This slide program explains concept of justice in Islam. Definition of justice, its comprehensive nature is described in the light of Quran and Hadith. Its opposite, Zulm is defined and its 3 types are described.
• Taqwah, in its general meaning, is God-consciousness,
or a state of submission.
• A person who has full Taqwah can never stray away
from being just.
• Allah is well acquainted with what we do.
• This fear of Allah's displeasure and anger would
prevent a person from being unjust
• We know that Allah wants us to do justice even when
dealing with ourselves, with our family, with the rich or
poor, even with an enemy.
• Only a person with full Taqwah could practice
complete justice like that.
The quality of being just; fairness.
The principle of moral rightness; equity.
• Conformity to moral rightness in action or attitude;
• The upholding of what is just, especially fair treatment and
due reward in accordance with honor, standards, or law.
• Law, the administration and procedure of law.
• A Judge
Conformity to truth, fact, or sound reason
Justice is the ideal, morally correct state of
things and persons, whatever that
contested ideal may turn out to mean
Justice is a concept involving the fair,
moral, and impartial treatment of all
persons, especially in law
Justice is the condition in which
every person and every part of a
whole (e.g. every part of the soul of
a person, or every citizen or group in
the state) performs its proper
function and receives its proper
reward. (John Howard Sobel)
In the Islamic worldview, justice denotes placing
things in their rightful place.
It also means giving others equal treatment.
Justice is also a moral virtue and an attribute of
human personality, as it is in the Western tradition.
Justice is close to equality in the sense that it creates a state of equilibrium in the
distribution of rights and duties, but they are not identical
• Islam, considers justice to be a supreme virtue.
• It is a basic objective of Islam to the degree that it
stands next in order of priority to belief in God
(Tawheed) and prophet-hood.
• “O you who believe, be upright for God, and (be)
bearers of witness with justice!...” (Quran 5:8)
” And the Heavens He has raised high, and He has set up
the Balance (of justice). In order that you may not
transgress (due) balance. So establish weight with justice,
and fall not short in the balance.” (Surah Rahman: 7- 9)
• 1. Allah (SWT) has created the balance of justice in this
world. This is His Divine Law.
• 2. We are not permitted to transgress against the
system of balance that Allah has created.
• 3. Allah (SWT) has commanded us to establish weight
with justice, and ordered us to refrain from falling short
in keeping this balance.
• “Surely Allah does not do any injustice to men, but
men are unjust to themselves.”(Yunus: 10:44)
“Surely Allah does not do injustice to the weight of an
atom, and if it is a good deed He multiplies it and
gives from Himself a great reward.” (Nisa:4: 40)
• “We sent Our Messengers with clear signs and sent
down with them the Book and the Measure in
order to establish justice among the people…”
• Abdullah ibn Amr(RA) reported: The Messenger of
Allah (SAW) said:
• وُن ْنِم َرِبَانَم ىَلَع ِ هاَّلل َدْنِع َينِطِسْقُمْالَج َو هزَع ِنَمْحهالر ِينِمَي ْنَع ٍرهل
يِف َونُلِدْعَي َينِذهلا ٌنيِمَي ِهْيَدَي اَتْلِك َوواُل َو اَم َو ْمِهيِلْهَأ َو ْمِهِمْكُح
• Verily, those who were fair will be in the presence
of Allah upon pulpits of light, near the right hand
of the Merciful, the Exalted, and both of His sides
are right (being equal in honor); those who
practiced justice in their rulings and with their
families and in all that they did.
• Source: Sahih Muslim 4493
• “O My slaves, I have forbidden injustice for Myself
and forbade it also for you. So avoid being unjust
to one another.” (Saheeh Muslim)
1- Shirk or
• Jabir ibn Abdullah reported: The Messenger of
Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:
• ْال َم ْوَي ٌاتَمُلُظ َمْلُّالظ هنِإَف َمْلُّالظ واُقهتاهنِإَف هحُّشال واُقهتا َو ِةَماَيِقَكَلْهَأ هحُّشال
ِد واُكَفَس ْنَأ ىَلَع ْمُهَلَمَح ْمُكَلْبَق َانَك ْنَمْمُهَم ِارَحَم واُّلَحَتْسا َو ْمُهََاَم
• Guard yourself from oppression, for oppression
will be darkness on the Day of Resurrection. Guard
yourself from greed, for greed destroyed those
before you. It caused them to shed blood and to
make lawful what was unlawful.
