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© 2014 Duke CGGC
Global Value Chains and Duke CGGC’s
Collaboration in Kazakhstan
November 18, 2015
Gary Gereffi
Duke Unive...
© 2014 Duke CGGC
AGENDA
1. Historical Background: Duke CGGC and Kazakhstan
2. Global Value Chains and Economic Diversifica...
© 2014 Duke CGGC
DUKE UNIVERSITY, CENTER ON GLOBALIZATION,
GOVERNANCE & COMPETITIVENESS (DUKE CGGC)
Source: http://cggc.du...
© 2014 Duke CGGC
HISTORICAL BACKGROUND IN KAZAKHSTAN
• World Bank Mission on “Economic Diversification, with
Special Empha...
© 2014 Duke CGGC
GVCs AND GLOBAL ECONOMIC TRENDS
5
© 2014 Duke CGGC
GLOBALIZATION & DEVELOPMENT TRENDS
• Post-Washington Consensus world – Global
economic recession of 2008-...
© 2014 Duke CGGC
GVCs: GOVERNACE & UPGRADING
7
Global value chain analysis provides a holistic
approach for examining the ...
© 2014 Duke CGGC
DIVERSIFIED, INCLUSIVE AND SUSTAINABLE GROWTH
Economic
Upgrading
Social
Upgrading
Environmental
Upgrading...
© 2014 Duke CGGC
DUKE CGGC CLIENT-CENTERED RESEARCH
AND ADVISORY SERVICES
© 2014 Duke CGGC
DUKE CGGC CLIENTS
10
© 2014 Duke CGGC
11
• Costa Rican Foreign Trade
Ministry
• Carry out GVC analysis to
identify upgrading
trajectories and p...
© 2014 Duke CGGC
12
• MINERVA Initiative
• Use GVC framework to
analyze food security in
the MENA region
• Provide recomme...
© 2014 Duke CGGC
13
• U.S. Agency for International
Development
• Apply GVC framework to
evaluate public-private
partnersh...
© 2014 Duke CGGC
14
•RTI International
•Use GVC framework to design
national workforce development
models responsive to gl...
© 2014 Duke CGGC
REGIONAL COMPETITIVENESS AND GROWTH
CENTER (RCGC) IN KAZAKHSTAN
© 2014 Duke CGGC
EMERGENCE OF NEW GVC RESEARCH CENTERS
• Global Production Network (GPN) Center – National
University of S...
© 2014 Duke CGGC
INTEGRATED RESEARCH AND CAPACITY BUILDING
PROGRAM FOR RCGC
Program focuses on three complementary compone...
© 2014 Duke CGGC
PROPOSED RESEARCH AGENDA
1) Wheat value chain in Kazakhstan and the Black Sea
region (including Russia an...
© 2014 Duke CGGC
http://www.cggc.duke.edu
ggere@soc.duke.edu
Gary Gereffi
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Global Value Chains and Duke CGGC’s Collaboration in Kazakhstan

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Director of Duke CGGC, Gary Gereffi, gave this presentation at the Regional Competitiveness and Growth Center (RCGC) launch event in Astana, Kazakhstan.

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Global Value Chains and Duke CGGC’s Collaboration in Kazakhstan

