VITAE EST IoT – why all the fuss?
  9. 9. The role of Čika Jova Zmaj in development of IoT • Podiglo se šest drugova u Indiju, u daleku, želja im je videt slona, ne vid'li ga u svom veku. Rekao im jedan starac: "Priznajem vam prohtev lepi, al' vi, ljudi, videt slona ne možete, jer ste slepi." Jer odista, slepi behu sva šestor'ca valja znati, al' odgovor njihov beše: "Mi ćemo ga opipati." E, pa dobro kad je tako. I odoše šest drugova i stigoše u Indiju do slonova. • Primače se jedan bratac jednom slonu, i to s boka. Opipa ga, onda reče: "Vala, stvar je to široka. Ne treba mi očnji vid slon izgleda kao zid!" Drugi bratac, taj je opet spreda stao, pa je slonu zub dugački opipao. I on reče: "E, sad mi je stvar poznata, slon izgleda kao direk mojih vrata!"
  10. 10. The role of Čika Jova Zmaj in development of IoT • I treći je spreda doš'o svome cilju, on je slonu opipao samo rilju. Čim opipa, odmah reče: "Znam sad i ja, slon izgleda kao neka grdna zmija!" A četvrti, on je opet drukče stao. Pa je slonu samo nogu opipao. I on reče: "Hvala Bogu, znam već sada. Slon izgleda, slon izgleda kao klada!" • Dođe peti pa ti ruku gore diže, opip'o je slonu uvo, ništa više. Pa sad mu je sud izreći bilo lako: "Slon izgleda ko lepeza, isto tako!" • A šesti se primakao odostraga, njemu opet rep tog zvera pade šaka. Čudeći se pip'o ga je ponajduže, onda reče: "Slon izgleda kao uže!"
  11. 11. ČJZ - IoT • 7 people – sense of touch – Sensors & actuators • Talk, exchange information – Communication & connectivity • Analyze sensing observations & make conclusions – Data analytics and knowledge generation
  12. 12. The role of Čika Jova Zmaj in development of IoT Posle su se prepirali dugo zdravo, koji od njih šest slepaca ima pravo. Ta svaki je im'o pravo nešto malko, al' celinu nije pozn'o baš nijedan, baš nikako.
  13. 13. Devices, smart things, sensors&actuators CONNECTED, 50 billion Information and knowledge
  14. 14. Sensors&actuators Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic
  15. 15. Get connected Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic
  16. 16. People and processes Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic
  17. 17. Diverse applications Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic
  18. 18. This is where it gets really interesting! Source: http://postscapes.com/what-exactly-is-the-internet-of-things-infographic
  19. 19. OPEN DATA
  20. 20. Open data • 21-02 Open data day • Unleash power of (city-owned) data
  21. 21. Open data potential • Fairer taxes – to unpick complex corporate networks and highlight the extensive use of tax havens • Protecting the public purse – Public sector bodies spend an estimated $9.5tn buying goods and services every year. And every year vast sums of this money are lost to fraud, corruption, overcharging, and under-delivery by private contractors. • Controlling corporate lobbyists – Campaigners have used open data about lobbying to shine a light on the composition of the influence industry in Washington and Brussels, as well as on specific topics like lobbying around data privacy laws Source: Guardian, February 2015
  22. 22. Open data potential • Fighting pollution – Data can be an indispensable campaigning and reporting tool to fight back against pollution – whether oil spills in the US, air pollution in Beijing, or heavy metal contamination in Europe. • Holding politicians to account – websites tracking the speeches and votes of politicians – offer citizens a rich base of evidence and analysis to enable them to hold their elected representatives to account Source: Guardian, February 2015
  23. 23. Each PA should… • Visualize available data • Share everything • Not just downloadable files – APIs are important • Educate people how to use • Hackatons • Learn from best practices around the world
  24. 24. INTERACTIVE CITIZENS
  25. 25. Interactive citizens • Citizens, SMEs – prosumers of e-government ecosystem, not just users • Running a city as a joint effort – Citizens suggesting – PA takes suggestions seriously into consideration
  26. 26. Open & Collaborative Innovation Model All participating Innovation Ecosystem (citizens, businesses, R&D, PAs) / Service providers capture ideas from the rest Service / App / Technology Development Innovation adoption by stakeholders & Joint exploitation Wealth generation: profit sharing among service providers & funders Stakeholders participants of new service creation by Open Innovation
  27. 27. Open and collaborative government we-Government • Public administration stakeholders (citizens, local businesses and companies) treated as peers (collaborators) t-Government • Providing the public with the technology tools that enable them to create public value themselves l-Government • Do more with less by involving other players • Government as an orchestrator around enabled platforms
  28. 28. Towards open public administration for sustainable development • design, production and delivery of public services More open model of • to maximize public service delivered with continuously more stringent resources Urge for modernisation of public administration • Citizens as prosumers of e-government ecosystem Leverage collaboration between citizens, entrepreneurs and civil society
  29. 29. SMARTSANTANDER Isplati se ulagati…
