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IDENTIFICATION ANDMANAGEMENT OFUNIVERSAL WASTEThe applicable regulatory requirementsof the US DOT, US EPA, Iowa DNR,and Il...
PRESENTED TO:The 2013Iowa-IllinoisSafety CouncilExpoThanks for theopportunity!
PRESENTED BY:Daniels Training Services815.821.1550www.DanielsTraining.comInfo@DanielsTraining.comA different kind of train...
It’s important to first understand which State andFederal agencies have authority over theseregulations and how they impac...
Universal Waste RegulationsIowa:US EPA Region VIIIllinois:IEPA@DanielsTraining 5ID & Management of Universal Waste
Transportation of Universal Waste• USDOT/PHMSAregulates thetransportation ofhazardous materials(HazMat).• Not all UW areHa...
In order to understand the universal wasteregulations, you must know the basis for and thepurpose of the hazardous waste r...
The Hazardous Waste Determination• The generator of awaste, any waste,must determine what,if any, hazards itcontains.• Thi...
What is a USEPA Hazardous Waste?D001F-CodesK-CodesP & U CodesD004-D043D003D002@DanielsTraining 9ID & Management of Univers...
What is Cradle to Grave?• If you generate a hazardous waste,regulations are applicable throughout itslifecycle.FOREVER!!!@...
@DanielsTraining 11ID & Management of Universal Waste
The universal waste regulations were created toprovide generators of hazardous waste with anoption for management of certa...
The Four (4) USEPA Universal Waste1. Batteries2. Lamps3. Mercury-containingdevices4. Recalled orcanceled pesticides@Daniel...
Any more USEPA Universal Waste?• US EPA may add tothis list.• States may create theirown Universal Waste.@DanielsTraining ...
Any More UW in Illinois or Iowa?Illinois has notexpanded the USEPAlist of Universal WasteIowa follows USEPAregulations@Dan...
Conditions for use of theUniversal Waste Option1. Must be a waste.• Used, spent, to bediscarded, no longeracceptable for i...
If you choose the universal waste option for themanagement of your hazardous waste, you mustensure you are in compliance w...
Universal Waste – Handler StatusSmall Quantity Handler• Generate or receivefor consolidation.• Accumulate <5,000kg of Univ...
Notification to State or USEPASmall Quantity Handler• USEPA ID # notrequired.Large Quantity Handler• USEPA ID # required.1...
Employee TrainingSmall Quantity Handler• Inform employees ofproper handling andemergencyprocedures.Large Quantity Handler•...
Tracking Off-Site ShipmentsSmall Quantity Handler• Not required to trackoff-site shipments.Large Quantity Handler• Must tr...
Universal Waste Handler Prohibitions• May notdispose, treat, recycle,or dilute UniversalWaste.• Some on-sitemanagementallo...
Requirements in the Event of a Spill• Immediately contain allreleases of UW.• Spilled UW may nolonger be subject tomanagem...
Universal Waste On-Site AccumulationTime Limit• One year of on-siteaccumulation.• “Longer if solely tofacilitate disposal....
You Must Label Universal Waste• “Universal Waste“• “Waste “• “Used “• Variations allowed for:• HG-Thermostats• Pesticides@...
Off-Site Shipments of UniversalWaste• Uniform HazardousWaste Manifest notrequired.• Must determine if it’s aDOT HazMat.• M...
Though very similar, each type of universal wastehas its own regulations which may differ in how youmay manage the waste o...
What is a Universal Waste Battery?• Includes:• NiCad, lead acid,lithium, mercury,silver, etc.ID & Management of Universal ...
What isn’t a Universal Waste Battery?• Doesn’t include:• Non-hazardous(alkaline) batteries.• Lead acid batteriesbeing recl...
Lead Acid Batteries for Reclamation• Manage according tothe lead acid batteryexemption forrecyclable materials @40 CFR 266...
Management of Universal WasteBatteries• Containers neededonly if evidence ofleakage.• Bag batteries or tapeterminals for s...
Why Tape Battery Terminals?• If terminals contactduring shipment, theheat from a residualcharge is enough tocause vehicle ...
More Management Options for UWBatteries (1.0)• Handler (Large or Small) may conduct any of thefollowing (next slide), as l...
More Management Options for UWBatteries (2.0)• Allowable on-site management (see previousslide):• Sort batteries by type.•...
What is a Universal Waste MercuryContaining Device?• Device or part of adevice with elementalmercury integral to itsfuncti...
