Health Indicators.. Dr.Padmesh

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Health indicators (WHO)

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Health Indicators.. Dr.Padmesh

  1. 1. HEALTH INDICATORS (WHO)DR.PADMESH
  2. 2.  1.Life expectancy at birth: Definition Average number of years that a newborn is expected to live if current mortality rates continue to apply. Life expectancy at birth reflects the overall mortality level of a population. It summarizes the mortality pattern that prevails across all age groups - children and adolescents, adults and the elderly.
  3. 3.  2. Healthy life expectancy (HALE): Definition Average number of years that a person can expect to live in "full health" by taking into account years lived in less than full health due to disease and/or injury.
  4. 4.  3. Neonatal mortality rate (per 1 000 live births): Definition Number of deaths during the first 28 completed days* of life per 1 000 live births in a given year or period.* Neonatal deaths may be subdivided into early neonatal deaths, occurring during the first seven days of life, and late neonatal deaths, occurring after the seventh day but before the 28 completed days of life.
  5. 5.  4. Probability of dying (per 1000) under age one year (infant mortality rate): Definition Infant mortality rate is the probability of a child born in a specific year or period dying before reaching the age of one, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of that period.
  6. 6.  5. Probability of dying (per 1000) under age five years (under-five mortality rate): Definition Under-five mortality rate is the probability of a child born in a specific year or period dying before reaching the age of five, if subject to age-specific mortality rates of that period. Under-five mortality rate and Infant mortality rate, are strictly speaking, not rates (i.e. the number of deaths divided by the number of population at risk during a certain period of time) but a probability of death derived from a life table and expressed as rate per 1000 live births.
  7. 7.  6. Maternal mortality ratio (per 100 000 live births): Definition Number of maternal deaths per 100 000 live births during a specified time period, usually one year. Maternal mortality ratio (MMR) represents the risk associated with each pregnancy, i.e. the obstetric risk.
  8. 8.  7. Tuberculosis mortality: Definition Estimated number of deaths due to TB in given time period. Expressed in this database as deaths per 100 000 population per year. Includes deaths from all forms of TB, and deaths from TB in people with HIV.
  9. 9.  8. Years of life lost (percentage of total): Definition YLL are calculated from the number of deaths multiplied by a standard life expectancy at the age at which death occurs.
  10. 10.  9. Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALY): Definition The sum of years of potential life lost due to premature mortality and the years of productive life lost due to disability.
  11. 11.  10. Antenatal care coverage (%): Definition Percentage of women who utilized antenatal care provided by skilled health personnel for reasons related to pregnancy at least once during pregnancy as a percentage of live births in a given time period.
  12. 12.  OTHERS: 11. Estimated rate of children below 15 years of age dying of HIV/AIDS (per 1 000) 12. Estimated rate of adults (15 years and older) dying of HIV/AIDS (per 1 000) 13. Causes of death among children under five years of age (percentage) 14. Incidence of tuberculosis 15. Prevalence of tuberculosis
  13. 13.  OTHERS: 16. Number of poliomyelitis cases 17. Births attended by skilled health personnel (%) 18. One-year-olds immunized with -one dose of measles (%) -three doses of diphtheria, tetanus toxoid and pertussis (DTP3) (%) -three doses of Hepatitis B (HepB3 )(%)
  14. 14.  OTHERS: 19. Tuberculosis: DOTS case detection rate 20. Tuberculosis: DOTS treatment success 21. Children under five years of age with acute respiratory infection and fever (ARI) taken to facility 22. Children under five years of age with diarrhoea who received ORT
  15. 15.  OTHERS: 23. Children 6-59 month of age who received vitamin A supplementation 24. Newborns with low birth weight (%) 25. Children under five years of age - stunted for age (percentage) - underweight for age (percentage) - overweight for age (percentage)
  16. 16.  OTHERS: 26. Total expenditure on health as percentage of GDP 27. General government expenditure on health as percentage of total general government expenditure 28. Per capita government expenditure on health at international dollar rate 29. Number of hospital beds per 10 000 population 30. Number of physicians per 1000 population

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