  30. 30. 20.000 IoT devices SMARTSANTANDER EKOBUS Belgrade SmartSantander Highlights 15 partners 36 months 2010–2013 Budget 8.6 M€ / 6.7 M € European, large-scale experimental test facility for Internet of Things in the Smart City context: - Smart open space parking - Air quality monitoring - Noise monitoring - Smart campus - Public transport - Crowd sourcing city events and issues
  31. 31. SmartSantander duality Smart city services + IoT experimentation
  32. 32. Streetlight Parking sensor: Sensor node with one transceiver (Digimesh) Repeater: Sensor node with two transceivers (Digimesh and 802.15.4) Gateway: Node with communication with sensor networks (Digimesh and 802.15.4) and communication with external networks (WiFi, GPRS, ethernet) Load/Unload Area SmartSantander Backbone Digimesh Link 802.15.4 Link WiFi/GPRS, ethernet Link Parking sensor node. To be deployed buried in the asphalt. At the corresponding load/unload area, bus stop or handicapped-reserved space. Repeater. To be deployed at available street lights or traffic lights. Gateway. Connected to Internet/Intranet. Radio link SmartSantander IoT topology
  33. 33. SmartSantander architecture Copyright: SmartSantander project, FP7-ICT-2009-5 257992, All Rights Reserved.
  34. 34. Development phases Phase 1 November 2011 2.000 IoT devices Mainly WSN nodes and GWs Basic experimentation support Transport, metering, environment Phase 2 November 2012 5.000 IoT devices More heterogeneity WSNs, RFID, GW Advanced tools for experimentation Traffic, environment, Participatory sensing, Augmented Reality Phase 3 August 2013 20.000 IoT devices Federated with other FIRE facilities Advanced cross-testbed tools Parking, environment Time Scale Resources Facility services Application domains Basis for 1st call experiments Basis for 2nd call experiments
  35. 35. City-scale deployment • Massive generation of information – 139,370 environmental monitoring observations per day – 8,365 irrigation monitoring observations per day – 82,726 mobile environmenal monitoring observations per day – 13,489 parking occupancy observations per day – 54,720 traffic management observations per day – 6,352 participatory sensing observations per day • 450 Mbytes in one year
  36. 36. Services Participatory Sensing Scenario Augmented Reality Scenario Irrigation Scenario Smart Metering Scenario Public Transportation Scenario Traffic Management Smart Panels
  37. 37. Traffic Scenario– Limited Parking Management KPI Observed Results Efficiency of the use of parking spaces Improved  (using information provided by the system) Service Management Satisfaction Improved  (interviews with the people in charge of the limited parking area)
  38. 38. Environment Scenario (1/2)– Monitoring of Pollutants KPI Observed Results Coverage Area Improved (using information provided by the system) Measurement accuracy, in terms of both relative error and standard deviation Aprox kept  (using information provided by the system, because of the different quality of the sensors) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 2013-06-0309 2013-06-0312 2013-06-0315 2013-06-0318 2013-06-0321 2013-06-0400 2013-06-0403 2013-06-0406 2013-06-0409 2013-06-0412 2013-06-0415 2013-06-0418 2013-06-0421 2013-06-0500 2013-06-0503 2013-06-0506 2013-06-0509 2013-06-0512 2013-06-0515 2013-06-0518 2013-06-0521 2013-06-0600 2013-06-0603 2013-06-0606 2013-06-0609 2013-06-0612 [μg/m3] Time NO2 NO2 Official [ug/m3] NO2 ECOBus
  39. 39. Environment Scenario (2/2)– Noise Measurement KPI Observed Results Availability of a city noise map Achieved  (using information provided by the system) Measurement quality ratio Measures done  (no information for comparison prior to Smart Santander introduction) Ratio between real measurement points and estimated ones. Achieved  (using information provided by the system) Legal acoustic control: Number of times that acoustic level is exceeded. Achieved  (using information provided by the system) Limit values allowed by Santander regulations in a commercial area:
  40. 40. Participatory Sensing Scenario KPI Observed Results Number of application downloads Increased  (using information provided by the system) Incidents reported to the municipality services Improved  (using information provided by the system) Municipality service response time Improved  (using information provided by the system) Time to solve incidents Improved  (using information provided by the system) Satisfaction level once the incidence is solved Not possible to include it . User perception of application and service concepts Measured  thanks to qualitative workshop held with ends users User perception of the design and features of the developed application Measured  thanks to qualitative workshop held with ends users
  41. 41. Santander City Brain • An open and transparent space where all of Santander’s citizens can share ideas and projects that will help improve the city
  42. 42. SMART NOVI SAD I mi konja za trku imamo…
  43. 43. Počeloje u Pančevu- EKOBUS l e k o m Se r b ia Operator’s network Ericsson Serbia M2M Platform Client Application (Web/Android) Statistics Telekom Srbija’s SIM Card in ekoBus device
  44. 44. mojNS – mobilna aplikacija za prijavljivanje komunalnih pohvala i problema
  45. 45. mojNS Radi ali.. App radi ali je pitanje da li neko postupa po podnetim zahtevima.. Moj zahtev stoji vec nedelju dana, sa svim kontakt podacima, ali nista.. Cak ni sms.. Toliko o gradu NSu..
