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Love in quran


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This slide program explains meaning of love and its various kinds as explained in the Quran.

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Love in quran

  1. 1. IN QURAN
  2. 2. What is love? Love has to do with the heart, and it may appear in a person’s heart for reasons known or unknown. Love is a feeling of appreciation from being cared for by someone or being the caregiver to someone. Thus a loving relationship is achieved by putting the needs and wants of others before your own In love the purposeful aim is to make joy by making others happy at all times. The desire to give always supersedes the desire to receive. . This is a great value in Islam and the best method of establishing peace.
  3. 3. 4 categories of love 1 2 3 4 Love of Allah leads to avoid committing sins and do righteous deeds to achieve pleasure of Allah. . Love of Prophet Muhammad (SAW) leads to follolw his sunnah & is indication of the love of Allah Human love love of neighbors, colleagues, relatives and even strangers. . Spousal love leads the couple to have a peaceful and happy family life, which is the core of the Muslim society.
  4. 4. What is lust? Lust is the natural desire for intimate relation with opposite gender. Lust must be controlled and released in the proper manner allowed in Islam, which is through marriage Too often people (Muslims included) confuse love with lust. Lust has its place in life. But it is the wrong thing to base your life around
  5. 5. Falling in Love: Allowed in Islam? In Islam, it is not a sin if you feel a special affinity or inclination towards a certain individual since human beings have no control on such natural inclinations. We are, however, definitely responsible and accountable if we take specific actions or steps that might be deemed as haram (forbidden). Islam forbids all forms of ‘dating’ and isolating oneself with a member of the opposite sex, as well indiscriminate mingling and mixing Islam encourages us to marry persons for whom we have special feelings and affinity.
  6. 6. Guard Lustful gaze Prophet (SAW) saw a young man merely looking at a young woman, he turned his head so as to make him look away, then he said: "I saw a young man and a young woman, and I did not trust the shaytan not to tempt them.” al-Tirmidhi
  7. 7. 5 categories of word Hubb or love in Quran The word love, hubb in its various grammatical forms, is used 69 times in the Qur'an. We can divide these into five categories: (1) Man's love of material things. (2) Love for other humans (3) Man's love for God. (4) God's love in the negative sense, i.e. "God loves not ..." (5) God's love for man.
  8. 8. (1) Man's Love of Things (15 times) • Use of the word love carries a negative meaning concerning those who love this material world. 14:3 Those who love [istahib] the life of this world more than the Hereafter, who hinder (men) from the Path of Allah and seek therein something crooked: They are astray by a long distance. 16:107 This because they love [istahib] the life of this world better than the Hereafter: And Allah will not guide those who reject Faith.
  9. 9. Love of the material world • 75:20 Nay, (ye men!) But ye love [hubb] the fleeting life, • 76:27 As to these, they love [hubb] the fleeting life, and put away behind them a Day (that will be) hard. • 89:20 And ye love [hubb] wealth with inordinate love! • 100:8 And violent is he in his love [hubb n.] of wealth.
  10. 10. 3:14 • The above theme is more fully defined in Surah 3:14 • 3:14 Fair in the eyes of men is the love [hubb] of things they covet: Women and sons; heaped-up hoards of gold and silver; horses branded (for blood and excellence); and (wealth of) cattle and well-tilled land. Such are the possessions of this world's life; but in nearness to Allah is the best of the goals (to return to).
  11. 11. 3:92 3:92 By no means shall ye attain righteousness unless ye give (freely) of that which ye love; [hubb] and whatever ye give, of a truth Allah knows it well. • Here again is reference to loving wealth and things, but that righteousness is attained by giving or spending [nafuq] for what one loves. • Thus, these verses come closest to the Biblical injunction "Do not love the world, nor the things in the world." I John 2:15
  12. 12. Hesitance for battle Pride and hypocrisy • 2:216 Fighting is prescribed for you, and ye dislike it. But it is possible that ye dislike a thing which is good for you, and that ye love [hubb] a thing which is bad for you. But Allah knows, and ye know not. • Pride and hypocrisy: • 3:188 Think not that those who exult in what they have brought about, and love [hubb] to be praised for what they have not done, -- think not that they can escape the Penalty. For them is a Penalty grievous indeed.
