Learning to think with IA

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Learning to think with IA

  1. 1. A Collaborative Tagging Experience in Primary School Third Italian IA Summit Renata Durighello Forlì - February 2009
  2. 2. Concerning “Learning to think” …   To observe;  To make comparisons and transfers;  To move gradually towards classification; Concerning “Information  Architecture” …  To evaluate “tagging”;  To experience collaborative tagging; Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 2
  3. 3. Concept:   On line tagging  Text analysis (genre, subject,…) Metaphores:   “On paper ” tagging  Picture reading Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 3
  4. 4. Spring 2008  41 pupils (9 to 10 years old)  2 groups  “On paper” On line    Tag production  Tag production  Tag observation  Tag observation (2) http://lnx.rodari.org/taggare Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 4
  5. 5. Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 5
  6. 6. “any word that defines a relationship between the (online) resource and a concept in the user’s mind”. (Guy & Tonkin, 2006) Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 6
  7. 7. What can you see in the picture? 1. How do you find the picture? 2. What kind of picture is it? 3. Anything 4. else… Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 7
  8. 8. 1. Man, 2. Happy, Tiger, Naif, Guitar, a dream, Trees, … Flowers, … 4. Nice, 3. Painting, Ugly, … Canvas, … Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 8
  9. 9. Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 9
  10. 10.  Mistakes:  Mis-spells;  Inappropriate associations;  Many different Tags/Tag types:   Variety – long tail;   Disorder – dispersion. Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 10
  11. 11. PUBBLICITA’ 1 occurrence PUBLICITA’ 3 occurrences Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 11
  12. 12. ‘TIGER’ ??? ‘PHOTOGRAPH’ ??? Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 12
  13. 13. ‘FORTE’ (quality) ‘CON UN GONNELLINO’ (attribute) Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 13
  14. 14. ‘BALLANO’ (action) Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 14
  15. 15. • ‘LINES’ • ‘VERTICAL & HORIZONTAL LINES’ • ‘STRAIGHT LINES’ • ‘POLYGONS’ 4 different (?) Tags Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 15
  16. 16. • ‘DRAWING’ • ‘COLLAGE’ • ‘DECOUPAGE’ What kind of picture is it? Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 16
  17. 17. SUBJECT DRAWING PHOTO TREES ANIMAL PAINTING PEOPLE KIND OF PICTURE Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 17
  18. 18. There are mis-spells;  Some Tags are  inappropriate;  Pictures are not well described;  Most common Tags cannot be employed as Categories; Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 18
  19. 19. There are mis-spells;  Some Tags are  inappropriate;  Pictures are not well described;  Most common Tags cannot be employed as Categories; Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 19
  20. 20. There are mis-spells;  Some Tags are  inappropriate; Tagging  Pictures are not well described;  Most common Tags cannot be employed as Categories; Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 20
  21. 21. TAGS Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 21
  22. 22.  Pupils have learnt how to tag during the previous experience (on-paper);  They get confident very soon with the application;  Tag visualization + Tag Cloud are automatically created by the application. Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 22
  23. 23. TAGCLOUD TAGS Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 23
  24. 24. TREE Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 24
  25. 25. NOISE: ‘colorata’ UPPER / ‘colorati’ LOWER ‘colorato’ CASE SINGULAR SYNOMYMS: / PLURAL: ‘quadro’ ‘persona’ ‘dipinto’ ‘persone’ Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 25
  26. 26. Agreement on some “rules”:   To employ only lower case;  Not to inflect adjectives;  To employ plural nouns (as if we were thinking of a group of several elements) “Tiding up Tags”:   Not easy (singular/plural) Guy, M., & Tonkin, E. (2006). Folksonomies ,Tiding up Tags? Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 26
  27. 27. Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 27
  28. 28. Plural nouns refer to the idea that the  resource is member of a group / class Tags are associated to the resource as far as  they describe it. Membership > CLASSIFICATION   Description > CATEGORIZATION Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 28
  29. 29. BROAD FOLKSONOMY NARROW FOLKSONOMY HOUSE, DUSTBIN, BIG TREE, GREEN LIGHT, BORDEAUX BACKGROUND LAWN DRAWING TAG(S) ON WHICH MOST PEOPLE AGREE Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 29
  30. 30. Can I classify? Classification begins when I’m able to talk about the resource, to say something about it. Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 30
  31. 31. Broad Folksonomy VS Narrow Folksonomy:   BF allows to point out the most “important” Tag(s); Collaborative Tagging   to share rules , euristics,…; Tag noise   mis-spells, synonims …; Tag unreliability  Whose fault is it?  harvesting information; Interference :   Tags meaning membership;  Tags meaning description; Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 31
  32. 32. Trying to arrange the Tags we produced into a  taxonomy (card sorting, trees, maps…). Going on tagging other kind of resources  (documents, textual resources). Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 32
  33. 33. Third Italian IA Summit - Forlì February 2009 - Renata Durighello 33

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