What isn’t a Universal WasteMercury Containing Device?• Doesn’t include:• Liquid metallicmercury.• Spill clean-up.• Batter...
Management of Universal WasteMercury-Containing Devices• Containers neededonly if evidence ofleakage.• Non-metallic contai...
Alternate Labeling for UW Thermostats• “Universal Waste –Mercury Thermostats”• “Waste MercuryThermostats”• “Used MercuryTh...
More Management of UWMercury-Containing Devices• Handler may remove Hg-containing ampules, if:• Remove in a manner designe...
What is a Universal Waste Lamp?• Bulb or tube of electriclighting device.• Includes:• Fluorescent, HID,high pressuresodium...
What isn’t a Universal Waste Lamp?• Doesn’t include:• Incandescent.• “Green Cap”fluorescents.ID & Management of Universal ...
Management of UW Lamps• Container with lidrequired.• Incidental breakage(~<5%) OK ifcontained properly.ID & Management of ...
The use of this option will vary by state. Thispresentation will look at the requirements for use ofthis option in Illinoi...
Crushing of UW LampsIowa• Not allowed under UWregulations.• Deliberate crushingmust be managed asa hazardous waste.Illinoi...
Illinois: Mercury Emissions• Must be crushed in aclosed systemdesigned and operatedso that any emission ofmercury ≤0.1 mg/...
Illinois: Quarterly Notification• Use form provided by IEPA, must include:• Name & address of handler.• Estimated amount o...
Illinois: Containers for Crushed Lamps• Closed.• Non-leaking.• Suitable to prevent release during storage,handling, and tr...
Illinois: Spills or Leaks• Immediately transfer spills or leaks to containermeeting requirements of 35 IAC 722.134 (ILhaza...
Illinois: Employee Training• Ensure employeescrushing lamps“thoroughly familiarwith proper wastemercury handling andemerge...
Though a “Universal Waste”, it is of little use tothose outside of the pesticide manufacturingindustry. Asummary of the re...
Definition of Pesticide• “Pesticide” means any substance or mixture ofsubstances intended for preventing, destroying,repel...
Pesticides Subject to UW Regulations (1.0)• Recalled pesticides:• Stocks of a suspended and canceled pesticidethat is part...
Pesticides Subject to UW Regulations (2.0)• Stocks of otherunused pesticideproducts collected andmanaged as part of awaste...
Pesticides not Subject to UWRegulations• Recalled and unusedpesticides managedby farmers per 40CFR 262.70.• Those cans of ...
Management ofUniversal Waste Pesticides• Contained in one of the following:• Closed container in good condition, compatibl...
Labeling of UW PesticidesRecalled Pesticide• Original label.And…• “Universal Waste –Pesticide(s)”Or…• “Waste-Pesticide(s)”...
I provide:Annual RCRATraining forHazardousWastePersonnel.AndTriennialHazMatEmployeeTraining.PublicSeminars, Onsite, Webina...
For More Information• IEPA Guidance for UW Lamps:http://www.epa.state.il.us/land/fluorescent-lamps/• IDNR Fluorescent Lamp...
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Management of Universal Waste in Iowa & Illinois

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A presentation I provided as a technical session at the 2013 Iowa-Illinois Safety Conference in Coralville, IA on April 12, 2013. It explains the Universal Waste regulations, the types of Universal Waste in Iowa & Illinois, and the regulations governing their management.

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Management of Universal Waste in Iowa & Illinois

  1. 1. IDENTIFICATION ANDMANAGEMENT OFUNIVERSAL WASTEThe applicable regulatory requirementsof the US DOT, US EPA, Iowa DNR,and Illinois EPA.
  2. 2. PRESENTED TO:The 2013Iowa-IllinoisSafety CouncilExpoThanks for theopportunity!
  3. 3. PRESENTED BY:Daniels Training Services815.821.1550www.DanielsTraining.comInfo@DanielsTraining.comA different kind of training.