  1. 1. © 2014 Duke CGGC Global Value Chains and Duke CGGC’s Collaboration in Kazakhstan November 18, 2015 Gary Gereffi Duke University, Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness
  2. 2. © 2014 Duke CGGC AGENDA 1. Historical Background: Duke CGGC and Kazakhstan 2. Global Value Chains and Economic Diversification 3. Duke CGGC and International Clients 4. RCGC Research and Capacity Building Program
  3. 3. © 2014 Duke CGGC DUKE UNIVERSITY, CENTER ON GLOBALIZATION, GOVERNANCE & COMPETITIVENESS (DUKE CGGC) Source: http://cggc.duke.edu/ 3
  4. 4. © 2014 Duke CGGC HISTORICAL BACKGROUND IN KAZAKHSTAN • World Bank Mission on “Economic Diversification, with Special Emphasis on Oil & Gas Value Chain” (Gereffi & Rodriquez, Sept. 2003) • Global Value Chain training course (Gereffi & Jahan, 2003-2004)  Led to the creation of the Center for Marketing and Analytic Research (CMAR) in 2004 • World Bank Mission on “Kazakhstan: Expanding Opportunities for Enterprise Development in Global Value Chains – The Railway Equipment Industry” (Gereffi & Salinas, June 2011) • Strategic Partners Group report by Sturgeon & Zylberberg (Jan. 2014), “Industrial Development Strategy for Kazakhstan: Global Value Chains” 4
  5. 5. © 2014 Duke CGGC GVCs AND GLOBAL ECONOMIC TRENDS 5
  6. 6. © 2014 Duke CGGC GLOBALIZATION & DEVELOPMENT TRENDS • Post-Washington Consensus world – Global economic recession of 2008-09 and the rise of “emerging economies” have changed export-oriented model • Geographic consolidation – Emerging economies playing larger role in global supply chains • Organizational concentration – Lead firms in GVCs are streamlining their sourcing and production networks • South-South trade and FDI – New growth trajectories • GVC-oriented industrial policies – Productive development policies are back, but not a return to ISI 6
  7. 7. © 2014 Duke CGGC GVCs: GOVERNACE & UPGRADING 7 Global value chain analysis provides a holistic approach for examining the global economy • Top-down: a focus on lead firms and inter-firm networks, using varied typologies of industrial “governance” • Bottom-up: a focus on countries and regions, which are analyzed in terms of various trajectories of economic and social “upgrading”
  8. 8. © 2014 Duke CGGC DIVERSIFIED, INCLUSIVE AND SUSTAINABLE GROWTH Economic Upgrading Social Upgrading Environmental Upgrading Sustainable Growth Development Outcomes: • Job creation • Exports • Income generation • Added value • Better use of resources • Backward linkages Development Outcomes: • Inclusion of vulnerable groups • Job creation • Improve working conditions • Higher wages • Skills acquisition Development Outcomes: • Soil preservation and improvement • Water conservation • Wildlife conservation • Pollution and waste reduction
  9. 9. © 2014 Duke CGGC DUKE CGGC CLIENT-CENTERED RESEARCH AND ADVISORY SERVICES
  10. 10. © 2014 Duke CGGC DUKE CGGC CLIENTS 10
  11. 11. © 2014 Duke CGGC 11 • Costa Rican Foreign Trade Ministry • Carry out GVC analysis to identify upgrading trajectories and provide recommendations for competitive export growth • SECTORS: medical devices, aerospace, electronics, and offshore services
  12. 12. © 2014 Duke CGGC 12 • MINERVA Initiative • Use GVC framework to analyze food security in the MENA region • Provide recommendations to design more resilient food security strategies • SECTORS: wheat and corn
  13. 13. © 2014 Duke CGGC 13 • U.S. Agency for International Development • Apply GVC framework to evaluate public-private partnerships for inclusive development • Provide recommendations to identify, engage and partner with appropriate firms for local needs • SECTORS: cocoa (Indonesia), coffee (Rwanda), and fruit & vegetables (Kenya)
  14. 14. © 2014 Duke CGGC 14 •RTI International •Use GVC framework to design national workforce development models responsive to global competition Model Characteristics: •Demand-driven •Globally oriented •International standards •Dynamic (retraining; continual improvement) • SECTORS: fruit & vegetables, apparel, offshore services, and tourism
  15. 15. © 2014 Duke CGGC REGIONAL COMPETITIVENESS AND GROWTH CENTER (RCGC) IN KAZAKHSTAN
  16. 16. © 2014 Duke CGGC EMERGENCE OF NEW GVC RESEARCH CENTERS • Global Production Network (GPN) Center – National University of Singapore; launched Jan. 2015 (http://gpn.nus.edu.sg/) • Regional Growth and Competitiveness Center (RCGC) – Nazarbayev University, Astana, KZ; launched Nov. 2015 • Research Center for Global Value Chains (RCGVC) – Beijing, China (UIBE, MOFCOM et al.); March 2016 • GVC in Europe Network – Birmingham Business School (UK) • GVC Workshop Series – Rossi Doria Research Centre, Rome, Italy 16
  17. 17. © 2014 Duke CGGC INTEGRATED RESEARCH AND CAPACITY BUILDING PROGRAM FOR RCGC Program focuses on three complementary components: 1) Establish Research Competiveness and Growth Center (RCGC) and support its human and institutional capacity building 2) Develop and collaborate on implementation of a research agenda focused on economic diversification and regional competitiveness for Kazakhstan 3) Facilitate visibility and relationship development between the RCGC and leading international organizations and research institutions
  18. 18. © 2014 Duke CGGC PROPOSED RESEARCH AGENDA 1) Wheat value chain in Kazakhstan and the Black Sea region (including Russia and Ukraine) 2) High-value services linked with extractive value chains 3) Kazakhstan’s role in competitive regional value chains (Black Sea, Eurasia) 4) Transport and ICT infrastructure linking Kazakhstan infrastructure iniriatives to GVCs 5) Public-private partnerships in Kazakhstan and inclusive GVCs 6) GVCs and innovation systems -- builds on work done by innovation scholars like Richard Nelson, Sidney Winters, & B.A. Lundvall
  19. 19. © 2014 Duke CGGC http://www.cggc.duke.edu ggere@soc.duke.edu Gary Gereffi

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