  13. 13. Idolatry rejection of counsel • 6:76 When the night covered him over, he saw a star: He said: "This is my Lord." But when it set, He said: "I love [hubb] not those that set." (This passage is a reference to Abraham when he rejected heavenly objects as being divine.) 7:79 So Salih left them, saying: "O my people! I did indeed convey to you the message for which I was sent by my Lord: I gave you good counsel, but ye love [hubb] not good counsellors!"
  14. 14. Disbelief over Iman Publishing scandal • 9:23 O ye who believe! Take not for protectors your fathers and your brothers if they love [istahib] disbelief above Faith: If any of you do so, they do wrong. • 24:19 Those who love [hubb] (to see) scandal published broadcast among the Believers, will have a grievous Penalty in this life and in the Hereafter: Allah knows, and ye know not.
  15. 15. Promise of victory • 61:13 And another (favor will He bestow), which ye do love [hubb], -- help from Allah and a speedy victory. So give the Glad Tidings to the Believers. • The majority of the verses above reflect basically a negative use of the word love. • It is used of loving inappropriate or wrong things. • The sole positive verse concerns loving God's help and favor in victory. • Things are stated in the negative in order to reinforce a point
  16. 16. 2) Human Love (15 Times) Mawadda - 7 Interpretive insert - 3 times times Hubb - 5 times Human Love
  17. 17. love [hubb] in the sense of human love • 3:119 Ah! Ye are those who love [hubb] them, but they love [hubb] you not, -- though ye believe in the whole of the Book. When they meet you they say, "We believe": But when they are alone, they bite off the very tips of their fingers at you in their rage. Say: "Perish in your rage; Allah knows well all the secrets of the heart." • This is referring to those outside the ranks of believers. • The believers may show love to them, but this love is not reciprocated.
  18. 18. Fatherly love • 12:8 They said: "Truly Joseph and his brother are loved [ahubb] more by our father than we: But we are a goodly body! Really our father is obviously wandering (in his mind)! • The passage refers to the jealousy of Joseph's brothers who are disturbed that Jacob loves Joseph and Benjamin more than the other sons. • Here is an instance where fatherly love creates resentment in men's hearts.
  19. 19. Erotic love • 12:30 Ladies said in the City: "The wife of the (great) Aziz is seeking to seduce her slave from his (true) self: Truly hath he inspired her with violent love [Hubb n.]: We see she is evidently going astray. • This refers to Aziz wife. • Here is an instance where love is described as erotic by emphasizing that it was violent or intense.
  20. 20. Love for family member • 28:56 It is true you will not be able to guide every one whom you love; [hubb] but Allah guides those whom He will. And He knows best those who receive guidance. • The occasion of this verse was the death of Abu Talib, an uncle whom Muhammad (SAW) loved. • This implies that Muhammad(SAW) would not be able to guide everyone he loved, nor expect to do so. • There would be those who would hold to their beliefs in spite of his own personal desire.
  21. 21. Mawadda for some christians • 5:82 Strongest among men in enmity to the Believers wilt thou find the Jews and Pagans; and nearest among them in love [mawadda] to the Believers wilt thou find those who say, "We are Christians": Because amongst these are men devoted to learning and men who have renounced the world, and they are not arrogant.
  22. 22. Mawaddah for idols 29:25 And he said: "For you, ye have taken (for worship) idols besides Allah, out of mutual love [mawadda] and regard between yourselves in this life; but on the Day of Judgment ye shall disown each other and curse each other: And your abode will be the Fire, and ye shall have none to help."
  23. 23. Mawaddah among spouses 30:21 And among His Signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that ye may dwell in tranquillity with them, and He has put love [mawadda] and mercy between your [hearts]: Verily in that are Signs for those who reflect.
  24. 24. Mawaddah for kins • 42:23 That is (the Bounty) whereof Allah gives Glad Tidings to His Servants who believe and do righteous deeds. Say: "No reward do I ask of you for this except the love [mawadda] of those near of kin. " And if any one earns any good, We shall give him an increase of good in respect thereof: For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Ready to appreciate (service).