  46. 46. ekoNET and citizens’ observatories • Air quality parameters – CO, CO2, PM, NO, NO2, SO2, Ozone • Deployment planned in March 2015 (10 locations) Micro-sensors Eg: CO, CO2, NO2, O3, VOCs, %RH, TºC... Electronics and software Communications incl. software Power Supply housing
  47. 47. ekoNET
  48. 48. mTicketing in Novi Sad
  49. 49. mTicketing in Novi Sad
  50. 50. Javni servisi u cloud-u • Pristup registrima • Prijava stanara • Open data API • Pilot u drugoj polovini 2015-te
  51. 51. PA services in the cloud City OpenData Node OpenDataAPI WS WebService Municipality Services City A Third Party Services WS WebService Internal DBMS Municipality Services WS OpenDataAPI City B Third Party Services WebService City OpenData Node HUBBroker BrokerHUB Federated City OpenData Nodes Publish - Subscribe DB Connector WS Connector SOAP WS REST WS Enterprise Service Bus Services Endpoints Web Crowler Connector OpenData Connector OpenData WEB Portals WS Connector WS Connector Mash Up Editor Access to Municipalities/Third Party Services Access to Cities OpenData INNOVATIVE SERVICES
  52. 52. Citizen engagement • 9 workshops held (Novi Sad) with the local community – 120 people attending • 45 in the age group 30-50 • 75 in the age group over 50 • IoT meetups (Novi Sad, Guilford, Santander, Ghent) – Primarily engaging software developers – 4 meetups held, 300+ members in the groups • Introduction of SocIoTal and its objectives – Input gathered through discussion – Preparation for interaction at a later stage in project • Presentations of other topics of interest
  53. 53. Novi Sad use cases Building Council and Janitor Children and elderly monitoring application EPIC: Novi Sad City SCENARIO_SOC_002: NS SocIoTal enabled Watering of the green surfaces Sharing information Data access control Public reporting application - Sensing - Data modelling - Entities identification - Entities registration - Sensing - Data modelling - Route Algorithms Epic Scenario Use Cases Services Requirements Citi visualization dashboard Notification service Reputation service - Sensing - Data modelling - Entities identification - Entities registration - Sensing - Data modelling - Route Algorithms
  54. 54. Uses cases Santander • Enabling Santander – Events Service – Parking Lots – Accessible Routes – Enabled Information System • Santander Dusk – Night Urban Transport – Friends Discovering – Night Life Information Systems • Santander Citizen – Car Pooling Service – Sharing Sensors: weather forecast Novi Sad • Security of children and elderly – Accompanying children to/from school • Cameras, NFC, QR code, joint monitoring by parents – Elderly monitoring by trusted neighbors • Public reporting – Traffic congestion, road works – Electricity cuts – Location of pariah dogs – Streets covered with snow, ice patches – Long queues in public offices, banks, etc. • Watering of the green surface – Watering of the public green • City Visualization Dashboard – City Happiness index – Resolved city issue visualization 20/04/2015 55
  55. 55. Happy and cheerful or…? • City “mood meter” – Soon to be deployed in the city of Novi Sad FP7 SOCIOTAL - http://www.sociotal.eu
  56. 56. Lift supervisor • Idea came out of co-creation workshops • Monitor usage of lifts – Preventive maintenance
  57. 57. SocIoTal trials • To be run in Novi Sad and Santander – Other cities welcome to join • Platform to be launched at senZations’15 – Software, hardware, support – 5 days (and nights) hackathon • Awards for best apps
  58. 58. Ove godine IoT week – jun 2015, Porto, Portugal 10. senZations’15 – IoT letnja škola, septembar 2015, Beograd
  59. 59. Connected smart cities network

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