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Longleaf Pine Initiative

Restoring warm-season grassland habitat in the Southeastern USA through the Conservation Reserve Program Longleaf Pine Initiative, March 2009, by Stan Moore, Seven Rivers RC&D Council, Georgia.

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Longleaf Pine Initiative

  1. 1. Longleaf Pine Initiative: Restoring Native Warm Season Grasses Seven Rivers RC&D Council Stan Moore, RC&D Coordinator USDA, NRCS Baxley, GA
  2. 2. Seven Rivers Resource Conservation & Development Council <ul><li>RC&D public/private partnership </li></ul><ul><li>Locally Led </li></ul><ul><li>Volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Non profit </li></ul><ul><li>Seven Rivers Mission: Local people working together to develop, enhance, and protect our resources for the betterment of our economy and environment. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Longleaf Pine Ecosystem <ul><li>200 years ago: 90 million acres </li></ul><ul><li>Today less than 4 million </li></ul><ul><li>High diversity of plants in understory </li></ul><ul><li>Numerous wildlife species </li></ul><ul><li>Frequent fire needed </li></ul><ul><li>Navel Industry </li></ul>
  4. 4. CRP Longleaf Pine Initiative <ul><li>Purpose: reestablish Longleaf Pine Stands and native warm season grasses </li></ul><ul><li>Benefit Wildlife </li></ul><ul><li>Protect Water Quality </li></ul>
  5. 5. CRP Longleaf Pine Initiative <ul><li>Sign up started December 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Sign Up </li></ul><ul><li>Allocated 64,750 acres in GA </li></ul><ul><li>Additional 20,000 acres </li></ul><ul><li>Cost share for site prep, tree seedlings, planting, NWSG planting and maintenance </li></ul>
  6. 6. Experience <ul><li>Planted longleaf trees before </li></ul><ul><li>First CRP Longleaf plantings not successful </li></ul><ul><li>Never planted any NWSG in GA on a large scale before </li></ul><ul><li>Landowners had questions about NWSG, to plant or not </li></ul>
  7. 7. NRCS CRP Native Warm Season Grass Seed Mixture <ul><li>Big Bluestem 1.5 lbs PLS/ac </li></ul><ul><li>Indian grass 1.5 lbs PLS/ac </li></ul><ul><li>Little Bluestem 1.5 lbs PLS/ac </li></ul><ul><li>Switch grass 0.5 lbs PLS/ac </li></ul><ul><li>Forbs 1 lbs/ac_____ </li></ul><ul><li>TOTAL 6 lbs/ac </li></ul>
  8. 8. Weed pressure if not planted in Native Warm Season Grasses
  9. 9. Partnership for NWSG <ul><li>Seven Rivers RC&D sent Invitation to bid on grassland planting program </li></ul><ul><li>Must meet certain criteria. Such as experience, warranty and promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Seven Rivers accepted FDCE’s bid from Ohio </li></ul>
  10. 10. Seven Rivers RC&D- FDCE Partnership-dedicated to establishing successful native grasses & conservation
  11. 12. Public-Private partnerships strengthen conservation <ul><li>Seven Rivers RC&D outreach and education </li></ul><ul><li>FDCE superior grassland establishment techniques and results </li></ul>
  12. 13. The Results This site was planted in early spring 2008. Picture was taken late spring 2008
  13. 14. The Results This site was planted in early spring 2008. Picture was taken September 2008
  14. 15. Grasslander NWSG Drill <ul><li>NWSG planting needs for small acreage landowners </li></ul><ul><li>USFWS Partners Program </li></ul><ul><li>Seven Rivers RC&D Funds </li></ul>
  15. 16. Grasslander Field Day February 2009
  16. 17. NWSG Seed for Sale <ul><li>Seed mix meets NRCS specifications of CRP program </li></ul><ul><li>Mixed for Grasslander drill </li></ul><ul><li>Plus a couple of wildflowers species </li></ul><ul><li>Partners: Seven Rivers, Grasslander, Soil and Water Conservation Districts </li></ul>
  17. 18. Grasslander Drill and Seed Project <ul><li>Planted over 300 acres so far 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Assisted over 30 landowners in CRP </li></ul><ul><li>Planting EQIP wildlife openings </li></ul><ul><li>Demo planting Alfalfa </li></ul>
  18. 19. Other Projects <ul><li>GA native grass seed source </li></ul><ul><li>Only Midwest grass species planted CRP now </li></ul><ul><li>Gather and grow seed locally </li></ul><ul><li>Collected ten species of grass last fall </li></ul><ul><li>Looking for funding </li></ul><ul><li>Partners: Seven Rivers, Tall Timbers, USFWS. </li></ul>
  19. 20. CRP Save Acres For wildlife Enhancement (SAFE) Program <ul><li>New opportunities for reenrolling CRP Trees </li></ul><ul><li>In GA: restoring native pine savanna </li></ul><ul><li>Must be located in Longleaf area </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 90 -100% cost share </li></ul><ul><li>Rental payments for 15 years </li></ul><ul><li>Purchase another nwsg drill, Seven Rivers </li></ul><ul><li>Partners: GA Forestry Commission, GA DNR, Environmental Defense Fund, NRCS, Seven Rivers RC&D </li></ul>
  20. 22. Seven Rivers Resource Conservation and Development Council Stan Moore, RC&D Coordinator USDA, NRCS Baxley, GA 912-367-7679