  25. 25. No mawaddah for enemies • 60:1 O ye who believe! Take not My enemies and yours as friends [or protectors], -- offering them (your) love, [mawadda] even though they have rejected the Truth that has come to you, and have (on the contrary) driven out the Prophet and yourselves (from your homes), (simply) because ye believe in Allah your Lord! If ye have come out to strive in My Way and to seek My Good Pleasure, (take them not as friends), holding secret converse of love (and friendship) [mawadda] with them: For I know full well all that ye conceal and all that ye reveal. And any of you that does this has strayed from the Straight Path.
  26. 26. Mawaddah in future with present enemies • 60:7 It may be that Allah will grant love (and friendship) [mawadda] between you and those whom ye (now) hold as enemies. For Allah has power (over all things); and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
  27. 27. Wadda or friendship • The word mawadda carries the sense of love and friendship. • The verbal form wadda is similar to: "to like, be fond of." • Various other verbal forms convey the idea of becoming friends or to show affection. • Thus the usage above conveys those expressions of friendship among men. • Here is a more positive emphasis to love others. • There is also the teaching in surah 5:85 that the Christians are the closest in friendship to the believing Muslim.
  28. 28. Interpretative Inserts • 14:37 "O our Lord! I have made some of my offspring to dwell in a valley without cultivation, by Thy Sacred House; in order, O our Lord, that they may establish regular Prayer: So fill the hearts of some among men with love towards them, and feed them with Fruits: So that they may give thanks. • The literal sense here is "induce the hearts of people towards them." • The addition of the word love is by inference, but in keeping with the sense of the phrase.
  29. 29. Joined hearts in love • 3:103 And hold fast, all together, by the Rope which Allah (stretches out for you), and be not divided among yourselves; and remember with gratitude Allah's favor on you; for ye were enemies and He joined your hearts in love, so that by His Grace, ye became brethren; and ye were on the brink of the Pit of Fire, and He saved you from it. Thus doth Allah make His Signs clear to you: That ye may be guided. [Interpretive insert] • It implies that God's favor or grace united their hearts.
  30. 30. Spousal love 7:189 It is He Who created you from a single person, and made his mate of like nature, in order that he might dwell with her (in love). When they are united, she bears a light burden and carries it about (unnoticed). When she grows heavy, they both pray to Allah their Lord, (saying): "If You give us a goodly child. We vow we shall (ever) be grateful." [Interpretive insert] Insertion of love is perhaps added due to the verse context of a conjugal relationship that results in a child.
  31. 31. (3) Man's Love for God (7 times) • (Raghban, anab, uruban - once each, interpretive insert - twice) • 2:165 Yet there are men who take (for worship) others besides Allah, as equal (with Allah): They love [hubb] them as they should love [Hubb] Allah but those of Faith are overflowing in their love [hubb n.] for Allah. • This is an interesting verse as the word love [hubb] is used for idolaters as well as for true lovers of God. • The implication being that their love is real, but misdirected. True worshipers are said to be overflowing in their love for God. Here the noun form is used.
  32. 32. Love of Allah as incentive for piety • 2:177 It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces towards the East or West; but it is righteousness -- to believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Messengers; to spend of your substance, out of love for Him, ['ala hubbahu] for your kin, for orphans, for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the ransom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayer, and to practice regular charity; to fulfill the contracts which ye have made; and to be firm and patient, in pain (or suffering) and adversity, and throughout all periods of panic. Such are the people of truth, the Allah-fearing.
  33. 33. Love of horses • 38:32 And he said, "Truly do I love [hubb] the love [hubb n.] of Good, with a view to the glory of my Lord," -- Until (the sun) was hidden in the veil (of Night): • The reference is to Suleman (AS) who loved fine horses. • Horses of high breed were brought to him to admire, but he first sought to make his evening prayers before examining the horses. • In the Old Testament, mention is made of Solomon's love of horses.
  34. 34. Feeding the poor for love of Allah • 76:8 And they feed, for the love of Allah, ['ala hubbahu] the indigent, the orphan, and the captive, - • 76:9 (Saying), "We feed you for the sake of Allah alone: No reward do we desire from you, nor thanks. • This refers to the righteous and their deeds of caring for the less fortunate.
