Suicide and islamic view


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This slides program explains prevalence of suicide, Islamic viewpoint in the light of Quran and Sunnah. It also highlights the factors which lead to suicidal behavior. How should suicidal person be helped and where to find help.

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Suicide and islamic view

  1. 1. • Suicide, or self-killing, has been known throughout the whole of recorded history • It is found in every culture and social setting. • It was noted in the Biblical Times within the Jewish and Christian faiths. • It is mentioned in the Bhagavad Gita within the Hindu faith, • In classical Greece and Rome • Later throughout the Middle-Ages • In Western world and throughout the world • Despite severe theological prohibitions, amongst Muslims.
  2. 2. • Depression- unipolar affective disorder • Isolation and detachment-This is not so much physical isolation but moral insulation. Individual is so hopeless that others cannot help him. • Substance misuse (Drugs and alcohol) • Loss of family or friends • Relationship break-ups • Financial problems • Sickness and disability
  3. 3. • A global mortality rate of 17 per 100,000 • One death every 40 seconds from suicide • • In the last 45 years suicide rates have increased by 65% worldwide. • • Suicide is now among the three leading causes of death amongst those aged 14-44(both sexes) • • Suicide attempts are up to 20 times more frequent than completed suicide • More people die from suicide than homicide in the USA • Mental disorders (particularly depression and substance abuse) are associated with more than 90% of all causes of suicide
  4. 4. "Don't kill yourself. No doubt Allah (SWT) is merciful and anyone who does so, will be pushed in fire. And it is easy for Allah (swt)." (Nisa: 4:29, 4:30)
  5. 5. "Don't' kill yourself with your own hands" (Baqra 2:195) If anyone killed a person not in retaliation for murder (without just cause) or to spread mischief in the land, it would be as if he killed all mankind, and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved all mankind.} (Al-Ma'idah 5:32)
  6. 6. • And do not kill the soul which Allah has forbidden, except by right. And whoever is killed unjustly - We have given his heir authority, but let him not exceed limits in (the matter of) taking life. Indeed, he has been supported (Al-Isra, 17: 33).
  7. 7. • "Whoever kills himself with a weapon in this world, he will be tortured in hell with the same weapon". (Bukhari) • "Whoever strangles himself with a rope, he will keep on strangling himself until being burnt in hell. And he who killed himself with a spear, he will keep on being killed by spear until he is sent to hell." (Bukhari)
  8. 8. • Narrated Abu Huraira (RA): • We were in the company of Allah's Messenger on an expedition, and he remarked about a man who claimed to be a Muslim, saying, “This (man) is from the people of the (Hell) Fire.” • When the battle started, the man fought violently till he got wounded. Somebody said, “O Allah's Apostle! The man whom you described as being from the people of the (Hell) Fire fought violently today and died.” • The Prophet said, “He will go to the (Hell) Fire.” Some people were on the point of doubting when suddenly someone said that he was still alive but severely wounded. • When night fell, he lost patience and committed suicide. • The Prophet was informed of that, and he said, “Allah is Greater! I testify that I am Allah's Slave and His Apostle.” • Then he ordered Bilal to announce amongst the people: 'None will enter Paradise but a Muslim, and Allah may support this religion (i.e. Islam) even with a disobedient man.'
