COLLECTIVEEHTASAB OR ACCOUNTABILITYIN AN ISLAMIC ORGANIZATION
Surah Baqarah,2:284Whether you show what is in your minds orconceal it Allah shall call you to account for it.He shall forgive whom He pleases and punishwhom He pleases. For Allah has power over allthings.
Surah Hashar,59:18O ye who believe! Fear Allah and let everysoul look to what (provision) he has sentforth for tomorrow.Fear Allah: for Allah is well-acquainted with(all) that ye do. Hashar 59:18.
What is Muhasabah? To assess our own actions with total honesty, which requires of us genuine (and frequent) meditations and self-criticism. Verbalizing unpleasant realities about our deeds is invaluable in our muhasabah sessions The next step entails planning to correct these unfavorable tendencies until they are altogether eliminated. Without self-honesty, genuine desire for betterment there is no muhasabah. A famous French proverb puts it: "A fault denied is twice committed."
Significance of Muhasabah Sayyidina Umar ibn al-Khattab RA (May Allah be pleased with him) once said: “Take account of yourselves before you are brought to account, and weigh your deeds before they are weighed before you, and prepare yourselves for the Day of Revelation.”
Maymun ibn Mahran (R)"A pious person cautiously examines andadjudges himself more than he would atyrant ruler or a tight-fisted partner!“
Al-Hasan Al-Basri (RA) "A believer polices himself [or one might say, his own soul]. He assesses and adjudges [himself] for the sake of Allah. The Final Judgment [of God] may end up mild for some simply because they were quick to adjudge themselves in this life. Or the Final Judgment on the Day of Resurrection may end up a tough ordeal for some who were unconcerned about what they did in this life, thinking they would not be called to account."
Dhul-Nun (RA) Dhul-Nun was asked: "What causes a devotee to be worthy of entrance to paradise?" He said: "One merits entrance to paradise by five things:1. Unwavering constancy,2. Unflagging effort,3. Meditation on God in solitude and society,4. Anticipating death by preparing provision for the hereafter, and5. Bringing oneself to account before one is brought to judgment."
Abul A’la Maududi (RA) I regard it (Muhasabah) indispensable for the stability of the Islamic Movement. I am sure that the day this healthy process of Muhasabah is stopped, the Movement would succumb to various ills, resulting in its destruction
Accountability (Muhasabah)-is vital for Islamic Organization Every individual is accountable in an Islamic Jama’ah. Practice of giving reports helps everyone to stay on the straight path and be fully conscious and alert about their respective duties. Effective system of checks and balances remains in place to identify mistakes and correct them appropriately and in a timely manner. This brings out the best in each individual with regards to performance and furthers excellence in the work of the Jama’ah.
Etiquettes of Muhasabah 1) Muhasabahshould not be made every time and everywhere. 2) Before doing Muhasabah , one must make sure, it is done out of sincerity. This can be done by examining one’s own heart by taking Allah (SWT) as one’s witness.
Etiquettes of Muhasabah (contd.) 3) Words and manner of Muhasabah should make everyone feel that you really want reform and betterment. Remember, this should be for the betterment of the Jamaah. 4) Be sure that your Muhasabah is based on real & hard facts. Baseless Muhasabah is a sin and creates distance in the hearts.
Etiquettes of Muhasabah (contd.) 5) The personsubjected to Muhasabah should listen calmly , then ponder over it without any prejudice. He should concede to the truth plainly and counter the wrong with impassionate reasoning. Remember, to get annoyed on Muhasibah shows arrogance & vanity.
Etiquettes of Muhasabah (contd.) 6) The Muhasabah and its rebuttal should not prolong and turn into a permanent altercation. Discussion is worth till both viewpoints are duly elaborated but if the matter is not settled, postpone discussion and let both of them reconsider the whole matter separately and with calmness.
Significance of presenting Reports 1- It is a way of Muhasabah Report is a way that we implement Muhasabah or accountability in an Islamic organization. Through reports, members can realize their own shortcomings when they prepare their report
2- Correction of mistakes and moving to excellence They are able to correct their mistakes They move towards excellence in their work They can compete with others in the path of excellence
3- Sense of Responsibility Everyone in the Jamaah ( leader or the worker) is responsible to others. Preparation and presentation of reports creates and strengthens the sense of responsibility in the members.
4- Jamaah Leadership can be updated Reports provide status of the members performance to the leadership. Leadership comes to know the positive and negative qualities of the members. Members can be assigned tasks according to their capabilities. Leadership can do better planning for the organization
5- Importance of Sama and Ta’ahO ye who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Apostle and those charged with authority among you.If ye differ in anything among yourselves refer it to Allah and His Apostle if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: that is best and most suitable for final determination. Nisa, 4:59.
Report presentation provides training for sama and ta’ah It is very important that strong discipline is maintained in an Islamic Jamaah. Following the collective decisions and the decisions of the leadership is compulsory in Shariah Presenting reports provides the training for this listening and obeying the leadership.
What makes reports ineffective? Some members do not realize the importance of personal reports and question their need. Members do not prepare the reports in timely manner Prepared reports are incomplete or meaningless. Leadership does not read the report and/or does not give its evaluation and advice.
Model Report Form Name:__________________________ Unit/ Region_________________________________ Month: ___________________________ • % of Salaah in Jamah : _________ % of Salaah as Qadah : ________________ • % of Fajr Salaah in Jamah : See above_________ % of Fajr Salaah as Qadah Study of Quran, Tafseer & Hadith Quran recitation (15 min) : Hadith Study (10 min) : Tafseer Study (15 min) : (Rarely: 1-10 days / month Often: 11-20 days / month Regularly: 21-30 days / month Did you read one of the books from prescribed syllabus ? If yes, which book:____________________________ Did you complete? Yes / No
Model Report Form Meetings with Muslims and non-Muslims for the purpose of Dawah: Personal (Face to face):Yes ______ Phone calls: Yes ___________ Emails : ____________ Distributed Islamic literature/CD’s/Audio tapes/Books & Other Dawah material_____________________________________ Monthly Contribution & Subscription Paid monthly contribution to the organization Are you on monthly “auto-deduction”? Subscriber to “Message” or other Islamic magazines Y/N
Model Report Form Brotherhood (Ukhuwah) Visited / met brothers (other than meetings) Phone Calls: Yes .If yes, how many (approximately):____________ Physical Activity (Exercise) Participated in physical activities for 20 minutes a day (at least 3-4 times a week) Organization ( Tanzeem ) Attended Member’s Meetings: Accomplished any assigned responsibility: Participated in other organizational activities: COMMENTS:
Dua Allahumma Hasibni Hisaban Yasiraa O’Allah! Take my account an easy account. AmeenO’Allah! Forgive my sins of past and future, what I did insecret or in open and my transgressions, and you knowmore about these than me. You are from eternity and foreternity. There is no God except you.
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