  35. 35. Calling Allah with love • 21:90 So We listened to him: And We granted him Yahya: We cured his wife's (barrenness) for him. These [three] were ever quick in emulation in good works: They used to call on Us with love [raghban] and reverence, and humble themselves before Us. • This refers to Zacharia, his wife and Yahya (AS). • The expression literally means "torn between greed and fear," or "between desire and fear." • Thus they called on God because they desired Him, which desire was tempered with respect.
  36. 36. Turn to Allah with love • 31:15 "But if they strive to make thee join in worship with Me things of which thou hast no knowledge, obey them not; yet bear them company in this life with justice (and consideration), and follow the way of those who turn to Me (in love): In the End the return of you all is to Me, and I will tell you the truth (and meaning) of all that ye did." [Interpolated] [anab] • The expression means, "to turn repentantly to God." Or "to visit frequently." • In the context it means to join those who have rejected idols and turned to God.
  37. 37. Beloved [`uruban] ( equal in age] • 56:37 Beloved [`uruban] equal in age, -- (companions of the right hand in paradise) [interpretive] • The passage refers to those enjoying the pleasures of paradise and the delights of the companions who are virgins. • It is composed of only two Arabic words. `uruban atraban. "Beloved (by nature)" • Maulana Muhammad Ali in his translation renders the phrase loving, equals in age.
  38. 38. Love the truth • 4:69 All who obey Allah and the Apostle are in the company of those on whom is the Grace of Allah, -- Of the Prophets (who teach), the Sincere (lovers of Truth), [sadiqiyeen] the Witnesses (who testify), and the Righteous (who do good): Ah! What a beautiful Fellowship! [Interpretive insert] • 57:19 And those who believe in Allah and His apostles -- they are the Sincere (lovers of Truth), [sadiqiyeen] and the Witnesses (who testify), in the eyes of their Lord: They shall have their Reward and their Light. But those who reject Allah and deny Our Signs, -- they are the Companions of Hellfire. [Interpretive insert]
  39. 39. (4) Negative - God Does Not Love The ... (22 times) • Here in this selection of verses we notice again the Arabic preference for the negative to state an opposite. • While the following do not state that God hates, it certainly enforces the idea that the love of God is withheld from those who practice certain deeds or are described as manifesting a certain character. • Several of the verses are repetitious and so we have the following categories
  40. 40. 1. God does not love the al-mu'tadeen. • Those who are overstepping the boundaries or limits. • 2:190 Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you, but do not transgress limits; for Allah loves not transgressors • 5:90 O ye who Believe! Make not unlawful the good things which Allah hath made lawful for you, but commit no excess: For Allah loves not those given to excess • 7:55 Call on your Lord with humility and in private: For Allah loves not those who trespass beyond bounds.
  41. 41. 2. God does not love the al-fasideen • 2:204,205 • There is the type of man whose speech about this world's life may dazzle you and he calls Allah to witness about what is in his heart; yet is he the most contentious of enemies. • When he turns his back, his aim everywhere is to spread mischief through the earth and destroy crops and cattle. But Allah loves [hubb] not mischief. [alfsad]
  42. 42. Allah does not love Mufsideen • 5:64 The Jews say: "Allah's hand is tied up." Be their hands tied up and be they accursed for the (blasphemy) they utter. Nay, both His hands are widely outstretched: He gives and spends (of His bounty) as He pleases. But the revelation that cometh to thee from Allah increases in most of them their obstinate rebellion and blasphemy. Amongst them We have placed enmity and hatred till the Day of Judgment. Every time they kindle the fire of war, Allah doth extinguish it; but they (ever) strive to do mischief on earth. And Allah loves [hubb] not those who do mischief [al-mufsideen]
  43. 43. Allah does not love mufsideen • 28:77 "But seek, with the (wealth) which Allah has bestowed on you, the Home of the Hereafter, nor forget your portion in this world: But do good, as Allah has been good to you, and seek not (occasions for) mischief in the land: For Allah loves not those who do mischief." • The Arabic word conveys the stronger idea of corruption, decay, and decomposition. • In the moral sense it becomes depravity, iniquity, perversion and in today's usage implies immorality.