  9. 9. • "A hypocrite fighting along with Rasulullah (saw) was very brave in the fight but when he was too much hurt, he killed himself with his own sword to avoid pain. Upon this, Rasulullah (saw) informed all that this person goes to hell. He said that there are some who do a few things to qualify for heaven, but they actually qualify for nothing except hell. Similarly, there are some whom everyone considers as going to hell, but they are actually going to heaven." (Muslim). • "Rasulullah said there was a person back in time who had a painful acne and he cut his own wound whereby a lot of blood spilled and he died. Allah (swt) said "Heaven is forbidden to him". (Muslim)
  10. 10. • Fatwa in Durre- Mukhtar: "Although one who commits suicide, will burn in hell forever, but the deceased was a Muslim before doing this act and • He will be buried as per normal Muslim traditions. • Such a person will be given Ghusl, Janaza Salah and burial in a Muslim cemetery as is the case with any other sinful Muslim
  11. 11. • The person who commits suicide in the hope that after he has destroyed his self and its desires he would escape the agony of life in the form of total annihilation, • He will find as soon as he passes through the gate of death that there is an everlasting life ahead and not mortality • Where he has to explain as to why he had been straining every nerve to destroy the self that he had been blessed with instead of developing and adorning it in every possible way. • Tafsir “Tafhimul Quran, Surah Zariaat. Exp note #9”
  12. 12. • A person who has killed himself should be washed, prayed over and buried with the Muslims, because he is a sinner but he is not a kafir (disbeliever). • If the Khalifah, ruler, judges, president or mayor do not pray over him in order to denounce this action and announce that it is wrong, then this is good, but some of the Muslims should still offer the (funeral) prayer for him • (Kitaab Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Maqaalaat Mutanawwi’ah- Vol 13 Page 122)
  13. 13. • Suicide is when a person kills himself intentionally by whatever means. This is haram and regarded as amongst the major sins, and likewise included in the general statement of Allah (SWT): • And whoever kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell to abide therein, and the Wrath and the Curse of Allah are upon him, and a great punishment is prepared for him}, [Nisaa, 93]. • And it is established from the Sunnah on the authority of the Prophet (SAW) who said: • Indeed, whoever (intentionally) kills himself, then certainly he will be punished in the Fire of Hell, wherein he shall dwell forever)), [Bukharee and Muslim) • (Kayfa Nu'aalij Waaqi'unaa al-Aleem - Page 120)
  14. 14. • “To my knowledge so-called 'suicide missions' do not have any legal basis in Islam and do not constitute a form of Jihad. • I fear that they are nothing but a form of suicide, and suicide is also prohibited in Islam.” • Those who commit such atrocities in the name of religion are wrong. • They can find no support for their actions in our creed. • Nor can those who explode themselves and others indiscriminately in shopping centers, theaters or houses of worship find any justification in the faith’s pristine teachings.
  15. 15. • “Even in times of war, Muslims are not allowed to kill anybody save the one who is indulged in face-toface confrontation with them.” • “They are not allowed to kill women, old persons, or children, and that haphazard killing is totally forbidden in Islam.” • Shaykh Qaradāwī on another occasion defined terrorism as “the killing of innocent people...with no differentiation between the innocent and the foe.
  16. 16. • “Muslim should only fight those who fight him; children, women and the elderly must be spared.” • Therefore terrorism and its crime against civilians is impermissible under any interpretation of Islamic law. • This ruling does not change based on geographical locality.
  17. 17. • Targeting civilians life and property through suicide bombings or any other method of attack is haram or forbidden - and those who commit these barbaric acts are criminals, not martyrs. • The Quran, Islam’s revealed text, states: “Whoever kills a person [unjustly]it is as though he has killed all mankind. And whoever saves a life, it is as though he had saved all mankind.” (Quran, 5:32) • Prophet Muhammad said there is no excuse for committing unjust acts: “Do not be people without minds of your own, saying that if others treat you well you will treat them well, and that if they do wrong you will do wrong to them. Instead, accustom yourselves to do good if people do good and not to do wrong (even) if they do evil.” (Al-Tirmidhi)
  18. 18. • Recognize that a person who commits suicide is forbidden paradise. • Be sure to talk to your local Imam if you feel suicidal. • The imam should generally not be judgmental in his response. The imam, should, however, show or quote to you the above hadith or similar rulings, at least so you know the consequences on your soul. • Seek out the Islamic counsel that is there to guide and encourage you on the right path, not the perceived easy path.
