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Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 2016; 4(5): 308-309
E-ISSN: 2320-7078
P-ISSN: 2349-6800
JEZS 2016; 4(5): 308-309
© 2016 JEZS
Received: 15-07-2016
Accepted: 16-08-2016
Shehzad Zareen
Department of Zoology, Kohat
University of Science and
Technology, 26000, KPK, Pakistan
Hameed Ur Rehman
Department of Chemistry, Kohat
University of Science and
Technology, KPK, Pakistan.
Syed Mohsin Shah
Department of Zoology, Kohat
University of Science and
Technology, KPK, Pakistan
Faisal Rehman
Department of Zoology, Kohat
University of Science and
Technology, KPK, Pakistan
Amjid Ali
Department of Zoology, Kohat
University of Science and
Technology, KPK, Pakistan
Zia ul Islam
Department of Zoology, Kohat
University of Science and
Technology, KPK, Pakistan
Hidayat Ullah Khan
Department of Zoology, Kohat
University of Science and
Technology, KPK, Pakistan
Raqeebullah
Department of Zoology, Abdul
Wali Khan University Mardan,
Pakistan
Kausar Saeed
Department of Zoology, Abdul
Wali Khan University Mardan
Buner Campus, Pakistan
Waqar Ahmd
Department of Chemistry, Islamia
College University Peshawar,
Pakistan
Zawar Ahmad
Department of Animal Genomics &
Biotechnology, PARC Institute of
Advance Studies in Agriculture
NARC Islamabad, Pakistan
Correspondence
Hameed Ur Rehman
Department of Chemistry, Kohat
University of Science and
Technology, 26000, KPK, Pakistan
Legal and illegal trade of wildlife and domesticated
birds and mammals in two different localities in
district Kohat
Shehzad Zareen, Hameed Ur Rehman, Syed Mohsin Shah, Faisal
Rehman, Amjid Ali, Zia ul Islam, Hidayat Ullah Khan, Raqeebullah,
Kausar Saeed, Waqar Ahmd and Zawar Ahmad
Abstract
Commercial use of non-domesticated animals and plants is usually referred as wildlife trade. Data was
collected from two different localities of district Kohat. Data was recorded on a questionnaire along with
animal’s classification, Common and local names and price per animal (in Pakistani Rupees). About 8
different species of birds were being sold in Bilitang Mela and Neher Mela among which 5 were
marketed legally, While 3 of them were being sold totally in an illegal way without any permit from
wildlife department. Among mammals about 6 different species were being marketed. All of the
Mammals were traded legally over there. Trading of Partridges is very common in district Kohat. Most of
the marketing of partridges is illegal i.e. without any permission from wildlife department. They are kept
in cage throughout their lives. They are also reared for breeding purpose and their chicks are then sold for
a handsome amount of money. As imported birds and animals are completely banned therefore these
bazaars are not involved in imported animals and birds. Family Phasianidae is most commonly traded
family of birds in district Kohat and Family Bovidae was the most common marketed family. All
mammals were being marketed legally. B. Taurus (Cow) was found most costly mammal among them.
Keywords: Legal, illegal, trade, birds, mammals
1. Introduction
Business of non-domesticated animals and plants is usually referred as wildlife trade. Those
animals may be retrieved from their natural habitat or may be reared in an artificial
environment for breading purpose. United Nations' Convention on International Trade in
Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), controls the legal wildlife
trade.Wildlife trade is a threat to animals and their biodiversity [1]
. In many countries, illegal
trade is carried out by most of tribal peoples as they hunt for food and money. They don’t have
any idea about the importance of biodiversity and conservation status of animal species; hence
contribute to the decline of biodiversity [2-4]
. Animals trading can be legal. If the conservation
status of an animal is least concerned, then it is allowed to bring it to market to meet the
requirement of meat and milk i.e. food for human beings [5]
. Looking to the above facts of
trading, the current study is designed to investigate the Legal and illegal trade of wildlife and
domesticated birds and mammals in two different localities in district Kohat.
2. Materials and methods
2.1 Study Area
2.1.1 Bilitang Mela
Bilitang is a village situated about 13 km towards Pindi road from main Kohat city. “Bilitang
mela” is a weekly Bazaar, organized on every Saturday, where animals are sold both legally
and illegally.
2.1.2 Neher Mela
Kohat Neher is situated about 5 km towards Bannu Road from main Kohat city. Neher Mela is
also a weekly bazar, organized on every Sunday, where animals are sold both legally and
illegally.