  4. 4. It’s important to first understand which State andFederal agencies have authority over theseregulations and how they impact compliance.The regulatory agencies@DanielsTraining 4ID & Management of Universal Waste
  5. 5. Universal Waste RegulationsIowa:US EPA Region VIIIllinois:IEPA@DanielsTraining 5ID & Management of Universal Waste
  6. 6. Transportation of Universal Waste• USDOT/PHMSAregulates thetransportation ofhazardous materials(HazMat).• Not all UW areHazMat.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 6
  7. 7. In order to understand the universal wasteregulations, you must know the basis for and thepurpose of the hazardous waste regulations.An introduction to the hazardouswaste regulations@DanielsTraining 7ID & Management of Universal Waste
  8. 8. The Hazardous Waste Determination• The generator of awaste, any waste,must determine what,if any, hazards itcontains.• This process must bedocumented andrecords retained.@DanielsTraining 8ID & Management of Universal Waste
  9. 9. What is a USEPA Hazardous Waste?D001F-CodesK-CodesP & U CodesD004-D043D003D002@DanielsTraining 9ID & Management of Universal Waste
  10. 10. What is Cradle to Grave?• If you generate a hazardous waste,regulations are applicable throughout itslifecycle.FOREVER!!!@DanielsTraining 10ID & Management of Universal Waste
  11. 11. @DanielsTraining 11ID & Management of Universal Waste
  12. 12. The universal waste regulations were created toprovide generators of hazardous waste with anoption for management of certain hazardous waste.This section will address the purpose of universalwaste and its place within the RCRA regulations.Later we will discuss specific universal wastemanagement requirements.An introduction to the universalwaste regulations@DanielsTraining 12ID & Management of Universal Waste
  13. 13. The Four (4) USEPA Universal Waste1. Batteries2. Lamps3. Mercury-containingdevices4. Recalled orcanceled pesticides@DanielsTraining 13ID & Management of Universal Waste
  14. 14. Any more USEPA Universal Waste?• US EPA may add tothis list.• States may create theirown Universal Waste.@DanielsTraining 14ID & Management of Universal Waste
  15. 15. Any More UW in Illinois or Iowa?Illinois has notexpanded the USEPAlist of Universal WasteIowa follows USEPAregulations@DanielsTraining 15ID & Management of Universal Waste
  16. 16. Conditions for use of theUniversal Waste Option1. Must be a waste.• Used, spent, to bediscarded, no longeracceptable for itsintended use, etc.2. Must be a hazardouswaste.3. Additionalconsiderations forPesticides.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 16
  17. 17. If you choose the universal waste option for themanagement of your hazardous waste, you mustensure you are in compliance with the applicableState and Federal regulationsOn-site management of universalwaste@DanielsTraining 17ID & Management of Universal Waste
  18. 18. Universal Waste – Handler StatusSmall Quantity Handler• Generate or receivefor consolidation.• Accumulate <5,000kg of UniversalWaste.Large Quantity Handler• Generate or receivefor consolidation.• Accumulate ≥5,000 kgof Universal Waste.Transporter• Transport and storeat Transfer Facility for≤10 days.Destination Facility• Recycle, treat, ordispose.18@DanielsTrainingID & Management of Universal Waste
  19. 19. Notification to State or USEPASmall Quantity Handler• USEPA ID # notrequired.Large Quantity Handler• USEPA ID # required.19@DanielsTrainingID & Management of Universal WasteUse the 8700-12 Form
  20. 20. Employee TrainingSmall Quantity Handler• Inform employees ofproper handling andemergencyprocedures.Large Quantity Handler• Ensure all employeesare “thoroughlyfamiliar” with properwaste handling &emergencyprocedures.20@DanielsTrainingID & Management of Universal Waste
  21. 21. Tracking Off-Site ShipmentsSmall Quantity Handler• Not required to trackoff-site shipments.Large Quantity Handler• Must track off-siteshipments.• Name & address ofdestination.• Quantity & type ofeach UW.• Date shipment left.21@DanielsTrainingID & Management of Universal WasteRetain records for 3 years
  22. 22. Universal Waste Handler Prohibitions• May notdispose, treat, recycle,or dilute UniversalWaste.• Some on-sitemanagementallowed.• Must manage toprevent a release tothe environment.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 22
  23. 23. Requirements in the Event of a Spill• Immediately contain allreleases of UW.• Spilled UW may nolonger be subject tomanagement asuniversal waste.• May be a hazardouswaste.@DanielsTraining 23ID & Management of Universal Waste
  24. 24. Universal Waste On-Site AccumulationTime Limit• One year of on-siteaccumulation.• “Longer if solely tofacilitate disposal.”Translation: You may wait until you have enoughUW to justify a shipmentID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 24