• Source: Sahih Muslim 2578,
• Anas ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah
• رِفَاك ََانك ْنِإَو ِومُلْظَمْلا َةَْوعَد واُقَّتااَهَنُود َسْيَل ُهَّنِإَف ااَج ِحب
• Beware of the supplication of the
oppressed, even if he is an unbeliever, for
there is no screen between it and Allah.
Source: Musnad Ahmad 12140
• ِقُرُّالط ْنِم ُهَعََرش اَمِب ُهَناَحْبُس ََّنيَب ْدَقَب ِلْدَعْال ُةَماَقإ ُهَدوُصْقَم َّنَأَْني
ِرَط ُّيَأَف ِطْسِقْالِب ِاسَّنال ُماَيِق َو ِهِداَبِعِقْال َو ُلْدَعْال اَهِب َج ِرْخُتْسُا ٍقيَيِهَف ُطْس
ًةَفِلَاخُم ْتَسْيَل َو ِينِِّدال ْنِمُهَل
• Allah the Exalted has made clear in his law (sharia)
that the objective is the establishment of justice
between His servants and fairness among the
people, so whichever path leads to justice and
fairness is part of the religion and can never oppose
• Source: Turuq Al-Hukmiyyah 13
A. Comprehensive justice
• It covers all aspects of human life ,i.e., intellectual,
spiritual and practical
• It does not differentiate between spiritual and
material aspects of life like secularism
B- Mutual cooperation, assistance, kindness and
sharing should always be part of day to day life.
• Islam gives a methodology to put these values in
• It also gives incentives in the form of rewards from
Allah (SWT) and forgiveness for sins.
1. Love of material wealth and greed for more-
Say: "If ye had control of the Treasures of the Mercy of my Lord behold
ye would keep them back for fear of spending them: for man is miser”
“men's souls are swayed by greed” (4:128)
And violent is he in his love of wealth 100:8
• The Quranic standards of justice transcend
considerations of race, religion, color, and creed
• Muslims are commanded to be just to their friends
and foes alike, and to be just at all levels
• “O you who believe! Stand out firmly for justice, as
witnesses to Allah, even if it be against yourselves,
your parents, and your relatives, or whether it is
against the rich or the poor...” (Nisa, 4:135)
• “God does not forbid you from doing good and
being just to those who have neither fought you
over your faith nor evicted you from your
homes...” (Quran 60:8)
• The scholars of the Quran have concluded that
these rulings apply to all nations, followers of all
faiths, as a matter of fact to all humanity
• “…If you judge, judge between them with
justice…” (Quran 5:42)
• “We have revealed to you the scripture with the
truth that you may judge between people by what
God has taught you.” (Quran 4:105)
• “…Say: I believe in the Scripture, which God has
sent down, and I am commanded to judge justly
between you...” (Quran 42:15)
for justice to all
“And the Word of your Lord has been
fulfilled in truth and in justice. None can
change His Words and He is listening and
all knowing.” (Quran 6:115)
• “ Allah commands you to render trusts to whom
they are due, and when you judge between
people, judge with justice…” (Quran 4:58)
• The reference to justice which immediately follows
a reference to fulfillment of trusts indicates that it is
one of the most important of all trusts.
• “…Be just, for it is closest to God-consciousness.”(Quran 5:8)
• The Prophet himself instructed:
• “Be conscious of God and be just to your children.”[ Riyad
• “…When you speak, speak with justice, even if it is against
someone close to you…” (Quran 6:152)
Justice in dealing with God
Justice in dealing with oneself
Justice in court
Justice in testimony
Justice with enemies
Justice between nations
• “One who transgresses the limits set by God has
committed injustice against oneself”(65:1)
• “When you speak be just even if the subject is of
• Ownership of wealth
– “and to Him belongs the dominion of heavens and
earth and what is in between” (5:17)
• Trusteeship over wealth
– “and spend of that which He had made you trustees
“So that it would not be an exclusive property of the
those who are wealthy among you” (59:7)
• Zakat (poor dues)
• Inheritance laws
• “God commands you to return trusts to their
rightful owners, and when you judge between
people, judge with fairness” (4:58)
“O’ you who believe, stand firm for justice and bear witness for the sake of
God, even though it be against yourselves, your parents, or your relatives.