 
~ 309 ~ 
Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 
2.2 Data Collection
Data was collected from above mentioned localities of
district Kohat. Data was recorded on a questionnaire along
with animal’s classification, Common and local names and
price per animal (in Pakistani Rupees)
3. Results
3.1 Trade of birds
About 8 different species of birds were being sold in Bilitang
Mela and Neher Mela among which 5 were marketed legally
i.e. they do not require any permit from wildlife department,
they include A. anser (Domestic Goose), P. cristatus (Indian
peafowl), N. meleagris (Helmeted guineafowl), M. gallopavo
(Wild turkey) and M. undulates(Budgerigar). While 3 of
them were being sold totally in an illegal way without any
permit from wildlife department. Those include P. perdix
(Grey Partridge), A. chukar (Chukar Partridge) and M. Niger
(Black partridge) Table-1.
Table 1
Class Aves
Order Family Genus Specie Common Name Local Name Price (PKR/Animal) Status
Galliformes Phasianidae Perdix P. perdix Grey partridge Seenzara 1200-1500 I
Anseriformes Anatidae Anser A. anser Domestic goose Raj Hans 2100-3000 L
Galliformes Phasianidae Pavo P. cristatus Indian peafowl Moor 8000-25000 L
Galliformes Phasianidae Alectoris A. chukar Chukar partridge Zark 20000-35000 I
Galliformes Numididae Numida N. meleagris Helmeted guineafowl Teetara 1000-3000 L
Galliformes Phasianidae Meleagris M. gallopavo Wild turkey Piru 3000-5000 L
Galliformes Phasianidae Melanoperdix M. niger Black partridge Taru 15000-30000 I
Psittaciformes Psittaculidae Melopsittacus M. undulates Budgerigar Australian Tooti 500-800 L
*L- Legal *I-Illegal
3.2 Trade of Mammals
Among mammals about 6 different species were being
marketed. All of the Mammals were traded legally over
there. They include B. Taurus (Cow/ Cattle), B. bubalis
(Water buffalo), C. aegagrus (Goat), O. Aries (Sheep), C.
lupus (Dog) and O. Cuniculus (Domestic rabbit). Table-2
Table 2
Class Mammalia
Order Family Genus Species Common Name Local Name Price (PKR/Animal) Status
Cetartiodactyla Bovidae Bos B. taurus Cow/ Cattle Ghwa 80000-140000 L
Artiodactyla Bovidae Bubalus B. bubalis Water buffalo Mekha 60,000-80,000 L
Artiodactyla Bovidae Capra C. aegagrus Goat Wzaa 13000-20000 L
Artiodactyla Bovidae Ovis O. aries Sheep Gadh 20000-25000 L
Carnivora Canidae Canis C. lupus Dog Spye 13000-20000 L
Lagomorpha Leporidae Oryctolagus O. cuniculus Domestic rabbit Soya 250-300 L
4. Conclusion and Discussion
Trading of Partridges is very common in district Kohat. Most
of the marketing of partridges is illegal i.e. without any
permission from wildlife department. They are kept in cage
throughout their lives. They are also reared for breeding
purposed and their chicks are then sold for a handsome
amount of money. As imported birds and animals are
completely banned therefore these bazaars are not involved
in imported animals and birds. Family Phasianidae is most
commonly traded family of birds in district Kohat. A. chukar
(Chukar partridge) was found most costly bird among all
marketed birds which cost about 30,000 to 35,000 PKR.
Among mammals, family Bovidae was the most common
marketed family. All mammals were being marketed legally.
B. Taurus (Cow) was found most costly mammal among
them. as cow is used for both meat and milk which is the key
cause of its high price.
5. Acknowledgement
This study was the project work of Syed Mohsin Shah, Faisal
Rehman, Amjid Ali, Zia ul Islam and Hidayat Ullah
Khanwho were the students of M.Sc Zoology 2nd
semester,
(Spring, 2016) Supervised by Mr. Shehzad Zareen, Lecturer
in Zoology, Department of Zoology, Kohat University of
Science and technology Kohat. All the group members pay
special Thanks to Mr. Hameed-Ur-Rehman, Department of
Chemistry for aid in publication.
6. References
1. Vié JC, Hilton-Taylor C, Stuart SN. Wildlife in a
Changing World – An Analysis of the 2008 IUCN Red
List of Threatened Species (PDF). Gland, Switzerland:
IUCN. 2009, 180. ISBN 978-2-8317-1063-1. Retrieved
2 May 2016.
2. Survival International. Poaching. Retrieved 10 June,
2015.
3. India: 'Jungle Book' tribes illegally evicted from tiger
reserve". The Ecologist. 14 January 2015. Retrieved 10
June 2015.