  25. 25. You Must Label Universal Waste• “Universal Waste“• “Waste “• “Used “• Variations allowed for:• HG-Thermostats• Pesticides@DanielsTraining 25ID & Management of Universal Waste
  26. 26. Off-Site Shipments of UniversalWaste• Uniform HazardousWaste Manifest notrequired.• Must determine if it’s aDOT HazMat.• Must ship to another UWHandler or DestinationFacility.• If you self-transportUW, must comply withTransporter regulations.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 26
  27. 27. Though very similar, each type of universal wastehas its own regulations which may differ in how youmay manage the waste on-site.Specific requirements for themanagement of universal waste@DanielsTraining 27ID & Management of Universal Waste
  28. 28. What is a Universal Waste Battery?• Includes:• NiCad, lead acid,lithium, mercury,silver, etc.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 28
  29. 29. What isn’t a Universal Waste Battery?• Doesn’t include:• Non-hazardous(alkaline) batteries.• Lead acid batteriesbeing reclaimed.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 29
  30. 30. Lead Acid Batteries for Reclamation• Manage according tothe lead acid batteryexemption forrecyclable materials @40 CFR 266.80.30@DanielsTrainingID & Management of Universal Waste
  31. 31. Management of Universal WasteBatteries• Containers neededonly if evidence ofleakage.• Bag batteries or tapeterminals for shipmentto meetUSDOT/PHMSArequirements.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 31
  32. 32. Why Tape Battery Terminals?• If terminals contactduring shipment, theheat from a residualcharge is enough tocause vehicle fires.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 32Batteries = HazMat
  33. 33. More Management Options for UWBatteries (1.0)• Handler (Large or Small) may conduct any of thefollowing (next slide), as long as:• The casing of each battery cell is not breached,remains intact, and closed, except…• Cells may be opened to remove electrolyte butshall be immediately closed after removal.Next slideID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 33
  34. 34. More Management Options for UWBatteries (2.0)• Allowable on-site management (see previousslide):• Sort batteries by type.• Mix battery types in one container.• Discharge electric charge from batteries.• Regenerate used batteries.• Disassemble batteries or battery packs.• Remove batteries from consumer products.• Remove electrolyte from batteries.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 34
  35. 35. What is a Universal Waste MercuryContaining Device?• Device or part of adevice with elementalmercury integral to itsfunction• Includes:• Thermometers, thermostats, switches, gauges, more...ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 35
  36. 36. What isn’t a Universal WasteMercury Containing Device?• Doesn’t include:• Liquid metallicmercury.• Spill clean-up.• Batteries.• Lamps.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 36
  37. 37. Management of Universal WasteMercury-Containing Devices• Containers neededonly if evidence ofleakage.• Non-metallic containerwith tight-fitting lidrecommended.• Spill kit recommended.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 37Hg Devices may be HazMat
  38. 38. Alternate Labeling for UW Thermostats• “Universal Waste –Mercury Thermostats”• “Waste MercuryThermostats”• “Used MercuryThermostats”ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 38
  39. 39. More Management of UWMercury-Containing Devices• Handler may remove Hg-containing ampules, if:• Remove in a manner designed to prevent breakage.• Remove only over or in a containment device.• Hg clean up system readily available.• Transfer spilled Hg to approved container.• Area is well ventilated and monitored.• Employees “thoroughly familiar” with Hg handling andspill response.• Removed ampules stored in closed, non-leakingcontainers in good condition with packing materials toprevent breakage.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 39
  40. 40. What is a Universal Waste Lamp?• Bulb or tube of electriclighting device.• Includes:• Fluorescent, HID,high pressuresodium, neon,mercury vapor, metalhalide, etc.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 40
  41. 41. What isn’t a Universal Waste Lamp?• Doesn’t include:• Incandescent.• “Green Cap”fluorescents.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 41“Green Caps” still contain Mercury
  42. 42. Management of UW Lamps• Container with lidrequired.• Incidental breakage(~<5%) OK ifcontained properly.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 42Intact Lamps ≠ HazMat
  43. 43. The use of this option will vary by state. Thispresentation will look at the requirements for use ofthis option in Illinois and Iowa.Crushing of universal wastelamps@DanielsTraining 43ID & Management of Universal Waste