  44. 44. 3. God loves not the al-kafireen, 2:276 Allah will deprive usury of all blessing, but will give increase for deeds of charity: For He loves not creatures ungrateful and wicked. [kul kffar] • 3:32 Say: "Obey Allah and His Apostle": But if they turn back, Allah loveth [hubb] not those who reject Faith. [al kafireen] • 30:45 That He may reward those who believe and work righteous deeds, out of His Bounty. For He loves [hubb] not those who reject Faith. [al-kafireen]
  45. 45. 4. God loves not the ad-dalemeen, • The word is related to darkness, gloominess and by extension to the heinous oppressor, the unjust tyrant. Thus the one who practices wrong. • 3:57 "As to those who believe and work righteousness, Allah will pay them (in full) their reward; but Allah loveth [hubb] not those who do wrong." [ad-dalemeen] • 42:40 The recompense for an injury is an injury equal thereto (in degree): But if a person forgives and makes reconciliation, his reward is due from Allah: For [Allah] loveth [hubb] not those who do wrong.
  46. 46. God loves not the ad-dalemeen • 3:140 If a wound hath touched you, be sure a similar wound hath touched the others. Such days (of varying fortunes) we give to men and men by turns: That Allah may know those that believe and that He may take to Himself from your ranks martyr-witnesses (to Truth). And Allah loveth [hubb] not those that do wrong. [ad-dalemeen]
  47. 47. 5. God loves not the musrifeen. • 6:141 But waste not by excess: For Allah loveth [hubb] not the wasters [al-musarifeen] • 7:31 O Children of Adam! Wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer: Eat and drink: But waste not by excess, for Allah loveth [hubb] not the wasters. [al-musarifeen]
  48. 48. 6. God loves not the boaster 31:18 "And swell not thy cheek (for pride) at men, nor walk in insolence through the earth; for Allah loves not any arrogant boaster 57:23 In order that ye may not despair over matters that pass you by, nor exult over favors bestowed upon you. For Allah loves not any vainglorious boaster, --
  49. 49. God loves not the boaster • 4:36 Serve Allah, and join not any partners with Him; and do good -- to parents, kinsfolk, orphans, those in need, neighbors who are near, neighbors who are strangers, the Companion by your side, the wayfarer (ye meet), and what your right handspossess: For Allah loveth not the arrogant, the vainglorious; --
  50. 50. 7. God loves not the arrogant. • 16:23 Undoubtedly Allah doth know what they conceal, and what they reveal: Verily He loves not the arrogant.
  51. 51. 8. God loves not those who exult in riches. • 28:76 Qarun was doubtless, of the people of Moses; but he acted insolently towards them: Such were the treasures We had bestowed on him, that their very keys would have been a burden to a body of strong men. Behold, his people said to him: "Exult not, for Allah loves not those who exult (in riches). [al-fraheen]
  52. 52. 9. God loves not the treacherous. • 8:58 If thou fearest treachery from any group, throw back (their Covenant) to them, (so as to be) on equal terms: For Allah loves not the treacherous. [al-kha'ineen]
  53. 53. 10. God loves not those who commit crime and speak evil • 4:107 Contend not on behalf of such as betray their own souls; for Allah loves not one given to perfidy and crime; • 4:148 Allah loves not that evil should be noised abroad in public speech, except where injustice has been done; for Allah is He who hears and knows all things
  54. 54. (5) God's love for humans with certain qualities (10 times) • We find here a few categories of individuals who are recipients of God's love because of their deeds. • One would think these positive statements of God's love would bring us a revelation of the personal and infinite love of God to mankind. • What we find instead are statements of conditional love based on human activity.