4. Survival International. Tiger Reserves, India. Retrieved
10 June 2015.
5. Jedrzejewski, Wlodzimierz. Using spatial patterns in
illegal wildlife uses to reveal connections between
subsistence hunting and trade. Conservation Biology.
2016. doi:10.1111/cobi.12744.

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Legal and illegal trade of wildlife and domesticated

  • 1. ~ 308 ~  Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 2016; 4(5): 308-309 E-ISSN: 2320-7078 P-ISSN: 2349-6800 JEZS 2016; 4(5): 308-309 © 2016 JEZS Received: 15-07-2016 Accepted: 16-08-2016 Shehzad Zareen Department of Zoology, Kohat University of Science and Technology, 26000, KPK, Pakistan Hameed Ur Rehman Department of Chemistry, Kohat University of Science and Technology, KPK, Pakistan. Syed Mohsin Shah Department of Zoology, Kohat University of Science and Technology, KPK, Pakistan Faisal Rehman Department of Zoology, Kohat University of Science and Technology, KPK, Pakistan Amjid Ali Department of Zoology, Kohat University of Science and Technology, KPK, Pakistan Zia ul Islam Department of Zoology, Kohat University of Science and Technology, KPK, Pakistan Hidayat Ullah Khan Department of Zoology, Kohat University of Science and Technology, KPK, Pakistan Raqeebullah Department of Zoology, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, Pakistan Kausar Saeed Department of Zoology, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan Buner Campus, Pakistan Waqar Ahmd Department of Chemistry, Islamia College University Peshawar, Pakistan Zawar Ahmad Department of Animal Genomics & Biotechnology, PARC Institute of Advance Studies in Agriculture NARC Islamabad, Pakistan Correspondence Hameed Ur Rehman Department of Chemistry, Kohat University of Science and Technology, 26000, KPK, Pakistan Legal and illegal trade of wildlife and domesticated birds and mammals in two different localities in district Kohat Shehzad Zareen, Hameed Ur Rehman, Syed Mohsin Shah, Faisal Rehman, Amjid Ali, Zia ul Islam, Hidayat Ullah Khan, Raqeebullah, Kausar Saeed, Waqar Ahmd and Zawar Ahmad Abstract Commercial use of non-domesticated animals and plants is usually referred as wildlife trade. Data was collected from two different localities of district Kohat. Data was recorded on a questionnaire along with animal’s classification, Common and local names and price per animal (in Pakistani Rupees). About 8 different species of birds were being sold in Bilitang Mela and Neher Mela among which 5 were marketed legally, While 3 of them were being sold totally in an illegal way without any permit from wildlife department. Among mammals about 6 different species were being marketed. All of the Mammals were traded legally over there. Trading of Partridges is very common in district Kohat. Most of the marketing of partridges is illegal i.e. without any permission from wildlife department. They are kept in cage throughout their lives. They are also reared for breeding purpose and their chicks are then sold for a handsome amount of money. As imported birds and animals are completely banned therefore these bazaars are not involved in imported animals and birds. Family Phasianidae is most commonly traded family of birds in district Kohat and Family Bovidae was the most common marketed family. All mammals were being marketed legally. B. Taurus (Cow) was found most costly mammal among them. Keywords: Legal, illegal, trade, birds, mammals 1. Introduction Business of non-domesticated animals and plants is usually referred as wildlife trade. Those animals may be retrieved from their natural habitat or may be reared in an artificial environment for breading purpose. United Nations' Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), controls the legal wildlife trade.Wildlife trade is a threat to animals and their biodiversity [1] . In many countries, illegal trade is carried out by most of tribal peoples as they hunt for food and money. They don’t have any idea about the importance of biodiversity and conservation status of animal species; hence contribute to the decline of biodiversity [2-4] . Animals trading can be legal. If the conservation status of an animal is least concerned, then it is allowed to bring it to market to meet the requirement of meat and milk i.e. food for human beings [5] . Looking to the above facts of trading, the current study is designed to investigate the Legal and illegal trade of wildlife and domesticated birds and mammals in two different localities in district Kohat. 2. Materials and methods 2.1 Study Area 2.1.1 Bilitang Mela Bilitang is a village situated about 13 km towards Pindi road from main Kohat city. “Bilitang mela” is a weekly Bazaar, organized on every Saturday, where animals are sold both legally and illegally. 2.1.2 Neher Mela Kohat Neher is situated about 5 km towards Bannu Road from main Kohat city. Neher Mela is also a weekly bazar, organized on every Sunday, where animals are sold both legally and illegally.
