“any solid, fluid or liquid waste,
including its container and any
product, which is generated during the
diagnosis, treatment or immunization of
human beings or animals, in research
or in the production or testing of
Why it is essential to have safe &
reliable treatment of “Bio-Medical
Bio-Medical Waste may have
serious public health consequences
and a significant impact on the
Hazards from infectious waste and
* Pathogens in infectious waste may
enter the human body through a
puncture, abrasion or cut in the
skin, through mucus membrane
by inhalation or ingestion.
OBJECTIVE OF BMW
To minimize the production/generation of infective waste.
Recycle the waste after treating to the extent possible.
Treat the waste by safe and environment
Adequate care in handling to prevent health-care
Safety precautions during handling the bio medical waste.
Cat- 1 Human Anatomical Wastes (human body parts, tissues
Cat- 2 Animal Anatomical Wastes (Animal tissues, organs,
body parts, waste generated by veterinary hospitals, animal
Cat- 3 Microbiology and Biotechnology (specimens of
micro-organisms live or attenuated vaccines etc)
Cat- 4 Waste Sharps (needles, syringes, scalpels ,blades, glass etc)
Cat- 5 Discarded medicines and Cytotoxic drugs
(outdated, contaminated and discarded medicines)
Cat- 6 Soiled wastes (items contaminated with blood, body fluids
such as cotton, dressings, linen, beddings etc)
Cat- 7 Solid wastes (waste generated from disposable items other
than sharps such as tubing, catheters, IV sets)
Cat- 8 Liquid wastes ( washing, cleaning )
Cat- 9 Incineration ash
Cat- 10 Chemical wastes ( disinfectants, insecticides )
COLOR CODING OF BAGS FOR
SEGGREGATION OF BMW
COLOR WASTE TREATMENT
Yellow Human & Animal anatomical waste /
Micro-biology waste and soiled
Incineration / Deep burial
Red Tubings, Catheters, IV sets. Autolaving / Microwaving
/ Chemical treatment
( Needles, Syringes, Scalpels, blades etc. )
Autolaving / Microwaving
/ Chemical treatment &
Destruction / Shredding
Black Discarded medicines/cytotoxic drugs,
Incineration ash, Chemical waste.
Disposal in secured
* Each institution should develop its own bio waste
management policy and ensure that the health care
workers are adequately trained to handle biological
*Measures such as universal safety precautions, hand
washing and proper segregation of waste material should
* Proper house-keeping is essential and the hospital
should be kept clean and well-ventilated.
* Use of disinfectants should be rationalised.
NEED FOR BMW MANAGMENT
Nosocomial infections in patients from poor
infection control practices and poor waste
Risk of air, water and soil pollution directly
due to waste, or due to defective incineration
emissions and ash.
Risk of infection outside hospital for waste
handlers and scavengers, other peoples.
• Individual participation is required.
• Municipality and government should pay importance to
disposal of waste economically.
• Thus educating and motivating oneself first is important
and then preach others about it.
• Start disposing waste first from within your
home, then outside home, then neighborhood ,then
your street, your area ,city and then the nation and the
• Lets make this world a better place to live in.
Lets make this world a better
place to live in.