  55. 55. 1. God loves those who do good. (muhsineen) • 2:195 And spend of your substance in the cause of Allah, and make not your own hands contribute to (your) destruction; but do good; for Allah loves those who do good. [al-muhasneen] • 3:134 Those who spend (freely), whether in prosperity, or in adversity; who restrain anger, and pardon (all) men; -- for Allah loves those who do good; -- [al-muhasaneen]
  56. 56. 1. God loves those who do good. (muhsineen) • 3:148 And Allah gave them a reward in this world, and the excellent reward of the Hereafter. For Allah loves those who do good. [al-muhasaneen]
  57. 57. God loves those who do good. (muhsineen) 5:13 But forgive them, and overlook (their misdeeds): For Allah loves those who are kind. [al-muhsaneen] • 5:96 On those who believe and do deeds of righteousness there is no blame for what they ate (in the past), when they guard themselves from evil, and believe, and do deeds of righteousness, - - (or) again, guard themselves from evil and believe, -- (or) again, guard themselves from evil and do good. For Allah loveth those who do good. [al-muhsaneen]
  58. 58. 2. God loves the pure and clean:(MutAHREEN) • 2:222 Allah loves those who turn to Him constantly and He loves those who keep themselves pure and clean. [al-mutahreen] • 9:108 Never stand thou forth therein. There is a mosque whose foundation was laid from the first day on piety; it is more worthy of thy standing forth [for prayer] therein. In it are men who love to be purified; and Allah loves those who make themselves
  59. 59. 3. God loves those who are righteous:(MUTAQEEN) • 3:76 Nay. -- Those that keep their plighted faith and act aright, -- verily Allah loves those who act aright. [al-mutaqeen] • 9:4 (But the treaties are) not dissolved with those Pagans with whom ye have entered into alliance and who have not subsequently failed you in aught, nor aided any one against you. So fulfill your engagements with them to the end of their term: For Allah loves the righteous. [al-mutaqeen]
  60. 60. God loves those who are righteous:(MUTAQEEN) • 9:7 How can there be a league, before Allah and His Apostle, with the Pagans, except those with whom ye made a treaty near the Sacred Mosque? As long as these stand true to you, stand ye true to them: For Allah doth love the righteous. [al-mutaqeen] • 19:96 On those who believe and work deeds of righteousness, will (Allah) Most Gracious bestow love. [Interpretive insert, the thought is that God will bestow benevolence]
  61. 61. 4. God loves those who are just and judge rightly:(MUQSITEEN) • 5:42 (They are fond of) listening to falsehood, of devouring anything forbidden. If they do come to thee, either judge between them, or decline to interfere. If thou decline, they cannot hurt thee in the least. If thou judge, judge in equity between them. For Allah loveth those who judge in equity. [al-muqsiteen]
  62. 62. God loves those who are just • 49:9 If two parties among the Believers fall into a quarrel, make ye peace between them: But if one of them transgresses beyond bounds against the other, then fight ye (all) against the one that transgresses until it complies with the command of Allah; but if it complies, then make peace between them with justice, and be fair: For Allah loves those who are fair (and just). [al-muqsiteen] • 60:8 Allah forbids you not, with regard to those who fight you not for [your] Faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them: For Allah loves those who are just [al-muqsiteen]
  63. 63. 5. God loves those who trust Him: (MUTAWAKILEEN) • 3:159 It is part of the Mercy of Allah that you deal gently with them. Were you severe or harsh hearted, they would have broken away from about you: So pass over (their faults), and ask for (Allah's) forgiveness for them; and consult them in affairs (of moment). Then, when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah. For Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him). [al-mutawakileen]
  64. 64. 6. God loves the persevering or patient: (SABIREEN) 3:146 How many of the Prophets fought (in Allah's way), and with them [fought] large bands of godly men? But they never lost heart if they met with disaster in Allah's way, nor did they weaken [in will] nor give in. And Allah loves those who are firm and steadfast. [as-sabreen]
  65. 65. 7. God loves those who love Him and follow the Prophet: • 3:31 Say: "If ye do love Allah, follow me: Allah will love you and forgive you your sins: For Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful."
  66. 66. 8. God Himself will produce a people He will love: • 5:57 O ye who believe! If any from among you turn back from his Faith, soon will Allah produce a people whom He will love as they will love Him, -- Lowly with the Believers, Mighty against the Rejecters, Fighting in the Way of Allah, and never afraid of the reproaches of such as find fault. That is the Grace of Allah, which He will bestow on whom He pleases. And Allah encompasses all, and He knows all things.
  67. 67. 9. God loved Moses: • 20:39 "Throw (the child) into the chest, and throw (the chest) into the river: The river will cast him up on the bank, and he will be taken up by one who is an enemy to Me and an enemy to him': But I cast (the garment of) love over thee from Me: And (this) in order that thou mayest be reared under Mine eye.
  68. 68. 10. God loves those who fight in His cause: • 61:4 Truly Allah loves those who fight in His Cause in battle array, as if they were a solid cemented structure.