  • 2.   ~ 309 ~  Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies  2.2 Data Collection Data was collected from above mentioned localities of district Kohat. Data was recorded on a questionnaire along with animal’s classification, Common and local names and price per animal (in Pakistani Rupees) 3. Results 3.1 Trade of birds About 8 different species of birds were being sold in Bilitang Mela and Neher Mela among which 5 were marketed legally i.e. they do not require any permit from wildlife department, they include A. anser (Domestic Goose), P. cristatus (Indian peafowl), N. meleagris (Helmeted guineafowl), M. gallopavo (Wild turkey) and M. undulates(Budgerigar). While 3 of them were being sold totally in an illegal way without any permit from wildlife department. Those include P. perdix (Grey Partridge), A. chukar (Chukar Partridge) and M. Niger (Black partridge) Table-1. Table 1 Class Aves Order Family Genus Specie Common Name Local Name Price (PKR/Animal) Status Galliformes Phasianidae Perdix P. perdix Grey partridge Seenzara 1200-1500 I Anseriformes Anatidae Anser A. anser Domestic goose Raj Hans 2100-3000 L Galliformes Phasianidae Pavo P. cristatus Indian peafowl Moor 8000-25000 L Galliformes Phasianidae Alectoris A. chukar Chukar partridge Zark 20000-35000 I Galliformes Numididae Numida N. meleagris Helmeted guineafowl Teetara 1000-3000 L Galliformes Phasianidae Meleagris M. gallopavo Wild turkey Piru 3000-5000 L Galliformes Phasianidae Melanoperdix M. niger Black partridge Taru 15000-30000 I Psittaciformes Psittaculidae Melopsittacus M. undulates Budgerigar Australian Tooti 500-800 L *L- Legal *I-Illegal 3.2 Trade of Mammals Among mammals about 6 different species were being marketed. All of the Mammals were traded legally over there. They include B. Taurus (Cow/ Cattle), B. bubalis (Water buffalo), C. aegagrus (Goat), O. Aries (Sheep), C. lupus (Dog) and O. Cuniculus (Domestic rabbit). Table-2 Table 2 Class Mammalia Order Family Genus Species Common Name Local Name Price (PKR/Animal) Status Cetartiodactyla Bovidae Bos B. taurus Cow/ Cattle Ghwa 80000-140000 L Artiodactyla Bovidae Bubalus B. bubalis Water buffalo Mekha 60,000-80,000 L Artiodactyla Bovidae Capra C. aegagrus Goat Wzaa 13000-20000 L Artiodactyla Bovidae Ovis O. aries Sheep Gadh 20000-25000 L Carnivora Canidae Canis C. lupus Dog Spye 13000-20000 L Lagomorpha Leporidae Oryctolagus O. cuniculus Domestic rabbit Soya 250-300 L 4. Conclusion and Discussion Trading of Partridges is very common in district Kohat. Most of the marketing of partridges is illegal i.e. without any permission from wildlife department. They are kept in cage throughout their lives. They are also reared for breeding purposed and their chicks are then sold for a handsome amount of money. As imported birds and animals are completely banned therefore these bazaars are not involved in imported animals and birds. Family Phasianidae is most commonly traded family of birds in district Kohat. A. chukar (Chukar partridge) was found most costly bird among all marketed birds which cost about 30,000 to 35,000 PKR. Among mammals, family Bovidae was the most common marketed family. All mammals were being marketed legally. B. Taurus (Cow) was found most costly mammal among them. as cow is used for both meat and milk which is the key cause of its high price. 5. Acknowledgement This study was the project work of Syed Mohsin Shah, Faisal Rehman, Amjid Ali, Zia ul Islam and Hidayat Ullah Khanwho were the students of M.Sc Zoology 2nd semester, (Spring, 2016) Supervised by Mr. Shehzad Zareen, Lecturer in Zoology, Department of Zoology, Kohat University of Science and technology Kohat. All the group members pay special Thanks to Mr. Hameed-Ur-Rehman, Department of Chemistry for aid in publication. 6. References 1. Vié JC, Hilton-Taylor C, Stuart SN. Wildlife in a Changing World – An Analysis of the 2008 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species (PDF). Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. 2009, 180. ISBN 978-2-8317-1063-1. Retrieved 2 May 2016. 2. Survival International. Poaching. Retrieved 10 June, 2015. 3. India: 'Jungle Book' tribes illegally evicted from tiger reserve". The Ecologist. 14 January 2015. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 4. Survival International. Tiger Reserves, India. Retrieved 10 June 2015. 5. Jedrzejewski, Wlodzimierz. Using spatial patterns in illegal wildlife uses to reveal connections between subsistence hunting and trade. Conservation Biology. 2016. doi:10.1111/cobi.12744.