It does not matter whether the party is rich or poor” (4:135)
“O you who believe, Be steadfast for the sake of God and bear true witness
and let not the enmity of a people incite you not do justice. Be just, this is
nearer to righteousness.”(5:8)
• Ali ibn Abu Talib found a Christian man with his armor.
• He decided to take up the matter legally, so he brought
the dispute to the judge, Shuraih.
• Ali said, “This is my armor and I have not sold it nor
given it away.”
• Shuraih said to the Christian, “What do you say about
what the leader of the believers has said?”
• The Christian replied, “It is my armor, but I do not
consider the leader of the believers to be a liar.”
• Shuraih turned to Ali and said, “O leader of the
believers, do you have proof?”
• Ali laughed and said, “Shuraih is correct. I do not have
proof.” So Shuraih ruled in favor of the Christian.
• The Christian took the armor and began to walk away but then he
returned. The Christian said:
• ْؤُمْال ُيرِمَأ َِاَيِبْنَ ْاْل ُماَكْحَأ ِهِذَه هنَأ ُدَهْشَأَف َانَأ اهمَأَي ِهي ِاضَق َو ِهي ِاضَق ىَلِإ يِنَمهدَق َينِنِمِضْقي
ِهْيَلَع!همَحُم هنَأ ُدَهْشَأ َو ُ هاَّلل هَلِإ َهَلِإ ََل ْنَأ ُدَهْشَأَكُع ْرِد ِ هاَّلل َو ُع ِّْرِدال ُهُلوُسَر َو ُهُدْبَع ًادَيرِمَأ اَي
ِِّف ِص ىَلِإ ٌقِلَطْنُم َتْنَأ َو َْشيَجْال ُتْعَبهتا َينِنِمْؤُمْالِقَر ْوَ ْاْل َك ِيرِعَب ْنِم ْتَجََررَف َين
• As for me, I testify that this is the judgment of the Prophets.
• The leader of the believers himself takes me to his judge and the
judge rules against him!
• I testify that there is no God except Allah, and I testify that
Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. By Allah, the armor is
yours, O leader of the believers. I followed the army when you
were on your way to the Battle of Siffin and the armor fell from
• Ali said: اَمَأَكَل َيِهَف َتْمَلْسَأ ْذِإ
• If you have accepted Islam, then the armor is for you.
• Source: (Al-Bidayah wa-Nihayah)
• “O believers! When you deal with each other in
lending for a fixed period of time, put it in writing.
Let the scribe write it down with justice between
the parties.” (2:282)
• Righteousness is an ideal
• Justice is an integral part of Righteousness
“be just, this is nearer to Righteousness” (5:8)
• People do wrong in this world and then get away with it.
• Allah will not allow any injustice to happen.
• Those matters which are not resolved in this world, Allah
(SWT) will deal with them in the hereafter
• “And We shall set up Balance of justice on the Day of
Resurrection, then none will be dealt with unjustly in
anything. And if there be the weight of a mustard seed, We
will bring it. And Sufficient are We to take account.” (Al-
• “And the Book (one's Record) will be placed (in the right
hand for a believer and in the left hand for a disbeliever)
and you will see the 'Mujrimun' (criminals, polytheists,
sinners), fearful of that which is (recorded) therein. They
will say: “Woe to us! What sort of Book is this that leaves
neither a small thing nor a big thing, but has recorded it
with numbers!” And they will find all that they did placed
before them, and your Lord treats no one with injustice.”
• (Al-Kahf: 18 49)
• We ask Allah to make us amongst those who always
stand firmly on the truth, for justice.
• We ask Allah to forgive us for our mistakes, and
make us amongst the successful ones, on that day
when He(swt) will bring us all to account, and every
soul will be dealt with in complete justice, and
rewarded with only that which they earned with
their own hands.