  69. 69. 8 Types of love in Quran Sobwah Mawadah Shauq Kulfah Rahmah Shaghaf Mail Ra'fah
  70. 70. 1-MAWADDAH 1. And among His Signs is this that He created for you mates from among yourselves that ye may dwell in tranquillity with them and He has put love and mercy between your (hearts); verily in that are Signs for those who reflect 2. Love Mawaddah is the kind of love-passionate, burning . 3. People who have a love mawaddah, they wish they were always together, reluctant to part 4. Always wanted to quench the thirst of love. 5. He wants to monopolize her love, and the other could barely think.
  71. 71. 2- RAHMAH • Rahmah love is kind , gentle, ready to sacrifice, and ready to protect. • People who have a love more attention to this kind of mercy their loved ones than to yourself. • For him the important thing is happiness of his beloved though he had to suffer. • Husband is very understanding. • They always forgive mistakes
  72. 72. Mercy • Included in love mercy is the love between blood relatives (, al Arhaam, zawi al Arhaam) especially parents love for their children , and vice versa. • It is called the womb relationship (from common bondage of mother) • Furthermore, among those who have blood ties are encouraged to always maintain relations (sil-at-urrahim) • Husband and wife are bound by love mawaddah & rahmah faithful to each other physically and spiritually
  73. 73. 3- Love "Mail" • Ye are never able to be fair and just as between women even if it is your ardent desire: but turn not away (from a woman) altogether so as to leave her (as it were) hanging (in the air). If ye come to a friendly understanding and practice self-restraint Allah is Oft- Forgiving Most Merciful. 4:129 • Love Mail, is the kind of love that for a while very emotional , so it takes all the attention from other things • Love mail in the Qur'an is mentioned in the context of polygamy • In this relation, husband shows more love to younger wife (an tamilu kulla al mail) and tends to ignore the older one.
  74. 74. 4-Shaghaf • Ladies said in the City: "The wife of the (great) `Aziz is seeking to seduce her slave from his (true) self: truly has he inspired her with violent love: we see she is evidently going astray. 12:30 • Love Shaghaf is a very deep love, natural, original and intoxicating. • People who develop love shaghaf can be like insane person, forget themselves and hardly realize what is being done. • Qur'an uses term shaghaf here to show how Zulaikha, wife of
  75. 75. 5-Ra'fah • The woman and the man guilty of adultery or fornication flog each of them with a hundred stripes: let not compassion move you in their case in a matter prescribed by Allah if ye believe in Allah and the Last Day. 24:2 • Love Ra'fah, means a having deep love to overlook the norms of truth • Example is of pity on a sleeping child so the mother does not dare to wake him for prayer and defend him even if he is wrong. • The Qur'an reminds us that this “Ra’fah” may cause people to not enforce the law of God, in cases of punishment for adulterers
  76. 76. 6- Sobwah He said: "O my Lord! the prison is more to my liking than that to which they invite me: unless thou turn away their snare from me I should (in my youthful folly) feel inclined (ASBO) towards them and join the ranks of the ignorant. 12:33 • Sobwah, is blind love which perverts and encourages sinful behavior which one is not able to avoid. • The Prophet Yusuf (AS) preferred to be imprisoned than to be afflicted with this inclination. • He was scared of the enticing tactics of the ladies to him
  77. 77. 7-Shauq (Miss) For those whose hopes are in the meeting with Allah (in the Hereafter let them strive); for the Term (appointed) by Allah is surely coming: and He hears and knows (all things) 29:5 • The sentence was later explained in the longing prayer from the Hadith narrated in Nasai • According to Ibn al Qayyim al Jawzi in the book Raudat al Muhibbin wa Nuzhat al Mushtaqin, • “Shauq (miss) is the longing of the heart for the lover (traveling al qalb ila al mahbub) and the fire of love keeps blazing in the heart of the lover.
  78. 78. 8-Kulfah On no soul does Allah place a burden greater than it can bear.2:286 • • Kulfah, which is accompanied by feelings of love to educate , to raise awareness, to bring improvement in performance. • Example is of a parent who sends his son to sweep his room clean even though there are servants in the house. .
  79. 79. Dua for Love of Allah