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2011 growthstudy


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2011 growthstudy

  1. 1. Aluminum Use Continues toIncrease Among Automakers Background As automakers continue to make improvements to their fleets, they are still looking to automotive aluminum for its fuel efficiency, safety and performance benefits. The latest Ducker Worldwide growth report confirms that aluminum represents 7.8 percent of vehicle curb weight internationally in today’s family cars, trucks and minivans. This increased use is due to the many cost and fuel efficiency benefits that aluminum offers. This study sought to determine the average weight of aluminum components and systems in vehicles worldwide - including North America, Europe, Japan, China, Russia, India, South Korea and Brazil - and to use system average weights to determine the average aluminum content for the vehicles forecasted for production in 2009.ff Aluminum content at record- breaking 8.6 percent of average curb weight in 2009 Methodologiesff Aluminum cited as “very Ducker Worldwide has collected detailed aluminum-content data for light vehicles significant” technology to in North America since 1991, in Europe and Japan since 2000 and the remaining meet CAFE standards by regions since 2007. For this study, light vehicles were defined as cars, sport utility/ 2020 crossover vehicles, pickup trucks and vans for passenger and light commercial use. The data was collected on an Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM), platformby- platform and product-by-product basis. Ducker conducted direct interviews with the purchasing and engineering personnel at the OEMs, tier suppliers and aluminum companies directly involved in making decisions to utilize aluminum for each component. Nearly 100 components, more than 25 countries and 50 OEMs were studied for this project. Study Findings In 2009, the percentage of automotive aluminum content reached an all-time high of 8.6 percent of curb weight in North American 2009 calendar year vehicles. The data shows that aluminum content for light vehicles is projected to continue its growing percentage of use, just as it has year-over-year for nearly four decades. The current projections indicate this growth will continue at a rate of approximately four to five pounds per vehicle, per year and approach 300 pounds per vehicle worldwide by 2020.
  2. 2. Figure 1 North American Light Vehicle Aluminum ContenT AS A PERCENTAGE OF CURB WEIGHT 12% 10.4% 9.6% Percentage of curb weight 10% 8.8% 8.6% 7.8% 8% 6.9% 6.1% 12% 6% 5.1% 4.5% 10.4% 3.9% 9.6%Percentage of curb weight 10% 8.8% 4% 8.6% 2.0% 2.1% 7.8% 8% 6.9% 2% 6.1% 6% 5.1% 0% 4.5% 1970 1975 3.9% 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2009 2010F 2015F 2020F 4% 2.0% 2.1% Year 2% North America ranks as the world leader in automotive aluminum penetration where a net increase of more than eight pounds 0% occured between 2006 and 2009 calendar year vehicles. More than 50 2000 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 vehicles 2005 produced in North America contain 2020F 2009 2010F 2015F over 10 percent of aluminum content. General Motors, Honda, Toyota, BMW, Hyundai and Volkswagen all increased the amount of Year aluminum in their North American vehicles from 2006 to 2009. On a component basis, the study cites engine blocks and steering knuckles with the largest increase in growth from the 2006 study; with penetration of aluminum blocks reaching nearly 70 percent – the largest driver of aluminum growth in this decade. In addition, over 22 percent of 2009 vehicles made in the U.S. have aluminum hoods, an all-time record. 10% Figure 2 LIGHT VEHICLE ALUMINUM CONTENT AS A PERCENTAGE OF CURB WEIGHT - ALL VEHICLE SEGMENTS Percentage of curb weight 9% 8.6% 8.6% 8.1% 8.1% 8.0% 8% 10% 7.5% 7.1% 7% 6.8% 6.8% Percentage of curb weight 9% 8.6% 8.6% 6.5% 8.1% 8.1% 8.0% 6% 8% 7.5% 7.1% 5% 7% 6.8% 6.8% 2002 2006 2009 6.5% Japan EEU North America Rest of World 6% 5% 2002 2006 2009 Japan EEU North America Rest of World
  3. 3. Since the 2006 model year, aluminum content has also experienced steady growth inlight vehicle applications in other regions of the world, but especially in Europe andJapan. Long-term growth rates remain in line with the significant growth rates of thelate 1970s to early 1990s, despite the shift to smaller vehicles.Worldwide aluminum content is projected to be 7.8 percent of the average light vehiclecurb weight, growing to 28 to 30 billion pounds per year – up from the current 16 to17 billion pounds – between now and 2020, not taking scrap and spare parts intoaccount.An estimated total of 67 vehicles from the European (49) and Japanese (18) marketscontain over 400 pounds of finished aluminum. Looking ahead, recycled aluminum isexpected to continue to represent at least 50 percent of the total amount of automotivealuminum used through 2020.Conclusion “In our next-generation vehicles, we’re going to goAutomakers worldwide continue to recognize the value of automotive aluminumincluding its environmental, safety and performance advantages. As automakers after weight in a big way. ” Derrick Kuzak, group vice president of globalcontinue to innovate and differentiate themselves with more fuel-efficient vehicles, the product development, Ford Motor Companytime to use light weight materials like aluminum is now. Coupled with smaller hybridand diesel powertrains, automotive aluminum can maximize fuel efficiency whilepaying its consumer back faster at the fuel pump.Overall, the amount of aluminum in vehicles is not only increasing, but also spreadingacross market segments and application types. Automotive aluminum is continuingto become a more common choice in vehicle technology as the industry movesto manufacturing more environmentally-friendly, fuel-efficient and walletconsciousvehicles. For more information, please visit us online at