  44. 44. Crushing of UW LampsIowa• Not allowed under UWregulations.• Deliberate crushingmust be managed asa hazardous waste.Illinois• OK, with conditions.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 44
  45. 45. Illinois: Mercury Emissions• Must be crushed in aclosed systemdesigned and operatedso that any emission ofmercury ≤0.1 mg/m3TWA over 8 hours.• Crushing area well-ventilated andmonitored to complywith OSHA exposurelevels for mercury.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 45
  46. 46. Illinois: Quarterly Notification• Use form provided by IEPA, must include:• Name & address of handler.• Estimated amount of lamps crushed/month.• Technology of crushing, including:• Certification or testing data from manufacturerthat emission controls of IL regulations aremet.@DanielsTraining 46ID & Management of Universal Waste
  47. 47. Illinois: Containers for Crushed Lamps• Closed.• Non-leaking.• Suitable to prevent release during storage,handling, and transportation.• Good condition.• Not acceptable:• Severe rusting.• Apparent structural defects or deterioration.@DanielsTraining 47ID & Management of Universal Waste
  48. 48. Illinois: Spills or Leaks• Immediately transfer spills or leaks to containermeeting requirements of 35 IAC 722.134 (ILhazardous waste regulations).• Must have equipment necessary for this transferavailable.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 48
  49. 49. Illinois: Employee Training• Ensure employeescrushing lamps“thoroughly familiarwith proper wastemercury handling andemergencyprocedures, includingtransfer of mercuryfrom containmentdevices to appropriatecontainers.”ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 49
  50. 50. Though a “Universal Waste”, it is of little use tothose outside of the pesticide manufacturingindustry. Asummary of the regulatory requirementsfollows.Recalled or canceled pesticides@DanielsTraining 50ID & Management of Universal Waste
  51. 51. Definition of Pesticide• “Pesticide” means any substance or mixture ofsubstances intended for preventing, destroying,repelling, or mitigating any pest or intended foruse as a plant regulator, defoliant, or desiccant,other than any article that:• Is a new animal drug per FFDCA sec. 201(w).• Is an animal drug determined by Sec. of Healthand Human Services to be a new animal drug.• Is an animal feed per FFDCA sec. 201(x) andsubject to cancel or recall.@DanielsTraining 51ID & Management of Universal Waste
  52. 52. Pesticides Subject to UW Regulations (1.0)• Recalled pesticides:• Stocks of a suspended and canceled pesticidethat is part of a voluntary or mandatory recallper FIFRA sec. 19(b).• Stocks of a suspended or canceled pesticide ora pesticide not in compliance with FIFRA that ispart of a voluntary recall by the registrant.@DanielsTraining 52There must be adecision to discardID & Management of Universal Waste
  53. 53. Pesticides Subject to UW Regulations (2.0)• Stocks of otherunused pesticideproducts collected andmanaged as part of awaste pesticidecollection program.@DanielsTraining 53ID & Management of Universal WasteThere must be adecision to discard
  54. 54. Pesticides not Subject to UWRegulations• Recalled and unusedpesticides managedby farmers per 40CFR 262.70.• Those cans of bugspray or unusedweed & feed youhave in storage.ID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 54
  55. 55. Management ofUniversal Waste Pesticides• Contained in one of the following:• Closed container in good condition, compatible,no leakage, etc..• May overpack if original container in poorcondition.• Tank per 40 CFR 265, Subpart J (w/exclusions).• Transport vehicle or vessel if closed, goodcondition, compatible, no leakage, etc.@DanielsTraining 55ID & Management of Universal Waste
  56. 56. Labeling of UW PesticidesRecalled Pesticide• Original label.And…• “Universal Waste –Pesticide(s)”Or…• “Waste-Pesticide(s)”Unused Pesticide• Original label, if legible.• If no good, label perDOT regulations.• If still no good, otherlabel prescribed byState.And…@DanielsTraining 56ID & Management of Universal Waste
  57. 57. I provide:Annual RCRATraining forHazardousWastePersonnel.AndTriennialHazMatEmployeeTraining.PublicSeminars, Onsite, Webinars…@DanielsTrainingDaniels Training Services815.821.1550Info@DanielsTraining.comwww.DanielsTraining.com57ID & Management of Universal WasteGotQuestion?
  58. 58. For More Information• IEPA Guidance for UW Lamps:http://www.epa.state.il.us/land/fluorescent-lamps/• IDNR Fluorescent Lamp Handling:http://www.iowadnr.gov/Portals/idnr/uploads/waste/fluorescentlamphandling.pdfhttp://www.iowadnr.gov/Portals/idnr/uploads/waste/sw%20bulbs.pdf• 40 CFR 273:http://www.ecfr.gov/cgi-bin/text-idx?c=ecfr&tpl=/ecfrbrowse/Title40/40cfr273_main_02.tplID & Management of Universal Waste @DanielsTraining 58

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