  19. 19. • Say, "astagherAllah wa atubu alaihi" (May Allah have mercy on me and accept my repentance) 100 times a day, as was a Sunnah of Prophet (SAW). • When fearful, say "La ilaha ill Allah" (there is no deity but Allah). • If someone expresses suicidal thoughts to you, it is important that you warn him or her of the consequences. • Do not kill yourself. Seek Allah's Mercy, for surely Allah (SWT) is All Merciful. Humbly seek the help of your Lord. • Remember... Allah (SWT) sees everything we do and we are going to be held accountable.
  20. 20. • • • • • • • • • • Depression Anxiety Hopelessness Impulsive or aggressive tendencies Substance use/abuse Previous suicide attempt or previous thoughts of killing oneself Coping style in which problems are kept inside/unexpressed Low self-esteem and lack of self-efficacy Feelings of loneliness, guilt, shame, or inadequacy Academic concerns
  21. 21. • • • • • • • • • • • • Financial concerns Conflicts with friends, roommates, peers, or partner Recent loss (e.g., death or breakup) Social isolation, particularly from family or spiritual community Conflict with parents about choice of academic major, career, or dating partner Marriage pressures (arranged or otherwise) Decrease in structure (including personal behavior and social interactions) History of physical or sexual abuse Family history of depression and/or suicide Easy access to firearms or other lethal methods Unwillingness to seek help because of shame in seeking mental health services Lack of access to mental health care
  22. 22. • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Strong self-esteem Sense of personal control Impulse control Coping skills Social skills (i.e., communication skills, anger management, etc.) Hope for the future, optimism Reasons for living A healthy lifestyle, including healthy eating, restful sleep, and exercise A healthy fear of risky behaviors and pain Sobriety Medical compliance and a sense of the importance of health and wellness Attitudes, values, and norms prohibiting suicide Cultural, religious, or spiritual beliefs that discourage suicide Being happily partnered Being a parent Willingness to seek help and access mental health services
  23. 23. • Strong connections to friends, family, and supportive significant others • Strong social-support network • Responsibilities/duties to others • Pets • Opportunities to participate in and contribute to school and/or community projects/activities • A reasonably safe and stable living environment • Spiritual well-being • Religious involvement • Restricted access to firearms or other lethal methods • Access to physical and mental health services
  24. 24. • • • • • • • • • • • • • Experiences feelings of hopelessness and helplessness Reports feeling very depressed Experiences anxiety and/or stress Increases their use of alcohol and/or other drugs Engages in reckless behaviors Has physical symptoms Withdraws from family, community, or friends, and from activities once enjoyed Says things such as, “I don’t deserve to be here,” “I wish I were dead,” “I am going to kill myself,” or “I want to die.” Is focused on death and dying Talks about wanting to commit suicide Writes poems, letters, or stories about death and/or suicide Starts giving away possessions Prepares for death by making out a will
  25. 25. • Academic problems: inattentive, missed classes, incomplete assignments, failed exams and courses • Relationship problems: conflicts with parents, roommates, friends, or partners; social or spiritual isolation • Risky behaviors: violent or aggressive behavior, unprotected sexual practices, alcohol and other drug abuse, driving under the influence • Physical symptoms: muscular tension, insomnia, stomach aches, other physical complaints
  26. 26. • • • • • • • • Listen and accept the other person’s feelings Express your care and concern Be empathetic Try not to judge or argue Do not allow yourself to be sworn to secrecy Don’t act shocked by their plans Never dare someone to kill themselves Offer to go with the person to seek help from his or her parents, partner, or other family members, friends, a counselor, spiritual leader, or other source of support • If possible, do not leave the person alone • Seek support or advice from others
  27. 27. • • • • • • • • Counseling Center Resident Advisers Office of Multicultural Programs and Services Imams Campus Security Family Members Friends Crisis Line
  28. 28. • • • • • • • • National Suicide Prevention Hotline 1.800.273.TALK (8255) Georgia Crisis and Access Line 1.800.715.4225 National Hope line Network 1.800.SUICIDE (784.2433) 911 or nearest emergency room Emory Muslim Student Association • Islamic Society of North America • American Foundation for Suicide Prevention • The Jed Foundation